Top Notch Toys March 2019

ON THE COVER

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Ch Hampton Court’s Rachel Dawes Rachel

ACC SPECIALTY BOS, JUDGE JUNE PENTA ACC SPECIALTY SELECT BITCH, JUDGE CHARLOTTE PATTERSON WESTMINSTER KENNEL CLUB SELECT BITCH, JUDGE RITA HOLLOWAY

Owned By: Claire Wisch Abraham & Victor Malzoni Jr. Bred By: Victor Malzoni Jr. Presented By: Kelly Shupp, Mountain View Kennel

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back after maternity leave, are hitting the ground running! Kelly & Rachel

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CERTAINLY NOT FROM US! It never ceases to amaze me how many people involved in this sport will tell you they do not sell pups. Well a guy cannot blame them; we have all been conditioned to believe that high numbers of dogs automatically signifies low ethics. We have even come to believe that providing pets to the general population is beneath our dignity. Yet most of us have the early years, by those mammoth kennels and breeding programs that cemented type and soundness and promoted chosen breeds to the rest of the world. Those breeders were not only respected, they were encouraged to produce enough good dogs to provide for the homes and apartments into which their chosen breeds best fit. They were, without a doubt, the source. Yet if those folks were around today, I bet they’d get thrown out of their kennel club. WHERE DO PUPPIES COME FROM? FROM THE EXECUTIVE EDITOR EMERITUS Joseph Neil McGinnis III

then spend many years putting up with quirks that may not be, ideally, intrinsic to the breed as it was intended. And still, the nation’s homes are full of dogs we wouldn’t dare claim had they emerged from our whelping box. We have even let our elitist attitude seep down to rescue level. I was called upon, not long ago, to critique the Rescue Adoption Application for a club. My silence was, at first, taken for admiration; what I was, was speechless with shock. The qualifications and references required were so stringent that they were impossible for most people to meet. I re-state here what I said then: “Well, this is all fine and good, but I’m not sure the Queen of England is going to apply to adopt a dog that somebody dumped.” When we make it hard for people to get good dogs, we make it harder on ourselves and on our breeds, as well. It is frustrating, indeed, to think of the really good breeders so con- strained; many breed far fewer litters than they’d like, simply because they don’t sell pups. Even so, for each dog purchased at a pet shop or a shelter, there’s a breeder with a puppy she can’t place. That’s a sad state of affairs which ties our hands and threatens our future. So it’s understandable that I yearn for the days when big, proud breed- ers were the source for purebred dogs. Were we to return to that utopian plateau, the trickledown effects would be tremendous. The puppies retained, by virtue of greater choice, would surely be of the highest quality; those shared with other breeding programs would be elevated one level as well; and those that went into companion homes would be sources of pride to all. The judges could drop their frequent complaints that quality across the board has dropped…and then we’d all be happy. I hope you’re happy today and every day this year. We here at TNT want to express our gratitude to the many people who shared expertise with the fancy through this fabulous magazine, and our readers and advertisers for making us the go-to publication when it comes to the Toy world. We could not be more proud. Proudly, once again, I welcome you to an issue of TNT. March marks the thirty-fifth year since we launched Top Notch Toys. We look for- ward to many more years and many more wins for our wonderful friends involved in Group Five. Until next month, remember... He Who Lives with the most Toys Wins! Best,

Or at least be whispered-about in a nasty fashion. I remember being appalled, during a motorhome-cocktail-party on a show site, when a lady announced that she had seven bitches bred. I could not imagine the need for seven litters of anything , at one time, and foolishly dis- missed her as a less-than-ethical member of the sport. Further research revealed how very wrong I was. The lady in question was not only the current backbone of her breed; she was the person to whom even her parent club turned for help and advice. This qualifying knowledge made me be forever careful; I’ve learned to withhold judgment until I have all the facts. But at the time it was a natural reaction. Somewhere along the road we drew a wide line between ourselves and the people who want household pets. We, who if we do what we say we do, should be pro- viding the dogs that will grace the lives of people for whom they were intended at the start, have divorced ourselves from the process. That that wide line would split into a yawning chasm could not have been foreseen—it’s become a deep gorge into which have happily plunged other purveyors of purebred dogs. To this day I find myself surprised if I see a good representative of a breed, prancing in a backyard with some kids. By any measure, it is a rarity—the average household dog is below average by our standards. We console ourselves with the thought that, had the owner turned to us, the dog we could have provided through ethical breeding or a net- work of like-minded friends, would have been much, much better. And yet we continue to discourage new owners by being too quick to pro- nounce them unfit. I often hear horror stories from good people, willing to be responsible owners, about having been rebuffed by a breeder of purposefully bred dogs, to use a newly-adopted term: some are interrogated; many are insulted, and some are simply sloughed-off. They then ask themselves a legitimate question: Why submit to a rigorous vetting when one can do down the street, or to the mall, and buy a dog with no greater qual- ification than the ability to write a check? Or to the shelters that are advertising constantly with slogans that tug at the heart strings but do not tell the entire truth. But that’s another topic, for another day. By too-zealously “protecting” our breeds, we’re promoting those who wish to exploit them. And they’re not only usurping our job, they’re doing it bigger and better. That their allure is strong is understandable; that their product is inferior, widely known. That their prices are, in many cases, higher is enough to boggle the mind. But amazingly enough, for most of the people who buy from pet shops, it seems to work: people on the other side of the line think it’s all part of the deal: buy the pup, then fix it by surgical or environmental means,

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At ROYAL CANIN ® , we obsess over purebred dogs—and the perfect nutrition for each of them. ROYAL CANIN ® formulas are developed with your breed’s unique needs in mind for superior muscle tone, coat health and digestion. As a breed expert, you know the right nutrition can unlock the magnificence inside your dogs, and so do we. A Major Win for Breeders Join the Crown Partners Rewards Program Today! my.royalcanin.com THE FINISHING TOUCH.

