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From Illustrated Guide to the Standard of Norwich Terriers. The Norwich Club of America, © 2013. Used with permission.
Having first evaluated the side view, I watch him coming and going to evalu- ate soundness. Going away, he should neither move too close nor too wide. His elbows should not stick out coming towards you, and he should not paddle. Ideally, his hind legs follow in the track of the front legs, converging slightly with speed, but some Norwich move a bit wide in front due to their full rib spring and short legs. I don’t mind this if the movement is true. At this point, I have a sense of the dog’s virtues and weak points. Now, I will examine him more closely on the table, looking at details. His front legs are supposed to be straight and must be felt. Clever grooming can cover up crooked legs. His toes may turn out just slightly, however, his feet are small and ideally, he stands on well-arched toes pointed forward with thick pads. I feel the neck and shoulder placement with my hands. While he should have good lay-back, because he has short legs and is suppose to have good spring of rib, the chest will have some width. Also, I check the top line and tail set with my hands because clever grooming can cover up rolls and topline dips. The official standard describes the traits of the ideal Norwich. Some details are very specific, but I believe that excessive focus on details tends to result in fault judging. Fault judging is less productive when evaluating breed- ing stock. I first look for correct Nor- wich type and expression and forgive
small faults (such as a slightly gay tail, missing tooth, even a softer coat). The judge who understands the more subtle qualities prized in a Norwich will not reward a dog who is simply sound and lacks breed type. While I believe that the dog show competition should focus on confor- mation, showmanship in the ring is important to the extent that it displays the dog’s temperament. Show-ring pres- ence reveals the dog’s attitude. In the ring, the Norwich look best left alone to stack themselves. Some judges will spar Norwich. I don’t mind the judge who brings them to the center to stand on their own, but they are pack dogs and should not be sparred nose to nose. You don’t want a Norwich showing aggres- sion. Also, when judging Norwich, do not favor one color over another. Coat color is least important. All shades of red, wheaten, black and tan or grizzle are equally acceptable colors. The coat texture is to be hard, wiry and straight. It is a nearly weatherproof, double coat that should blend and appear as one piece on the body. The trim should be neat and not overly shaped. The coat should be healthy and not open or blown. The Norwich standard has remained relatively unchanged since the first English standard in 1932. It is my hope that the attributes that so endeared the founding Norwich breeders will continue to be upheld. To this end, members of the Norwich Terrier Club
of America recently published the first Illustrated Guide to the Standard of Norwich Terriers, for Norwich breed- ers, owners, exhibitors, and judges. Copies are available for $10 plus $2.50 postage. To order, please con- tact Patty Warrender, Notions Chair, at email@example.com. ABOUT THE
AUTHOR Jane Schu- bart is a m e m b e r of the Nor- wich Ter- rier Club of America (cur rent ly 2nd Vice- P r e s i d e n t
and Chair of the Illustrated Standard Committee). She is a parent club approved AKC Ringside Mentor for Norwich Terriers, the AKC Breed Col- umnist for the Norwich Terrier, and (with Alison Freehling) author of the Norwich Terrier chapter for The AKC Complete Dog Book (21st Edition), to be released in August 2014. She is also a member of the HYPERLINK "ht t p : //www.norwichter r ierc lub. co.uk/"Norwich Terrier Club, England (NTC). Jane and her husband have loved, owned and bred Norwich for 15 years under the prefix ASCOT. They live in Pennsylvania.
