MELITICA PRIMA BALLERINA ANA PAVLOVA
AMERICAN MALTESE ASSOCIATION REGIONAL SPECIALTY Thank you Judge EVALYN GREGORY owned & bred by DRAGICA (DINA) HUNTER | METLITICA MALTESE 2 • T op N otch T oys , J une 2017
17 MONTHS OF AGE
AMERICAN MALTESE ASSOCIATION NATIONAL SPECIALTY Thank you Judge ANN KENNEDY handled by TIM LEHMAN
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2016 TOY DOG OF THE YEAR
T H A N K Y O U J U D G E S
CAROL JEAN NELSON
BRED BY JACKIE & TERRY STACY, TAMARIN KENNELS
OWNED BY DOYLE & CAROL GIROUARD
PRESENTED BY ALFONSO ESCOBEDO & ASHLIE WHITMORE
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G C H S T A M A R I N T A I L B A C K M U L T I P L E B E S T I N S H O W W I N N I N G
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*TNT BREED STATS AS OF 3/31/17 **TNT ALL BREED STATS AS OF 3/31/17
G R O V E S H I R E ’ S C L A S S I C S E N S A T I O N
BEST PUPPY IN GROUP
Thank you Judge VICKI UMPLEBY AVALON KENNEL CLUB MAY 2017
PROFESSIONALLY GROOMED & HANDLED BY: KIRSTEN MCGREGOR OWNED BY: TERESA LYNN BELL WWW. KEALOHAKENNELS .COM BRED BY: PRESTON & MARY LOU GROVES WWW.GROVESHI RE .COM
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B I S S G R A N D C H A M P I O N H U N D E R W O O D ’ S JeuxInterdits PROFESSIONALLY
GROOMED & HANDLED BY: KIRSTEN MCGREGOR OWNED BY: TERESA LYNN BELL WWW. KEALOHAKENNELS .COM
M U L T I G R O U P P L A C E M E N T S !
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BROOKVIEW N E W C H A M P I O N Yeager
C H B R O O K V I E W ’ S G E N E R A L Y E A G E R
F INI SHED WI TH 4 MAJORS (ALL IN DOGS ) UNDER 4 DI FFERENT JUDGES 3 BOB WINS OVER SPECIALS FROM THE CLASSES BRED BY CLASS WINNER AT THE NEW YORK SPECIALTY OH GROUP 2 SHOWN EXCLUS IVELY FROM THE BRED BY CLASS ALWAYS BREEDER- OWNER HANDLED CHIC #119302 EYES - NORMAL PATELLAS - NORMAL FULL DENT I T ION
T H A N K Y O U , J U D G E M R . R O D N E Y R . M E R R Y !
A L W A Y S B R E E D E R - O W N E R H A N D L E D B Y : Matina E. Johnson
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YORKSHIRE TERRIERS G R O U P F I R S T for F I R S T Y O E L L E C H B R O O K V I E W ’ S F I R S T Y O E L L E Yoelle OH TOP 10 YORKSHIRE TERRI ER* F INI SHED BY GOING WINNER’S BI TCH AT A SPECIALTY SHOWN EXCLUS IVELY FROM THE BRED BY CLASS ALWAYS BREEDER- OWNER HANDLED
CHIC #119301 EYES - NORMAL PATELLAS - NORMAL FULL DENT I T ION
*AKC NOHS STATS AS OF 5.3.17
T H A N K Y O U , J U D G E M R S . B A R B A R A D E M P S E Y A L D E R M A N ( P I C T U R E D ) F O R T H E B R E E D W I N A N D J U D G E M R S . S H E I L A D I N A R D O F O R T H E O H G R O U P 1 ! B R O O K V I E W Y O R K S H I R E T E R R I E R S WWW. B R O O K V I E W Y O R K I E S . C OM
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“IF I HAVE SEEN FURTHER THAN OTHERS, IT IS BY STANDING UPON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS.” -Si r Isaac Newton
THANK YOU TO THE FOLLOWING FOR THE AMAZING START! Mrs. Ann Hearn • Mr. Joe Walton
Ms. Melinda Lyon • Mrs. Gloria Geringer Mr. Malcolm Moore • Ms. Carol Graham
We’re proud to introduce this exciting new team that is already starring in the Toy Group in their first few weeks together!
OWNED BY MRS. KATHERINE MIMS
PRESENTED BY ELLEN AND MATTHEW PERRY
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Sir Newton G R A N D C H AM P I O N
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G C H L u f f e y l a n d ’ s
The Judge’s Eyes Adored GEORGIO Best In Specialty Show | Judge Mr. Kenneth L. Rayner Jr. OH! Earth Angel Georgio Is Like HeavenToTouch!
Who Loves You Pretty Baby? Thomas & Margaret Luffey Who’s Always ThereTo Make It Right? Harry Bennett & S. D. Rowan Jr.
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FOR YOU, THERE’S NO OTHER BREED. FOR US, NO BIGGER OBSESSION.
At Royal Canin, we obsess about purebred dogs—and the perfect nutrition for each of them. ROYAL CANIN ® BREED HEALTH NUTRITION ® Yorkshire Terrier formulas feature high-quality protein sources, specialized nutrients and a unique rectangle-shaped kibble. Because even the way your Yorkshire Terriers eat is something special. Enroll today in our Crown Partners ™ breeder program at my.royalcanin.com. Membership benefits include NEW quarterly Crown Credit rewards , an average 20% discount versus in-store prices, free shipping, Yorkshire Terrier puppy kits and more.
For more information or questions please contact: Sharon Lund Yorkshire Terrier Breed Manager P: 636.288.6736 E: sharon.lund @ royalcanin.com
www.royalcanin.com © ROYAL CANIN SAS 2016. All rights reserved.