© ROYAL CANIN ® SAS 2017. All Rights Reserved. Image used with permission.

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CONTENTS TABLE OF

ARAMEDIA

AJ ARAPOVIC President aj@aramediagrp.com Office 512-686-3466 ext. 102 Cell 512-541-8128 HANIFA ARAPOVIC Vice President hanifa@aramediagrp.com 512-686-3466 ext. 104 Cell 512-541-8687 MICHAEL R. VERAS Chief Operating Officer michael@aramediagrp.com 512-686-3466 ext. 101 SAMANTHA ADKINS Production Co-Ordinator Advertiser Relations samantha@aramediagrp.com 512-686-3466 ext. 103

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MAILING ADDRESS PO BOX 18567 TAMPA, FL 33679

59 42

TNT

51 52 59 60 62

63 64 65 66

8 From the

The Brussels Griffon The American Brussels Griffon Association 1990 Board of Directors

TNT Breed System

Editor-in-Chief Joe McGinnis

BONNIE GUGGENHEIM Editor/Advertising Director 512-971-3280 bonnie@aramediagrp.com DANIEL CARTIER Director, Social Media & Web Site daniel@aramediagrp.com JOSEPH NEIL McGINNIS III

10 This Month in Top Notch Toys

The Breed Comparison of the Affenpinscher and the Brussels Griffon Lorene Vickers- Smith

National Owner Handled System Top Toys

14 Toy Talk 24 Toy Box

Executive Editor Emeritus Chief Media Consultant editor@aramediagrp.com

Prince of Poms Dawn Presley

Advertising and Subscription Rates

Bonnie Guggenheim

TOP NOTCH TOYS is published twelve times per year by AraMe- dia Group, Inc. PO Box 18567, Tampa, FL 33679. Postage paid at Omaha, Nebraska. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the express writ- ten permission of the editor. The opinions expressed in this publica- tion either editorially or in advertis- ing copy are those of the authors and do not necessarily constitute endorsement by the publishers. The editor reserves the right to reasonably edit all copy submitted. All articles become the property of the publishers. Subscription price for third class service in the United States: $75.00. Canadian and U.S. First Class: $110.00. Overseas rates upon request. Inquiries to: Michael R. Veras, COO, AraMedia Group Inc., PO Box 18567, Tampa FL 33678512 686 3466 ext 105 or michael@aramediagrp.com.

More Than Just a Pretty Face Sherye Wise

Index to Advertisers

40 Just Judy’s Thoughts Toy Dogs as Prey Judy Thompson 42 Westminster Kennel Club Candids

TNT Top Twenty Toys

photos by Tom Weigand 62

TNT All-Breed System

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Dandy “ S TA R T S P R E A D I N T H E N E W S , N O VA G A B O N D S H O E S F O R T H I S D AN D Y ” H E AV E N LY ’ S D AN D Y K I C K I N B O O T S

H E ’ S S O D I S T I N G U I S H E D H E ’ S D AN D Y

OWN E D B Y : C A S S AN D R A W I L L I AMS | B R E D B Y : D R . D U N C AN S I MMO N S & B O NN I E S I MMO N S | P R E S E N T E D B Y : AN G I E C O O K E T op N otch T oys , M arch 2019 • 11

TOP 5 2018 *** *TNT all breed stats as of 1/31/19 **TNT breed stats as of 1/31/19 ***TNT breed stats 2018 # 3 BREED 2019 ** # 1 ALL BREED 2019 *

OFF TO AN EXCITING START FOR 2019 FOR TEAM COOPER! A HUGE THANK YOU TO THE MANY JUDGES WHO HAVE RECOGNIZED OUR HOME BRED BOY COOPER’S TYPE AND BEAUTY!

BISS & Mutiple Toy Group Winner GCHGWynDancer Silver Lining

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BOB AND GROUP TWO TOY DOG FANCIERS OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

BOB AND GROUP TWO AT THE ROSE CITY CLASSIC

BOB AND GROUP 3 AT THE GOLDEN GATE KC OF SAN FRANCISCO

BEAUTIFULLY PRESENTED BY MR. LUKE SEIDLITZ & TEAM BRED BY DR. SUSAN BARRETT, DVM • www.wyndancercavaliers.com • wyndancercavaliers@yahoo.com OWNED BY SUSAN BARRETT, DVM • WynDancer Cavalier King Charles Spaniels • wyndancercavaliers.com

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TOY TALK ETCETERA by Bonnie Guggenheim, TNT Advertising Director & Associate Editor

SPRING BRINGS SHOWS GALORE from Coast to Coast

F ebruary makes us all think of pur- ple and gold ribbons, exciting Toy shows at the Hotel Pennsylvania plus all those exciting and wonder- ful specialties prior toWestminster. Where else will you have an oppor- tunity to see top winning Specials and wonderful new class dogs up close and personal and groomed to perfection. Add to this the excite- ment of greeting your many friends and meeting new exhibitors plus fan- ciers surrounded by larger than life handlers and people they only see in magazines. You can feel excite- ment in the air that surrounds the Piers and Westminster area and carries over to the hotels with dogs paraded in and out of buildings and grooming areas. The electricity created by this fabu- lous series of shows is felt by specta- tors ringside at Progressive and the specialties, benching areas and Meet The Breeds. Every year is one where special memories are made and Top Notch Toys is delighted to be a part of history with advertising in this issue of winning Toy dogs. Wow! March is the start of large five day circuits in Louisville with one of their largest entries ever, including the

