RBIS MBISS GRCHS SEABREEZE THAT ONE PARTICULAR HARBOR
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INDY WINS BACK-TO-BACK BISS in Oklahoma Group winning Multiple group placing Just starting specials career with limited showing
THANK YOU TO ALL THE JUDGES who honored Indy with these fantastic wins
HANDLER: DARON NEWCOMB OWNERS: DIANA SUMMERS & MARY KEELING
BREEDERS: MARCUS & BEATE ACKERMAN
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BISS GCH CAMPARIS COASTWIND Indy
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BOOM! BACK IN THE RING FOR 6 WEEKS 2021 #1 MALTESE!
MULTIPLE BEST IN SHOWWINNER MULTIPLE AMA BEST IN SPECIALTY SHOWWINNER
GCHS. MARTIN’S TIMEBOMB PUFF
OWNED BY ROY & JO-ANN KUSUMOTO
BRED, OWNED & HANDLED BY DARYL MARTIN
2020 AKC BREEDER OF THE YEAR TOY GROUP HONOREE
WATCH FOR HIS PUPPIES SOON TO BE SHOWN!
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MALTESE ALL BREED* # 1
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*AKC ALL BREED STATS AS OF 5/31/21
CONTENTS TABLE OF
AJ ARAPOVIC CEO & Publisher firstname.lastname@example.org Office 512-686-3466 ext. 102 Cell 512-541-8128 HANIFA ARAPOVIC Vice President email@example.com 512-686-3466 ext. 104 Cell 512-541-8687 MICHAEL R. VERAS Chief Operating Officer firstname.lastname@example.org 512-686-3466 ext. 101 ALEXANDRA GEBHARDT Chief Marketing Officer, Head Of Digital Brands email@example.com 1-908-288-7733 SAMANTHA ADKINS Production Co-Ordinator Advertiser Relations firstname.lastname@example.org 512-686-3466 ext. 103 DANIEL CARTIER Director, Social Media & Web Site email@example.com ADVERTISING DIRECTOR/EDITOR
26 Toy Talk 28 Toy Box
55 57 59 60 61 63
The Yorkshire Terrier Disqualification Issue Kathleen B. Kolbert
Judging the Pomeranian Dr. Geno Sisneros
Jessica Freni, Susan Link, Jessica Simon, Scott Toney
BONNIE GUGGENHEIM Advertising Director/Editor firstname.lastname@example.org 512-971-3280 SOCIAL MEDIA ELMA BEGIC Manager, Social Media & Creative Content email@example.com 1-512-686-3466
37 The Significance of Pedigrees Cathy M. Driggers 42 Basic Character and Temperament of the Yorkshire Terrier Shirley A. Patterson 46 Candids: Davenport, IA Tom Weigand 48 Grooming & Maintaining the Yorkshire Terrier for Show Jamie Bennett 52 The Yorkshire Terrier Puppy Betty R. Dullinger
The Survival of the Prettiest Harry Bennett & S.D. Rowan, Jr.
What it Means to be an Italian Greyhound Harry Bennett & S.D. Rowan, Jr.
MAILING ADDRESS PO BOX 18567 TAMPA, FL 33679
Biewer Terrier History Gayle Pruett & Myrna Torres
TOP NOTCH TOYS is published twelve times per year by AraMedia Group, Inc. PO Box 18567, Tampa, FL 33679. Postage paid at Omaha, Nebraska. No part of this publica- tion may be reproduced in any form without the express written permission of the editor. The opinions expressed in this publication either editorially or in advertising copy are those of the authors and do not necessarily constitute en- dorsement by the publishers. The editor reserves the right to reasonably edit all copy submitted. All articles become the property of the publishers. Subscription price for third class service in the United States: $75.00. Canadian and U.S. First Class: $110.00. Overseas rates upon request. In- quiries to: Michael R. Veras, COO, AraMedia Group Inc., PO Box 18567, Tampa FL 33678512 686 3466 ext 105 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Candids: Nor’East Toy Dog Cluster Jordan Isom
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POMERANIANS & BIEWER TERRIERS T riple C rown
GCHB IRISH JAZZ DZHAGA-DZHAGA Donny
BIEWER TERRIER * # 1
*AKC stats as of 5/31/21
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POMERANIANS & BIEWER TERRIERS T riple C rown
Monty Win Donny
RUS. CH, AKC CH OLA DE GRAS VERY WONDERFUL WINS, CM4
RUS. CH, AKC GCHB IRISH JAZZ DZHAGA-DZHAGA
CHAMPION IRISH JAZZ MONPLEZIR
Handled by Tonia Holibaugh
Handled by Edgar Cruz Guevara
Handled by Tonia Holibaugh
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POMERANIANS & BIEWER TERRIERS T riple C rown
BIEWER TERRIER *
RUS. CH, AKC GCHB IRISH JAZZ DZHAGA-DZHAGA Donny
WESTMINSTER SELECT DOG
Bred by Irena Belova
Owned by Michele Lyons, Daniel Yona, Noble Inglett, and Theresa Tafoya
BIEWER TERRIER ALL BREED **
Win RUS. CH, AKC CH OLA DE GRAS VERY WONDERFUL WINS, CM4 WESTMINSTER AWARD OF MERIT
Bred by Olga Ptichenko
Owned by Michele Lyons, Cindi Iken, Daniel Yona, Noble Inglett, and Theresa Tafoya
THANK YOU TO JUDGE GEORGE MILUTINOVICH AND OUR WONDERFUL HANDLERS TONIA HOLIBAUGH AND EDGAR CRUZ GUEVARA FOR THEIR EXPERT HANDLING!