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by BONNIE GUGGENHEIM TNT Advertising Director & Associate Editor QUESTION AND ANSWERS AND YOUR THOUGHTS... ETCETERA
W hat Dream Dog trip would you like to take? The World Show, Crufts and National Specialties. What is one important message for judges? Be gentle with Toy dogs, Look for great type along with structure. Do you have other hobbies besides dogs? Hang gliding, race horses, dressage horses, Travel. Funniest thing you have ever had happen in the ring? Panty hose falling down, me falling down (not getting hurt) with skirt over my head! ORIGINAL QUESTIONS:
Feelings on National Clubs versus Local clubs?
Local clubs are an excel- lent starting point if All Breed or Specialty Club. National clubs are often difficult to join and the distance makes it hard for people that work. Thoughts on negative Facebook Postings? Not a good thing for public participation, sad to see all the negative posts.
Right: Owned, bred and photographed by Dale Martenson
NEW QUESTIONS: • What show in this country (USA) would you love to attend but never have? • Do you feel you learn about your breed at the important shows in New York and Orlando? Be specific. • Do you follow a favorite “special” in or out of your breed? • What professional Toy handler do you most admire and why? A REPEAT QUESTION: • What have you always wanted to ask a judge but were too afraid to ask?
Remember, Inquiring minds want to know—keep our slogan in mind when allocating your advertising dol- lars. “DON’T GET LOST IN THE OTHER MAGAZINES, STAY FOUND IN TOP NOTCH TOYS! ” Win lots more, love and enjoy your dogs as well as other pets. Send your answers to me for possi- ble publication, minus names. Inquiring minds want to know! Bonnie firstname.lastname@example.org 863.738.8848
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M u l t i C H B - B o y o f A n g e l a W h i t e K R Bronze Grand Champion
M a l t e s e B r e e d * No. 1 * T N T b r e e d s t a t s a s o f 4 . 3 0 . 1 7
T hank yo u J UD G E E VA B E R G
T hank yo u T on i a & E d gar f o r mak i ng o ur boy sh i n e !
O w n e d b y : L a u r e n c e D i d i e r , F r a n c e | B r e d b y : S o H y a n g K i m , A n g e l a W h i t e M a l t e s e H a n d l e d B y : T o n i a H o l i b a u g h , R h a p s o d y M a l t e s e | H a n d l e d b y : E d g a r C r u z G u e v a r a A s s i s t e d b y : V e r n o r O v a r e s U g a l d e
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Owned by Catherine Morgan
Submit your cute photos to our TOYBOX department. Any clear photo will do—black & white or color, regular photo or digital. (If sending digital images, send high resolution 300 DPI for best quality.) Please submit your name and the name of the dog.
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Always shining A T o p 5 C h i n e s e C r e s t e d *
Breeder Ta mm y B a i l e y L o d i e n a n d L i n d a D av i
Owner J u a n A l b e r t o G r i l l o L o n d o n o B o g o ta - C o l o m b i a Handler C e l s o S c h n e i d e r | M c H e n r y - I L c e l s o s c h n e i d e r@m a c . c o m
*TNT breed stats as of 4.30.17
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JUDGING IN CHINA by CHRISTIE MARTINEZ
I n April I had the honor of judg- ing for NGKC, National General Kennel Club, in Shenyang and Nanjing, China, with my good friend Honey Glendinning. Mr. Lewis Li is the CEO of NGKC, which was estab- lished in 2005 with lovely offices in Bei- jing and approximately 40 employees. NGKC judges closely to the AKC system and our Standards. We had the pleasure of being escort- ed by Vicky Zhao and Kane Wang. Vicky is the International Department Manag- er and has worked for NGKC since 2012. She is in charge of US, Canadian and Asian judges and arranges schedules, hotels, meals, tours and transportation.
She has been to the US four times in this capacity. Kane, who has also been to the US, graduated in 2013 from Beijing Technical Institute, majoring in English. This was the first time NGKC had held a dog show at the Pet Fair in Shenyang, which is an enormous state- of-the-art facility featuring booths and vendors of every kind imaginable. It was quite impressive. Honey judged the morning show in Shenyang. Her Best Baby Puppy was a white Toy Poodle, Best Puppy was a Pug and Best in Show was also a Toy Poodle. I judged the afternoon show. There were some very experienced han- dlers, but many were new to the sport.
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BEST IN SHOW STOPPER.
At ROYAL CANIN ® , we obsess over purebred dogs—and the perfect nutrition for each of them. ROYAL CANIN ® formulas are developed with your breed’s unique needs in mind for superior muscle tone, coat health and digestion. As a breed expert, you know the right nutrition can unlock the magnificence inside your dogs, and so do we. A Major Win for Breeders Join the Crown Partners Rewards Program Today! my.royalcanin.com
© ROYAL CANIN ® SAS 2017. All Rights Reserved. Image used with permission.
