Showsight Presents The Chinese Crested


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1. Where do you live? What do you do “outside” of dogs? 2. How many years in the Chinese Crested? Showing? Judging? Breeding? 3. What, in your opinion, is the secret to a successful breeding program? 4. Do you prefer one coat variety over the other? Why? 5. The flashy CC is a favorite of ringside spectators. Do you feel this gives an advantage in the Toy group? Why or why not? 6. What is your favorite dog show memory? 7. Is there anything else you’ d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. SHELLEY HENNESSY

There are so many very beautiful and correct Chinese Crested being show that deserve placements. My favorite dog show memory is a dog I bred and raised winning the Sporting Group at Westminster KC in 2013. JENNIFER YOUNG-JOHNSON

I live in Southern California. The High Desert. Basically half way between Los Angeles and Las Vegas. I have a busi- ness, California Dogs, where we make handmade dog jammies, beds, mats, etc. And I also use my own drawings to have fabric made of a few toy breeds (Mostly Cresteds!).

I live in Toledo Ohio. I am a retired Toledo Police Sergeant. My main inter- ests besides dogs, are movies. My current breed is Chinese Cresteds, but I have also bred Afghan Hounds and Whip- pets (and also owned Collies) putting numerous titles on my dogs in confor- mation, obedience, rally, lure coursing, agility, barn hunt and scent work. I am approved to judge four Groups (plus breeds in the other three groups ), rally, and lure coursing.

I recently got into Miniature Horses and have been having a lot of fun show- ing in halter and driving. I got my first Chinese Crested in 1999. I just fell in love with the breed. They are so fun and happy and just live to make you laugh. I think breeders are the heart of our sport. I have finished 18 Cresteds from the Bred by Exhibitor Class. I breed very rarely now and I believe in the quality of the dogs I have produced. The secret to a successful breeding program I think is knowing type. Look at the siblings of the dogs in your pedigrees. Look at the whole dog in your breeding program. I am not a believer in breeding to the big winner. I started my breeding program around 3 dogs and they are dominant in all my pedigrees. Ch Myown Academy Award, CH Blandora Without a Doubt and CH Moonswift Iced Diamond. I produced beauty, movement and temperament using these lines. Health testing is so important and we have DNA markers for sev- eral issues in our breed. Do not be afraid to use a carrier. Some of my most beautiful dogs have been PRA carriers. As long as they are bred to clear they will never produce that issue. Do I prefer one coat variety over the other? I love them both. A beautiful powderpuff with a glorious coat is hard to beat. And a lovely hairless is a thing of beauty. I love them all. Do I feel the Chinese Crested being flashy and favorite of specta- tors an advantage in the Toy group? We seem to run in streaks. We won't have a top 10 all toy dog for a few years and then they are winning every group! I think there are a lot of amazing specials out right now. My favorite dog show memory: I just had a wonderful one. Our girl that we are specialing gave me fits trying to finish her in bred-by exhibitor. One day her tail would be up, the next day she was not feel- ing it and would just pout the whole time in the ring. After I finished her I put her with my friend who is a handler and they have figured this whole thing out and my girl is Happy Happy! Well, my handler could not be at a show a few weeks ago, a toy specialty and I decided I would try to step in. Well we won the breed with some wonderful competition and then we won the whole toy show! I rarely end up in the group and I just had a blast. It was so fun to text the photo of the toy show ribbon to my friend and we laughed and cried. I think the whole hair/no hair issue should always be discussed. There are truly hairless dogs but they are few and far between and they just do not breed true. The public does not realize that some hair over the body is very common now and sometimes they have quite a bit of hair. They are still wonderful companions and are hairless dogs. It seems to be the foremost thing breeders end up discussing with new show people and companion people alike.

I’ve had Chinese Cresteds since the breed gained full AKC recog- nition. I have also bred Afghan Hounds and Whippets. I have been showing since the 1970s and judging since the 1990s. The secret to a successful breeding program is never breeding to dogs with a Major fault! Do I prefer one coat variety over the other? No. I love both HL and PP! Do I feel the Chinese Crested being flashy and favorite of specta- tors an advantage in the Toy group? No. I don’t think Cresteds win in the Toy Group as often as other breeds. and the ones that do are usually the HL and are professionally handled. My favorite dog show memory is winning a Toy group with one of my powderpuffs, who was also the breed’s first RAE, and who earned her CDX with two specialty High in Trials! It is becoming harder for a true HL to win in the breed ring. The newer judges especially, reward more and more hair on the HL. Also, very few Crested owners show in performance events, such as Rally or Obedience, which is a shame as the breed is so intelligent. CLAIREWISCH ABRAHAM I live in Lovettsville, Virginia and I am in the commercial con- struction business. I have had Chinese Cresteds for nine years. I show and co-breed with Victor Malzoni, Jr. I am approved to judge nine breeds and recently applied to judge Chinese Cresteds. The secret to a successful breeding program? Chinese Cresteds breedings/litters don’t seem to have results as predictable as some of the other breeds I’m involved with. It could look great on paper but not what I was hoping for in the box. I don’t breed a lot so I still feel like I have a lot to learn. I’m very fussy with my puppies so I don’t breed unless I know I have homes. Do I prefer one coat variety over the other? In the ring I love a beautiful correct dog puff or hairless doesn’t matter. In my heart my favorites are the true hairless. Do I feel being a ringside favorite gives an advantage in the Toy group? Flashy yes but I think the breed is overlooked in the group.