284 • S HOW S IGHT M AGAZINE , J UNE 2018
getting to know THE NORWICH TERRIER JOAN ECKERT
MIDGE MARTIN I live in Libertyville, Illinois, about 45 miles north of Chicago. My day job is as a Neuropsychologist . I am an independent contractor in a large and diverse group practice of wonderful people. I have spent over 50 years in purebred dogs: a silver Miniature Poodle in 1961, Afghan Hounds since 1964, a few English Cockers about that time, Salukis in the 1970s and the first Standard Wire- haired Dachshund in 1970. My first judging assignment was in October 1973—Ramapo Kennel Club. I left breeding and judging in 1981 to work for AKC. I was Administrator of Judges’ Education, responsible for the breed slide shows and videos. And, yes, I made up the very first tests for Judges. I resumed breeding and judging in 1990, when Don and I married and I moved to Illinois, starting work on my Psy D that fall. BETTY MCDONNELL
I am a breeder/exhibitor of Norwich for 35 years in Kalam- azoo, Michigan, and have judged several National Specialty sweepstakes. I am a leader in health testing and breeding sol- id dispositions with 35 champions, specialty winners and BIS winners. Outside of dogs, I have a grand hobby of antiques and unique collections of various objects—some might call it hoarding I suppose. MARETH KIPP I live with my husband on a dairy farm in southeastern Wisconsin in an area known as the Southern Kettle Moraine. My husband Fred, along with our son Bruce and grand- son Dan, run the farm. I am in charge of the bookwork. I do have a life outside of dogs, although with a current lit- ter of 6-week-old Airedale puppies, that time is limited. I volunteer at Waukesha Memorial Hospital in the recovery room, two days a week. I also love to find time to read, knit or do counted cross-stitch. I have been involved with pure- bred dogs and dog shows for (I hate to admit it) 48 years. My first dog show was in January 1968, and what a journey it has been. I have been judging 30 years, give or take. We have 4 adult children and 5 great Grandkids, two of which are making names for themselves as professional handlers. As for myself, during my first show as an exhibitor, under a wonderful Terrier Judge, Bill Marshner, we had a great Aire- dale entry of close to 20. I was showing my first puppy and won a class of 6. She went on to Reserve Winners Bitch and my husband later told Bill if he had only given me 5th in that class he could have put an end to all this show nonsense. I guess it didn’t work as I still love it and can’t wait for the next show. MARGO KLINGLER
I live in Mahwah, NJ on “Preserved Farmland” where I have a Christmas tree farm and a private nature preserve. Out- side of dogs, I am an avid gardener and birder. I love to travel, read and I enjoy the convenience of the many cultural oppor- tunities available in nearby New York City. I have always had dogs. Before I was 25
years old, I had owned a Cocker Spaniel, German Shepherds, Dachshund and Border Collie. In 1964, I purchased my first Newfoundland and breeding, training, showing and judging took over my life. In 2000 I started the process of downsizing to Norwich. My first Norwich was a two-year-old AKC Cham- pion and a World Champion from Sandina kennel—-an easy introduction to breeding. To date, two of my Norwich bitch- es have qualified as Register of Merit producers. I am always an owner-handler. I continued in obedience and five of my “untrainable Terriers” have earned Utility titles. I began train- ing in agility, which all my dogs love, and all of my Norwich have agility titles. I have served the Norwich Terrier Club of America as their AKC Delegate ever since the division of the combined Norwich and Norfolk Club. I am a Breed Mentor and am now a Permit Judge of Norwich.
I live in North Texas almost on the Red River. I am a retired Practice Man- ager Orthopedics and Neurosurgery. I do some consulting work. I have shown many different terriers over my 43 years being in the dog world, and judging 18 years of that.