Pomeranian and Brussels Griffon National Specialty. On the East coast, there are multiple huge circuits of five days, the same in Texas. So many Toy specialties from California and across the country, it would be impossible to describe the inten- sity the start of Spring brings with Specials and class dogs aiming at higher rankings. Owner Handlers are coming on as strong contenders at shows across the country and many are not only top winning Owner Han- dlers but winning in the regular rings and winning Best In Shows! Weather has played a part in many areas of the country making it diffi- cult to get to shows and home again. Lots of you called to say you were stuck in traffic or snow or worse, sliding around on ice and heading for the closest hotel to wait out un- til conditions improved. Beware of those flash flood signs and don’t be caught unaware when the water is on the move. Safe travels in the air and on the ground. Crufts is another fabulous and excit- ing show across the pond—watch it on TV channel 4 or www.youtube.com/ crufts. Those of you with Toys, please email back your candid photos and

even stories of how your day went, if youwon, where you shopped andwhat play you saw at the theater. Let all of us be a part of this show that has the largest entry ever. Incredible shop- ping at Crufts that offers new prod- ucts, all manner of vendors with items that would appeal to every dog lover there. Shih Tzu fanciers are looking for- ward to their National Specialty in Florida, Pomeranian and Brus- sels Griffon breeders exhibitors will host their National Specialty in Ken- tucky as part of the Kentuckiana Circuit. Texas has a circuit that in- cludes barbecues to add to the fun and specialties galore. Keep our slogan inmind when you are allocating your advertising dollars. “DON’TGETLOSTINTHEOTH- ER MAGAZINES, BE FOUND IN TOPNOTCHTOYS!” Win lots more, love and enjoy your dogs and email adorable puppy pic- tures for the Toy Box. Bonnie bonnie@aramediagrp.com 863.738.8848

“DON’T GET LOST IN THE OTHER MAGAZINES, BE FOUND IN TOP NOTCH TOYS!”

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*AKC NOHS STATS 2/6/19

A VERY CORRECT YORKIE!

STRYKER IS PROVING THAT GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY AN EXCEPTIONAL EXAMPLE OF OUR BREED WILL ALWAYS EXCEL.

Thank you Judge Sharon Masnick for this BOB and NOHSBOB win. Team Stryker would like to say thank you to the Judges who have awarded him in the Regular Toy Group and in NOHS.

MULTI GROUP PLACING/BISOH G C H T YAVA’ S S U G A R F O OT ’ S S T R I K E F O R C E

# 1 OWNER HANDLED YORKSHIRE TERRIER *

BREEDER AVA TYREE | TYAVA’S YORKIES

OWNER / HANDLER VICKI EDWARDS | SUGARFOOT YORKIES

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W O L P E R T ’ S Y O R K S H I R E T E R R I E R S

FUN AT THE YORKSHIRE TERRIER CLUB OF GREATER NEW YORK

Dealer WOLPERT’S I’M THE REAL DEAL C H WO L P E R T ’ S TOM F OO L E R Y X WO L P E R T ’ S E X T R A K I S S E S

thank you MRS. WEEMS

Dealer, our newest show boy, was Grand Sweepstakes winner at the YTCGNY on Saturday, February 9 th , 2019 under Judge Mrs. Kathy Weems.

B R E E D E R , OWN E R , H A N D L E R S : F R E D & M A R C I A WO L P E R T | MWO L P E R T 2 0 0 4 @ V E R I ZO N . N E T

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W O L P E R T ’ S Y O R K S H I R E T E R R I E R S

FUN AT THE YORKSHIRE TERRIER CLUB OF AMERICA

Dealer WOLPERT’S I’M THE REAL DEAL C H WO L P E R T ’ S TOM F OO L E R Y X WO L P E R T ’ S E X T R A K I S S E S

thank you MRS. PIERRO

Dealer, our newest show boy, was Grand Sweepstakes winner at the YTCA on Sunday, February 10th, 2019 under judge Mrs. Claudia Pierro.

B R E E D E R , OWN E R , H A N D L E R S : F R E D & M A R C I A WO L P E R T | MWO L P E R T 2 0 0 4 @ V E R I ZO N . N E T

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W O L P E R T ’ S Y O R K S H I R E T E R R I E R S

MORE FUN AT THE YORKSHIRE TERRIER CLUB OF AMERICA

Dealer WOLPERT’S I’M THE REAL DEAL

C H WO L P E R T ’ S TOM F OO L E R Y X WO L P E R T ’ S E X T R A K I S S E S

Dealer winning the 6-9 month puppy dog class under judge Mr. James Reynolds. He also won his 6-9 month Puppy dog class at the Progressive Toy Dog Show under Judge Mrs. June Penta.

Tom Hardy winning the Bred-By-Exhibitor dog class under judge Mr. James Reynolds. He also won his BBE at the Progressive Toy Dog Show under Judge Mrs. June Penta. HTa o r m dy WOLPERT’S TOM HARDY C H WO L P E R T ’ S TOM F OO L E R Y X WO L P E R T ’ S E X T R A K I S S E S

thank you MR. REYNOLDS & MRS. PENTA

B R E E D E R , OWN E R , H A N D L E R S : F R E D & M A R C I A WO L P E R T | MWO L P E R T 2 0 0 4 @ V E R I ZO N . N E T

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GCHB CH NEO FABULOUS TOP-RATED ISSUE BREED: CHIHUAHUAS (LONG COAT) SEX: BITCH DOB: 1/25/16

bred by KEUM DONG HAN owned by HAN KEUM DONG handled by KEUM DONG HAN NEO FABULOUS KENNEL http://www.facebook.com/keumdonghan HP +82 1074645551 e-mail: fabulous2802@hanmail.net THANK YOU JUDGE Evalyn Gregory for this great win. We are over the moon!

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*TNT BREED STATS AS OF 1/31/19 SILKY * No. 1

...THE COAT IS A SILKY’S CROWNING

glory

OWNERS: JIRI HALONEN, JANET ASLETT, JODY ROBERTS, BARBARA BEISSEL (BARBARABEISSEL@AOL.COM) & MARK BENSON (BENDILLSILKYTERRIERS@JUNO.COM)

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Windy B E N D I L L T A I L W I N D GCH LAMPLIGHTER

W E S T M I N S T E R B E S T O F B R E E D | 2 0 1 9 THANK YOU JUDGE CINDY VOGELS FOR THIS HISTORIC WIN!