T he Chinese Crested is a unique breed, that comes in two distinct varieties, the Hairless, and the Pow- derpuff. When judging the breed, judges should remember that both varieties are judged by the iden- tical standard, except for differences in teeth and coat, which I will cover later. Please do not forgive or ignore faults in one variety, that you would not in the other. Both varieties should be given equal consideration. Please do not put an inferior hairless dog up over a better Powderpuff. Unfortunately, Powderpuffs do not seem to get the recognition in the breed and group judging that the hairless dogs do. So many toy dogs in the group are heavily coated, and the hairless Crested stand out more than the Powderpuff does. Please do not overlook either variety! The Chinese Crested may be free baited or stacked in the ring. There is no preference for either presentation. Judges who insist on handlers free baiting their dogs are not being fair to the handler or dog. And please move the dog around the ring before putting it up on the table, even if it is a single class entry. It shakes the kinks out of the dog (and handler), and on a cold morning or in a cold building, it warms the hairless up a bit, so it doesn’t shake as much on the table. Our current AKC standard is what we must judge by. There is an alarming tendency for people to misquote the standard in ads and articles, or leave out words that change the meaning of the standard. It is always a good idea to review the standard before a judging assignment. The Chinese Crested varieties are identical in outward appearance except for coat. The breed should be fine-boned, elegant and graceful. It is one of the bigger Toy breeds, 11"-13" tall. You will find smaller and bigger ones. The standard states that “slightly” larger or smaller dogs may be given full consider- ation. As a judge, you will have to determine what your interpre- tation of “slightly” is. Keep in mind that extremely small dogs

will probably not have the correct movement, and extremely large dogs will probably lack good breed type. However, please do not judge on the principle that “the smaller the better”. A larger heavier dog, with a level topline, good structure and good movement, should beat a smaller dog that hackneys, or has a bad topline. A RECTANGULAR BREED Many people seem to have a problem with interpreting the wording of the standard. It states “Rectangular… Body length from withers to base of tail is slightly longer than the height at the withers.” Besides the fact that the word “Rectangular” is specifically in the standard, reading and understanding the next sentence will make it even clearer. When you say that the body length is “slightly longer” from the withers to the base of tail, this means that the length is even longer from the front of the chest to the base of the tail. It is not off-square, it is rectangu- lar. This body type allows for the reach and drive of the correct moving Chinese Crested. HEADS Heads vary greatly in the breed, ranging from a more Chi- huahua-type head with a shorter muzzle, to a more Poodle-type head. Somewhere in the middle is correct. The muzzle and skull are balanced, and the head is wedge shaped. Eyes should be almond shaped, and this is a problem in the breed. There are many round eyes and small eyes. Be sure when examining the dog that you check under the crest for correct eye shape. Eye color varies. Dark colored dogs have dark colored eyes, and lighter colored dogs MAY have lighter colored eyes. Remember the “may” when you find white or cream dogs with black eyes. Some light colored hairless dogs have very pale eyes. Blue eyes are not specifically mentioned


Judging the Chinese Crested


“WHEN THE CHINESE CRESTED MOVES, ALL THE BEAUTIFUL PARTS COME TOGETHER. With its head and tail carried up, the topline level, it moves with reach and drive.”

“carried gaily”, which is a big difference. It also says that the tail “may be carried slight- ly forward over the back”, not that it has to! See what omitting or changing words does to interpreting a standard? The original American standard and the standards of some other organizations call for a tail that is carried “up or out” in motion. Since most Cresteds don’t read, they still carry their tails that way. I still remember a judge withholding ribbons from three beautiful puppies at a show sev- eral years ago, when they did not have their tails up in the air, but rather out behind them while moving. This still is a tail carried “gaily” and should not be faulted. The tail does not have to go over the back, and if it does, it is only carried “slightly” forward over the back. It should not curl over and touch the back. Handlers that push the tail over on the back while stacking the dog (more often done with powderpuffs) are doing a real disservice to the breed, and are ruining the rectangu- lar look of the breed. The Crested used to be shown with the tail curled around the left hock; many handlers still do, and it is a pre- sentation unique to our breed. The feet on a crested should be narrow, a true “hare” foot. With elongated toes. Many Crested use their feet to actually pick up small objects. COAT Here is the only other difference between the two varieties. The hairless ranges from what many call a “true” hairless, with very little crest, socks or tail plume, to dogs drip- ping with furnishings. With that extreme amount of furnishings, often comes body hair, which is removed for the show ring. A judge is not there to try to determine whether a dog has had hair removed or not, most have to some extent. Judge the dog on the quality of the skin, which should be soft and smooth. There are some handlers who let the hair on the neck grow down over the withers. This goes against the standard which states that the hair on the crest tapers off between the base of the skull and the back of the neck. While the hair may flow over the withers, the actually growth should