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Earlier in the day, Honey had given them handling tips, at times through an inter- preter, which made my job much easier. I often had to instruct the handlers to slow down, but then again I have to do that in the states as well. My Best Baby Puppy was a Golden Retriever that showed self-confidence and great promise. Honey’s Best Baby Puppy was a white Toy Poodle named “Katrina”, handled and owned by Qin Kaijun. My Best Puppy in Show was a Papillon: “Model”, handled and owned by Zhang Fan. My Best in Show was the Toy Poodle: “PRC-CH Princess” handled and owned by Li Shujuan. I later learned that this was the same Poodle awarded Best in Show by Honey earlier in the day. Her elegant presentation and exquisite head drew me in. Honey spoke of her beautiful breed type and that she was extremely well balanced with an atti- tude representative of the breed. After judging, I had the pleasure of visiting with Jun Zhao who won Best of Breed with his Havanese, Ch. Ever- top’s YaDang. He had a lovely puppy, That’s Evertop’s Prince of Choko, that showed great promise. He was breed by Steven Shen. We took the Bullet train to Nan- jing, traveling approximately 300 MPH where Honey and I judged at another fine venue with many quality dogs. My choice for Best Baby Puppy was a lovely Bichon Frise. My Best Puppy was a Golden Retriever followed closely by a beautiful Pekingese, Pana Niu, owned by Chen Wen. Honey also placed the Pekingese in her final line up. By the
time the Pekingese got to Honey he was extremely tired, it had been a long day, but at the same time she credited it for its breed type, the proper head planes, under jaw and well built front. My Best in Show 1 was a French Bulldog with Best in Show 2 going to the Papillion owned and beautifully presented by David Fong. Honey also placed a Pom in her Best Baby Puppy line up. Honey said, “The Pomeranian had a beautiful head, cor- rect eyes, lovely ear size, good tail set, short coupled and clean moving.” Her Best in Show was a Toy Poodle. Honey commented later, “When I think of a Toy Poodle, she is what I imagine the breed to be. I would consider her competitive in any competition any- where in the world.” In addition to judging the dogs, I was given the opportunity to judge the Han- dlers Graduation Certification. There are three levels—A, B and C. Once they reach the Master Level, then they can teach handling. I was sorry to have missed the Grooming Competition as it greatly intrigued me. I was told that the han- dlers are judged by those who have won many grooming competitions and are competent and proficient in all types of coats. Vicky and Kane were gracious hosts introducing us to the beauty of China: its culture, food and people. We stayed at 5-star hotels, ate at beautiful, authentic restaurants and enjoyed vis- iting many historical sites. My favorite part was the zoo in Beijing where we saw pandas.
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Fleur de Passy ™ Japanese Chin “A COMMITMENT TO EXCELLENCE LEADING FROM THE HEART ™ ” HOME OF THE TOP JAPANESE CHIN IN THE USA
FOUNDATION DAM: “Xena” FCI INT’L CH PR GCH CH PANAM CH LATINAM CH AKC GCH CH Tsunami Inagiku of
Fleur de Passy ™ , ROM
“Orion” CH Fleur de Passy ™ Orion
“L’Etoile” CH Fleur de Passy™ L’Etoile Noire
DEEPEST APPRECIATION TO THE JAPANESE CHIN CLUB OF AMERICA, INC FOR HONORING THE WORK OF FLEUR DE PASSY ™ JAPANESE CHIN WITH THIS ASTOUNDING PLETHORA OF FOUR PRESTIGIOUS TOP AWARDS!
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MULTIPLE GROUP WINNING, RESERVE BEST IN SHOW WINNING & BEST IN SPECIALTY SHOW WINNING GOLD GRAND CHAMPION Fleur de Passy ™ Dauphin “Valentino”
TOP CHIN 2016 * AT JUST 3 YEARS OLD &
ALL OFA HEALTH TEST PERFECT: HEART, EYES, PATELLAS, GM2 NORMAL
QUALIFIED FOR CRUFTS: 2015-16, 2016-17 & 2017-18
LOVINGLY WHELPED, TRAINED, CONDITIONED & HANDLED BY: DR. ANITA LOPKER | AMLOPKERMD@ICLOUD.COM
* JCCA’s AKC, TNT, CC, & DN All Breed Stats, Breed Stats, & GCH Stats 2016
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BEST IN SHOW WINNING RESERVE BEST IN SHOW WINNING MULTIPLE BEST IN SPECIALTY SHOW WINNING BACK-TO-BACK GROUP WINS
NOHS SMOOTH COAT CHIHUAHUA * # 1
ALL BREED SMOOTH COAT BITCH** # 1
ALL BREED SMOOTH COAT CHIHUAHUA** # 2
OUR SINCERE APPRECIATION TO GROUP JUDGES DANA CLINE & DOUGLAS WINDSOR AND BEST IN SHOW JUDGE DR. RONALD SPRITZER
*AKC NOHS STATS AS OF 5/12/17 **TNT ALL BREED STATS AS OF 4/30/17
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GCHG DARTAN DIAMONDS ARE FOREVER AT VIVA
BRED BY DARWIN DELANEY & KATHY SAWYER OWNED & EXCLUSIVELY HANDLED BY CECILIA BOZZO
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Watcher C H . P A S T O R A L A L L E Y E S O N M E X W O L P E R T ’ S L O V I N G F O O L Wolpert ' s Watching Me
WATCHER DOES IT AGAIN. AT MATTAPONI KENNEL CLUB, HI S 3 RD SHOW, HE TOOK HI S 2 ND BOB FROM THE OPEN CLASS . T H A N K YO U C O L . J O E B . P U R K H I S E R .
B R E E D E R S / OW N E R S / H A N D L E R S : F R E D & M A R C I A WO L P E R T | 3 0 1 - 2 6 0 - 1 6 0 4
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Nottie E X M O O R ’ S E X T R O V E R T R O M X W O L P E R T ’ S I ’ M S O T E N D E R Wolpert ' s I ' m Not Tender
FIRST TIME OUT OF THE PUPPY CLASS , NOTTIE I S SHOWN WINNING A 4 -PT. MAJOR FROM THE BRED-BY CLASS AT MATTAPONI KENNEL CLUB. THI S WAS A YTCNC. SUPPORTED ENTRY UNDER J U D G E M R . D O U G L A S A . J O H N S O N .
