Jagdterrier Breed Magazine - Showsight

JAGDTERRIER

Let’s Talk Breed Education!

FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL) SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1 er B – 6530 Thuin (Belgique) ______________________________________________________________________________

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26.05.2015/ EN

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FCI-Standard N° 103

DEUTSCHER JAGDTERRIER (German Hunting Terrier)

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TRANSLATION : Johan Gallant / Walter Schicker. Official language (DE).

ORIGIN : Germany.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD : 19.03.2015.

UTILIZATION : Versatile hunting dog, suited in particular for the hunt under the ground and as a flushing dog.

FCI CLASSIFICATION : Group 3

Terriers. Section 1 Large and medium sized Terriers. With working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : After the first World War a group of active hunters separated from the numerically strong Fox-Terrier Club. It was their aim to create a breed, the sole purpose of which would be hunting performance. The experienced hunters and cynologists Rudolf Frieß, Walter Zangenberg and Carl-Erich Grünewald decided to select a black and tan hunting dog in particular suitable for the hunt under the ground. A coincidence came in support of their efforts. A zoo director, Lutz Heck / Hagenberg presented Walter Zangenberg with four black and tan terriers which were said to come from pure-bred Fox-Terrier lines. These dogs became the foundation stock of the German Hunting Terrier. At the time Dr Herbert Lackner joined the founders. After many years of intensive breeding efforts, and through skilful crossings with the Old English Wirehaired Terrier as well as with the Welsh Terrier, they succeeded to fix the appearance of their breed. At the same time they put great emphasis on breeding a multitalented, well trainable, hard, tongue-giving and water-happy dog with an explicit hunting instinct. The German Hunting Terrier Club (Deutscher Jagdterrier-Club e.V.) was founded in 1926. As ever, the breeders continued to value most carefully their breed for its usefulness as a hunting dog, its steadiness of character, its courage and drive.

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GENERAL APPEARANCE : A smallish, generally black and tan, compact, well proportioned working hunting dog.

IMPORTANT chest circumference to height at the withers: The circumference of the chest is 10 to 12 cm more than the height at the withers. Body length to height at the withers: The body is insignificantly longer than the height at the withers. Depth of chest to height at the withers, circa 55 – 60 % of the height at the withers. PROPORTIONS : Proportion of BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Courageous and hard, takes pleasure in work, enduring, vital, full of temperament, reliable, sociable and trainable, neither shy nor aggressive.

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION: Elongated, slightly wedge-shaped, not pointed. The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, from occiput to stop. Skull: The skull is flat, broad between the ears, narrower between the eyes. Stop: Slightly marked. FACIAL REGION: Nose: In harmony with the muzzle, neither too narrow nor too small, not cleft. Always black, but when the colour of the coat is dominantly brown, a brown nose is also permitted. Muzzle: Strong, pronounced jaw-muscles and distinct lower jaw,

strongly pronounced chin. Cheeks: Well pronounced. Lips: Tight and well pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth: Big teeth. Strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, whereby the row of upper incisors, without gap, perfectly locks over the lower incisors, and with the teeth standing vertically to the jaws. 42 teeth in accordance with the teeth formula

FCI-St. N° 103 / 26.05.2015

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EYES : Dark, small, oval, deep ; the eyelids are tight. Resolute expression.

EARS : Set high, not explicitly small, V-shaped; slightly touching semi-drop ears.

NECK : Strong, not too long, well put on and blending strongly into the shoulders.

BODY : Topline: Straight. Withers: Well defined. Back: Strong, straight, not too short. Loin: Well muscled. Croup: Well muscled and flat. Chest: Deep, ribs well sprung, not too broad, long breastbone with ribs well reaching backwards. Underline: Elegantly curved backwards; short and firm flanks, belly slightly drawn up. TAIL : Well set to the long croup (docked for circa 1/3). Is rather carried slightly raised than steeply erected but should never incline over the back. (In countries where tail docking is prohibited by law, it can be left in its natural state. It should be carried horizontally or slightly sabre-formed.)

