Let’s Talk Breed Education!
KOREAN Jindo BY ANN KIM, NICHOLE ROYER, AND NATASHA BROWN.
ORIGIN The Korean Jindo dog is an old breed that originates from an island called Jindo, which is located off the southwest coast of South Korea. There are no written records about how the first dogs arrived on the island of Jindo. However, there are several theories that have been presented in the past. The most wide- ly held theory is that the Jindo dog originated from the dogs already indigenous to the Korean peninsula, thousands of years ago. STATUS In Korea, the Jindo dog is designated as Korea Natural Treasure #53. Dogs born on Jindo Island fall under the jurisdiction of Jindo County. The county holds bi-yearly evaluations of young dogs, is responsible for the protection of the dogs, and hosts the annual Jindo Island dog show. A research institute was created in 1999 for the study of the Jindo dog. There is a large population of Jindo dogs that live outside of the island. The main- land of Korea has a significant population (perhaps half of all Jindos in South Korea) and there are many Jindo dog organizations that strive to preserve the purity of the breed and promote the propagation of excellent dogs. In Korea, both Jindo populations are registrable under the Korea Kennel Federation, which is the FCI member club for South Korea. Under the label “Korea Jindo Dog,” the Jindo received full breed recogni- tion in 2005 as FCI Standard No. 334. In the United States, the Jindo dog can usually be found in large Korean immi- grant communities. Korean Jindo owners in Los Angeles, California, established a Jindo breed club in 1993 and started conducting shows in 1995. Jindo judges were flown from Korea to the US to judge these shows. In 2008, the Jindo was accepted into the AKC Foundation Stock Service. In 2012, the first imports directly from South Korea were entered into the AKC-FSS stud book, with the very first AKC-FSS litter born in 2014. The Korean Jindo Association of America was formed in 2017 as the breed’s future parent club. As of January 14, 2021, there are 35 Jindos recorded with AKC-FSS, and of those Jindos, 11 are titled. Those 11 Jindos have earned 42 titles combined, including two Certificate of Merit titles. TYPE There is a certain presence that a Jindo dog gives off that is different from any other breed. Even though the Jindo dog was allowed to develop under natural selection due to the difficult living conditions of Jindo island, they were influenced by the preferences of the Korean people. Dogs that exemplified the traits that Koreans admired were helped along. It is through this Korean input that the Jindo dog is distinguished from being just one of the many primitive, pariah, or spitz dogs out there to being a Korean treasure.
“DOGS BORN ON JINDO ISLAND FALL UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF JINDO COUNTY. THE COUNTY HOLDS BI-YEARLY EVALUATIONS OF YOUNG DOGS, IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE DOGS, AND HOSTS THE ANNUAL JINDO ISLAND DOG SHOW.”
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With the Jindo, the breed’s function was determined not so much by man, but was determined by its environment: “Nature-made.” “Natural.” “Naturally Selected.” These are the comments used when describing the first impression given off by a Jindo. In observing the Jindo dog, instead of examining up close and entangled with only the details, it is better to take 7-8 steps back and see the dog’s body as a whole, feeling its natural and bestial beauty. And if the observer is keen, he will be able to see that every part of the Jindo dog’s body is composed of curves, and not an angle or a line is to be found. The traditional Korean arts emphasized the softness of the curve and simplicity; and instead of “vibrant,” preferred moderate and soft colors. It is obvious that the appearance of the Jindo dog follows the Koreans’ feelings. The Korean Jindo is a well-proportioned, medium-sized dog (between 39-50 lbs. for males, and 33-41 lbs. for females). With prick ears and a rolled or sickle-shaped tail, they should be a vivid expres- sion of agility, strength, alertness, and dignity. The ears should be medium in size, triangular in shape, thick, and perfectly erect; set neither high nor low, and point slightly forward, in line with the back of the neck. When let down, the tip of the tail should reach the hock. If sickle-shaped or rolled, the end of the tail can touch the back or flank, but should not be too curled. The tail is profusely feathered. The Jindo is a double-coated breed. The undercoat is soft, dense, light in color but sufficient to support the overcoat. They come in six colors: Hwanggu (red/fawn), Baekgu (white), Naenunbakyi (black & tan), Jaegu (wolf grey), Hogu (brindle), and Heukgu (solid black). TEMPERAMENT The Jindo dog developed certain character traits as it developed further on the island. They are noted as having a strong spirit, which was encouraged due to the difficult living conditions on the island. Many of their owners could not provide more than meager scraps to their dogs, and so the dogs had to hunt for their own food, and also, sometimes, their owner’s food. Dogs roamed freely on the island, and they retained many primitive traits in order to survive and thrive. The Jindo often traveled long distances or several days on the island, and so a natural homing ability developed in them so that they could still find their way home to their master. This homing ability was tested in modern times, even when the Jindos were removed far from the island. No big predator lives on Jindo island. However, the Jindo dog has a reputation for being extremely brave and courageous in facing these animals. This reputation was based on how, a long time ago, dogs were taken from the island and a few lines were used by nobles and hunters. They were used to hunt big game animals located on the Korean peninsula, where the quarry was finished off by the human hunter’s arrow or spear. The types of animals that were encountered in Korea were leopards (Amur leopards), tigers, wolves, bears, and wild boars.