B R E E D E R S / OW N E R S / H A N D L E R S : F R E D & M A R C I A WO L P E R T | 3 0 1 - 2 6 0 - 1 6 0 4
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BREEDER/OWNER HANDLED BY: Barbara Beissel BarbaraBeissel@aol.com JanetAslett@aol.com Vicky
SilkyTerrier * #1 *TNT breed stats as of 4.30.17 GCH ASLETT LAMPLIGHTER PAWS N TAILS
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THE GANG TUSHY A L L C H A M P I O N L I T T E R CH Fontechia’s Ferrari Chasing Tail | CH Fontechia Bugatti’s Secret Tales CH Fontechia Porche’s Naughty Tales | CH Fontechia Mclaren Dew Tell Me A Tale Int/Am GCH Tessier Wyntuk Mercy Me x GCHS CH Enga’s King Kompis (#1 Silky 2016)
“Bentley” TESSIER WYNTUK BY ROYAL PROCLAMATION CN, BN, RE, CGC, FCI Six Rally Titles
BREEDER/OWNER: Jody Roberts, email@example.com
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“Its what you do before the season
BISS Grand Champion Hallmarks 42 • T op N otch T oys , J une 2017
starts that defines a champion!”
Head Coach: BARBARA WALDKIRCH, PHA Assistant Coaches: JESSY & ROXANNE SUTTON Owned & Loved by: DR. JAMES NEWCOMB & CONNIE NEWCOMB AND SALLYANN TIETSWORTH Bred by: RAY METZKER & WILLIAM LASCALLES HALLMARK FARMS
Sandbox Slugger At Markenhaus
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Grand Champion Moonshadows Tail of Super Bowl 49
Owner: Donna Bledsoe // Co owner: Ken Lambert Handlers: Ken Lambert and Trish Kulessa Breeder: Maggie McKinley Keuser
© N o r C a l B u l l d o g g e r
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J O L I S S E S P E C I A L D E S I G N
J O L I S S E D U C I E L H O L Y S P I R I T O F F I R E
Breeders: Joceyln Fuertes Catherine Garretson | Alex Rolon
Owners: Joceyln Fuertes & Alex Rolon
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WHY I WROTE A BOOK ABOUT
by CAROLINE COILE CANNABIS FOR DOGS
M ost of you know me only by this column. A few more know me by my Salukis and a few more know me by my books. Very few know me by my training or profession. My training is in psychology—but not the touchy-feely, “tell me about your childhood” type that we “scientists” snubbed. My training is in the synapse, neurotransmitter, genetic and other biological bases of behavior. At some point I realized the part of research I liked best was writing, whether it was the grant proposals or the resulting articles. And on the side I enjoyed translating scientific findings about dogs to readers in various dog magazines. Somehow this morphed into writing dog books and articles full- time, and I’ve since published 35 books, hundreds of magazine articles and may- be thousands of website articles. I try to be careful what I write about and who I write for. So when I found myself writing dis- ease profiles for a site that eschewed the virtues of cannabinoids for all sorts of pet health woes I was not happy. As a science writer I have an obligation to examine topics I write about critically. And here they were claiming they had something that could soothe pain, calm nerves, fight infections, quell nausea and speed bone healing. What next, cure cancer? Well, sort of. Remember, I’m a synapse and chemoreceptor sort
rather than an aura and crystal healing sort. I’m highly skeptical of alternative medicines—especially when they make widespread claims. Of course, I haven’t been living in a cave. I knew about the legalization of medical marijuana and about its success with certain problems, most notably glaucoma and some cases of epilepsy. But I knew I’d have to know more than that before I could continue. I found instance after instance of cannabis being used to treat disorder after disorder through history, going back as far as 2900 BC in China. But tell- ing me something contains both “yin and yang” is not particularly convincing to the scientist in me. The ancient Egyp- tians used it and the Romans as well. But the Romans also cut their dogs’ tails off to prevent rabies. (This does not work, by the way). Indian medicine made use of cannabis 1000 years ago to quicken the mind, give strength and agility, achieve spiritual freedom and higher consciousness, lower fevers, stimulate appetite, improve digestion and relieve headaches. My personal high school experiments with cannabis would tend to disagree with these results, espe- cially the part where it “quickened the mind,” although “stimulate appetite” I could attest to. But then the claims get even more grandiose: leprosy, earaches, edema, gout, joint cramps, pain, migraines, vomiting, hemorrhage, diarrhea,
anorexia, depression, arthritis, men- strual cramps, headaches, insomnia, neuralgia, convulsions and opium addiction—all claimed to be treatable with cannabis. It was beginning to sound like “Dr. Feelgood’s Magic Elixir” for whatever ails you. Then I found out that many of the cannabis products didn’t even contain THC! Every kid in junior high school kid knows THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the chemical in marijuana that gets you high. These people would put a snake oil medicine man to shame with their audacity! Snake oil minus the snake oil? I determined I had stumbled upon the perfect fodder for an expose. It would almost be too easy. I would be famous. Visions of television appear- ances danced through my head. So I started investigating more, collecting notes, compiling evidence—and all my expose plans were thwarted. Because little by little, I realized it wasn’t the subject matter that was lacking—it was my education in it. It turns out there is a robust research body of cannabinoid science, one that explains how it works, why it works on so many seemingly unrelated disor- ders and what the other cannabinoids besides THC can do. No, I’m still not convinced enough that I’d throw out my prescriptions, but I am convinced enough that I’d add cannabinoids to my treatment arsenal when the situation calls for it. This is a big step for me; I am not a person with a cabinet full of herbal supplements and don’t look for a single homeopathic tincture in my belongings. I’m even skeptical of acu- puncture and chiropractic medicine, although I’ve given each a try. That was $50 down the drain. Each time they didn’t work on me or my dogs. My evidence consisted of two main areas: 1) How do cannabinoids work? and 2) What evidence is there that they
“I FOUND INSTANCE AFTER INSTANCE OF CANNABIS BEING USED TO TREAT DISORDER AFTER DISORDER THROUGH HISTORY...” 46 • T op N otch T oys , J une 2017
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“MEDICAL MARIJUANA, WITH THC, IS ILLEGAL TO USE ON DOGS...”