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Judging The Norwich Terrier: A BREEDER’S PERSPECTIVE By Jane R. Schubart M y perspective of judging Norwich Terriers is that of a breeder. I’m not an AKC licensed judge. From inside the ring my experience is limited to judging two Norwich sweep- stakes and a couple of matches. Just enough to appreciate how di ffi cult judging can be. Th at said, from outside the ring I’ve spent hundreds of hours judging Norwich. Th rough the lens of a breeder, I view the purpose of dog shows as being to facilitate evaluation of future breeding stock. Whether inside or outside the ring, my approach is to evaluate the overall dog fi rst. I make my “ fi rst cut” on type. I’m looking for a hardy little hunt terrier who appears capable of dispatching small vermin. He is fear- less and never shy. Although the smallest of the terriers, Norwich should have substance—never fi ne-boned or toy-ish. He is a sturdy dog in a small package and sur- prisingly heavy when lifted. First, I like to watch a Norwich moving. He should cover the ground e ffi ciently. His neck should be of suf- fi cient length and not stu ff y, blending into well laid back shoulders to enable good reach. His height is achieved from depth of body, not length of leg. His body is short coupled, with good spring of ribs and just a little distance from the last rib to the tail. His should have short strong hocks and su ffi cient angulation to propel him forward with his topline remaining level. In keeping with his work- ing origin, the Norwich tail is medium-docked and of suf- fi cient length to grasp. It is set high at 12 o’clock. All the pieces should fi t together to give a pleasing picture of a small sturdy, spirited dog who moves with con fi dence and purpose. He should not appear long-cast or too stu ff y. Heads are important for correct breed type. Th e wedge-shaped muzzle is strong and slightly tapering. Th e Norwich standard says a “slightly foxy expression”. Th at doesn’t mean a fox-shaped muzzle. Rather, it means that his expression is alert, keen and interested. Th e skull is broad and slightly domed. His eyes are dark and a medium oval size. Round eyes look toy-ish and spoil the expression. Continued on pg. 246 S HOW S IGHT M AGAZINE , A PRIL 2014 • 243
over the rump. Once the groomer has made the topline level they then must create a straight underline. Th e underline of the dog (the area under the belly of the dog) is a re fl ection of the topline and ads to the overall outline of the dog. If the underline is not groomed evenly it will make the topline look uneven as well. Th e neck of the Norwich and Norfolk terrier is a “neck of medium length, strong and blending into well laid back shoulders” If the dog lacks length of neck a groomer must trim the front and sides of the dogs neck to create the illusion that the dog has a medium length of neck. Th e Norfolk and Norwich terrier should have feet that are round with thick pads. Th e feet should be trimmed underneath to remove all hair that would attract debris and distract from a round appearance. Th e outside of the foot should be trimmed round. Th e ears on the Norfolk and Norwich terrier should be stripped clean of hair. Th e Norfolk should have the hair in front of and under- neath the ear pulled close to allow the ears to lay fl at against the head of the dog. Th e Norwich terrier should have the top half of the ear cleaned both front and back and the remaining hair in front of the ear trimmed to lightly cover the ear opening. Th e hair on the Norwich ear should have a fanned appearance when fi nished. Th e tail of both the Norfolk and Norwich terrier should be stripped close and the area around the rectum should be kept clean of hair as well. Th e rear end of the Norfolk and Norwich terrier should be broad with strong, muscular thighs. Th ese dogs should have a rear end that extends past the base of their tail (a round rump appearance). When trimming this area it is important to tidy up the area but not to remove too much hair thus making the dog fall away behind or exposing the genitalia. Trimming these dogs for show can be a rewarding experience. Th e largest shortfall on grooming these breeds is when the groomer does not pull enough hair o ff the dog and they do not pull the coat often enough to create a rolled coat. Th e only way to perfect your grooming skills is to seek advice from people that have been trimming these breeds for years and have been very successful at it. I recommend looking at photos of top winning dogs and placing those photos in front of you when you trim your dog keep in mind those dogs probably had a fault or two themselves but the creative groomer has hidden them from sight with impeccable grooming. Another useful tip is to groom your dog in front of a mirror; this will allow the groomer to see what a person standing away from the dog would see. Most importantly do not be afraid to make a mistake… remember it is only hair and it will grow back!
BIO Lori has been a breeder of both Norfolk and Norwich terriers for 20 years. She won the Norwich terrier national specialty at Mont- gomery county Kennel Club in 2008 with CH Abbedale Brass Tacks “Rugby”. She has been at Norfolk Aggie since 1992. She has been teaching dog grooming since 1990 on the col- lege, post graduate and high school level. Lori
started her career in dogs at the age of 12 and it has continued ever since. She shares her home with Norfolk, Norwich and Border terriers as well as a Vizsla and a Golden Retriever. She breeds Norfolk and Norwich under the prefix Avalon and Borders and Goldens under the prefix Radland.