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T H I S YOU N G S TA R L E T T E H A S B E E N A H I G H AC H I E V E R I N T H E S H OW R I N G GA R N E R I N G H E R G C H AT 7 MO N T H S W I T H G R P L AC E M E N T S A N D B I S O H W I N S A LO N G T H E WAY. J U S T 1 3 MO N T H S N OW, S H E CO N T I N U E S TO M AT U R E I N TO A T Y P E Y A N D S H OWY G I R L . S H E I S A R E S U LT O F M Y 7 T H G E N E R AT I O N I N M Y B R E E D I N G P R OG R A M . M A N Y T H A N K S TO H E R N UM E R OU S FA N S A N D S U P P O R T E R S A N D T H E E S T E E M E D J U D G E S WH O A R E AC K N OW L E D G I N G H E R QUA L I T I E S .
B R E E D E R / OW N E R / H A N D L E R C H E R I E M C D A N I E L
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B E S T I N S P E C I A L T Y S H O W B R O N Z E G R A N D C H A M P I O N
REH-PINS I AMCHARMED FOR CHERISTAR
B R E E D * *AKC STATS AS OF 5 / 22 / 2 1 * *AKC NOHS STATS AS OF 5 / 27/ 2 1 #2 #1
T H A N K Y O U J U D G E M R S . H O U S T O N ( T O D D I E ) C L A R K
O H M I N I AT U R E P I N S C H E R **
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BROOKVIEW G O L D G R A N D C H A M P I O N M B I S S G C H G C H B R O O K V I E W ’ S
Rebel Yale, 2 ALL CHAMP ION L I T TERS MULT I PLE BEST IN SPECIALT Y SHOW WINNER MULT I PLE BEST IN TOY SHOW WINNER
R O M
MULT I PLE GROUP WINNER #1 YORKI E BI TCH IN 2013
TOP 5 BREED & WESTMINSTER INVI TEE 2014 YALE HAS WON BOS AT ALL 4 NY SHOWS :
WESTMINSTER 2013 PROGRESS IVE 2014 Y TCGNY 2014 Y TCA 2014 Y TCA TOP DAM 2017
YALE WAS THE F IRST GOLD GRAND CHAMP ION BI TCH IN THE HI STORY OF OUR BREED & I S ST I LL THE TOP WINNING YORKSHIRE TERRI ER BI TCH IN GRAND CHAMP IONSHI P POINTS OF ALL T IME !
WATCH FOR THIS VETERAN BITCH & HER BBE OFFSPRING AT UPCOMING NATIONAL & REGIONAL EVENTS NEAR YOU!
A L W A Y S B R E E D E R - O W N E R H A N D L E D B Y : Matina E. Johnson
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YORKSHIRE TERRIERS I N T R O D U C I N G YA L E ’ S F I R S T G R A N D D A U G H T E R B R O O K V I E W ’ S H O M E T O W N Y U B I L E E
Yubi FOLLOWING IN HER FOOTSTEPS IN 2021! THANK YOU
JUDGE MRS. NANCY SMITH HAFNER FOR THIS EXCITING WIN!
B R O O K V I E W Y O R K I E S E A R N T H E I R C H A M P I O N S H I P S F R O M T H E B R E D B Y C L A S S & A R E E X C L U S I V E L Y B R E E D E R - O W N E R H A N D L E D B Y
Matina E. Johnson T H R O U G H O U T T H E I R C A R E E R S .
B R O O K V I E W Y O R K S H I R E T E R R I E R S WWW. B R O O K V I E W Y O R K I E S . C OM A K C B R E E D E R O F M E R I T | Y T C A T O P B R E E D E R 2 0 1 7 B K C B R E E D E R O F T H E Y E A R 2 0 1 7 | A K C S P O R T S M A N O F T H E Y E A R 2 0 1 8 & 2 0 1 9
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*AKC STATS AS OF 5/31/21
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Featured Breeds: Chinese Crested • National Specialty 9/22-24 Japanese Chin • National Specialty 9/16 Toy Fox Terriers • National Specialty 8/19-21 Toy Winners from World Series of Dog shows ALL TOYS, ALL THE TIME! GROUP 5. PURE DYNAMITE.
deadline July 20
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Contact Bonnie Guggenheim 512-971-3280 (call or text) • email@example.com
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ADOPTIONS | SURRENDERS LIVER SHUNT | COLLAPSING TRACHEA VOLUNTEER | FOSTER | DONATE
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Yorkie Rescue.indd 1
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2 0 2 0 N A T I O N A L S P E C I A L T Y
Th a n k yo u Ju d g e L yd i a Co l ema n Hu t c h i n s o n f o r t h i s p r e s t i g i o u s w i n
RBIS MBISS GRCHS SEABREEZE THAT ONE PARTICULAR HARBOR
Handled by Rachael Sawyer & Sandy Bingham-Porter Bred and owned by Sandy Bingham-Porter
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GCHB KALLMEE THE AERIALIST
2020 AKC National Championship BOB, Group Winner, Multi Group Placing,
was BOS at Westminster to his litter sister Gemma! We are so proud of these homebred littermates! BOB and BOS at Westminster- a dream come true!!
S U S A N A N D S T E V E T H I B O D E AU X Kallmee- Exceptional Dogs Since 1978 | Cocoa, FL
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Finished in 8 shows in Bred By as a puppy. 11th show - BEST OF BREED AT WESTMINSTER! CH KALLMEE GEMS N JEWELS Gemma
Thank you judge Evalyn Gregory for recognizing our littermates Gemma and Flyer with BOB and BOS.
A huge thank you to my friend Renee Rosamilia, PHA for her expert handling in breed!