HANDLERS: BARBARA BEISSEL & JIRI HALONE ASSISTANT: VILDE LETNES (NORWAY)

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C&M Honey I’m Good Andy grand champion

Thank you Ms. Gloria Kerr for this group placement.

Andy is not just good, he’s great!

B R E D B Y C ONN I E & MAC K W I L L I AM S • OWN E D B Y S H E R R I M I L L E R P R E S E N T E D B Y S H A RON B OY D , P H A • C OT NDA L E@AO L . C OM

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C&M Honey I’m Good Andy grand champion

Thank you Mrs. Murrel Purkhiser for this group placement.

B R E D B Y C ONN I E & MAC K W I L L I AM S • OWN E D B Y S H E R R I M I L L E R P R E S E N T E D B Y S H A RON B OY D , P H A • C OT NDA L E@AO L . C OM

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TOP NOTCH TOYS

TOYBOX

submitted by Wendy Ascher, Ascher Shih Tzu

SUBMIT YOUR CUTE PHOTOS TO OUR TOYBOX DEPARTMENT. Any clear photo will do—black & white or color, regular photo or digital. (If sending digital images, send high resolution 300 DPI for best quality.) Please submit your name and the name of the dog.

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Calvin Harris I N TC H G R B R A C H AMC H Z U N TA ’ S H A I MA G R E E N VA L L E Y R E S E R V E B E S T I N S H O W W I N N I N G A N D M U L T I P L E G R O U P W I N N I N G N O W O N T O U R I N T H E U S A

THANK YOU DR. STEVE KEATING FOR RECOGNIZING CALVIN’S CORRECT STRUCTURE handler DARON NEWCOMB • breeder/owner MICHAEL ZUNTA co-owners BARB KING AND JUDY MARKSBURY

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Best in Show

GCHP Dartan Diamonds Are Forever at Viva

Westminster Kennel Club Progressive Dog Club Best of Variety

BR E D BY DARW I N D E L AN E Y & KA T HY S AWY E R

OWN E D & E XC L U S I V E LY HAND L E D BY C E C I L I A BO Z Z O

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a rising

Breeder: Karal Poms Owners: Alberto & Karla Aceves Handler: Amanda Seitzer karalpoms@hotmail.com Karal Poms

GCHB KARALS WON’T APOLOGIZE CHIC

M u l t i p l e G r o u p W i n n e r • T h a n k y o u t o a l l t h e j u d g e s w h o h a v e r e c o g n i z e d S t a r l o r d

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BLACKWOOD BRUSSELS GRIFFONS

Lew Olson

BLACKWOOD ALICE IN WONDERLAND Champion

Finished her Champion at 7 months by winning Best of Breed from the classes over specials!

Champion

AKHTAMAR CROWN PRINCE FOR LEGENDS

Imported from Russia Champion in multiple countries

OFA Clear on Heart, Patella and Eyes

CHIC: 136361

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Little Guy

bronze grand champion LaCas itas Keeper of the Flame

CH S H A B R I ’ S MONT A N Y A D E O S I TO X GCH P G E N B R OOK ’ S P L A Y I N ’ W I TH F I R E

Bred , Owned & Foreve r Loved by : Gar y & Vi cki St i l e s

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THANK YOU JUDGE TIM CATTERSON

Am GCH, Can CH, FCI International CH, Puerto Rican GCH, Latin Am and Pan Am CH and Crufts Qualified G R A N D C H A M P I O N AKAI’S DIAMOND IN A RHINESTONE WORLD

Owner/Breeder/Handler: Marion Ford, AKC Breeder of Merit | Akai Papillons | Benton City, WA | www.akaipaps.com | email: akaipaps@hotmail.com Co-Owner/Handler: June Peterson, AKC Breeder of Merit | Serna-Stedt Papillons | Hendersonville, NC | flivverway@gmail.com

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# 1 Pom Puppy & #1 Toy Puppy

IN CANADA 2018

# 1 Female Pom # 2Pom IN CANADA 2018 IN CANADA 2018

ARWINS POMERANIANS

TO A

AMERICAN SHOW CAREER WITH WHITNEY

We would like to give a huge thank you to all the judges who awarded and appreciated our Charm!

ARWINS DIVINEDREAMS American Grand Champion, American & Canadian Champion

PROFESSIONALLY HANDLED AND LOVED TO PERFECTION TO HER AMERICAN & AMERICAN GRAND CHAMPIONSHIP BY WHITNEY STACEY

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GCHG GAR-V N GW’S MULTIPLE RESERVE BEST IN SHOW MULTIPLE GROUP ONE WINNING

2 0 1 9

2 0 1 9

POMERANIAN BREED **

POMERANIAN ALL BREED *

owned by George & Debra Kailer www.gryphonwoodpoms.com Facebook/George Kailer

handled by Deborah Wheeler

bred by Gail Garvey

©Jordan Photography

©Jordan Photography

THE NATIONAL DOG SHOW, 2018 BEST OF BREED SIRE OF CHAMPIONS, GRAND CHAMPIONS AND MULTIPLE GROUP PLACING OFFSPRING

AMAZING MOVEMENT, AMAZING TEAM, AMAZING POMERANIAN

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silver Bluff Black Jaguar Grand Champion

Owner/Handled by Josie M. Ornum | JOSIEORNUM@GMAIL.COM | DEI’S CHIHUAHUAS BRED BY BARBARA FISCHER Judge Mrs. Diana L. Skibinski | October 27, 2018 | Sacramento Valley Dog Fanciers Association Inc.

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gold grand champion MARCHWIND SWEET VICTORY

FINISHES UP HER WINNING YEAR WITH BEST OF BREED ATWESTMINSTER AND A PULL IN THE GROUP!