not start there. And too much hair there often makes a dog look shortbacked. The Crest will naturally part and fall to either side of the dog’s neck with most hairless. The Powderpuff coat does resemble a small Afghan Hound in many respects. It should lay flat, and be soft and silky. It should not be excessively heavy or kinky, or frizzy. Again; many handlers have taken upon themselves to shave a large v-shaped patch on the front of the necks, which dis- rupts the flow of a beautiful Powderpuff coat and goes against the standard, which only states that the hair on the ears and face may be trimmed. MOVEMENT When the Chinese Crested moves, all the beautiful parts come together. With its head and tail carried up, the topline level, it moves with reach and drive. It should never hackney, or appear stilted. It does not throw its front up in the air. It should not be cowhocked. CONCLUSION When judging the Chinese Crested, remember that both varieties should be given equal consideration. Remember, that it is one of the larger toy breeds, and do not automati- cally put up the smallest one, but the best one. Do not award incorrect movement, and bad structure. And always… JUDGE THE DOG.

in our standard, and you will find them on occasion. This may be addressed in a future standard, but for now, as a judge, you will have to consider them in terms of the other merits of the dog. Ears should be large. Small ears are a problem in the breed, and when set too high on the head, change the expression of the breed. The hair on the ears may be trimmed (shaved) in either variety, and heavy fur- nishings on the ears may cause the ear to look as if it is not erect. Nose color also varies with the color of the dogs; while dark dogs should have dark noses, lighter colored dogs MAY have lighter noses. TEETH This is one of the two major differences between the varieties. While the powder- puff must have full dentition, the hairless is not to be faulted for missing teeth. While not mentioned in the standard, many Hair- less dogs’ teeth may “tusk”, meaning that the teeth, both upper and lower, incline slightly forward, rather than straight up and down, while still retaining a scissors or level bite. Undershot bites are a prob- lem in the breed and while not specifically mentioned as a fault, will weigh in your final decisions. TOPLINE The Chinese Crested topline is often hard to judge. A cold and or nervous hairless will make himself look terrible and the coat on a Powderpuff will often destroy its topline on the move. The Powderpuff may be shown with its coat evenly parted down the middle or casually tousled; either is correct. Check toplines carefully on the table. A hairless may be carefully stacked to give the appearance of a level topline, but movement will show the true picture. On the other hand, the Powder- puff may have a great topline, but the hair on its rear will “puff ’ up when moving, and make it look high in the rear, when it isn’t. Check toplines carefully. They are a major problem in the breed. TAILS & FEET The Chinese Crested standard does not call for a “gay” tail! It states that the tail is

ABOUT THE AUTHOR My current breed is Chi- nese Cresteds, but I have also bred Afghan Hounds and Whippets (and also owned Collies) putting

numerous titles on my dogs in conforma- tion, obedience, Rally, Lure Coursing, agil- ity, barn hunt and scent work. I am approved to judge four Groups (plus breeds in the other three Groups), Rally and Lure Coursing.




purebred dog world for 43 years, my kennel name is “Maka- ra”. I obtained my first show dog, an Afghan Hound, July of 1975, my first Saluki in August of 1976 and my first Chinese Crested in April of 1986. I obtained my judges license starting with Chinese Crest- eds in December of 2006. I am currently licensed for Chinese Cresteds and in the process of applying for three additional toy breeds, I judge half of the hound group and Xoloitzcuint- lis in the Non-Sporting Group.

I live south of Tampa, Flori- da. I am a tax accountant and I oversee two other businesses. I’ve been showing and breeding over 30 years and have 17 years in Cresteds.

1. Describe the breed in three words. VD: Loving, cute and funny. SH: Elegant, rectangular moving.

SHELLEY HENNESSY I live in Toledo, Ohio. I am a retired Toledo Police Sergeant. I have 40 plus years in dogs and have been judging since 1994.

SK: The first line of the breed standard does a good job of describing the breed in three or four words: “A toy dog, fine-boned, elegant and graceful.” DP: A toy dog, fine boned and graceful. 2. What are your “must have” traits in this breed? VD: Movement, personality, size and overall look. SH: Rectangular body, level top line and reach and drive. SK: In addition to the traits mentioned above they must also have a good temperament. I also want to see good move- ment that is not hackney or restricted, with good fronts and rears. DP: Coming from Sighthounds I am big on movement. Our standard calls for “good reach” (layback of shoulder 45 degrees) so after breed type, movement is foremost to me. I also want a level topline. Standard states “Topline level to slightly sloping croup.” Sadly both fronts and toplines need help in our breed. Our standard also calls for a temperament which is “gay and alert” and the breed should be “playful and entertaining”. I look for stand-outs in my ring that are happy, confident, having fun versus reserved, timid or fearful, which sadly does exist in our breed. 3. This amazing animal of course comes in two coats. Do you think there’s confusion among judges when judging both in the same class? VD: Definitely—regardless of the Standard they are different. SH: Not at all. The Powderpuff body is the same under the coat. A good judge can find it. PI: We have some spectacular entries in both varieties now—I don’t see any confusion, although there was in the past. SK: I don’t think breeder judges have any confusion judging the two varieties but I do think it is confusing for other non-breeder judges. That is because I have heard them state so. A fully coated dog and a Hairless dog just do not look the same. DP: There was a time I witnessed this but I think the pow- derpuffs (which have gotten better in quality) are judged