S U S A N A N D S T E V E T H I B O D E AU X Kallmee- Exceptional Dogs Since 1978 | Cocoa, FL
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TOY TALK ETCETERA by Bonnie Guggenheim, TNT Advertising Director & Associate Editor
SMART EXHIBITOR 101
O bserve the judges’ ring patterns and watch their style of going over the exhibits so that you concentrate on showing off the best points of your dog. This is much easier if you are relaxed about what will be requested of you. Wear clothing with colors that do not hide your dog, but al- low it to be easily seen. When you are lined up and waiting for final instructions, carefully watch the judges; notice what he or she is looking for and how the dogs are placed. (More than one person has missed a request to go to the front of the class—and lost a ribbon for not paying attention.) Respect the judges’ time. If they take a fewminutes to speak with you about placements or specifics regarding your dog, understand that they are on a strict time schedule. AKC al- lows approximately two minutes per dog, so any time that a judge offers to answer your question is part of the time scheduled for that ring on that day. The Field Reps do
A smart exhibitor will have done some research, so they know what the judge prefers. If he or she comes from a Sporting breed, obviouslymovement is very important. For those judges who come froma breed that requires extensive grooming, beauty and presentation are important. And for those who come from one of the so-called “head breeds,” you will find the headpiece to be a winning feature. Know- ing these things before you enter will help you enter smart and bring you greater success. If you have a question for the judge, please be brief, specific, and friendly in your approach. If you want to tell him or her what they did wrong on that day, walk away. The judge’s book is already marked and your comments accomplish nothing that will benefit you on that day… or in the future. Exhibitors who verbally accost judges should know that the AKC Rep can be requested ringside, if necessary, which is not a good situation. Always be respectful. When talking with a judge, and they are answering your question, listen carefully. Some judges will give you a thoughtful and helpful answer that is important for you. Many of the specialty judges know the respective breed inside and out, and have a wealth of knowledge that they would be happy to share at the right time. Generally, they will find time at the completion of the assignment or per- haps another day. A few final thoughts on judges: They all want to do the right thing and they all hope to find a fabulous dog. I hope that it is yours! The second and most important thing? You can- not win if you don’t play! Every show is a new opportunity, so take your best, enter smart, dress for success, win lots, and tell all of us about it at TOPNOTCHTOYS … where all the finest Toys are found. Email or call me about your exciting new puppies or wonderful wins, and remember, inquiring minds want to know!
check judges’ times and they expect judging to be completed as planned so that the Groups can pro- ceed as scheduled.
Bonnie firstname.lastname@example.org 512.971.3280
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M U LT I O H G R O U P W I N N I N G • M U LT I G R O U P P L AC I N G • O H B I S GCHS TYAVA’ S SUGARFOOTS STRIKE FORCE
Number 1 NOHS Yorkshire Terrier * *AKC NOHS Stats as of 5/31/21
BREEDER: AVA TYREE, TYAVA’S YORKIES
OWNER/HANDLER: VICKI EDWARDS, SUGARFOOT YORKIES
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TOP NOTCH TOYS
SUBMIT YOUR CUTE PHOTOS TO OUR TOYBOX DEPARTMENT. Any clear photo will do—black & white or color, regular photo or digital. (If sending digital images, send high resolution 300 DPI for best quality.) Please submit your name and the name of the dog. 28 • T op N otch T oys , J uly 2021
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NEXT GENERATION CHAMPIONS AT MALES INCLUDE:
CH MARCHWIND Blast From The Blue
CH MARCHWIND Bolder In Black
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ITALIAN GREYHOUNDS Marchwind BREEDER & OWNER: LOIS MARCH, VIENNA, GEORGIA | WWW.MARCHWINDIGS.NET | 229-699-0290
CH MARLORD Go Ahead and Chase Me Marchwind
CH MARCHWIND High - Brow
CH MARCHWIND CH MARCHWIND Front Paige News Victoria
MARCHWIND IGS ARE HANDLED EXCLUSIVELY BY: JUSTIN & CHESLIE SMITHEY
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RBISOH GCH ARTISTY’S BILLY THE KID GCH DEE LITTLE WHOS YOUR DADDY ROM x CH MOUNTAIN CREST PRESIDENTIAL AFFAIR
GREAT WEEKEND IN LIMA, OHIO. THANK YOU TO JUDGE MR. ROBERT SHREVE FOR BILLY’S GROUP ONE OWNER HANDLED AND TO JUDGES BRIAN MEYER, CINDY MEYER, JOHN CONSTANTINE-AMODEI FOR HIS OWNER-HANDLED BOB THIS WEEKEND.
OWN E D & L OV E D BY : PAU L A MC C OMB & MAR I NA P E R S I C L E H N | B R E D BY : MAR I NA P E R S I C L E H N
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S O U T H F O R K P R E S E N T S
S O U T H F O R K ’ S F R E N C H C L A S S I C
Mackensie at 9 months old.
1 show, 2 points.
A special thank you to Judge David Kirkland, Springfield KC.
N E W C H A M P I O N C H K R I S P I N H I R O L L E R
Lucki 5 Point major finished! A special thank you to Judge
Ms. Evalyn Gregory, Trumbul l County KC.
BOTH DOGS OWNED, HANDED & LOVED BY MJ HELD • MJSOUTHFORK@YAHOO.COM • 716-675-4497
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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF PEDIGREES THE STUDY OF PEDIGREES IS REWARDED IN THE WHELPING BOX
by Cathy M. Driggers
B reeding dogs has everything to do with genetics and heredity. In order to have a successful breeding pro- gram, it is imperative that you understand the impor- tance the pedigree will play in your program. Before I ever put two dogs together to breed, mymentor and I sat together for hours just pouring over pedigrees. We dis- cussed why we should or should not breed this dog with that bitch or what a certain dog brought to the pedigree. What did he improve? Which one produced something we want to breed away from? We also discussed the importance of line breeding in order to not jeopardize type or style, but we knew what we didn’t want to double up on and we were aware of the risks of not knowing what was in our lines. We used to depend on breeders to give us photocopies of pedigrees, or they’d send them off and we’d wait for them to come in the mail. In today’s world, there are so many re- sources, websites, and databases at our fingertips to find, create, and download pedigrees. AKC has a great online pedigree that you can download and print in just minutes. Just because a dog is registered or has a Certified Pedi- gree doesn’t mean that the dog is necessarily high quality or good breeding stock. Just because you have a champion dam and champion sire doesn’t mean you have a pairing that is going to produce the next Best in Show winner. Don’t get me wrong, you have a better chance of produc- ing nice dogs this way, as this is the whole purpose behind conformation competition; each dog has been evaluated by multiple judges who believe that a particular dog was a good enough example of its breed to be awarded AKC Championship points.