A properly socialized Jindo is a supremely self-confident ani- mal and should not be dog aggressive on neutral territory. When its personal space is invaded or directly challenged by anoth- er dog, the Jindo will most likely react with extreme displea- sure. But, otherwise, they should not be snarling and snapping uncontrollably at the sight of another dog. Under-socialized or fearful animals will sometimes react with a threat display, and so it’s very important to socialize a Jindo as much as possible. Obedience school is recommended at six months of age, but earlier socialization under safe, controlled conditions is strongly recommended for this inherently suspicious breed. Q & A Q: Is this the breed that they eat in Korea? A: Historically, the Jindo was not the breed raised for con- sumption in Korea. The Jindo was valued for being an extremely intelligent hunting dog. It was a different spitz dog referred to as Nureongi ( 누렁이 ) that was reared and consumed by a small portion of the population. However, the situation in Korea is changing. Before, Kore- ans would say, “Why would I want to own a dog?” But now, the attitude has changed to, “Maybe I’ll try owning a dog.” The result is not only the increase of pet ownership of all types of breeds, but also an increase in owner-surrenders. The disposable pet attitude that afflicts first-world countries like the US is also present in South Korea. Unlike the US, though, where there are municipal shelters in every city and private rescue groups, there are fewer options for unwanted dogs in Korea. This is why one will see Mastiffs, Golden Retrievers, Toy breeds, and Huskies,
as well as native spitz-types, in the meat markets. Q: Is it illegal to export a Jindo puppy out of Korea?
A: No, it is not illegal to export a Jindo puppy out of Korea. The Jindos located on the mainland of Korea are not under any protection regulations and may be exported, i.e., international airline travel paperwork freely denotes “Jindo” for a dog’s breed. Jindos within Jindo Island require a transport/export document from the county in order to be moved off the island and out of the jurisdiction of the protection regulations.
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Courageous - Polite - Independent - Serious
T he Korean Jindo originates from an is- land located off the southwest coast of South Korea, “Jindo Island”. The Jindo has the well-deserved reputation as an excellent hunter. Within the island, the Jindo is renowned for its skill at hunting small game as well as larger quarry consisting of deer and wild boar. Jindos are also known to be discerning home guardians. They learn not to give alarm at normal routines in their neighborhood and make discriminating watchdogs, not barking without just cause. In the home Jindos are very polite dogs. They are not prone to counter-surf or dig through trash, and are respectful of their owner’s property and belongings. They’re easily housebroken even as young pups, and have an excellent off-switch. Outside the home Jindos are active and ath - letic. Extremely intelligent, they temper their ability for independent thought and decision making with a biddability relying on a deep bond and respect for their owners wishes. The KJAA strives to develop breed enthusi - asts of the Korean Jindo in the US to assure that future owners and fanciers will be able to enjoy the breed’s unique character. Please consider joining us to help preserve this breed in its historical forms and function.
UKC GCh/ARBA Ch/KC-USA Ch/Int/Nat Ch HoSu of Do To Sung KR CM CGC CAA TKN 8 time BIS winner
First South Korean import recorded with AKC-FSS First AKC Certificate of Merit for the Breed Dam of 5 Titled Jindos in AKC-FSS
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FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL) SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1 er B – 6530 Thuin (Belgique) ______________________________________________________________________________
FCI-Standard N° 334
KOREA JINDO DOG
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD : 09.11.2004.
UTILIZATION: Hunting dog.
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types. Section 5 Asian Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : There is no written record about the origin of the Korea Jindo Dog, but many authorities agree that this breed has existed for several thousands of years in the Island of Jindo, which is located at the South-West end of the Korean peninsula. About the ancient origin, however, among different theories, the main accepted is, that the Jindo Dog is indigenous to Korea; the breed has been well preserved in this island due to the transportation difficulties in those days. In Korea, Korea Jindo Dogs are called Jindo-kae or Jindo-kyon. Kae or Kyon are Korean words for dog. GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Korea Jindo Dog is a well- proportioned medium-sized dog used for hunting and guarding. With erect ears and a rolled or sickle-shaped tail it should be a vivid expression of agility, strength, alertness and dignity.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Ratio between height at withers: length of body = 10 : 10,5.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: The Korea Jindo Dog has a very strong instinct for hunting and is bold, brave, alert and careful, not tempted easily and impetuous. But most of all he is extremely faithful to his master. On the whole he is not fond of other animals, especially males. He also has a good sense of direction.