PENELOPE “PENNY” INAN I live in Palmdale, the northern end of Los Angeles Coun- ty. Pretty much dog shows is what I do. I steward, judge and exhibit. STEVE KELLY

I live in Las Cruces, New Mexico. I am a retired elementary school teacher and principal. Hybridizing iris is what keeps me busy outside of the dogs these days. I have an iris farm (Adobe Iris) with thousands of iris plants.

My original breed was Afghan Hounds which I showed, bred and owned for over 30 years. I have been doing the same with the Cresteds since 1992. I began judging these two breeds in 1998.


I live in Leola, Pennsylvania in beauti- ful Lancaster County and I am a mortgage loan officer. I have been involved in the



equally as the Hairless. I think more confusion exists with the description of Powderpuff coats as well as loca- tion and type of furnishings on the Hairless. 4. Do you have a preference for one coat type over the other, out of the show ring? VD: Out of the show ring—Puffs by far but in the ring the Hairless do better. SH: No, I love both coats. PI: The look is indeed very different. Due to personal allergies, I have never been able to live with a Powderpuff—but wish I could. They are beautiful in full coat and some grooming options are truly adorable! SK: My first Crested was a Puff (because it looked like an Afghan). I have owned, bred and finished many of both varieties, so for me there is no preference. There are some judges who do prefer one over the other and you soon learn who they are. DP: In the show ring, absolutely zero preference. Outside the show ring, let’s just say I had a reputation of “if you want a good Powderpuff go to Deirdre, she never keeps her Puffs no matter how good they are”. I swore after Afghans I’d never pick up another pin brush and I haven’t! 5. Are there any traits in this breed you fear are becoming exaggerated? VD: Actually I’ve seen more coming closer to the standard than when I first started showing and breeding but some still putting fancy furnishings over the actual standard. SH: Yes this ridiculous practice if shaving a “V” down the neck and chest, to the skin, on the Powderpuffs. The standard very clearly says grooming on the PP is mini- mal! This look is ugly and ruins the look of a beautiful Powderpuff coat! SK: Oh yeah. Grooming is over the top. On the Puffs you are seeing necks shaved way down the front and chest and feet being trimmed like a Cocker. Top knots are being ratted up and sprayed. The shawls that grow down the back of the Hairless is also another grooming problem. All of these grooming exaggerations really detract from the overall appearance of the dog and do them no justice. This is all in opposition to the standard also which states “minimal grooming”.

DP: The amount of body hair on some Hairless has always been a factor in the breed but the exaggerated trimming has not. I don’t understand exhibitors who are leaving body hair on the shoulders to make this long mane over the shoulders, it looks ridiculous and is not correct. Also shaving V’s down the front to accentuate the neck on Puffs, at least I think that is what exhibitors are doing; again, to me wrong! And the amount of coat on some Puffs is way over the top. The true Hairless is few and far between and the correct Puff coat is nearly a thing of the past, sadly. 6. Do you think the dogs you see in this breed are better now than they were when you first started judging? Why or why not? VD: I’m seeing better heads and top lines than when I first started in the breed. I believe the breeders are paying more attention to blood lines and going out to better stud dogs to help improve what their bitch may be lacking versus breeding to whoever is winning at the time. SH: Definitely better. In the early days many had hackneyed movement. You rarely see this anymore. SK: Some areas have improved and some have gotten worse. Top lines are much improved over what they were years ago. The hackney movement that you used to see a lot has become less. On the other side, the curled tails are becoming worse and more prevalent and there are many more square dogs. The standard calls for a slightly longer dog and a tail with a slight curve resembling a sickle. The increasing size is also becoming worse. Because the standard is not specific but states “may be slightly larger or smaller” leads to too much interpretation. The amount of body hair on the Hairless is also a bigger problem now. DP: I do believe the breed has improved greatly over the years, especially the early years of breed recognition. The one big concern I have for the breed, and I don’t think this is exclusive to the Chinese Crested, is the lack of true breeding kennels producing a consistent bloodline, with a consistent look. In my own breeding program, I had a set “look” meaning you could look at a group of Cresteds in the ring and know which ones are Makara dogs. Same applies to Whispering Lane, Gipez, Sun-A-Ra, Razzmatazz and many others—I mention these kennels in particular because they are either totally gone or nearly so.