NumberOne

thank you for an exciting year!

HANDLED EXCLUSIVELY BY JUSTIN SMITHEY AND SOMETIMES CHESLEY SMITHEY OWNED & BRED BY LOIS MARCH, MD | MARCHWIND ITALIAN GREYHOUNDS | MARCHWINDIGS.NET | VIENNA, GA I TA L I A N G R E Y H O U N D I N 2 0 1 8 *

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*TNT BREED & ALL BREED STATS 2018

G C H G C H , B E S T I N S H OW W I N N I N G ( A K C & F C I ) E A S Y R I D E R Wyatt

HANDLED BY Celso Schneider

TEAMWYATT Gail and Bill Bertrand, Cathy and Mark Driggers, Gina Roidopoulos & Omar Gonzales BRED AND CO-OWNED BY Omar Gonzales

BERTRAND TRAVEL 817 726 5067 BertrandTravel.com

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B OT H OWN E R H A N D L E D B Y MA R I LY N D E M P S E Y

Coconut GCHS CH LF’S COCONUT MOJI TO TERL INGUA Owner Handled Group Placements

Top 20 Longcoat Chihuahua 2017 & 2018*

Vader CH TERL INGUA DARK SIDE DAZZLER Owner Handled Group Placements

*TNT breed stats 2017, 2018

Finished Champion out of the Puppy Class

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GCH SHAR’S KRAZY KASEY

Thank you Judge Elizabeth Muthard for this group placement!

O W N E D , H A N D L E D & P R O U D L Y B R E D B Y S H A R O N M A S S A D , S H A R O N M A S S A D @ G M A I L . C O M

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D ear reader, as you check out this photo you are probably thinking I am the most irresponsible dog owner on the planet. Yes, that is my little Papillon and she is blissfully ignorant of the wolf that is eye-stalk- ing her. But the wolf was from Shy Wolf Sanctuary and was acting as an ambassador for the shelter at a local “Woofstock” dog event. We were as- sured that she was totally safe around dogs. No Papillons were harmed dur- ing this photo shoot! As we are out and about with our Toy breed dogs, we should be very aware that they do resemble the prey that some larger dogs were bred to hunt. I had an experience at a dog show recently that opened my eyes to this danger. Now, when walking my Paps around at a show, I am extremely vigilant around large dogs. I am especially careful around some of the breeds that have a reputation for aggression, and am careful to keep my distance. But one day, I was coming in from the parking lot to a dog showwith two Pa- pillons on lead, whilemy husband was far behind dealing with the crates and dolly. I got just a tad too close to a pair of sight hounds. I had no fear. They were so lovely, with such soft expres- sions and silky coats. I was smitten. But what was I thinking? They were bred to chase down hares and other small mammals. What was I bringing into their line of vision, but two very hare-like creatures complete with big ears and white tails! Folks, we had a moment. Those sight hounds went into full prey mode and the eye-stalking and crouching began in earnest. Thankfully, their handler kept them on a very short lead and had excellent voice control over them. I quickly learned that my vigilance should extend to any dog that was bred to hunt small mammals. Predatory behavior follows a se- quence: Search (eye), Stalk, Chase, Bite (grab-bite, kill-bite), Dissect, Consume. But it is important to un- derstand that prey drive is NOT the same as aggression. Studies using electrical stimulation of the brain have shown that predatory behaviors

(Photo by Rattigan Group LLC)

JUST JUDY’S THOUGHTS TOY DOGS AS PREY By Judy Thompson, OHA

are enjoyable to dogs, while aggres- sive behaviors are not. All dogs have a predatory part of the brain, but it is completely separate from the part of the brain that controls aggressive behavior. A predatory dog doesn’t threaten. There will be no warning growl or bark. So, which breeds have a high prey drive? The predatory instinct has been preserved in the sporting breeds, as pointers search out their prey and point to it, retrievers find and retrieve prey, and spaniels locate prey and flush it out of hiding. The herding breeds stalk, creep, chase and nip. Scent hounds follow the scent trails of the prey while sight hounds excel in the pursuit and capture. Ter- riers were bred to control verminwith the grab-bite, kill-bite.

Just about any small animal (includ- ing a Toy dog) can trigger a predatory response in a large dog. When the an- imal is really small, such as a lizard, squirrel or chipmunk, then the Toy dog can become the predator. I can attest to the hunting skill of my Papil- lon bitch. She can literally hear mole crickets singing underground in their burrows! She will search, pounce, and dig to find them. We have all seen our Toy dogs chase tennis balls (pursuit), shake their stuffed toys (neck break- ing) and chomp down on squeaky toys that sound like a small mammal in distress. We must acknowledge that even the most gentle and obedient dog has predatory behavior as part of his na- ture. Keep that in mind to avoid dan- gerous situations for your Toy dog!

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Khloe CH Marja-Tu Chu Always Dreaming

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THE BRUSSELS GRIFFON presented by the American Brussels Griffon Association 1990 board of Directors

T he Brussels Griffon, named for the city of his origin, Brussels, Belgium, is a lively, sturdy little fellow, classified as a member of the Toy Group due to his small size. Adults usually range in weight from six to twelve pounds. During the early 1800’s, it was the custom for coach- men to keep small terrier types as ratters in the stables, and those of that period in Belgium were Affenpin- scher-like, know as Griffons d’Ecurie (wire coated stable dogs). Just when or why other breeds were introduced can only be conjecture, as the Brussels stablemen who initi- ated these crosses apparently kept no records. The Pug, a Victorian fa- vorite from across the Channel, was bred to the native Belgian dog in the mid 1800’s. From this cross came a smooth coated Griffon designated Brabancon after the Belgian na- tional anthem, La Brabanconne. At about the same time the King Charles (black and tan), and Ruby varieties of the English Toy Spaniel were also crossed with the Belgian dogs. From these two crossings not only did two distinct types of coat emerge; the harsh coated bewhiskered rough, and the smooth coated Brabancon; but also the rich red color. The Eng- lish Toy Spaniel ancestry can also be seen to this day in an occasional (and completely acceptable) web footed, kink tailed, or tailless Griffon puppy, often the one with the most desirable head properties. These two short faced, big headed, large eyed breeds forever changed the service- able little ratter into a delightful small companion dog with a strong, broad, up-swept underjaw, and a very short, up-tilted nose placed high be- tween very dark, lustrous eyes, with