However, you can have two BIS dogs bred together and pro- duce a “dud.” Just because a dog doesn’t have a title in front of the name doesn’t mean it is not of quality to be bred. It simply means it didn’t compete. If the dog has been bred previously, what did it produce?What is behind that dog? Just because the #1 dog in your breed is appealing to the eye and has a record number of Best in Show wins doesn’t mean that it is going to mesh with your bitch at home. Once again, pedigrees are about genetics. You must have the correct pairing. Every dog listed in the pedigree of your dog contributes to the genetic makeup of your dog. Each dog will have some effect on soundness and temperament. Reading a pedigree can be an overwhelming task, espe- cially for those who are new to a breed or new to breeding altogether. Do not be afraid to ask for help. We all started somewhere. Understanding terms like genotype (simply put, genetic characteristics) and phenotype (physical char- acteristics) will help in those discussions. Hold conversa- tions with fellow breeders, mentors, and historians within your breed. Learning about the dominant and recessive traits, and knowing the weaknesses and the strengths with- in your breed, will help you with reading and understand- ing your pedigrees. The most successful breeders are those who breed with purpose and are using the pedigrees as a road map to what they want to achieve in their breeding program. The time that you spend studying your pedigrees, learning about and researching dogs in your breed prior to breeding, will be rewarded in your whelping box.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR I have studied diverse groups of animals. I was involved in horse judging competitions and enjoyed show- ing cattle. I was first in the ring in the 1980s with Briards. My first Pomeranian was one that I adopted from a shelter in 1994. It was not until 2004 that I became interested in breeding and showing Poms. Since then, my husband and I have enjoyed breeding, showing, and trainingwith our all-breed club as well as with the APC. We have produced multi-BIS and Group-winning Poms, and finished championships in various other breeds. We are AKC Breeders of Merit and Register of Merit breeders.
I am the current President of the West Volusia Kennel Club and its AKC Delegate, and I’m the instructor of the club’s confor- mation handling classes. I’m also the current 2nd Vice President of the American Pomeranian Club, the current Secretary and Past Treasurer of the Florida Association of Kennel Clubs, and the current President, Show Chair, and a Founding Member of the Sunshine State Pomeranian Club. Additionally, I am the current President of the Volusia County Animal Control Advisory Board and a Client Advocate for the Grace House Pregnancy Resource Center. I was taught at an early age the importance of serving and giving. I enjoy taking our Poms to assisted living facilities, prisons, schools, and Meet the Breed events. It is my deep passion for mentoring and education that has kept me so involved in our com- munity and working with Juniors. My husband, Mark, and I have two daughters, three grandsons and two granddaughters.
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SPECIAL THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING JUDGES FOR OUR RECENT WINS Mrs. Anne Katona, Toy Group 1 • Mrs. Sandy Bingham Porter, Toy Group 3 • Mr. Steve Keating, Toy Group 4 Mr. Jon Cole, Toy Group 2 • Mr. Elliott Weiss, Toy Group 4 • Mrs. Janie M. Bousek, BIS O/H
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MB I S S , GCH S . BLUE-FANTASY’S DREAM BIG MU LT I P L E G R O U P W I N N I N G A N D B I S O/ H
© K. BOOTH
BLUE-FANTASY’S YORKSHIRE TERRIERS • SHERRI SPIETH YTCA Top Sire, 2015, Top Breeder 2017, Top Dam 2017, Top Breeder 2019, Top Dam 2019, Breeder of 45 AKC Champions
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by Shirley A. Patterson YORKSHIRE TERRIER BASIC CHARACTER AND TEMPERAMENT OF THE
J ust what is a Toy Terrier? The Complete Dog Book defines “toy” as being a group of dogs characterized by very small size; “terrier” being defined as a group of dogs used for hunting vermin. Therefore, we have in our midst a small dog used for hunting vermin. Well, that was certainly easy enough. Now, let us add a neat, compact, well- proportioned body not exceeding seven pounds, covered with a flowing, silky coat of bright, shining, lustrous, metallic steel blue and rich, shaded, golden tan. The eyes will impart a look of sparkling intelligence com- bined with an overall air of self-im- portance. This is our Yorkshire Ter- rier of today. What a unique little dog! Unique in the sense that he is first a terrier, be- ing bred down to a toy size, and when in full, flowing, silky coat, he is elegant. Joan Gordon and Janet Bennett have done much research into the early history of our breed, and in their book titled, “The Complete Yorkshire Ter- rier,” they write about an ancient breed in Great Britain, back in the 11th century, known as the Waterside Terrier. In those early years, serfs were forbidden to own dogs that could hunt game. However, they could have small dogs. To determine whether the dog was small enough, it had to be able to pass through a seven inch hoop. These dogs went into the fields to kill rats, into the vegetable gardens
to kill rabbits, and they generally kept the poor man’s home safe from rats and other vermin. The weight of this dog was anywhere between six and twenty pounds, usually settling in at about ten pounds. As time went on, these terriers, with their ratting ability, probably trav- eled the rivers, backwaters, and ca- nals from the shires to Scotland and on to the vast Australian continent. This little dog became invaluable to the free settlers because, along with its ratting ability, it also possessed the qualities of a watchdog to safeguard their homes. These Waterside Terri- ers have a special interest to me, and I truly would have loved to see one in action. Here, in this ancient breed, lay the genes for a silky coat, small size, blue and tan pattern, plus a definite terrier temperament. It is difficult for one to imagine that our elegant Yorkshires of today were once ratters. However, with the true temperament they should possess, it is easy to understand that these traits still do exist. Our early English breeders have im- parted many tales of the Yorkshire’s great love of hunting. Nevertheless, this is not a part of the criteria for to- day’s Yorkshire Terrier. The breed’s temperament should display that of a terrier. Careful consideration should be given so that this quality is not lost in our breed, as it is one of their most important assets.