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS: General appearance: Seen from the front the forelegs are straight and parallel, viewed from the side they are placed well under the body. The distance from the surface to the elbows is approximately equal to the distance from the elbows to the withers. Shoulder: The shoulder-blade lies well oblique and backwards; it is long and strongly muscled. There is good angulation between shoulder-blade and upper arm. Upper arm: As long as possible, well and dry muscled.

FCI-St. N° 103 / 26.05.2015

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Elbow: Close to body, neither turned inward nor outward. Good angulation between upper arm and forearm. Forearm: Dry, straight and upright with strong bones. Carpus (wrist): Strong. Metacarpus (Pastern): Slightly angulated to the ground, bones rather strong than fine. Forefeet: Often broader than the hind feet, the well closed toes lying close to each other with sufficiently thick, hard, resistant and well pigmented pads. They are parallel, in stance as well as in movement neither turned inward nor outward. HINDQUARTERS: General appearance: Viewed from behind straight and parallel. Good angulation between upper thigh and lower thigh and also at the hocks. Strong bones. Thigh: Long, broad and muscular. Stifle (Knee): Strong with good angulation between upper- and lower thigh. Lower thigh: Long, muscular and sinewy. Hock joint: Strong and placed low. Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Short and vertical. Hind feet: Oval to round, the well closed toes, with sufficiently thick, hard, resistant and well pigmented pads. They are parallel, in stance and in movement neither turned inward nor outward. GAIT / MOVEMENT : Ample ground covering, free, with good reach in the front and powerful drive from the rear. In front- and hindquarters parallel and straight; never stilted.

SKIN : Thick, tight, without folds.

COAT Hair: Plain, dense; hard rough hair or coarse smooth hair.

Colour: The colour is black, dark-brown or greyish-black, with yellow-red clearly defined markings at the eyebrows, muzzle, chest, the legs and at the base of the tail. Light and dark mask is equally permitted; small white markings on chest and toes are tolerated.

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SIZE AND WEIGHT : Height at the withers:

Males: 33 to 40 cm. Females: 33 to 40 cm.

Weight: Weight in males and females should be according to build, not too light nor too heavy. FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work . SEVERE FAULTS : • Narrow skull, narrow and also pointed muzzle. • Falling away under-jaw, narrow jaws. • Weak bite, any slight irregularity in the placing of the incisors. • Light, too big or protruding eyes. • Erected, flying, too small, too low set or heavy ears. • Steep forequarters. • Soft or roached back, too short back. • Short breastbone. • Too narrow or too wide in front. • Steep hindquarters, overbuilt. • Elbows clearly turned in or out. • Too narrow or too wide in forefeet; cow-hocked, bow-legged or narrow hocks in stance as well as in movement. • Stilted or tripping gait. • Splayed feet, cat feet, hare feet . • Tail inclining over the back, tail set too low or hanging. • Short, woolly, open or thin hair, bald at the belly or at the inner sides of the thighs.

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DISQUALIFYING FAULTS : • Aggressive or overly shy dogs. • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities. • Untypical dogs. • Over- and undershot bite, wry mouth, pincer and partial pincer bite, cross-bite , irregularly placed teeth in the upper and/or lower row of teeth, missing teeth except for M3. • Incorrect pigmentation. • Entropion and ectropion, eyes of different colour, blue or spotted eyes. • Any departure of the described coat colour. • Over- and undersized. N.B. : • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.

The latest amendments are in bold characters.

FCI-St. N° 103 / 26.05.2015

SURFACE ANATOMY FOLLOWING PAGES

The Jagdterrier A Working Terrier with the Heart of a Hunter INTERVIEW WITH RICHARD REYNOLDS BY DAN SAYERS

this doesn’t mean he’s just another pretty face. In fact, the breed is anything but angelic. The Jagdterrier is a devil on the trail and a demon in a hole. Hunting is his birthright and he often bears the scars to prove it. To help us introduce the Jagdterrier to ShowSight read- ers, Richard Reynolds has kindly answered our questions about the breed’s development, its unique temperament and its usefulness as a hunter. — Dan Sayers WHAT EXACTLY IS A JAGDTERRIER? The Jagdterrier (pronounced yockt-terrier) is a German working Terrier originally bred to hunt fox and badger below ground. In the eyes of many it is the consummate hunting Terrier and a favorite amongst hunters the world over. Per- haps its most valuable quality is its unique temperament and unequaled energy level. Most Jagds that have had the benefit of early socialization and training are friendly, always inquisi- tive and able to get along with other dogs. However, most everything else that breathes is regarded as legitimate quarry. That prey drive—along with the proper conformation to get the job done—makes it a valuable partner in any pack of hunt- ing Terriers. “German Hunt Terrier,” “Deutscher Jagdterrier,”