and rats similar to what anti-anxiety medications produce. Studies in rats show CBD decreases memory loss with aging and actually regenerates neu- rons in the memory-part of the brain. Other studies show CBD helps reduces seizures, alleviate arthritis, inflamma- tion and pain; decreases nausea and vomiting, promotes bone growth and healing, discourages cancer spread and growth, controls autoimmune prob- lems, reduces gastrointestinal mobil- ity and inflammation (both important for controlling IBD), has potent action against many bacteria. In addition, it may (the evidence is less convincing for these) help reduce body weight, may improve recover from spinal inju- ry, may reduce obsessive-compulsive behaviors, may reduce itchiness and, possibly, is instrumental in combat- ing liver disease, kidney disease and lower urinary tract infections (the evi- dence for these last examples is more tenuous). CBD affects so many diverse systems because it controls every other neurotransmitter, which in turn control various specialized systems. While personal anecdotes are notori- ously suspect, a study from the Universi- ty of Colorado Veterinary School asked 457 dog and cat owners if CBD helped their pets with various ailments: 95% replied it helped with pain relief; 92% replied it lessened seizure activity; 92% reported it decreased inflammation; 88% reported it aided sleep; 83% report- ed it relieved anxiety; 82% reported it decreased vomiting; 79% reported it helped with muscle spasm; 73% report- ed it helped inhibit tumor activity; 71% reported it helped with digestive tract problems; and 62% reported it helped with skin conditions. Medical marijuana, with THC, is illegal to use on dogs, even where it’s legal for people. Veterinarians cannot prescribe it. Hemp, with CBD, is legal. No, you don’t need to meet a pusher in a dark alley to get some. You can just send off on your friendly Internet. I rec- ommend www.canna-pet.com especial- ly since they offer a coupon code (“Can- nabisScience”) for 30% off I was able to include in the book! No, I don’t plan to dump my tradi- tional drugs in the trash. But I do plan to consider adding CBD oil when appro- priate. And that appears to be pretty often when it comes to what ails you— and your dog.
can help? Instead of publishing my find- ings in the great CBD expose, I ended up publishing them in a book, Canna- bis and CBD Science for Dogs (www. CBDScienceForPets.org). Here’s the Cliff Notes version: Let’s start with understanding how the nervous system, or at least part of it, works. The cells in your brain and ner- vous system communicate with each other by means of both electric impulses and various types of chemicals called neurotransmitters. The electric impulses move down each nerve cell. When they get to the ending of a nerve cell, they induce the release of specific chemicals that then travel across a tiny gap and fit into a receptor site on the beginning of the next nerve cell. In this way a nerve impulse travels throughout the body. There are many types of these chem- icals, called neurotransmitters. But the receptor sites on particular nerve cells only recognize particular kinds of neurotransmitters. Think of it as a lock and key, or puzzle piece system: a neurotransmitter must have a cer- tain shape to fit into a matching site or it just won’t work. But some imposter chemicals are close enough to also fit into the same sites; we use these drugs to fool the nervous system into stimulat- ing more receptor sites. Or the chemi- cals may be close enough in shape to stick in the receptor site but not exact enough to stimulate the next nerve cell to fire, effectively blocking the real neurotransmitters. Thus we can use to these drugs to either increase or reduce certain nerve signals in the body. This is the concept behind many pain killers, stimulants, sleeping pills and mood altering drugs. Once a nerve cell releases a neu- rotransmitter, how does it know when to stop? It turns out that a second type of neurotransmitter is released from the receiving nerve cell. It travels back across the gap (“upstream”) and fits into receptor cells on the first nerve cell that effectively signal it to quit releasing the initial neurotransmitter. Just as with the other neurotransmitters, similarly shaped chemicals can fit or partially fit into the receptor sites, mimicking or
blocking these inhibitory neurotrans- mitters’ effects. The chemicals that fit into these sites are the cannabinoids. Just as the body produces its own (endogenous) neurotransmitters, it also produces its own cannabinoids (called endogenous cannabinoids or endocan- nibinoids). Just a fancy way of saying it makes them itself. Exogenous can- nabinoids are the ones made outside the body—by plants—that mimic the body’s own cannabinoids and fit into the cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoid system con- sists of a group of specialized receptors in the brain and peripheral nervous system of all animals, from earthworms to humans—and dogs. It works like a master regulator, telling other neu- rotransmitters when to speed up or calm down, directing some to fight problems and others to restore the body to its natural state. For example, they tell the immune system when to fight an infection and when to stop when it’s destroyed. Think of it as a master ther- mostat, regulating a variety of physi- ological processes including appetite, pain-sensation, nausea, mood, memory and inflammation. Endocannabinoid receptors are influenced by cannabinoids found in hemp and marijuana. Cannabis has been used for medicinal purposes in people and animals for centuries. It was widely marketed by major pharmaceuti- cals until the 1937 Marihuana Act. In the 1960s the cannabinoid THC was discovered and got all the credit— and it is the one responsible for the high you get from marijuana. But it’s far from the only cannabinoid with medicinal properties. More recently another can- nabinoid, called cannabidiol (CBD), is getting credit for many if not most of the medicinal benefits. CBD doesn’t get you high and it comes from hemp, not marijuana. More than 13,000 journal articles about cannabinoids and more than 1500 of just CBD have been published to date. That’s way too many to cover here, although the book does a bet- ter job! Laboratory studies show CBD exerts an anti-anxiety effect on humans
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© ERIKA VENCI PHOTOGRAPHY
Always Owner Handled By K A R E N A . WA R N C K E H AVA N E S E T R E A S U R E S . N E T H AVA N E S E T R E A S U R E S Multiple NOHS GROUP P L AC I NG HAVANE S E Multiple B E S T OF BR E ED WI NNE R
© ERIKA VENCI PHOTOGRAPHY
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James MULTIPLE RESERVE BEST IN SHOW, MULTIPLE BEST IN SPECIALTY SHOW & MULTIPLE GROUP WINNING GCH STEPAMGAR SKYFALL Thank you MARK LUCAS FOR AWARDING JAMES A GROUP TWO.