Shirly A. Patterson
Temperament, to refresh your mem- ory, may be defined as the combined physical, emotional, and mental qualities that determine one’s whole nature; the whole nature of our breed being the appearance of vigor and self-importance, as our Standard so clearly states. This seven-pound giant is first a terrier at heart. At our last Delaware Valley Yorkshire Terrier Clubmeeting, I made a survey of our Club members, asking them several questions pertaining to our breed, one question of which was why they chose the Yorkshire Terrier as their particular breed. Ninety percent stated that it was that feisty terrier spirit that won them over, thus giving
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A L L U R E B I E W E R T E R R I E R S P R E S E N T S N E W C H A M P I O N S H OW K U R A Z H Y U N A Yuna
#1 OWNER HANDLED BIEWER TERRIER * MULTI BOB OH BEST IN SHOW MULTIPLE OH G1
Owner/Handler: Kamilla Szasz New York, USA biewer_terrier Breeder: Elena Ovchinnikova Samara, Russia
CANDIDS BY MARGARET FOX
*AKC NOHS STATS AS OF 5/31/21
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“I LIKE TO THINK OF OUR YORKSHIRE TERRIER AS A ‘SIR LANCELOT OF DOGDOM,’ A KNIGHT IN SHINING ARMOR, BOLD AND COURAGEOUS, CONFIDENT AND PROUD, LOYAL AND ADAPTABLE— with an Armor of Metallic Elegance! ”
more support to the fact that the breed excels as a terrier in the Toy Group. A dog with real terrier temperament will outwork a dog of equal physical qualities on sheer nerve alone. Our Standard states, “The high head carriage and confident manner should give the appearance of vigor and self-importance.” Just what does this mean? Looking into the ring at times, one might think “high head carriage” means gaiting one’s dog on a lead so tightly that he does not have to use his front assembly because his paws nev- er touch the ground. It all does seem like the fallacy of the tail wagging the dog. High head carriage should be natural and it shows that he is forward in his carriage, signifying that he is both proud and bold. The Yorkshire Terrier is bold in a sense that he is not intimidated. He runs in a smooth, sprightly gait on all fours. He knows what he wants and how to obtain it. Their bold ag- gressiveness may lead to many a Yor- kie fight, causing them to be minus a tooth at an early age. So, one should know the facts before penalizing for negligence of proper dental care. This bold attitude can be seen as he stands head forward in front of you, ears erect, tail up, eyes sparkling with a sharp, intelligent expression—very attuned to his surroundings.
Our terrier should be proud. This proudness is depicted by the way he carries himself with an air of self- importance, making one think he is A-#1. He has a way of making you feel proud of him in return, as he gaits naturally, head forward, ears erect, tail up, being in complete control. Our terrier should be alert. This alert- ness will be evidenced by his erect ears, being brought higher when excit- ed or at attention. His eyes will show that extra sparkle of inquisitiveness. This inquisitiveness, along with his keen sense of hearing, reinforce his ability as an excellent watch- dog. His tail will be up and possibly wagging, and his attentiveness will be unlimited. Our terrier displays an air of con- fidence. When he gaits, he tells the whole world, “Hey, look at me. I’m re- ally something special.” He is totally in charge, so you really do not have to worry. Hewill stand tall, ready to take on anything, no matter what the odds. Our terrier is loyal. A truly devoted companion, he is protective of house- hold as well as possessive of his family and surroundings. You might think you own him, but actually, he really owns you—and your house, your car, your bed, and your favorite chair! Our terrier is adaptable. Placing him in a new situation, in no time flat he will have you believing that the whole
idea was his. This adaptability is a unique part of his temperament. Yes, he is truly a big dog in a small package. Yorkshires are addictive; once you own one, we guarantee you’ll never be without one. I like to think of our Yorkshire Ter- rier as a “Sir Lancelot of Dogdom,” a Knight in Shining Armor, bold and courageous, confident and proud, loyal and adaptable—with an Armor of Metallic Elegance! Our Yorkshire Terrier as shown to- day in full, flowing coat, displaying proper temperament, structure, and movement, is beauty in motion. A dog needs a spark, to keep him alert and alive. To judge our Yorkshire Terrier as a whole, we must not overlook the temperament. We must not lose this little spark of fire—the pizzazz that says, “Hey, I’m a terrier.” In conclusion, I shall leave you with a final thought: Knowing the intelli- gence and temperament of a terrier, they can become bored very easily if not challenged. Therefore, to make the terrier spirit of this dog prevail, would it not be interesting to test the temperament like other terriers in the center of the ring? I am most certain that your true terriers would really stand out—that sassy, brassy quality denoting the spirit and fire they possess. Wouldn’t King Arthur be proud?
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Owned & Handled by Dawn Krautkramer Bred & co-owned by Dr. Raymundo Lo, Philippines
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Davenport, Iowa . May 13-16, 2021 photos by Tom Weigand
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W E A R E P R O U D T O A N N O U N C E N E W C HA M P I O N PA S S I N G I N T H E FA S T L A N E
breeder/owner VALERIE WILSON
handler DARON NEWCOMB
owner GEORGINA MILLER
T I G E R C OM P L E T E D H I S C HA M P I O N S H I P I N O N E W E E K E N D W I T H T H R E E 5 P T S P E C I A LT Y W I N S !
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GROOMING & MAINTAINING THE YORKSHIRE TERRIER FOR SHOW
by Jamie Bennett
I have been exhibiting Yorkshire Terriers and other long-coated Toy breeds as both an owner-handler and a professional handler for the past 19 years. I have had the pleasure of handling several beautiful Top 5 Yorkshire Terriers, with all garner- ing Best in Specialty Show wins. My very first Yorkie special was Ch. Caraneal Laurel Glen Minute Man that won the Yorkshire Ter- rier National in 2007. He was bred by Georgette Franzoni and owned by myself and Georgette. I have a great love for the Yorkshire Terrier and enjoy everymoment spent grooming and handling them. In my opinion, there is nothing more beau- tiful than a Yorkshire Terrier in full coat, showing its little heart out. In this article, I will attempt to give insight into one of the many ways to maintain and grow a coat on a Yorkshire Terrier. I have gleaned my knowledge over the years through mentors of the breed and through the trial and error process. This is what works for me. Remember, if you are growing coat on your Yorkie, you must be doing something right! I have found that each Yorkie’s coat is a little different. What works on one coat may not necessarily work on another. So, keep this in mind when working with your dog’s coat. The first most important thing in maintaining and growing coat on a Yorkie is proper nutrition. Always feed a high quality food. This is ex- tremely important in maintaining both healthy skin and healthy coat. I do not use any supplements. I feel that if their food is of a good quality, sup- plements are not necessary. On a side note, always be sure that your Yorkie is free from internal parasites!