History of the NORWICH TERRIER
D ogs come in more forms and sizes than any other mammal species, thanks to our selective breed- ing for specific traits. Description of any dog breed is intrinsically linked to its history, the why and when of the breed’s characteristics. Here are some main points of a timeline that has led to today’s Norwich Terrier. Late 1800s In East Anglia, a rural, “horse coun- try”, dogs are widely used for hunts and for rodent control. Many local huntsmen have large kennels housing harriers, hounds and terriers and it is not uncommon to freely cross breeds based on specific hunting traits. A few breeders start crossing terriers in search of a small, carry-in-the-saddlebag, throw-the-ratter-in-the-barn, gamey local breed. Dogs range from wire to smooth coats, from mutts to established breeds of the day, all choices driven primarily by tem- perament and working ability. All dogs are chosen for their size, tenac- ity, energy and gameness, and that selec- tion quickly establishes local lines: CanTab Terriers, the Trumpington Terriers, the Jones Terriers. Th e types are fluid though, and the associated names have more to do with places and people, than a breed type. Charles “Doggy” Lawrence, for exam- ple, a local dealer and breeder of hunting dogs, is associated with both CanTab and Trumpington Terriers, and the names are used interchangeably for the same dogs. If there is one overarching characteristic of the breed’s early beginnings it would be gameness and fearlessness in a small body. Turn of the 20th Century In Cambridge, locally bred Th rump- ington/CanTab Terriers become popular with students. In addition to their rat- ting abilities (helpful in dorm rooms), and their portable size, the local terriers have
By Magda Chiarella
Recognition of the New Breed by the Kennel Club in 1932 With the solidifying of the breed type, there finally comes an o ffi cial recogni- tion of the Norwich Terrier in England. Th e controversy over the ear carriage is addressed by dividing the breed into two types—a dropped ear and a prick ear vari- ety. Th e conflict flares up though once the ear cropping is banned in England. Th e two Norwich types are not inter- bred. As a result, as with all selective breeding, the di ff erences between prick and drop ear varieties extend to other fea- tures, and slowly distinctly two di ff erent terrier types emerge. Drop Ear Norwich is Recognized as a Separate Breed Norfolk Terrier in 1964 in England and 1979 in America. Norwich Terrier is now understood as only the prick ear variety. Separating the two types into two breeds results in redrafting of the breed standard. A changing role of the Norwich Terrier in owners’ lives brings about changes in features that reflect a shift from a work- ing terrier to a pleasing companion. Dogs are bred with more furnishings and fuller coats, larger heads and heavier bodies. Th e legs get increasingly shorter. Tempera- ment gets further shifted from gameness and tenacity to a friendly disposition, as the dog’s role drifts completely away from hunting and ratting.
softer temperament than some other rat- ters. Bred to hunt in large packs, they dis- play a perfect blend of tenacity and being enjoyable companions. Some students continue crossing the local terriers, among them Jodrell Hop- kins, a breeder of Rags, the first dog with what we identify today as a Norwich type. In the spirit of form following function, Hopkins bred a red silky-coated terrier cross to a black Scotty-like bitch. Th e coat color and texture was not that important as their temperament. Th at mating though produced a pup with a dominant red coat color and dominant harsh coat texture, in addition to the principal goal of that breed- ing, namely gentle yet tenacious working terrier temperament. Th e emphasis on what is inside the dog, rather than how it looks, continues. A red wirehaired Rags is mated several times to a smooth-coated white bitch Ninety. Th e main contribution of the “Cam- bridge period” is a temperament of a loyal and friendly companion. Early 20th Century in England & First Exports to America Huntsmen in Norfolk county continue refining the local terrier type and two ear carriages emerge. Bigger and floppy ears are cropped. Th e new breed’s popular- ity extends past Norfolk. People travel to East Anglia to buy the small friendly rat- ter. As the demand grows, more breeders get involved, Frank “Roughrider” Jones among them. He sells the first export to America. Dog buyers refer to their dogs as Jones Terriers, but Jones himself calls his dogs Norwich Terriers. Th e name sticks. Th e breed’s friendly disposition spreads their popularity beyond hunting circles. By early 1920s first drafts of breed standard emerge, and an accompanied conflict over the ear carriage. Th e emphasis on dogs’ temperament and working abilities give way to a new focus on the looks.