PROUDLY BRED & OWNED BY: JIM & LINDA SHREFFLER | STEPAMGAR CKCS | CO-OWNED BY: MARY ELLEN TROIA | MIDDLEMARSH CKCS PROFESSIONALLY HANDLED BY: MICHELLE M. JONES | ASSISTED BY: MACKENZIE S. JONES JAMES IS A THIRTEEN TIME BEST IN SPECIALTY SHOW WINNER!
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GROUP P L AC EMENT S Back-to-Back
GCHB OAKHURST’S GOOD MORNING
BREEDER OF MERIT MARIBETH MITCHELL BOPP 412-310-5499
Spanky is rocking the ring! Oakhurst celebrates Spanky’s group placements! Thank you Mrs. Smith for Group 4 on Saturday and to Mr. Washabaugh for Group 3 on Sunday! Thank you for the lovely compliments on my special boy!
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K E E P E R OF T H E F L AME CH SHAB R I ’ S MONTANYA DE OS I TO x GCH GENB ROOK ’ S P L AY I N ’ WI TH F I R E
B O V AT O L Y M P I A D O G FA N C I E R S W I T H J U D G E M R S . D E B B I E C A M P B E L L - F R E E M A N
OWNED, BRED & LOVED BY GARY & VICKI STILES
© CANDID PHOTO BY STEVEN ROSS
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2017 Select AT WESTMINSTER
Best of Opposite Sex AT THE 2016 ATFTC NAT IONAL SPEC I ALTY
Variety Group placing, NOHS Group winning, Multiple Bests of Breed Shimmer is shining in the show ring!
SUSAN & STEVE THI BODEAUX COCOA, FLOR IDA WWW. KALLMEEKENNEL . COM EXCEPT IONAL DOGS S INCE 1978
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2 0 1 7 AC C C W i nn e r s and B I S Swe e p s o ur n ewe s t AKC Champ i ons . . .
CH Gingery’s Take The High Road
Own e r : D e bo rah R e i l ly & Ar l e n e Bu t t e rk l e e Hand l e d By : V i c t o r H e l u
CH Gingery’s Pickled Pepper
Own e r : Ar l e n e Bu t t e rk l e e & J uanna T r i c ar i c o Hand l e d By : J udy T emp l e
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AM. CHAMPION SOUTH FORK’S Key To My Heart Colby
BACK - TO - BACK 3 POINT MAJORS IN MA. Hunderwoo Love me Tender Elvis
Elvis is bred by: Eric Bernard Owned by: Neil Feerrar Both are shown & loved by: MJ Held 1442 Orchard Park Road West Seneca, New York 14224 | 716-675-4497
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B e s t i n S p e c i a l t y S h ow W i n n i n g & M u l t i p l e G ro u p W i n n i n g
Grand Champion Aztec March-On Buddha and the Chocolate Box
One of the most exciting wins in our 39 years in Miniature Pinscher is pictured above. Sidd & Larry receiving Best in Specialty from Judge Mrs. Vicki Abbott
2 0 1 7 M P CA N a t i o n a l S p e c i a l t y W i n n e r Owned & Handled by L a rry & P e n n y D e we y Sincere thanks to Mrs. Abbott for this amazing win. Bred & Owned by C . S m i t h & D . Ba yl e ss
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A FUN NEW SPORT! NOSE WORK OR AKC SCENT WORK by LEW OLSON T his is one of AKC’s newest competition sports. Similar programs are called Nose Work and the oldest group your dog’s natural instinct and is trained with positive training methods, includ- ing praise, treats and a lot of patience (important!) as the dog figures out the ease of using their own scenting abili- ties to find the desired target.
Dogs must be registered with each of these clubs to participate in their trials. Since the dogs work on their own and not in a group, this is a great sport for dogs that may be shy, anxious around other dogs or simply do best working on their own. It is also a quiet sport and allows the dog to focus on one task, which is simply finding the scent. It can also build confidence in shy dogs and lead to better performance in the conformation ring or skill building for other working events. Scent work can also be continued with related events, such as Tracking, Search and Rescue or simply adding fun games for the dog and owner at home by hiding scents around the home for practice. This is fun and is rewarding for both the dog and owner. I can’t encour- age everyone enough to try this fun sport and I think you will be delighted how easily your dog will learn to detect the scents and have the opportunity to earn some AKC titles!
in this sport is the National Associa- tion of Canine Scent Work (NACSW). The United Kennel Club started tri- als in 2015 and AKC will be offering Scent Work trials and titles in October of 2017. This is an excellent performance venue for Toy breeds, as the dogs work alone, one at a time. The training is done using the dog’s natural instinct and scenting ability. Advanced obedi- ence skills are not needed; your dog follows their natural instinct to find the scent! The training for Scent Work can be done in a class at your favorite dog training school (it is catching on every- where!) or can be trained at home. Dogs really enjoy this sport and it quickly can become one of their favorite games. It involves working with their natural abil- ity to use their nose to find the desired scent. This is rewarded and reinforced with a high value food or toy. It engages
The scents used in Nose Work are essential oils. The first level starts with the dog identifying the correct card- board box containing the target scent. Training is often done by using a very desirable motivation for the dog, such as a favorite treat or toy placed in the box with the correct scent. There are three more levels offered in AKC. These are interior (scent hidden outside), exterior (scent hidden out- side) and last, buried. The four scents used are birch, anise, clove and cypress. For more information on the AKC rules and information, visit: http://www.akc. org/events/scent-work/getting-started/ UKC Nose Work, Rules and Events: https://www.ukcdogs.com/nosework National Association of Canine Scent Work: https://www.nacsw.net
“SINCE THE DOGS WORK ON THEIR OWN AND NOT IN A GROUP, THIS IS A GREAT SPORT FOR DOGS
THAT MAY BE SHY, ANXIOUS AROUND OTHER DOGS OR SIMPLY DO BEST WORKING ON THEIR OWN.”