the high domed skull of the English Toy Spaniel. All of this together con- jures that wonderful “pout” which gives the Griffon that almost human expression. No longer serving his original function (in itself obsolete) the Brussels Griffon has evolved into a most intriguing looking, alert and active companion. In intelligence, Griffons are second to none. They are unusually sensi- tive, and demand much attention and love. The Brussels Griffon is strictly a housedog. Be he small or oversized, if relegated to garage or kennel, no mat- ter how well his creature comforts are met, he will pine without love and personal attention, and should always be made to socialize with people lest he withdraw into his shell. The Griffon is peaceable and enjoys the company of other dogs, also cats. A good hiking companion, he loves to romp and play. Playtime over, he relaxes quietly as close to his owner as possible. His intelligence and desire to please make the Griffon fairly easy to train. Leash training must be started early for short peri- ods and made to seem fun, for in this department our little Belgian friends

can dig in their heels and show a stubborn streak. The Griffon is a sturdy dog with a relatively long life span, with 10 to 15 years being usual. Like all short faced breeds he is sensitive to tem- perature extremes making him an in- door dog. Despite his pushed in nose, he is not a snorer, nor is he prone to eye ailments. In matters of feeding and general health care, the instruc- tions of the breeder from whom the puppy was obtained should be fol- lowed. Coat care in the smooth is sim- ple. Regular brushing and occasional baths suffice. The roughs should be hand-plucked, about twice yearly, by pulling out the long, dead hairs by their tips a few hairs at a time. This should be enough to keep the dog neat and comfortable, unless the dog is be- ing kept in show coat, which requires more frequent grooming. Never bathe a rough before stripping, or shortly before showing. Because of his small size and sensi- tive nature, the Griffon is not rec- ommended as a pet for young chil- dren. The Griffon does make an excellent housedog and a devoted, life-long companion.

“The Griffon is peaceable AND ENJOYS THE COMPANY OF OTHER DOGS, ALSO CATS. A GOOD HIKING COMPANION, HE LOVES TO ROMP AND PLAY.” T op N otch T oys , M arch 2019 • 51

THE BREED COMPARISON OF THE AFFENPINSCHER AND THE BRUSSELS GRIFFON

by Lorene Vickers-Smith photos courtesy of the Affenpinsher, Brussels Griffon and English Toy Spaniel AKC Illustrated Standards

O nce upon a time, in a small town in Michigan, many years ago, when most every Affenpinscher we saw was black with a docked tail and most every Brussels Griffon seen was red rough I was waiting at the ring entrance for my 10 am judg- ing. My four black rough Griffons were the total entry for the day and anxious to get in the ring. I noticed the judge glancing outside the ring toward us several times. When the breed was called and I started into the ring, I was stopped by the judge who loudly told me “No dearie, Affen- pinschers are at 1 o’clock.” I needn’t write about the short discussion that followed, nor my sinking confidence in her judging ability. Few breeds confuse on-lookers more than the Affenpinscher and the Brus- sels Griffon do. When entering the Toy Group alphabetically these first two breeds can be similar in build and stature. They are also the only two breeds in the Toy Group sporting hand-stripped terrier jackets. They can be the same colors and can pres- ent similar sizes and outlines. Although this confusion is under- standable, looking at themmore care- fully even from a distance, one will note slight differences in profile, gait, body balance and substance. Upon viewing the heads up close, there are few similarities at all! This is a comparison of the Affenpin- scher and the Brussels Griffon. How- ever, it must be noted that the physical

and mental attributes which essen- tially separate these two breeds (e.g. the brachycephalic characteristics unique only to the Brussels Griffon) are most evident through the Eng- lish Toy Spaniel heritage. Therefore, I will on occasion include the English Toy Spaniel in this comparison. This is not to slight the Affenpinscher, but it is because these added influences of the brachycephalic breeds used in addition to the Affenpinscher to form the Brussels Griffon require further discussion. The Brussels Griffon has four DQ’s and the Affenpinscher has none. HISTORY It is thought by most experts that the Affenpinscher had a large role in the creation of breeds such as the Minia- ture Pinscher, Miniature Schnauzer and the Brussels Griffon. The Affenpinscher is an old breed with its origins in Germany as a hunter of small vermin. Noted paint- ings such as Jan Van Eyck (1390- 1441) The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami , as- certain that small rough-coated dogs similar to the Affenpinscher ex- isted for many centuries. The Af- fenpinscher was exhibited in Ger- many as early as 1880 under the name of German Toy Rat-Terriers. Size eventually split this breed with the larger-sized dogs being absorbed into the Miniature Schnauzer while the smaller-sized dogs were called

Affenpinschers. Affenpinschers were listed for the first time as a separate breed in the 1903-07 German reg- istration book for the German Pin- scher-Schnauzer Club. Even though the Brussels Griffon is the younger breed, they made their debut in the U.S. at an earlier time than the Affenpinschers. It wasn’t until 1936 that the Affenpinscher was listed in the AKC Stud Book, thirty- plus years after the Brussels Griffon. While both breeds have had their ups and downs in popularity during the last century, the Affenpinschers neared extinction with the onset of WW II in Germany, its country of origin. The Affenpinscher or an “Affenpin- scher-type small terrier like ratter” was used with the Pug and the Eng- lish Toy Spaniel to create the Brussels Griffon. These brachycephalic cross- es inhibited the Brussels Griffon’s successful ratting in the stables and