The second most important thing in maintaining and growing coat on a Yorkie is tomaintainhealthy skin. The skin should not be flakey, oily or dry. You can achieve this by bathing your Yorkie regularly with a high quality shampoo and conditioner. If you find you are having skin problems, address those issues immediately! One night of scratching can ruin a coat. Be sure that you inspect your Yorkie for fleas each and every time you come back from an outside trip! There are two types of “bathing” for a show Yorkie; the maintenance bath and the show bath. When you are bathing for maintenance, your shampoo/conditioners should be high quality products that moisturize and condition the coat. Product qual- ity does matter. Don’t skimp, ever! A properly conditioned coat grows fast! A maintenance bath should be given as needed. I find that some Yorkies need to be bathed every three or four days, whereas others only require once a week bathing. Basically, when a brushwill not easily run through the coat, they need to be bathed. Before bathing the dog, brush the coat out completely. Gently and slowly work out any tangles that you may find, being careful not to break the coat. Examine the inside of your dog’s ears for excess hair and any waxy dis- charge or foul smell, and examine the ear leathers for signs of leather ear. I have found that leather ear comes from high humidity and a lack of sun- shine, which causes a waxy build-up on the ear which leads to hair loss. If your Yorkie is kept in an area that is bright with sunlight and low in hu- midity, you should never get leather ear. If you do get leather ear, scrub the ears daily with a shampoo to degrease
them, and put them in the sun- light! You will see hair start to grow back immediately. Next you should trim your dog’s nails. Long toenails will not only cause your dog pain, they will screwup your dog’s movement. Your dog’s nails should be short enough to allow the foot to sit flatly on its pads and allow the foot to roll forward naturally when moving. It’s time to bathe. Wet your Yorkie’s coat thoroughly with warm, not hot, water. Be cautious not to get water into the ear canal as this can cause ear infections. I always start with the head. I start at the top of the head and work down to the muzzle and fa- cial furnishings, then the sides of the head. Pay close attention not to get product in the eyes, which can cause corneal irritation. I then scrub the ear leathers and massage them gently to guard against leather ear. Move to the body and work the shampoo into the coat, gently. Try not to tangle the coat with your movement. Once the coat is saturated with shampoo, mas- sage the skin. This will help to keep your Yorkie’s skin healthy. Move on to the legs and feet. I always check my
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REINHARDT MERCEDES VON FRITZ
OWNED, BRED AND FINISHED BY BIEWER VON FRITZ
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Proper Placement of the Wraps (Illustrations courtesy of Patrizia Casadei, Pigot Yorkshire Terriers)
dog’s anal glands to see if they need expressing. An anal gland abscess can lead to hair loss on the rear! Leave the shampoo on the coat for the recom- mended time. Rinse the coat and re- peat. Apply the conditioner and work it through the coat. On a maintenance bath, I condition the head furnishings also. Be sure to always rinse the coat thoroughly with water. Even a slight amount of shampoo/conditioner left on the coat can cause itching. It’s time to blow dry. Gently brush/ comb your Yorkie out thoroughly prior to blow drying. At this time I trim the ears. I find it easier to get a very close trim without nicking the ear when the ears are wet. I swab out the ears to remove any water that may have gotten in there accidentally. I then start blow drying on a low/warm setting, starting at the head. I brush the hair straight as I’m blow drying. I work from the head, down each side to the rear end. Make sure you dry the coat completely.
It’s time to wrap. One note on wrap- ping—some Yorkies do not do well in wraps. If you find your dog is do- ing more damage with wraps in, DO NOT WRAP! There have been some Yorkies that I do not even put a top- knot in because they break coat try- ing to rip them out. Yes, they look like sheep dogs, but they are now growing topknots! When wrapping, you should first put your dog in light oil. Some people add the oil in the bath; I do not. I try to keep from putting too much oil di- rectly onto the skin. I find you get less flaking and skin issues by doing so. I oil each section prior to wrapping. When wrapping, be sure that your wraps are not too tight or too loose; either way will cause coat breakage. Wraps should be just snug to the body. I do not attempt to wrap puppies un- til their coat length is almost to the floor! At that point, I start with just wrapping the sides of the coat of a male puppy and the rear of the coat
PRODUCTS NEEDED: • Shampoos; • Conditioners; • Coat sprays; • Coat Oils. • I recommend: • – Pish Pad® Show Premium Pet Grooming Clarity Line, Moisture Unleashed Line, Silk Treatment Line, and Clarity Mint Oil. (These products are the best I have found! They work wonderfully on all types of Yorkie coats.) – Palmer’s® Olive Oil Spray for putting coats in oil. (A very light oil that washes out easily and does not cause flaking.) • The Color Coordinated Canine ™ Hair Bands andWrapping Bands; • Chris Christensen ® Rattail Combs and Straight Combs; • I use the light weight deli wraps for wrapping (available for purchase online). BRUSHES & COMBS: • Madan ® Pin Brushes;
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“YOU HAVE SPENT A LOT OF TIME GROWING COAT, always protect it!”