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& Group Winner Multiple Group Placer
GCHB Valcopy Hot N' Flashy Niklby
Toy Fox Terrier* NO. 1 NO. 2 All Breed Toy Fox Terrier**
*TNT breed stats as of 4/30/17 **TNT all breed stats as of 4/30/17
candid by ©Adriano Rocha
Group Three Thank You Mrs. Jacqueline Stacy Bred & Owned by Betty Cuzzolino, D. Plonkey and M. Starry
Handled by Ashley Cuzzolino
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THE MEANING OF SPORTSMANSHIP
by KYLE POTTS President, Chihuahua Club of America
M aybe today is a good day to share something I have been thinking about. As we sit outside the dog show ring and watch the judg- ing taking place in the ring, we all judge alongside that AKC judge and we either agree or disagree with what is winning that day. It’s okay to disagree with the judge, but I get so discouraged when I over- hear conversations such as “Can you believe she put that up...”, “Of course he won, he is from her hometown...” or “She put up the handler, what a surprise...”. We are all guilty of these thoughts, myself included, but maybe we need to be more mindful of our tone of voice and how loud we make those comments and who around us may be within earshot. Or better yet, maybe we need to not say that ringside at all. We are not in the ring, we don’t have our hands on the dogs and we don’t see in their mouths. There is so much more to judging than just sitting ringside and making snap decisions. Good sportsmanship should be first and foremost in our minds as we go to the shows. Congratulate the winners and save the nasty critiques for your hotel room, if you must express them. I recently attended a back-to-back Toy Specialty. That weekend was all about spending time with great friends and having fun showing two very young dogs belonging to my friend Peggy. I was able to see the best and the worst of sportsmanship at the shows that weekend, and hopefully sharing that here will allow us all to remember that our behavior does impact others, even when we don’t think it is seen or heard. The bad sportsmanship came into play as I was walking out of the ring with the young male I am showing. This is only his second show, and he is not
fully trained. He goes around the ring in a nice smooth gait, never drops his tail and is for the most part, very well behaved. The initial part of the table exam still causes him a little worry; he may lean back a tad, but recovers imme- diately and then all is well. He does not know about dogs other than Chihua- huas yet however, so all the different Toy dogs outside the ring were a great concern to him this weekend. Upon exiting the ring (after winning Winners Dog), he was startled and hit the end of his lead. I simply reeled him in and picked him up. Unfortunately it seemed that two exhibitors sitting right in front of the ring gate were thrilled to see one of my dogs act up and they immedi- ately gave each other a wide-eyed look and started talking behind their hands while staring at the dog with smirks on their faces. How many of us have had that untrained dog who needs to experi- ence ring life and the sights, sounds and smells of a dog show to grow into a con- fident dog? Why is it noteworthy and a source of enjoyment to see someone with a dog that is stressed and needs assurance? Why would that give some- one pleasure to not only witness it, but then to be able to criticize the dog and the handler for it? It’s not the first time I have experienced it and it won’t be the last, but it did make me shake my head. On the other side of the coin, I wit- nessed two nice examples of good sportsmanship that weekend, and I felt compelled to comment on them. The first came about when an exhibi- tor finished their Long Coat bitch and when asked, said that she planned to pull her the next day. However, there was no major in dogs and to pull the bitch would have broken the major in bitches on that day. When I went back and asked, the exhibitor agreed to leave
her bitch in the classes and even sug- gested someone else take her in and show her. As sometimes happens in those cases, that same bitch won again. She is a nice bitch and deserved to win so I have no problem with it. The point is, the exhibitor realized that she was allowing at least two other people to have a chance at a major and she readily agreed to do it. The second act of good sportsman- ship occurred as we watched Junior Showmanship. One young Novice han- dler was obviously unaware of how to gait or stack her dog. She struggled with the lead, holding it at the very end of the lead and therefore the dog wandered around all over the ring as she went around. It was clear that she had not been shown how to gather her lead up or control her dog. Right after Juniors, one of the Chihuahua exhibi- tors got up out of her chair, went out in the hallway with the young girl and gen- tly showed her how to gather the lead into the palm of her hand and therefore have more control of the dog. Juniors and new exhibitors are the life’s blood of our sport. If we don’t encourage them, they will give up and go away and the old timers who “know everything” will die off. We owe it to the sport and our breeds to spend more time helping and less time criticizing others. We owe it to ourselves and our breed to practice being a little bit nicer and a little less self-serving. Just my thoughts... “THERE IS SO MUCH MORE TO JUDGING THAN JUST SITTING RINGSIDE...”
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BISS Grand Champion T E G S L E T ’ S H AV E A PA R T Y
Sincere thank you to Ruth Zimmerman for recognizing Solo in tough competition as well as breeder judge Steve Hayden who awarded Solo BOV at the Michigan Progressive Toy Specialty.