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moved them into the home and bed- room as a ladies’ small pet (and prob- ably an occasional mouser). By 1880 in Belgium the breed was called the Griffons Bruxellois. By 1883 Belgian breeders had formulated a standard and had established regular classes in show competition. About 1889, when the Club duGriffonBruxellois was es- tablished in Brussels, the smooth was recognized as a separate variety un- der the name of Griffon Brabancon. In 1899, Brussels Griffons first ap- peared in the American Kennel Club Stud Book, shown at Westminster in miscellaneous class. SIZE The small Stable ratter of origin to the Affenpinscher came in varying sizes. Before 1900 occasionally in Europe these German Toy Rat-Terriers were shown in classes for dogs weighing under and over five pounds. In both Affenpinschers and Brussels Griffons it is not uncommon to have a wide variety of sizes mature in the same litter. On any day it is possible to judge a six pounder in the same class with a 13 pounder (and possible for them to be littermates). The IDEAL size for both breeds is comparable. Affenpinscher’s height at the withers is 9 1/2 inches and 11 1/2 inches. Brussels Griffons weight usually 8 to 10 pounds. The differ- ence being that the Affenpinscher, while not delicate in any way, is a slighter built dog than the Griffon. The dense muscle and heavier bone of the Griffon gives him a heavier body when hefting both breeds of the same measurements.

It is important to note that neither breed has a Disqualification for size or weight and both breeds emphasize that type and quality are of greater importance than weight, height or any individual characteristic. HEAD The very definite and obvious differ- ences between these two breeds lies in the head! The heads are virtually nothing alike with the exception that both breeds have high set EARS that are either cropped or natural semi-erect. (The Brussels Griffon standard asks for small ears.) Both breeds have heads that can be covered with harsh hair if the Griffon is rough. The likeness stops there. In addition to the cropped and semi- erect ear, the Affenpinscher may also have naturally standing erect (uncropped) or drop ears (like that of a Pug). All the above types of ears are acceptable for the Affenpinscher as long as they are symmetrical and maintain the monkey-like expres- sion. It is with the HEAD that I must bring the English Toy Spaniel’s AKC Stan- dard into this comparison. The simi- larities of the ETS (a breed of origin to the Brussels Griffon) are remarkable to the head and skull of the Brussels Griffon. These are the attributes of the Eng- lish Toy Spaniel’s AKC Standard that are the same or similar to the Brussels Griffon: Head large in com- parison to size. Eyes Large and very dark brown or black, set squarely on

line with the nose, with little or no white showing. The eye rims should be black. Skull High and well domed; from the side, curves as far out over the eyes as possible. Stop Deep and well-defined. Muzzle Very short, with the nose well laid back and with well developed cushioning under the eyes. JawSquare, broad, and deep, and well turned up, with lips properly meet- ing to give a finished appearance. Nose Large and jet black in color, with large, wide open nostrils. Bite Slightly undershot; teeth not to show. The Affenpinscher has a smaller head in proportion to body than either the Brussels Griffon or the English Toy Spaniel. The Affenpinscher has a definite nose, closer set more forward looking smaller eyes and a different head type all together. SKULL COMPARISONS Brussels Griffon—Large and round, with a domed forehead. The STOP deep. A large skull is highly prized. The top skull, between the ears is slightly rounded. The forehead, the portion of the skull immediately over the eyes to the top of the skull, is where the dome occurs. A correct layback will tilt the extremely short nose up and back, high between the eyes forming a deep stop which can be felt but is not visible. Un- desirable: Flat forehead. Stop too vis- ible. English Toy Spaniel—High and well domed; from the side, curves as far out over the eyes as possible. Stop deep and well-defined. Affenpinscher—Round and domed, but not coarse. STOP well-defined. The size of the head has to be felt as it is hidden under the loose shaggy head hair. The skull is gently domed, as wide as it is long. EYES Affenpinscher—Round, dark, bril- liant, and of medium size in propor- tion to the head but not bulging or protruding. Eye rims are black. English Toy Spaniels—Large and very dark brown or black, set squarely on line with the nose, with little or no white showing. The eye rims should be black.

These two photos show each breed with lovely high set semi-erect natural ears and with perfect eye/ nose placement and great expression for its breed.

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between the eyes. LIPS-Black, with prominent lower lip. Brussels Griffon—very black, ex- tremely short, its tip being set back deeply between the eyes so as to form a layback. The nostrils large. DQ- Dudley or butterfly nose. LIPS edged with black, not pendulous but well brought together, giving a clean finish to the mouth. English Toy Spaniel—Large and jet black in color, with large, wide open nostrils. Muzzle- Very short, with the nose well laid back and with well de- veloped cushioning under the eyes. The Affenpinscher has a smaller nose leather in proportion to the head and the nose pad is a more ‘normal type’ placed vertically to the head on a bit of a nose, rather than the extremely large, ‘tilted in toward the forehead’ leather of the Brussels Griffon and ETS that is associated more with the extreme brachycephalic type head. BITE AND JAWS All three breeds call for slightly un- dershot bite. Affenpinscher—Slightly undershot. A level bite is acceptable if the monkey- like expression is maintained. An overshot bite is to be severely penal- ized. A wry mouth is a serious fault. The teeth and tongue do not show when the mouth is closed. The lower jaw is broad enough for the lower teeth to be straight and even. Brussels Griffon—must be undershot. The incisors of the lower jaw should protrude over the upper incisors. The lower jaw is prominent, rather broad with an upward sweep. Neither teeth nor tongue should show when the mouth is closed. Awrymouth is a seri- ous fault. Disqualification—Bite over- shot. Hanging tongue. English Toy Spaniel—Slightly under- shot; teeth not to show. A wry mouth should be penalized; a hanging tongue is extremely objectionable. Jaw: Square, broad, and deep, and well turned up, with lips properly meeting to give a finished appearance. This well turned up bottom jaw that the Brussels Griffon inherited from the English Toy Spaniel is a very