S ome Terriers are working Terriers and then there’s the Jagdterrier. This German original is a formidable hunter—skillful when it comes to dis- patching quarry, certainly—but with an energy level that puts its British and Irish cousins to shame. The tenacious “Jagd” is as handsome as he is hard-wired, but

The tenacious Jagdterrier stands 16” tall. Photo by Bill Reyna. 120 • S how S ight M agazine , S eptember 2018

The Jagdterrier: A Working Terrier with the Heart of a Hunter INTERVIEW WITH RICHARD REYNOLDS continued

“Lovaki Terrier” and “Terrier de Chasse Allemand” are the names by which the breed is known. WHEN AND WHERE WAS THE BREED DEVELOPED? Like most breeds, the initial origin and humble beginnings of the Jagdter- rier are long forgotten. Perhaps the ear- liest beginnings were with Walter Zan- genberg in the early 1920s who came into possession of four Terrier puppies. Some say these were black and tan Wire Fox Terriers, but I’m a bit skeptical of that. There were several others in Ger- many breeding along the same lines as early as 1911. Between the two World Wars, there was a movement in Germany to eradi- cate non-native game species and rein- force native breeds. Lutz Heck was a zoo keeper and dog fancier who took up that challenge and, along with his broth- er Heinz, bred a lot of German Hunt Ter- riers. The Hecks were acquainted with Adolph Hitler and Hermann Göring and Göring took up the challenge of breed- ing Jagdterriers. At one time during the war, Göring was reputed to have 700 dogs in his kennel. A few left to go to hunters, but for the most part the ken- nel served as a facility to improve and solidify the temperament and confor- mation of the breed. While this sort of thing may be objectionable to some, it is the same concept that has been applied by organized foxhunts. The hounds pro- duced by the hunts have evolved over centuries whilst Jagdterriers became a distinct breed in a couple of decades. The Nazis don’t get all the credit for the breed’s development. There were and are dedicated breeders—nearly all of them hunters—working through the Deutscher Jagdterrier-Club which is similar to a US parent club, but on steroids. For all of this widely spaced effort, the breed remains remarkably From what has been written, the original intent was to breed a German Terrier for use in hunting badger and fox in the earth; a true working Terrier. The smaller size and smaller girth of the original dogs lend credence to this initial goal as does the current FCI stan- dard. (The standard places an upper height limit of 16'' at the withers.) The simple fact is that there is no real bound- ary to the breed’s talents. It wasn’t long before it was adopted by hunters of consistent, unique and stable. WHAT IS THE BREED’S INTENDED PURPOSE?