There are still some breeders today with consistency in their breeding and you know it’s a Gingery dog (for example) when you see it but those kennels are becom- ing a thing of the past. People just can’t afford to keep the size kennels we once had. 7. What do you think new judges misunderstand about the breed? VD: Quite a few forget to first judge all of the Hairless then the Puffs separate in their minds before deciding which they prefer. A lot of judges still feel it is only a Hairless breed and forget the Puff is needed to help in more than the dental. The worse are those that won’t look at a true Hairless as they normally do not have the fancy furnishings. SH: Tail carriage! Tail carriage! Tail carriage! The tail should never come over and lay on the back! SK: I think most judges who are not breeder judges don’t realize the amount of body hair the Hairless variety really has. In the ring you see very few dogs who are truly Hair- less. Just like the amount of body hair that different men have, the Cresteds also come in varying amounts from very little to very profuse. According to the standard they are only to have hair on certain parts of the body and the body itself is not one of those areas. Some people are also showing the Powderpuff shaved down to look like a Hair- less. Most judges are unaware of this. DP: I don’t know if there is a particular misunderstanding but I do see many judges of our breed give little or no attention to movement. Our standard reads “the Hairless variety is not to be penalized for absence of full dentition” but my input to judges (and breeders); it is possible to have big pearly whites in a correct scissor or level bite! Strive for it. When judging I hear far too many exhibitors make com- ments when examining bites “oh he/she has a typical Hairless bite” as if that is an excuse to have numerous missing teeth. 8. Your opinion of the current quality of purebred dogs in general, and your breed in particular. PI: Right now many breeds have lost type, in my opin- ion—however Chinese Cresteds are in great shape. The breeders have really worked hard to get consistency and soundness. Grooming is still an issue for some. 9. The biggest concern you have about your breed, be it medical, structural, temperament-wise, or what. PI: I would like breeders and exhibitors to read the standard and groom accordingly—the crest tapers to the base if the neck, instead of leaving a shawl that makes a correct dog look too short bodied. Tail length is a common prob- lem—and curled is incorrect.

Same advice to new judges—watch breeder judges when possible. I learned correct movement from watching a breeder judge the sweepstakes at a National—by the time she was done, I understood what she was looking for. 12. Anything else you’d like to share—something you’ve learned as a breeder, exhibitor or judge or a par- ticular point you’d like to make. VD: I would like to see more breeding to get better move- ment and more breeders and owners showing their dogs in obedience, rally, barn and sent if they don’t have a show quality or after they have retired the dog from the show ring. Also getting their children into Jr. Handling. We need these entries as much as Conformation to keep the breed going. SH: There is a wide range of size on the breed. Often the smaller dogs tend to be square which is incorrect. If you find a true Hairless that is rectangular with a level top line and reach and driven reward it. Don’t put up the incorrect dog with more (flashy) furnishings. PI: The Chinese Crested standard says “When dog is in motion, the tail is carried gaily and may be carried slight- ly forward over the back. At rest the tail is down with a slight curve upward at the end resembling a sickle.” Also I stress when mentoring, the Crested is “a toy dog, fine- boned, elegant and graceful.” SK: This breed is very people oriented. Most would be content to lay in your lap all day long. It is interesting to watch the individual character traits that they possess. I had one that would run circles in the kitchen when using the ice machine in the refrigerator. Another would run to a tree in the backyard whenever you opened to door to make you think they were treeing a bird. I had one that had some infatuation with the lawn mower. All you had to do was go over and touch it and she would begin bark- ing and carrying on. They are quirky and fun! DP: The Chinese Crested is an awesome breed. Sweet, intel- ligent, loveable, devoted, easy to train, clean, friendly, outgoing—traits I hope breeders continue to strive for, for many years to come. 13. And for a bit of humor, what’s the funniest thing that you ever experienced at a dog show? VD: Hard to remember at my age but I can say that the clothes people wear to show in at the European/Brit- ain shows—in a Crested show one lady had spikes on the toes of her shoes (I have that picture) and couldn’t understand why her Hairless Crested didn’t want to stay close to her. PI: My sister was showing two Cresteds—her dog and my bitch. When she was getting the dog out of the crate, my bitch escaped. She looked around for a minute, noticed the dogs in the ring getting bait, and got in line, stacked herself and waited for one of us to catch up! She was quite a character! DP: Sitting in front of two exhibitors ringside who were dis- cussing what I like as a judge, not realizing I was sitting in front of them. It was priceless.

10. The biggest problem facing you as a breeder. PI: I cannot answer as I no longer breed Cresteds.

11. Advice to a new breeder? Advice to a new judge of your breed? PI: When you come into a breed, seek out information. There are long-time Crested breeders who can help.




T he very first words of the Chi- nese Crested Standard are “A toy dog, fine-boned, elegant and graceful” and that should be your first impression. Starting at the head, the large ears (either clean-shaven or covered in silky hair) are set so that the base is level with the outside corner of the eye. Small ears, or ears set too high on the head, are not correct. The head should be a clean wedge—both from the top and from the side. All too often we see a deep stop and short muz- zle—an adorable look, but not in keep- ing with the Chinese Crested Standard. Sometimes that appearance is coupled with a round eye again not correct; we want wide set almond shaped, prefer- ably dark eyes, although lighter eyes in keeping with the dog’s color are accept- able. A common misperception is the requirement for a scissors bite—our standard allows for both scissors AND level. Missing teeth are normal with the Hairless variety, although we ask that you penalize them in the Powderpuff- this is not a DQ, only a fault, we ask you treat it as any other fault. Primar- ily, the jaw should be correctly aligned even if there are few or no teeth. Any color nose is acceptable with full pig- ment-dark pigment with a dark dog and lighter pigment on a lighter dog.

