Showsight Presents the Standard Schnauzer

SCHNAUZER STANDARD

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THE

STANDARD SCHNAUZER

1. Where do you live? What do you do “outside” of dogs? 2. How many years in the Standard Schnauzer? Showing? Judg- ing? Breeding? 3. What, in your opinion, is the secret to a successful breeding program? 4. What do you feel is the condition of the Standard Schnauzer breed today? Pros and Cons? 5. What do you feel breeders need to concentrate on to improve the quality of the Standard Schnauzer? 6. How do you feel about the influx of new judges, specialists and all breed, to our breed? Do you feel they have a grasp of the standard, do they know what compromises a good the Standard Schnauzer? 7. One of the smaller specimens in the Working Group, the Stan- dard Schnauzer certainly has plenty of fans. Do you think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? 8. What is your favorite dog show memory? 9. Is there anything else you’ d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. PENNY DUFFEE Penny and her hus-

to beautiful swan!) I enjoy the challenge of breeding and showing dogs myself. The secret to a successful breeding program is knowledge of the breed standard and the ability to objectively evaluate your own dogs are the foundation of a good breeding program. There are no perfect dogs. One must be able to identify the strengths and weak- ness of the dogs, know the pedigrees in depth to know where those traits came from and then pair up those animals that compliment each other. Each breeding should be done with the next genera- tion breeding in mind. Show records should not influence breeding choices. A successful breeder is always open to advice and sugges- tions from others. What I feel is the condition of the Standard Schnauzer breed today? In general I think the temperaments are better than when I started in the breed. Most Standard Schnauzers are steady and confident which is necessary for a proper working dog. Coats over all are better, especially the black dogs. Standard Schnauzers are a healthy breed. The parent club conducts periodic health surveys to monitor any issues which may be developing so we can be proactive to protect our breed. Currently we are seeing some large dogs in the ring. Standard Schnauzers are a measurable breed but sometimes judges are not confident in their ability to “eyeball” the size of a dog and perhaps hesitate to measure because it takes extra time and they are under pressure to stay on schedule. While body coats are generally good, furnishings are becoming very profuse. This is in part a grooming issue, perhaps because more handlers are coming from Minis into Standards. Another concern is “squirrel tails.” Poor tail set is an indication that the total rear assembly is not correct. Breeders and judges need to remember that SS are the middle- size breed, between Minis and Giants, with a DQ for both over and under size. The breed standard states the “ideal” size for dogs is 18 ½ " to 19 ½ " but a 19" dog appears small. (Bitches are 1" shorter.) The breed should be sturdy and robust—but there is a fine line between proper working dog substance and overdone. Historically the breed is an all-round farm dog. Hence the dogs should be solid and correctly built so they can work all day long but they must also be very agile. Understanding correct movement is a concern. We also need to understand the structure and conditioning that is required to produce proper movement. A working dog should move freely and with minimum effort. From the side the dog should reach out and cover ground. On the down and back there should be a nice “V” shape—a straight line in the front from shoulder to the foot and in the rear a straight line from hip through the hock and down to the foot. Movement needs to be evaluated on the coming and going as well as from the side. I think that most new judges are making an effort to understand the breed. We have always had good judges and some not so good. Judging is partly an art—the person needs to “have an eye” for dogs and the subtle nuances of each breed. Those who are newer to the dog world often seem to lack knowledge of basic dog structure and movement. “Back in the day” our breeders and judges came from a more rural society where animals had to perform the job(s) for which they were bred. Those that could not perform were not bred. Today most of our dogs no longer have to perform specific jobs— poor structure can get around a show ring and look pretty. As I said earlier, movement needs to be evaluated from three angles—coming, going and around. (Actually had a judge tell me

band, Bill, got their first SS in 1971—the old story of wanting a pet, breeder suggested show- ing, won first points and “the rest is history.” She has done lim- ited breeding under the Morgenwald name since the mid 70s. Their foun- dation bitch, Ch Skico’s Alpen Glow, was their first owner-handled BIS winner, followed by Ch. Morgenwald Izod, Ch. Katon’s Kismet v Morg-

enwald and GCH. Katon’s Eye of the Tiger v Morgenwald RATO. Professionally Penny supervised clinical practicum experiences for graduate students in Speech Pathology at ISU. She also devel- oped the Audiology program for BroMenn Healthcare, retiring from that position 15 years ago. Penny was a founding member of Prairieland SSC and been active in Standard Schnauzer Club of America, serving in multiple positions, including president and co-chair for four National Spe- cialties. She has also served in many positions in Corn Belt KC as well as Heart of Illinois cluster committee chairperson. I am a Midwest gal—I live in Bloomington, Illinois. Most of my activities seem to be centered around dogs. However I enjoy doing some craft and art work and spending time working in the yard. We got our first SS in 1971—just wanted a pet but the breeder talked me into showing him just once (with some grooming help from Sue Baines)—he won his first point and “the rest is history.” In 1973 we bought an eight month old bitch. Several Schnauzer handlers (including Lanny Hirstein and Dick Smith) said to send her back. Denver airport was fogged in, we kept her as an obedi- ence dog and she was our first Best in Show winner. (Ugly duckling

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Standard Schnauzer Q& A

“The secret to a successful breeding program is knowledge of pedigrees, great teachers, honesty and surrounding yourself with other people who support you and who can give you positive advice.”