wild boar, deer and even bear. As the breed slowly spread throughout Europe its job description diversified to hunting all types of game as well as blood trail- ing. In the US, the breed found imme- diate favor when they were brought here between 1951 and 1954. The Jagd’s diverse hunting (and retrieving) skills made it a quick favorite with hunters of boar in Texas, Florida and Louisiana. This superior ability to hunt pigs has proved to be both boon and bane to the Jagdterrier. While the breed was developed for earthwork, even the Germans quickly recognized its ability on boar. The 16'' height limit quickly gave way to the larger, faster, stronger dogs that could more easily handle the larger quarry. In the US, fully 80% of the Jagds are entered to boar, while the remainder are entered to raccoon, fox or nutria. A very few of us hunt rats and woodchuck. (“Entered” means simply that a hound or Terrier has been trained to hunt and has successfully hunted a certain type of quarry. In foxhunting, young hounds are “unentered” for their first year with the pack. There are unen- tered classes at hound shows. It’s less formal in Terriers.) IN WHAT WAY IS THE BREED SIMILAR TO BRITISH AND IRISH TERRIERS? TO GERMAN BREEDS? One has only to look at a Jagdterrier to see the evident similarities to many of the British Terriers, particularly the older strains of Patterdale, Lakeland, and Fell Terriers. There is a lot of resem- blance to the old English Red Terrier as well. Each of these dogs was purpose- bred and their similarity of purpose would necessarily require similar con- formation. But a visual comparison may be misleading. The tan point mark- ings of many Jagdterriers (resembling the Dobe, Rottie or even some Dachs- hunds) give rise to the suspicion that one of these German favorites might be hidden somewhere in the mix. Today’s breed experts deny that theory. The most telling similarity to all Ter- riers though, is the typical prey drive and affinity for earthwork and hunting that is the cornerstone of all the Terrier breeds. In the Jagd, these qualities have been bred to the highest level and are instantly recognizable. The coat, the straight shoulder, the moderate stop and strong tail all speak to the Terrier breeds. There is none of the dignity, restraint or biddability of the German working breeds.

The Jagdterrier resembles older strains such as the Patterdale and Fell Terriers. Photo by Trude Granhus

The devil-may-care Jagd has a look of sheer evil. Photo by Trude Granhus

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The Jagdterrier: A Working Terrier with the Heart of a Hunter INTERVIEW WITH RICHARD REYNOLDS continued

HOW DOES THE JAGDTER- RIER DIFFER FROM OTHER TERRIER BREEDS? It really doesn’t differ all that much in appearance or conformation. It’s sometimes got a better broken coat than the rest and it appears a bit leggier than many. Jagds are free of many of the congenital anomalies that beset other Terrier breeds. We are now testing for Primary Lens Luxation (PLL), but it is not endemic in the breed. My thinking is that it should be easier to breed good Jagds because of the rock-solid gene pool that still exists today. Jagds are undeniably attractive and never more so than to knowledgeable dog people (like EL and LG) who can envision what they could do with the breed. They are not as showy as a WFT, not as racy as a good Irish and far less elegant than a fine Welshman. No oth- er Terrier projects a look of sheer evil along with the innate ability to fulfill that promise. It’s the temperament though, that is the major difference. That tempera- ment is responsible for many Jagds end- ing up in shelters across the country. The uncontrollable urge to hunt and an energy level higher than anything imag- inable means that the average owner lasts about four weeks before giving up and surrendering the dog. WHEN DID YOU FIRST BE- COME ACQUAINTED WITH THE BREED? I’ve hunted with Jagds owned by others for years. For the most part, they were too “hard” for my style of hunting or too large for our smaller quarry on the East Coast. Mostly though, I had a team of Dachshunds and Norfolks that

satisfied my needs very well. Three or four years ago I was privileged to hunt with a well-known rat hunter in Califor- nia who had recently acquired a Jagd bitch. He allowed me to hunt her and I found her to be everything I wanted in a Terrier for woodchuck (as well as rats). While most of our group keeps Patterdales, I thought I’d try a Jagd and the rest is history. AS A DOG FANCIER, WHAT APPEALS TO YOU ABOUT THE JAGDTERRIER? As a dog fancier? Not much. They are hard to keep, hard to train and destructive if they don’t hunt regularly. People and other dogs appear to be “protected species” to a Jagd, but virtu- ally everything else is regarded as quar- ry. Early on I noticed that most folks keep their Jagds tethered. I was told that proper Jagd husbandry involved tying the dog on a thick chain out back of the property and throwing it a live chicken every other day. We don’t do the live chicken bit, but my Jagds are tethered out of necessity. As a hunter though, I am thorough- ly enamored of this great breed for its determination, relative freedom from congenital problems and the conforma- tion required to do the job I require, which is true earthwork. It doesn’t hurt that the breed also excels at rat hunting. You still need a team of different breeds to hunt efficiently, but the Jagdterrier is a really effective all-rounder. One noted breeder is the US is car- rying on a project to breed back to one nearly perfect male. I asked him why this particular dog and he cited five qualities: size; hunting ability; confor- mation; and the predictable quality of