The Crest on the head should be silky and taper to the base of the neck, neither an abrupt “chop” nor a shawl continu- ing onto the body of the dog and mak- ing even a correctly rectangular body seem square. The Chinese Crested is/should be a rectangular dog being longer from with- ers to set on of tail than from withers to the ground. This can be a difficult mea- surement to ascertain, but an easy way is to look for “the rectangle under the dog”. That is, the space under the dog’s body should be visibly rectangular. If it is a square, most likely the dog is too short bodied. This leads to movement faults—we want an easy mover, and the extra body length allows for that freedom. A level topline, both standing and moving, is a highly desirable char- acteristic. There should be a moderate tuck up—not exaggerated. The croup is slightly sloping, with the tail carried out or slightly over the back in motion. The tail should drop at rest, with a slight curve upward. The Chinese Crested has true “hare feet”—with long toes, and often capable of actually holding some- thing. Be aware that those toes may give you the impression of nails not being correctly trimmed. Hairlessness is a hallmark of the breed, with a soft and smooth skin.

The appropriate places for hair are the head (Crest), the feet (Socks), and the tail (Plume). All the hair should be soft and silky- and length neither adds nor detracts from type. The expres- sion of hairlessness is variable -and dif- ficult to predict in breeding. Groom- ing is acceptable, so that when you have the dog in your ring, the hairless areas should be correctly presented. Please don't advance a dog with groom- ing injuries -burns, scrapes, etc. My phrase is “you wouldn’t put up a badly groomed Poodle, please don’t put up a badly groomed Crested”. The Socks should taper and end at the top of the pastern in front and the hocks behind. Again, lots of hair is neither a fault nor a virtue—correct silky hair is the most important part. On the tail, the Plume only extends two-thirds of the way towards the body. The Powderpuff is completely covered in that same soft silky hair his Hairless brethren have- but in addition there is a somewhat shorter undercoat. This should be a “wash and wear” dog, so heavy, kinky or curly coats are incorrect. You may be amazed at how lightweight that coat is—silky and fine, rather than weighty and dense.




THE BAD I often ask other judges, “Would you give 1st in the Hound Group to a Whippet with its tail laying on its back? Would you give 1st in the Non-Sporting Group to a Dalmatian with its tail laying on its back? Or would you give 1st in the Herding Group to a German Shepherd with its tail laying its back?” Then why, why, why are Chi- nese Cresteds with their tails laying on their backs not only winning Groups, but also Best in Shows? The Chinese Crested standard, under tail, states, “When dog is in motion, the tail is carried gaily and may be car- ried slightly forward over the back.”

The dictionary states ‘gaily’ refers to, “In a joyous or happy manner.” The standard does not say ‘gay’ tail, which is a completely different thing! And while it says the tail may be carried slightly over the back, it does not have to be! And back to the dictionary, slightly means, “to a small degree.” All Crested standards prior to full AKC recognition, stated, “Tail carried up or out” or words to that effect. A Crested with its tail carried straight out was perfectly fine and it is interesting to see that some of our older judges seem to remember this! On the other hand, I remember a show years ago, not too long after the breed came into the

Toy group, when a judge withheld first place in a puppy class with three beau- tiful puppies that trotted around with their tails straight out. Pekes, Poms and Havanese carry their tails over their backs—not Cresteds! I have my own ideas why the tail section was rewritten when the breed came into the AKC, but I think you can figure it out! You find most bad tails on Powder- puffs, but the occasional Hairless will appear in the ring with a curly or cork- screw tail. It doesn’t help that many pro handlers and some owner handlers, prop or push the tail over on the dog’s back. As a judge, I think, “Hey, thanks!


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It states, “Body length from withers to base of tail is slightly longer than the height at the withers.” Some judges seem to glance at this and think, ‘Slight- ly longer than tall.’ No! The measure- ment is from the withers, not from the front of the dog! You’re talking inches here from the chest to the withers, and this means rectangular, which is also the first word in the standard after “Pro- portions”: rectangular! There aren’t as many square Cresteds as there used to be and I have never seen one I thought was too long. I love that the Crested standard says, “Any color or combination of colors.” Some are definitely flashier than others, but we shouldn’t be swayed by that. Even the Hairless can come in various skin shades and they get darker in the summer sun. Many Powderpuffs change color over their life span. Temperament is fantastic. Rarely do you see a shy Crested. Some may not like the show ring and not always get their tail up, but all love people! THE UGLY I’m sure other Crested people can attest to this. How many times have you tried to explain to someone what a Crested is and you end up say- ing, “You know, the hairless dog that always wins the Ugly Dog contest?” And the person always goes, “Oh yeah!” They know exactly what you mean! Then you hasten to explain that the breed really isn’t ugly! Will this ever end? ABOUT THE AUTHOR I currently judge four Groups with breeds in the other three groups, plus Rally and Lure Coursing. I am a breed- er-judge of Chinese Cresteds, Whippets and Afghan Hounds.