will pick things up at the “after the show” point of maintenance. After showing, brush the coat out thoroughly to remove any dirt or de- bris that it may have picked up from the floor. Wrap your dog as soon as possible. I’ve seen many a facial fur- nishing chewed off by placing a dog in a crate without first wrapping them. If you need to leave your dog for any reason prior to wrapping, at least band the moustache back. You have spent a lot of time growing coat, al- ways protect it! I find that some Yorkies can go with an “every other day” bathing during a show circuit, while others require bathing every night due to an oilier coat. Dowhatmakes your Yorkie look its best. Remember, a shiny clean coat is surely going to attract the eye of a judge! Use your best judgement. As you can see, there are no tricks or expensive supplements that en- able you to grow coat on your Yorkie. Growing a coat just takes dedication, quality food, and quality products! Remember, a dog in gorgeous con- dition is very impressive. A happy, well-loved dog will always show bet- ter! Praise your Yorkie when com- ing out of the ring, win or lose. Make showing fun for them; it will pay off, I promise! Good luck to all of you and if you see me ringside and need help or have a question, don’t hesitate to ask! I would like to thank Patrizia Casadei, Pigot Yorkshire Terriers, for allowing me to use her beautifully illustrated drawings of wrapping a coat. Such a wonderful talented artist! And Loreta Serifini for her photo of a perfectly trimmed foot. Also to Dawn Kelly and Loreta Serafini for allowing me to use photos of their gorgeous boys in excellent coat condition.
on a bitch puppy. This will help them get used to the wraps and keep urine from damaging the coat. I will also only band the topknot and the facial furnishings. Again, if your Yorkie is doing more damage to the coat with the wraps and bands in, leave them out! At this time, you can choose to use a wrapping jacket if you would like. (Never put a jacket on an unwrapped dog, and never leave a jacket on a dry—un-oiled—coat longer than 24 hours! You do not want to end up with a matted Yorkie!) If your dog is prone to rubbing, jackets can help protect the coat. This completes your maintenance bath. When bathing for a show, I go through the same inspection of ears, toe nail trims, and bathing process; however, instead of a heavy mois- turizing shampoo/conditioner, I use a high quality light moisturizing shampoo/conditioner. I donot condi- tion the topknot, only the sides of the head and the moustache. This will make it easier to get your topknots up! Remember, a squeaky clean coat will have a beautiful shine! I trim the ears, and blow dry the same way. I then iron the coat to help it lay down smoothly. I wrap the coat dry (with- out oil). I then trimthe feet. I trimthe hair on the bottom of the feet flush to the pads and then I trim the outside of the foot round and flush to the table. (See example above of a per- fectly trimmed foot.) On a side note, some dogs’ coats look better by bath- ing the day before a show; others look better bathing the day of the show. Youwill have to see whichway is best for your Yorkie. I will not go into ring preparation, as this is an article in itself; however, I
Example of Trimmed Foot (Courtesy of Loreta Serafini, Oz Yorkshire Terriers)
Dogs That Have Been Maintained in Wonderful Show Condition:
BISS GCHEdgewood’s Action Jackson. Owned by Jamie Bennett & Cynthia Hill. Handled by Jamie Bennett. Pictured at two years of age.
BISS Can GCh/Am Ch. Oz’s Thunder and Rain. Owned and bred by Loreta Serafini. Pictured at three years of age.
Multiple BISS AMGCH/CANCHNicNak’s Aftershock. Owned by Dawn Kelly, bred by Laurie Hunter. Pictured at three years of age.
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THE YORKSHIRE TERRIER PUPPY Portions taken from Pick of the Litter , by Betty R. Dullinger
When we have the proper head with muzzle in correct proportion, the eyes are not only well-placed, they are more often than not of proper size as well. When the muzzle is short, and the head domed or rounded, then the eyes become rounder as well. The Standard does not actually state the “shape” of the eye, but most breed- ers prefer the oval or almond-shaped eye to achieve the proper expression. The eye rims must be black in or- der to carry out the expression to its fullest extent. Ears on young puppies are not always well-placed; so, here we choose a puppy with a well-shaped ear that ap- pears somewhat small... puppies with “bat ears” (ears that are rounded at the tips rather than pointed) will usu- ally have larger ears with a wide base
at maturity. The ear that is very point- ed at the tip will usually be a smaller ear at maturity. Placement of the ears generally improves as the puppy ma- tures and grows. As he becomes more aware of the world around him, he “uses his ears,” thus strengthening the muscles so necessary to the eventual placement and carriage of the ears. Bite cannot be determined with 100 percent accuracy until after the adult or permanent teeth are in. However, a puppy with either an even bite or a scissors bite is what should be chosen at an early age. NECK Length of neck is most important to the finished product and this too can be determined at a young age. The neck should be in proper balance with the rest of the body, and when viewed from the side, the neck should not end abruptly at the shoulder. There should be a GRACEFUL, rather than a SHARP, angle here. This gives the appearance of a “smooth flow” from the back of the head into the topline. A short-necked puppy will never have the elegance so typical of our breed. BODY Ideally, choose a puppy that appears to be balanced. The puppy should be as high from the withers (point of shoulder) to the floor as he is long from the withers to the set-on of the tail. If youMUST give a little on these proportions, then it would be prefer- able to have a puppy slightly taller
HEAD You don’t have to be a genius to pick a puppy with an attractive head! The Yorkie has a “stop” (that’s the point at which the muzzle meets the head), and this feature is readily discernible from about 3-4 weeks of age. If the muzzle meets the head in a distinct 90-degree angle, then the muzzle and head will grow in proportion to each other. In other words, this head will look the same at two years of age as it does today. If the angle is greater than 90 degrees, you will have a shallow stop at maturity and a muzzle that is relatively long and sloping downward. If the angle is less than 90 degrees, you will have a muzzle much shorter than desired and a greater tendency toward an “apple head.”