his offspring. The fifth quality? I was told, “He healed up quickly.” I’ve come to recognize this virtue only lately. DO YOU WORK WITH YOUR JAGDTERRIER? IS YOUR DOG R.A.T.S. TESTED? We try and hunt at least one day a week and, if possible, two or three. “Rommel”, my number one Jagd has been hunted on fox, woodchuck and, of course, rats. At a year-and-a-half, he has firmly developed his instinct and hunt- ing ability. His skill and efficiency in dis- patching quarry still need to be honed to prevent self-injury, but he speaks the truth when indicating quarry and is an overall joy to hunt with. Moreover, like any good Terrier, he will hunt with and for anybody. HAS YOUR JAGDTERRIER BEEN ENTERED IN AKC EVENTS? Rommel easily qualified for a Junior Earthdog title in two consecutive tries. A perfect record. However, the idea of leaving the liner without quarry in his mouth is a foreign concept, so it is doubtful that he will ever progress to a Senior Earthdog title or beyond. The hunting instinct is far stronger than any recall command, so any activity that involves being off-lead for very long is out of the question. I’m still looking for a training professional that can get him to “Come.” I think we may try Fast CAT if the opportunity arises. Amongst the many litters of Jagds that are born in the US, Rommel came from one of the few that included con- formation in its planning. With that in mind, he has been shown in three AKC Open Shows, winning Best in Show at

The Jagdterrier is used to hunt a variety of quarry, including woodchuck. Photo by Michael Warriner.

Mrs. Lisa Warren awards ‘Rommel’ his first AKC Best in Open Show. Photo by Ashbey.

‘Rommel’s’ second Best in Open Show is awarded by Mr. Thomas H. Bradley, III. Photo by Ashbey.

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The Jagdterrier: A Working Terrier with the Heart of a Hunter INTERVIEW WITH RICHARD REYNOLDS continued

two of them and the FSS Group at the third. That was enough to gain his Cer- tificate of Merit, the FSS equivalent of a Championship. I had intended to get into some more shows, but his hunting commitments and my judging assign- ments have so far made that impos- sible. Owning a working Jagd brings new meaning to “honorable scars” and I can only hope that any future judges will be forgiving of his active and eventful career. HOW MUCH SUPPORT DOES THE JAGDTERRIER ENJOY IN THE US? GLOBALLY? The American Hunting Terrier Asso- ciation, Inc., the Jagdterrier breed club, provides most of the stewardship of the breed in the US. Several of its mem- bers have imported some of the best breeding stock that Europe has to offer.

The club holds several multi-faceted events every year which includes “Pig Bays,” conformation judging and sever- al other field events. It’s a hunting club for a hunting breed. Still, the majority of breeders are as skilled and as conscien- tious as any in our world, and are look- ing after the welfare of this still-evolv- ing breed. The AKC Foundation Stock Service provides the largest reliable reg- istry for the breed and will ultimately bring together the breeding records and pedigrees that are currently scat- tered throughout several registries. That same FSS registry has opened the door for the Jagdterrier to AKC perfor- mance and companion events as well as AKC Open Shows. Like most emerging breeds, there is some resistance to full AKC recognition. For now, the AHTA and its breeder members are doing a first-rate job of promoting the breed

while protecting its conformation and singular temperament and ability. Globally, the breed is fully recog- nized by the FCI (Group 3, Section 1 Large and Medium Sized Terriers, 103) and the FCI breed standard is in use worldwide. Relatively small num- bers are shown at Crufts and 20 Ger- man Hunting Terriers were entered at the recent World Dog Show in Amster- dam. Nearly all the major activity glob- ally is centered around hunting and there are many great dogs that never see the inside of a conformation ring. National breed clubs, particularly those in Poland, Slovakia and Hungary are the base of most activity. For all of that, it is the individual hunters worldwide, who may or may not even register their dogs, that are responsible for the preserva- tion and advancement of the breed.

Jagterrier puppies are born hunters. Photo by Trude Granhus

The Jagdterrier is first and foremost a go to ground hunting Terrier. Photo by Bill Reyna

The head of the Jagdterrier has a moderate stop. Photo by Trude Granhus

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