I might have missed that bad tail, if you hadn’t pointed it out to me!” When judging Cresteds, a bad tail is something that should be evaluated like any other fault. Judging the overall dog, you may find yourself giving that dog points, a major or even the breed, if it is outstanding in other ways. But I find it extremely hard to believe that there wasn’t something better in the Toy Group to give first to—and Best in Show, please! Okay, now to coat. I think most judg- es realize that there are true Hairless, with sparse furnishings on head, feet and tail, little to no body hair and skin smooth and soft! The so-called hairy Hairless, tend to have body hair to some degree, which is removed for the show ring. The skin on these dogs may not be quite as smooth. But both are perfectly acceptable! Some judges like to run their hands backward over the dogs back (toward the head) checking for stubble. Believe me, all you are catching are the bad groomers! Under “Coat”, concerning the Pow- derpuff, the standard states “The PP variety is completely covered with a double soft and silky coat. Grooming is minimal—consisting of presenting a clean and neat appearance.” Concerning both varieties, HL and PP, the standard states, “Hair on the ears and face may be trimmed for neatness in both variet- ies.” So every time I see a beautiful Pow- derpuff with a gosh awful “V” shaved to the skin on its neck, it drives me crazy. Nowhere in the standard is this allowed or condoned! It is so prevalent, that you rarely see a PP that hasn’t been subjected to this! I even had a newer handler say to me,

“But the judges won’t put you up if you don’t do it!” Sorry to break it to you guys, but the judges I have talked to in person about this, hate it as much as I do! You may win, but it’s because most judges realize it is not a conformation fault, but the groomer/handler’s fault. THE GOOD Movement has improved tremen- dously since the breed entered the AKC ring. You rarely see a Crested with hackney movement. Not all have great reach and drive, but most trot efficient- ly. Down and back movement is pretty good with the occasional cow-hocked dog. Powderpuffs tend to look closer in the rear as they go away, but this is almost certainly because of the heavy hock coat, in most cases, more profuse than the socks on the Hairless. Top lines are overall good and level. The Hairless can’t hide anything, but art- ful brushing on the Powderpuff top line can hide dips and rises that shouldn’t be there. The Chinese Crested is rectangu- lar, not square and not off-square! The wording in our standard is misleading.


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I currently live in Florida. I just retired to this sunny and warm state and I am enjoying it immensely. Right now I’m enjoying spending time with my family and not having to get up at a set time each day to go to work. I started in dogs in 1988 with my first Afghan Hound, DCh and Canadian Ch Shahbanous Shah Jahan (which is where my kennel name originates from). My first Chinese Crested, Ch Sanuchar K Aus O Xu Fei, came in 1992 from my friends the Rachunases. I started judging in 2007. SUE KLINCKHARDT- GARDNER I live in Palmdale, California. When I’m not grooming/ cleaning/training, I dance with a group of senior ladies in our area. We perform at many local events. I have a master’s degree in dance so this is a way for me to keep in shape and have fun at the same time. I’ve always had dogs, but I got my first show dog (an Irish Setter) in 1970 and showed him at a match in March of that year. I was first approved to judge in 1995. DR. SOPHIA KALUZNIACKI I live in Green Valley, Arizona, which is just south of Tucson. I have bred and shown horses even before I showed dogs, work on and race Corvettes, love art and many other etceteras. I went to my first dog show in 1957 with a German Shep- herd puppy that I bought with baby sitting money. I have been successful with Ger- man Shepherds and Akitas, as well as Cresteds. I have been judging for twenty-five plus years.

I was born and raised in Southern Cali- fornia. After retiring from professional handling I moved to Colorado, where my husband and I purchased a Pet Resort. We recently moved to Florida, where we purchased another Pet Resort. Outside of dogs, I enjoy traveling, taking cruises, bik- ing, hiking, kayaking and spending time

at the swimming pool or on a beach. I have been in dogs for most of my life. I began showing in obedience in 1982. I moved on to conformation in 1988 and have been exhibiting ever since. I had a rewarding career as a professional handler that lasted for many years. After handling several Chinese Cresteds, I simply fell in love with the breed and have had them ever since. I began judging just over 4 years ago. I am currently approved to judge a handful of breeds, but I am in the process of applying for a lot more. I am very honored to be judging the Chinese Crested National Specialty in 2017. DEIRDRE PETRIE

I live in beautiful Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and I am a Mortgage Loan Officer. I am originally from upstate New York but have spent the better part of the last 20 years in Pennsylvania. I obtained my first show dog in 1975, an Afghan Hound, and in 1976 my first Saluki. Salu- kis were my main breed for a number of

years as well as showing a few Whippets to their champion- ships. I obtained my first Chinese Crested in 1986 and the breed captured my heart immediately. Mind you, this was well before the AKC recognized the breed in 1991 and Chi- nese Cresteds were quite rare at the time with just a handful of breeders in the US. I obtained my judge’s license in 2006 and currently judge a number of Sighthound breeds as well as Chinese Cresteds.