End of 20th & Beginning of 21st Century
Th e age of Internet shopping cre- ates a new demand for small, good look- ing, friendly companions. Unscrupulous breeders start crossing other small terriers with Norwich and selling them as pure- bred Norwich Terriers. Th e Norwich Ter- rier Club of America fights to preserve the integrity of the breed. What will the future bring?
248 • S HOW S IGHT M AGAZINE , A PRIL 2014
dispatch small vermin.” Th ese abstract words/phrases o ff er valuable insights about living with a real-life Norwich. “Gay” (in the word’s original mean- ing) captures the breed’s sunny, play- ful disposition. A happy-go-lucky, joie de vivre outlook on life is the hallmark of the Norwich breed. If they have been properly socialized as young puppies, Norwich will be social butter fl ies, ami- able with children and adults (and usu- ally with other dogs) inside and outside their family circle. Along with this cheery personality comes abundant energy (“tre- mendously active”), a trait that makes exercise an important part of living with a Norwich. Daily walks, “fetch” games, agility and other performance/companion events, etc., are all recommended outlets for these lively little terriers. “Fearless” connotes brave, plucky, game—traits that were essential to the breed’s original function as barnyard rat- ters and go-to-ground fox bolters in the East Anglia region of England (encompass- ing the city of Norwich). When combined with the breed’s keen hunting instincts (“eager to dispatch small vermin”), fear- less can also mean foolhardy and rash. If a Norwich spots a squirrel or other
potential quarry while out walking, males and females alike would dash o ff in fren- zied pursuit, mindless of dangers posed by cars, unfriendly big dogs, getting lost, etc. For your dog’s own safety, living with a Norwich requires either a well-fenced yard, secure from digging under, or an owner willing to walk their Norwich on lead. To allow a small hunt terrier to explore out- side the con fi nes of a fenced yard or to go on walks o ff lead invites tragedy. “Loyal and a ff ectionate” suggest the breed’s people-loving qualities. Norwich are an exceptionally gregarious breed, always wanting to be with their people. Like tag-along “little shadows”, they will follow you everywhere. Invariably, they are by your side when you are reading or watching TV and underfoot when you are gardening, cooking, cleaning. Both pup- pies and adults need lots of attention and love. If left home alone all day every day, Norwich will not be happy. And if pup- pies are not properly socialized, they may develop shy, fearful, wimpy personalities. If zest for life personi fi es correct Nor- wich temperament, zest for food is equally characteristic of the breed. All my Norwich have been consummate beggars, plead- ing for another biscuit, another morsel of
bacon from my breakfast plate. Lest your Norwich balloon from a svelte 12 pounder to a hefty 16-plus pounder, owners must resist their dog’s begging. Overweight Norwich are a far too common phenome- non and, just as humans, are more likely to develop health problems linked to obesity. One fi nal aspect of living with Norwich involves grooming. As the breed standard states, the correct Norwich coat is “hard, wiry and straight, lying close to the body with a de fi nite undercoat.” To retain the coat’s correct appearance requires strip- ping (by hand or with a stripping tool) the long, dead outer hair about every 6-8 months. Some owners learn to strip their own dogs. Others fi nd professional terrier groomers or other Norwich owners to do the job. Still other pet owners opt to have their dog’s coat clipped. A clipped coat will lose its hard texture and rich color, but if you do not intend to show your Norwich in conformation and are not concerned about correct looks, then clipping the coat works fi ne and is easier on the dog. Norwich generally live to be 13-15 years old. Th ey adapt happily to city, suburban and country life and make wonderful com- panions for owners looking for an “on the go”, gregarious small breed.
“A happy-go-lucky, joie de vivre outlook on life is the
HALLMARK OF THE NORWICH BREED.”
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