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DEFINING THE CAVALIER by STEPHANIE ABRAHAM
T he Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a breed rich in history, allied with the roy- als in England as they were passionately championed by King Charles I and Charles II. His exact ori- gins are not known, but he descends from the toy spaniels favoured by the English courtiers in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. He is pictured in the paintings of many an old mas- ter—Titian, Gainsborough, Van Dyck, among others. Known familiarly as a toy “Comforter” spaniel, the Cavalier was never bred to be anything other than a small, beloved gentle pet, a With thanks to the American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club for permission to rework my article from its website, www.ackcsc.org.
the popularity of the close relative, the English Toy Spaniel, threatened to eclipse him. But a dedicated group of fanciers rescued him from obscurity in the late 1920s and 30s and the Cava- lier is now the most popular toy dog in Britain. Bred in all 4 colors—Blenheim (rich chestnut and white), Ruby, Black & Tan and Tricolor (black & white with tan points)—the Cavalier suits most esthetic tastes. One of the physi- cal hallmarks of the breed is his ‘royal’ appearance, with large, dark, soulful eyes and glamorous feathering and silky smooth coat. In the show ring, NO trimming is allowed, as it is consid- ered essential that the breed be left in its natural state without artifice. Easy to groom, he requires only bathing and regular brushing. According to the
lap dog to be sure, but also sporting in nature in that he could run “all day behind a horse” and enjoy a day’s activities outside the palace walls. “In 1486 Dame Juliana Berners wrote a monograph called ‘The Boke of St. Albans’ where she included in a list of dog breeds ‘small ladyes puppees that beare awaye the flees…’ The pal- ace physician to Queen Elizabeth I (reigned 1558-1603) called these small Spaniels ‘delicate, neat and pretty kind of dogs, called the Spaniel comforter… These dogs are… pretty, proper and fine and sought for to satisfy the deli- cateness of dainty dames’.” (De Cani- bus Britannicus, 1570). 1 These breed characteristics endure to this day and indeed are essential to a sound and happy Cavalier. The breed was almost lost in the early 20th century when
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breed Standard, the Cavalier should be between 12"-13" at the shoulder and weigh between 13-18 pounds. Some leeway is permissible. The Cavalier is a happy, gentle dog— not at all aggressive with either dogs or man. Indeed, many owners assert that “you cannot have just one!” If you visit a Cavalier breeder friend and add your own Cavalier to the mix for a few hours, chances are excellent that they will all play together and get along fine. The Cavalier is biddable and very train- able—not only as a household pet, but also as a Therapy, Obedience and Agil- ity dog. Remember, though, that he is an active dog, quite swift afoot and cannot always be relied upon to come when he is called if he is chasing a butterfly or following the flight of a bird. For most owners, a fenced yard and/or a leash is a ‘must have.’ As with all breeds of dogs, the Cav- alier does have some breed-specific health considerations. Owners should be vigilant for mitral valve disease of the heart, congenital eye conditions including retinal problems and cata- racts, slipping patellas, hip dysplasia and SM (syringomyelia, a serious neu- rological condition). Cavaliers can be screened for all these health concerns and the majority live comfortably into double digits. I have had Cava- liers since 1988 and the earliest I lost one to illness was 9 years old, taken by an autoimmune disease. My oldest will turn 16 in June and when tested last year, was still heart murmur free. Responsible breeders health test their breeding animals and will supply the puppy buyer with veterinary specialist certifications when possible. Cavaliers are most commonly screened for heart problems, slipping patellas and inher- ited eye conditions. Other testing may be more problematic due to inherent costs or what a breeder might regard as risk to the dog (general anesthesia, for example, in the case of an MRI to diagnose syringomyelia). The watchword for the Cavalier might be “natural.” He is naturally sweet and gentle, never artificially trimmed and—by nature—perennially happy and delighted to do almost anything his owner desires. He is really a “dog for all reasons,” and those of us who love them wouldn’t have him any other way.
1 From my article in Dog World, 2013.
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JUDGING THE CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL by DR. JOHN V. IOIA
sporting character of its larger cous- ins. The natural silky coat must never appear trimmed or sculpted. The correct Cavalier is a small well- balanced dog of 13-18 lbs. and 12"-13" height that approached squareness, but the measurement from point of shoulder to point of buttock is slight- ly longer than the height at the with- ers. Also, the distance from withers to elbow equals that from elbow to ground. Substance and bone are mod- erate and in proportion to size. A proper Cavalier should not be weedy, coarse, too large or too small. Be aware of size. There’s a tendency toward big- ger dogs, which will make the correct size dog appear small but in all things quality is the bottom line. Correct head type is an essential ele- ment of this breed and makes its first impression. Here is where knowledge of breed history and origin is important. The short nose, deep stop and globular head of the English Toy Spaniel is the antithesis of the Cavalier. The Cavalier must have a soft melting expression and this is the result of a flat appearing skull, the frontal placement of large round eyes with slight cushioning and framed by high-set ears. The eyes must be large, round, dark brown, lustrous and wel- coming. Light eyes, prominent eyes or eyes surrounded by white are a serious fault as they detract from the expres- sion. “All of the trust and gentleness of the Cavalier’s soul is communicated through its lustrous, limpid eyes.” Ears and ear set are very important and often misjudged. Ears should be set high and not too close together with
Kavalor’s Just Jack of Bar-Jon CGC, RN, RA, APDT1 Jack visits nursing facilities and hospitals and we are working on his TDX—the people just love him. While he didn’t work out for conformation, he is my BFF and goes everywhere with me, including the beach and kayaking.
I had the great fortune to be a guest at the first Cavalier King Charles Spaniel National Specialty. It was hosted by the ACKCSC in Plym- outh Meeting, Pennsylvania on May 2, 1997. The entry of 188 held many exceptional specimens but what capti- vated me was the demeanor of the dogs. Particularly in the Specials Class, all the exhibits seemed to be wagging in unison. I had never experienced such a happy breed of dog. This simple trait of a “Tail in constant motion” gives ample indication why the Cavalier is such a joy to own, breed, show and judge. A judge will often be met by a sniff, a lick,
dancing front paws or even a bit of chat- ter. We ask new judges not to dismiss this as amateur handling but to under- stand it as a trait that breeders treasure and encourage. There are many excellent articles on judging this Royal Breed. I struggled over what new approach to take. The Cavalier is defined by its beautiful head and its gentle, welcoming and affection- ate personality. Otherwise, it’s a fairly generic dog. The Cavalier should give a first impression of grace and elegance, gay temperament with royal dignity and yet maintain the same fearlessness and
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