Australian Stumpy Tail Breed Magazine features information, expert articles, and stunning photos from AKC judges, breeders, and owners.
TAIL CATTLE DOG AUSTRALIAN STUMPY
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FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL) SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1 er B – 6530 Thuin (Belgique) ______________________________________________________________________________
FCI-Standard N° 351
AUSTRALIAN STUMPY TAIL CATTLE DOG
ORIGIN : Australia.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICAL VALID STANDARD : 06.07.2005.
UTILIZATION : As the name implies the dog’s prime func tion, and one in which he has no peer, is the control and herding of cattle in both wide open and confined areas, as well as in harsh conditions. Always alert, extremely intelligent, watchful, courageous and trustworthy, with an implicit devotion to duty making it an ideal working cattle dog. FCI-CLASSIFICATION : Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattledogs except Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs. Section 2 Cattledogs (except Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs) Without working trials. BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The “Stumpy Tail” has a long history in Australia and was carefully bred for herding cattle in the early-19 th Century. There are two schools of thought as to the actual founder of the breed. The first version is a Thomas Simpson Hall; cross-mated the Northern English herding dogs, Smithfields with the indigenous Australian Dingos creating the first Australian cattle dog to be known as Hall’s Heeler (circa 1830). The second version a drover named Timmins of Bathurst New South Wales in 1830 mated a Smithfields with the Australian Native Dog, the Dingo, the progeny, red bob- tailed dogs were known as “TIMMINS BITERS”. The dogs were great workers, but proved to be too severe on the stock. Another cross was needed. A smooth haired blue merle Collie was introduced, this established an excellent all round dog, the ancestor of the present day Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog.
The Smithfield introduced the natural bob-tail, the Dingo the red colouring as well as a natural acceptance of the harsh outback conditions. The blue colouring came from the blue merle Collie, which were also known as German Coolies. Generally “Stumpy Tails” were bred in the spacious rural areas of Australia and only a small number were registered in the Stud Books. In 2001, this long-standing breed was renamed the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog. GENERAL APPEARANCE : Shall be that of a well proportioned working dog, rather square in profile with a hard-bitten, rugged appearance, and sufficient substance to convey the impression of the ability to endure long periods of arduous work under whatsoever conditions may prevail. BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : The "Stumpy" possesses a natural aptitude in the working and control of cattle, and a loyal, courageous and devoted disposition. It is ever alert, watchful and obedient, though suspicious of strangers. At all times it must be amenable to handling in the Show ring.
CRANIAL REGION: Skull: Broad between the ears and flat, narrowing slightly to the eyes. Stop: Slight but definite. FACIAL REGION: The foreface is of moderate length, well filled up under the eye, the deep powerful jaws tapering to a blunt strong muzzle. Nose: Black, irrespective of the colour of the dog. Muzzle: Blunt and strong. Jaws/teeth: The teeth are strong, sound and regularly spaced. The lower incisors close behind and just touching the upper.
Cheeks: Muscular without coarseness.
EYES : The eyes should be oval in shape, of moderate size, neither full nor prominent, with alert and intelligent yet suspicious expression, and of dark brown colour. EARS : The ears are moderately small, pricked and almost pointed. Set on high yet well apart. Leather moderately thick. The inner side of the ear should be well furnished with hair. NECK : The neck is of exceptional strength , arched , muscular and of medium length, broadening to blend into the body, free from throatiness. BODY : The length of the body from the point of the breast-bone to the point of buttocks should be equal to the height of the withers. Back: Level, broad and strong. Loins: Deep and muscular. Chest: The well sprung ribs taper at the lower half, to a deep moderately broad chest.
TAIL : The tail is undocked, of a natural length not exceeding 10 cm (4 ins), set on high but not carried much above the level of the back.
FOREQUARTERS: General appearance: Well-boned and muscular. Viewed from any angle they are perfectly straight. Shoulder: Clean, muscular and sloping. Elbow: Parallel to the body. Forefeet: The feet should be round, strong, deep in pads with well arched toes, closely knit. Nails strong, short and of dark colour.
HINDQUARTERS: General appearance: Broad, powerful and muscular. When viewed from behind the hind legs from hock to feet are straight, and placed neither close nor too wide apart. Thigh: Well developed. Stifle: Moderately turned. Hock joint: Strong, moderately let down with sufficient bend. Hind feet: The feet should be round, strong, deep in pads with well arched toes, closely knit. Nails strong, short and of dark colour. GAIT/MOVEMENT : Soundness is of paramount importance. The action is true, free, supple and tireless, the movement of the shoulders and forelegs in unison with the powerful thrust of the hindquarters. Capability of quick and sudden movement is essential. COAT Hair: The outer coat is moderately short, straight, dense and of medium harsh texture. The undercoat is short, dense and soft. The coat around the neck is longer, forming mild ruff. The hair on the head, legs and feet, is short. Colour: • Blue: The dog should be blue or blue mottled, whole coloured. The head may have black markings. Black markings on the body are permissible. • Red Speckle: The colour should be a good even red speckle all over, including the undercoat (not white or cream), with or without darker, red markings on the head. Red patches on the body are permissible.
SIZE : Height: Dogs
46-51 cms (18-20 ins) at withers. Bitches 43-48 cms (17-19 ins) at withers.
Dogs or bitches over or under these specified sizes are undesirable.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
SEVERE FAULTS : •
Brown or flesh coloured nose.
• • • • • • • • • •
Pink eye rims.
Undershot or overshot jaws. Tail exceeding 10 cm (4 ins). Loaded or slack shoulders. Straight shoulder placement.
Weakness at elbows, pasterns or feet.