This picture depicts the “domed skull” of the Brussels Griffon and the English Toy Spaniel. Also the broad, well turned up bottommandible and the lay in of the nose pad.

that is not black will tip you off to DQ color dilutes such as Chocolate, etc. If in questionwhen judging please check the eye rims and foot pads for good solid black color. Both the Affenpinscher and the Brus- sels Griffon want eyes to be dark as possible or black. However the Af- fenpinscher’s eyes are not as large and are set closer together in the middle of the skull . Length of the muzzle is ap- proximately the same as the distance between the eyes. While the Brussels Griffon’s large eyes are set well apart to allow room for the extremely short, well laid back nose to fit deep in line be- tween them. The very large prominent eyes are a part of what gives the Griffon that “almost human” expression so im- portant to breed type. Griffons should not have prominent bulging eyes; the use of the word prominent is meant for the lids to be well open to show most of the lovely large round eye, filled with very dark color and no ring of white showing. In both the Brussels Griffon and the English Toy Spaniel the eyes should be set in a line with the large deep set nose pad. NOSE Affenpinscher—Black, turned nei- ther up nor down. MUZZLE-Short and narrowing slightly to a blunt nose. The length of the muzzle is ap- proximately the same as the distance

Brussels Griffon—Set well apart, very large, black, prominent, and well open. The eyelashes long and black. Eyelids edged with black. In Brussels Griffons, the pigment must be black black. Any other color indicates DISQUALIFICATION of the Dudley or Butterfly nose. A nose These two gorgeous head studies, both with cropped ears, show beautiful type and expression

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BODY, PROPORTION, SUBSTANCE, BALANCE Both breeds ask for square appear- ance, balance and level toplines. Both are compact and measure ‘square’ as approximately from the point of shoulder to rearmost projection of upper thigh—Brussels Griffon, and from the point of shoulder to point of the buttocks—Affenpinscher; and from height at withers to ground. Both are sturdy; the Griffon thickset. The brisket of the Brussels Griffon is broad and deep, ribs well-sprung and short-coupled. The Affenpinscher is more moderate —chest is moderately broad and deep; ribs are moderately sprung. The Affenpinscher is medium boned; the Brussels Griffon is well boned. The Brussels Griffon’s rump is approximately the same width as his shoulders with little or no indenta- tion at the waist, contributing to the thickset, short appearance. The Af- fenpinscher carries more coat about the neck and shoulders, known as a cape or shawl. This difference in hair length and grooming gives him the appearance of being heavier in the shoulders than he really is. The Brus- sels Griffon has no obvious tuck up; the Affenpinscher’s tuck up is slight. The Affenpinscher standard states the female may be slightly longer, which seems a reasonable allowance in most any breed. Both breeds are slow maturing and generally long lived. Adult development in the show ring can be seen as late as 2 1/2 or 3 years of age. Both breeds want a level topline, but in the Affenpinscher the croup has just a perceptible curve while the tail is set high and carried erect. TAIL Affenpinscher—may be docked or natural. A docked tail is generally between 1 inch and 2 inches long, set high and carried erect. (docked tails on both breeds are the same). The natural tail is set high and car- ried gently curved up over the back while moving. The type of tail is not a major consideration. Brussels Griffon—set and held high,

Totally different grooming styles, heads, skulls and expressions. (This Affenpinscher exhibits the naturally standing erect ear and belge coat)

important aspect of the entire head and expressionof both theGriffon and the ETS. Brussels Griffon Illustrated Standard: “The upper lip should be short and plush. The upward sweep of the lower jaw is of great importance. It is this “pout’ that sets the breed apart. Without the correct upsweep, the lips will not meet giving the ‘clean finish’ to the mouth. A Griffon with a strong undershot jaw that DOES NOT curve up will no doubt show teeth and tongue. There will be too much space between the upper and lower incisors and the lips will not meet. The underjaw should be broad to give room for six incisors; however visible breadth of muzzle and jaw is of primary importance.” Bite Exam: When examining the Brussels Griffon bite, judges are instructed to use the “T” Thumb Method with no part of your fingers or thumb going under the lips or in the mouth of the dog. This is executed by laying the pad of your thumb on the chin of the dog and tipping it toward (but not over) the nose pad. Your thumb should be at an angle show- ing the proper layback from chin to nose forming our ‘pout’. Our standard does not call for full dentition, but the Brussels Griffon does have a DQ for overshot bite . If you suspect a specimen in your ring is wry (serious fault) , or has an overshot (DQ) bite , but are not certain when using the T exam, then please ask the exhibitor to show the bite. If that is not satisfac- tory and you plan to use the dog, you

may look quickly yourself by lifting both lips at the same time while look- ing straight into the mouth (be quick; this will shut off their air.) Both of these breeds are incredibly smart and very sensitive. They can be ruined for the show ring by improper examina- tions and they hold grudges. The Affenpinscher has a prominent chin with an obvious black lower lip line. It is important to examine the bite. The undershot jaw accentuates the lower lip line and contributes to the monkey like expression. The lips of the Affenpinscher also have a visible seal with no tongue or teeth showing. English Toy Spaniel—A wry mouth should be penalized; a hanging tongue is extremely objectionable. Affenpinscher—A wry mouth is a se- rious fault. An overshot bite is to be severely penalized. The teeth and tongue do not show when the mouth is closed. Brussels Griffon—a wry mouth is a serious fault. A hanging tongue is a DISQUALIFICATION. NECK Affenpinscher—Neck and straight. The head is in proportion to the body, carried confidently with monkey-like facial expression. Brussels Griffon—neck medium length and gracefully arched. short The difference in neck changes not only the balance and outline of the two breeds but also their carriage. The Griffon has more neck.

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