FCI-St. N° 334 / 13.07.2005
A one-man dog, he readily accepts a new master, but never forgets his attachment towards the former master who raised him from puppyhood. He keeps himself clean and eats sparingly.
HEAD: In general, the head forms a blunt triangle when viewed from above and does not make the dog appear clumsy or coarse.
CRANIAL REGION : The skull is of medium size in proportion to the body. The top is slightly rounded and tapering down gradually to the eyes. The width between the ears is moderate in proportion to the size of the head. Stop : Well defined, but not too abrupt. There is a slight furrow extending up towards forehead. FACIAL REGION : Nose: Black. In case of white dog, flesh colour is permitted . Muzzle : The muzzle should not be bulky nor turned upward. Lips : Black , closing tightly, thin and not pendulous; upper lip slightly covers the lower lip. Teeth : Very strong; scissors bite. Cheeks : Well developed, dry and moderately round when viewed from side and front; narrowing to the end of the nose. EYES: Dark brown in colour, rather small in proportion to the size of the head, almond in shape and very lively; the outer corner of both eyes is slanted towards the ears. EARS: Of medium size, triangular in shape, thick and perfectly erect; ears, set neither high nor low, point slightly forward in line with the back of the neck. Inside of ears, a fine and dense texture of coat is desirable. NECK: Rather well-balanced and thick without dewlap, well muscled and strong. The Korea Jindo Dog carries his neck proudly and well arched when excited.
FCI-St. N° 334 / 13.07.2005
BODY Back : Strong and straight. Loin : Well muscled, taut, lean and narrower than the rib cage. Chest : Strong and moderately deep, but not too broad. The deepest point of chest reaches just above the elbow, but same level with the elbow is also acceptable. Ribs well sprung. Brisket well developed. Underline and belly : Drawn up. TAIL: When let down, the tip of the tail should reach the hock. Root rather set high, stands straight firmly and should not sway when the dog moves. Sickle-shaped or rolled, the end of the tail touching the back or the flank. Should not be too curled. The tail is profusely feathered.
FOREQUARTERS : General appearance: Forelegs straight and parallel when viewed from front. Shoulder : Strong and powerful and well laid back . Elbows : Close to the body, turned neither in nor out. Pastern : Slightly slanting forward when viewed from side. Forefeet : Cat feet. Toes rather short, roundish, compact and tight. Nails strong; black colour is preferred. Pads thick and well- cushioned. HINDQUARTERS : General appearance: When viewed from side, the hindlegs are moderately angulated ; when viewed from the rear , hindlegs stand straight, parallel and neither too wide nor too close. Dewclaws should be removed except in countries where their removal is forbidden by law. Upper thighs : Well-developed. Stifle : Moderately angulated. Hocks : Well let down, not straight, moderately angulated. Hind feet : Identical with forefeet.
FCI-St. N° 334 / 13.07.2005
GAIT / MOVEMENT: The gait of Korea Jindo Dog is powerful and steady . The back should remain firm and level. He trots carrying his head high, but when speed increases, the head is carried rather low, almost at the level of the shoulders. The upper part of the tail moves slightly according to the change of direction of the dog. COAT Hair : The Korea Jindo Dog has a double coat. Undercoat is soft, dense, light in colour, but sufficient to support the outercoat. Outercoat is stiff and stands somewhat off body. Comparing with the hair of the body, the hair on head, legs and ears is shorter and the hair on the neck, withers, back and rump is longer. The hair on tail and back of thighs is longer than on the rest of the body.
Colour : The colours of the Korea Jindo Dog are red fawn, white, black, black and tan, wolf grey and brindle.
SIZE AND WEIGHT : Height at withers : Males :
50-55cm, ideal 53-54 cm. 45-50 cm, ideal 48-49 cm.
Males : Bitches :
18 - 23 kg. 15 - 19 kg.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered as a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. • Not enough muscled. • Bones too thick or too fine. • Level bite . • Non-erect ears. • Dropping tail, short tail. • Overangulation. • Straight hock, cow hock, barrel hock. • Long coat or short coat .
FCI-St. N° 334 / 13.07.2005
Choppy gait, stilted gait.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: •
Aggressive or overly shy.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities. • Oversize, undersize. • Undershot, overshot. • Doggy bitch, bitchy dog. • More than 3 missing teeth. • Lack of pigment, albinism.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.
The latest amendments are in bold characters.
FCI-St. N° 334 / 13.07.2005
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