Stiltiness of hindquarters. Bow or cow hocks. Pink or white toe nails. White or cream coat colour.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS : •
Aggressive or overly shy temperament.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities. • Docked tail. • Tan markings.
N.B : •
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.
MEET THE Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog BY THE AUSTRALIAN STUMPY TAIL CATTLE DOG SOCIETY OF THE US
National Breed Club - Pending: Australian Stumpy Tail Cat- tle Dog Society of America. Care: Good quality food is essential for health. Daily exercise is required to keep this breed healthy and lean. Bathing and brushing will keep the coat clean and free of loose hair. Regular training, such as trick dog training, will keep this breed in good spirits. Nutrition & Feeding: Good quality foods that are formulated to ALL LIFE STAGES is recommended. Feeding amounts will vary, depending upon the activity levels the dog gets daily. Two meals, equally spaced during the day, will suffice. Free-feeding can be done as long as the dog does not get overweight. A high-energy feed that has non-GMO grains seems to work well with these dogs. Transitioning from puppy food to adult foods is really not necessary. Grooming - Coat Length/Grooming Requirements: Requirements for grooming are minimal. Weekly, gentle brush- ing removes excess shed hair and dirt. Bathing should be done as needed. Facial whiskers should not be removed. No trimming of tail hairs, as this is a “natural” breed. Toe nails need weekly atten- tion as they tend to grow quickly and sharp. Coat length is 1 to 1-1/2 inches. Slight feathering on outer thighs. Coat should lay flat and close to the body. Energy and Exercise: The “Stumpy” has a very high energy level and, therefore, needs daily exercise, a secure place to run, and mind-stimulating work. With a high level of stamina, this breed can work stock all day in the adverse condition for which it was developed. Hiking, backpacking, and obedience training are essen- tial for healthy body and mind for the lifetime of the dog. Health: The Stumpy is a relatively healthy breed and can live 12 to 15 years. All pups should be BEAR hearing tested, as this breed carries the gene for deafness. Progressive Retinal Atrophy and Primary Lens luxation are inherited eye problems, and all breeding pairs should be DNA screened to make good breeding decisions. Color: Blue - The color should be a good, even Blue Mottle or Blue Speckle, with or without black marking on the head and body. Blues should not have a red undercoat or any appearance of red throughout the coat or head. Red - The color should be a good even Red Mottle or Red Speckle, with or without red markings on head and body. Reds should not have a blue undercoat or any appearance of blue throughout the coat or head. Tan - Irrespective of the color of the dog, Tan Markings are not permissible in either the Blue or Red dogs, under any circumstances. Cream or White Undercoat Any Color Other Than Black on Nose and Toenails Serious Faults: • Tan Markings • Tan/Red Overlay on Head and/or Body in Blue Dogs • Blue Muzzle and/or Blue Overlay on Head and/or Body in Red Dogs Contacts: Facebook Page - Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog Society of the United States Website - www.stumpytailcattledogs.org - ASTCDS of America
Breed Name: Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog Size & Energy: 18-20 inches, 38-42 lbs. male; and 17-19 inches 32-35 lbs. females. The level of energy is that of any lean-muscled canine; it is very high. Lean muscle does not heat up as quickly as heavy muscle, thus they tend to have more stamina than that of the heavier-made Australian Cattle Dog. Characteristics: Faithful, Tenacious, and Reliable: Faithful to its owners, the Stumpy desires to be with its people. A tena- cious working dog for all stock and conditions makes him a reliable companion for the stockman. A natural bob-tailed breed, it should stand square, with plenty of leg length under the body; ratio being 55% leg to 45% body depth. Did You Know? 1. The Stumpy was Australia’s FIRST home-bred “invention.” 2. The Stumpy is an ancestor of the Australian Cattle Dog. 3. The Stumpy CAN be born with a long tail. 4. Although the Stumpy is the same height as the ACD, the Stumpy is longer in leg length than the Australian Cattle Dog. 5. The Stumpy is born white, as is the ACD. 6. Although he was erroneously listed as an “Australian Cattle Dog” among AKC’s first canines, “Paw of Courage” was a blue male STUMPY known as “Betcha.” (Fact, per Grace Harper, Breeder: This Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog was sent to a Vermont Sheriff’s Dept. as “SilverParks Betcha Ima Getcha.”) Breed History: There are two schools of thought regarding the development of the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog. Dur- ing the 1840s, two stockmen in separate states of Australia began crossing local working dogs with imported Drover’s dogs that may have carried the natural tailless-ness. It is believed that the ASTCD was the first breed developed in Australia, and with a few more additions (of other breeds) in the development process, the Austra- lian Cattle Dog came to be. The Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog developed from the same ancestors of early Hall’s Heelers and Timmons Biters. Emphasis was on breeding for work- ing ability and stamina. By the 1890s, the Cattle Dog was exhib- ited and it’s evident that early Cattle Dog classes included both long-tailed and stumpy-tailed varieties. By 1917, in some shows, Stumpy Tail Cattle Dogs comprised fifty percent of the Cattle Dog entrants. The period after WWI saw a decline of the Stumpy as a benched breed. By the 1960s, only one registered breeder remained for the Stumpy. In the 1980s, the Stumpy as a registered breed was nearing extinction. A redevelopment program by the ANKC began and has been successful in preserving the breed in Australia. The Stumpy was introduced, along with the ACD, to North America after WWII. However, documented (registered with the ANKC) Stumpy’s were not introduced until the year 2000. Temperament & Training: Easily trained using reward-based methods. Problem-solving and comical in nature. Temperament ranges from people-friendly to a bit wary of strangers. Great with known persons. Can be a bit of a watch dog and will alert owners to strangers nearing their property. Amenable to judges’ exams in the show rings.
270 | SHOWSIGHT MAGAZINE, NOVEMBER 2021
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