1. Describe the breed in three words. PF: Happy, curious and entertaining. SKG: Exotic, devoted and fanciful.

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chinese crested Q&A


SK: Lively, elegant and happy little rectangle with trimmings. HL: Elegant, entertaining and unique. DP: Elegant, graceful, loving, devoted and silly.

Chinese Crested should be. But while judging, please do keep in mind the temperature as a shaking Hairless might not be shaking out of fear but more so from the cold temperature. I also see far too many square dogs being shown and bred. The standard reads, “Rectangular: body length from withes to base of tail is slightly longer than the height at the withers”. And finally, there is too much body hair on the Hairless variety. So many exhibitors are showing their exhibits with crests covering the shoul- ders, boots up to the elbows and poorly kept skin. 4. Do you think the dogs you see in this breed are bet- ter now than they were when you first started judging? PF: I do feel they are better now than when I first started judging. There is definitely more consistency in the breed. SKG: Absolutely better now. In the beginning of our AKC recognition breed type was not consistent and soundness was rare. We can still improve but we have come so far. SK: Some things are better. I am not seeing as many dogs with skin conditions. However, I am seeing more Puffs with a lot of cottony undercoat, which is not correct. I also feel that there are more dogs with large, round eyes, which are also incorrect. Heads with muzzles too short are also more common. The head-to-muzzle ratio should be one-to-one, meaning that the distance from occiput to stop equals the distance from stop to tip of nose. A muzzle shorter than that just detracts from the whole expression. The Crested should be elegant from tip of nose to tip of tail and everything in between. HL: The Chinese Crested breed is one of the few breeds that I have seen a true improvement in. I do feel that the breed is better today than it was when I first started. I believe they are better in part because the gene pool has increased and we have placed great emphasis on breed- ing quality as well as improving dentition. Soundness and dentition have completely changed for the better. DP: I think in general dogs have gotten better over time since I started in the breed in 1986 but since I’ve started judging the breed in 2006 I think the quality ebbs and flows. Two problems that existed in the breed in 1986 still appear today—although I have seen improvement— those being round eyes (the standard calls for an almond- shaped eye) and short tails (the standard calls for a tail long enough to reach the hock). 5. What do you think new judges misunderstand about the breed? PF: Two things stand out. First is the proportion of the body. Second is the Powderpuff coat. It should not resemble a Maltese coat. The Crested is a double-coated breed. The coat should not lay flat like a single coated breed and it should not hang to the floor. The standard states, “The Powderpuff variety is completely covered with a double soft and silky coat. Close examination reveals long thin guard hairs over the short silky undercoat. The coat is

2. What are your “must have” traits in this breed? PF: As an owner I feel they must have a wonderful personality. As a judge, they must have good movement, nice skin, correct hair and placement of hair and be proportioned correctly. SKG: Soundness, level topline, correct tail carriage and breed type—all of which are sometimes difficult to find right now. SK: Balance, soundness, level topline and happy attitude. HL: First and foremost, I must have structural soundness and freedom of movement. As breeders, we have worked very diligently to improve the overall quality in structure of the breed. I must also have overall balance, a good temperament and a level topline. DP: My background in Sighthounds tends to make me a bit of a movement freak along with level toplines and pretty, elegant, wedge-shaped headpieces. These are three key features of the breed that I focused on as a breeder. The standard calls for “Gait: Lively, agile and smooth without being stilted or hackneyed”. It also calls for “Forequar- ters: Angulation, layback of shoulder is 45 degrees to point of shoulder allowing for good reach”. Thus, I seek a beautiful stride showing reach and drive when I judge the breed. 3. Are there any traits in this breed you fear are becoming exaggerated? PF: Cresteds, according to the standard, are meant to be slightly longer than the height at the withers. At this point in time I feel there are too many square dogs being shown. SKG: I’m seeing some really long bodies. Cresteds are rectan- gular, but some are looking like Corgis. This is not right for our breed. SK: I think that there seems to be too much emphasis in judging on abundant and exaggerated furnishing. I love good furnishing on the hairless, but too much, to the point that you have to look at the dentition to see if it is a shaved down Puff, is just not what the breed is all about. HL: I fear that tails are beginning to come too far forward over the back and this is becoming commonly accepted. Also, short tails are being seen more often. The tail should be long enough to reach the hock and may be carried slightly forward over the back. At rest the tail is down. In today’s ring we see many resting on their backs at a standstill. This is perhaps not a major fault but some- thing that needs to be recognized and corrected. DP: Under temperament in our breed standard it calls for a “gay and alert” dog. In the general description of the stan- dard it reads “playful and entertaining”. Unfortunately as a judge as well as a spectator I see too many Cresteds that are shy, standoffish and fearful—definitely not what a

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