ALWAYS PLEASING TO THE EYE HEAD STUDY (Adult)
SMALL HEAD EARS
NEVER COARSE EXPRESSION Sharp, intelligent, keen terrier-type MUZZLE Clear, Rich shades of golden tan NO INTERMINGLING OF BLACK, Deeper golden tan at side of head, at ear roots and on muzzle COAT TEXTURE Glossy, fire, silky Bright, rich gleam- ing, brilliant GOLDEN hue-reflects light rays Broad, tapering to nose COAT COLOR-HEAD
Small, V-shaped, good set Deep rich tancolor EYES Dark, medium size Oval shap, Eye rims black NOSE Jet black BITE Scissor or level
Crown- Flat Muzzle Stop-Slight
UNDESIRABLE 1. Ears - Pulled up into topknot to hide a poor ear set
2. Topknot - Bouffant 3. Unclear, sooty coat 4. Golden tans artifically colored - unable to reflect light - lacking brilliance 5. Lack of expression 6. Down faced (too long muzzle) Doll-faced (too short muzzle)
7. Head too large (coarse) Head too round (apple head) 8. Nose lacking pigment, Eye rims lacking pigment 9. Undershot bite, Overshot bite 10. Snipey muzzle 11. Small beady eyes, Large round eyes 12. Lowset ears, Bat shaped ears
GROOMING Hair trimmed on tip of ears Head fall tied up with one or two bows
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Jacob Maltese SHINE IN OKLAHOMA
JACOB’S PEBBLES IN THE SAND Pebbles
Sire: CH RS BAMM-BAMM’s DINO FOR JACOB Dam: JACOB’S RAMMBLING ROSE OF QUINN
JACOB’S SURPRISE PRINCESS CHARMING Princess
Sire: CH RS BAMM-BAMM’s DINO FOR JACOB Dam: BLUE HILL’S CHARMING ME
Thank You to Judges Mrs. Lydia Hutchinson, Mr. Hiram Stewart, and Mr. Randy Garren for recognizing and honoring our girls at the 2020 AMA Specialty, and the 2021 AMA Sweepstakes and Specialty! Breeder, Owner Handler: Deborah Cardwell, Jacobmaltese@gmail.com
T op N otch T oys , J uly 2021 • 53
If you’ve made a wise choice texture- wise, you’re on the right road to an adult Yorkie with proper coat texture and proper coloring. SIZE The Standard allows up to 7 lbs.; size within this range is therefore a matter of individual preference. A good “rule of thumb” is the weight at three months will double in the ma- ture adult. If your preference is for a smaller Yorkie, then try to choose a puppy with overall balance and one that has bone in relation to its size. Understandably, if it’s going to be a small Yorkie at maturity, it cannot have large bones as a puppy. If so, you may end up with a very coarse adult, and a coarse Yorkie is never elegant-looking. TEMPERAMENT Certain puppies seem to be born with a disposition that makes them stand out right from the beginning. Given the proper environment and training, this puppy is bound to be noticed in any show ring! Bear in mind, these are all quali- ties of perfection as they relate to the Standard for the Yorkshire Ter- rier. and minor deviations should not be considered as rendering that puppy worthless.
than he is long. Otherwise, you may end up with something resembling a caterpillar! The body, when viewed from the top, should have no distinct “curves” to it… it should be straight along the sides from the shoulders to the root of the tail. A pear-shaped body (wider in front than behind) could mean bad shoulders at maturity or even a bad rear, so look for that puppy that is straight from the shoulders to the tail. The topline at this early age should be LEVEL with no dip at or behind the withers and no extra height over the hips or the rump. The tail should ap- pear to be an attachment of the last spinal vertebrae; if there is a slope from the point of the hip to the root of the tail, you will end up with an adult that is “long in croup,” and even the gayest of these animals have trouble It seems that not enough emphasis is placed on the extremities of our breed. A gorgeous-colored, beauti- fully-coated, elegant-looking Yorkie is absolutely useless if he isn’t stand- ing on four sound legs! His gait should be free and smooth. Though it may be bouncy, gay, and playful, it should not be a hackney gait. (A hackney gait is an exaggerated high-stepping gait in which the dog flexes its legs before re- turning them to the ground.) holding their tails up. LEGS AND FEET When standing, the puppy should ap- pear square, and his feet, both front and rear, should turn neither in nor out. When moving toward you, the puppy’s front legs should appear straight and there should be no weav- ing or twisting of the legs or feet as he moves. When viewed from behind, again, the legs should appear straight and there should be no weaving or twisting either at the hocks or at the hips. Some deviations from these gait patterns will be observed; some will outgrow some of the deviations from these gait patterns, which are due mainly to a lack of coordination and muscle development. However, NEV- ER choose a puppy with elbows out at a young age, as this fault will only be magnified as he matures and de-
velops. A puppy that moves too close or narrow in the front will sometimes improve as he matures. The spring of rib and width of chest in the mature animal will sometimes correct these deviations. A cow-hocked puppy (one whose hocks turn in) may also im- prove; as he grows and matures his muscles will develop and he may out- grow this condition. COAT This is probably one of the earliest features that can be seen on a puppy and yet it is one of the hardest to de- tect. A Yorkie does NOT have a puppy coat; the coat he is born with is the coat that he dies with! Puppies that will mature into adults with the prop- er silky texture of coat, and thus have the best chance of getting the proper coloring, show signs of this coat at a very early age. The coat is silky and shiny even at a young age, and when you run your fingers through the coat you will be able to feel the silky qual- ity of it. The thick, heavy, dense coat that feels very soft is going to be exact- ly that at maturity, and more probably than not, will never break color. Just to confuse the issue, we have another type of coat that appears much like the coat of silky texture, as it too ap- pears somewhat shiny and silky-look- ing. However, if you run your fingers through it, against the lay of fur, you will feel bristly ends. This type of coat texture will be stiff, coarse, and very slow-growing, if it grows much length at all! COLOR Undoubtedly, this is the most dif- ficult factor to predict in the young puppy. However, much can be deter- mined at an early age from the tex- ture of the coat. The tan is evident at an early age… the blue, well, we have no magic formulas to offer! We try to pick the puppy that has a lot to offer in all directions, and couple this with good coat texture... and then PRAY! Choose a puppy with bright tan on the legs, around the muzzle, and at the base of the ears. Stay away from the puppy whose tan is dull or appears reddish or very dark.
Now deceased, Betty R. Dullinger was an AKC judge and a dedicat- ed breeder with a vision for health in our beloved breed as Past-Pres- ident of our Foundation.
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