one time that “I don’t care how they come and go as long as they look good on the go round!”) One of the smaller specimens in the Working Group, the Stan- dard Schnauzer certainly has plenty of fans. Do I think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? Sometimes a judge begins to make a large cut in the front of the group and tends to skip over the end of the line. But generally a good quality Standard Schnauzer can make his/her presence known in the Group. My favorite dog show memory? Over the years there have been many great memories—winning the National Specialty (with a breeder/owner handled bitch) my first BIS win (with an owner han- dled bitch), watching my daughter win the National Specialty (with a dog we bred and she raised and trained) But the most important memory is all the great friends I have made in the dog world over the years. There are just no friends like dog friends! This is a great breed—fun loving and full of energy. But not the breed for everyone. They are smart and can be a challenge but are also a great friend and companion if raised and trained properly. TOMMY KATZENSTEIN I am a professional handler, as well as, a breeder. I fell in love with the Standard Schnauzer while growing up working for Brenda Combs. I apprenticed under Brenda and her husband, Ed, since I was ten years old. I learned how to properly hand strip the coats and was taught structure and the importance of the breed standards. I have been fortunate to learn many breeds and the proper way to maintain and groom each one. I can not stress the importance of the education I received and I try to share the knowledge that was given to me with anyone who asks. We have recently started forming a Standard Schnauzer club for the states of Texas and Oklahoma. We are waiting on AKC approval for our name and the “go ahead” to take the next steps to getting this club recognized. The overall support of the Standard Schnauzer community and our members is amazing. We are all working together to improve our breed and our sport. Sportsmanship is very important and the friendships that are formed through the dog show community (inclusive of all events, not just conformation) can be lifelong. I live in Italy, Texas. Outside of dogs, I like to hunt when I can, which is not very often. I have 22 Years showing dogs and research- ing the Standard Schnauzer. The secret to a successful breeding program is knowledge of pedigrees, great teachers (the value of their knowledge is priceless), honesty (knowing and understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each dog and striving to breed an overall better dog), and sur- rounding yourself with other people who support you and who can give you positive advice. What I feel is the condition of the the Standard Schnauzer is today? Overall: fair.

Pros: coat texture is really good in general right now. We have an amazing group of people who are working together to breed better dogs and bring back the camaraderie we have lost in this sport. It is refreshing to be a part of such great sportsmanship. Cons: lack of consistency in type. What I feel breeders need to concentrate on to improve the qual- ity of the Standard Schnauzer? They need to breed to the standard. The Standard Schnauzer should be square and robust. Socialization is also extremely important. Breeders need to be honest with them- selves about their dogs. Know the strengths and weaknesses of your dogs. Breed to improve your weaknesses but at the same time, keep your strengths. How I feel about the influx of new judges, specialists and all breed, to our breed? I don’t mind the influx of new judges. I think there needs to be more breed specific judges, long time breeders and professional handlers who truly know the breed. I think the new judges need to concentrate on judging to the standard. Do I think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? Not really, if it is groomed correctly, it looks right and shines, it will be seen. My favorite dog show memory is standing on the floor of Mad- ison Square Garden during BIS watching the sparkle in Rocky’s eyes; CH Charisma’s Jailhouse Rock. It was captivating and the Standard Schnauzer chose me, I did not choose them. The breed overall is extremely intelligent. They are full of life and have the ability to do anything you ask of them. We encourage not only conformation activities, but also performance events. They love to run fast cat, barn hunt and dock diving just to name a few. The best standard schnauzer is one who has many activities besides being your couch buddy. DARCYMORGAN Darcy Morgan and her husband, Craig, are up- and-coming owner-han-

dlers and breeders. They’ve owned Standard Schnau- zers since 2005 and began showing in 2015. Their kennel, Steadfast Standard Schnauzers, produced its first litter in 2018. Their dogs participate in Fast CAT, CAT, Nose Work, CGC, Trick Dog and Con- formation. They’re training for Agility and Barn Hunt because they believe the maxim that a tired Schnau- zer is a good Schnauzer.

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Standard Schnauzer Q& A

“STANDARD SCHNAUZERS ARE VERSATILE WORKING DOGS WITH SHARP MINDS THAT NEED TO BE PREPARED FOR A WIDE VARIETY OF HOME ENVIRONMENTS. Each pup should be purposely cultivated and socialized.”

JOYCEMULLAN

We’re in Spring, Texas—just north of Houston. I’m a full-time Project Manager for a tech company so most of my off hours involve the dogs. Nice weather finds us outside playing and training in the yard, walking, or going to the dog park. I’m an avid house and yard DIY-er, so I’ve always got some remodeling, decorating or crafting project going on. Hot weather drives us I had Mini’s before decid- ing in 2005 I was ready for the challenge of the Standard. I fell in love with the breed and have progressed from being a pet owner to showing in Conformation and breeding. We’ve also started com- peting in performance sports and are training for Agility. I’ve only been showing since 2015, so I’m still the new kid on the block com- pared to many of my dog-show friends. The secret to a successful breeding program? Start with the essentials—purposefully breed to the highest standards using only health-tested dams and sires that have the qualities you most want to preserve or strengthen. And since no dog is perfect, know their faults and select mates carefully that offset those faults. That’s the basics from which you’ll get good form and function. Next comes what I believe to be a critical differentiator—early and continuous physical and mental stimulation. I strongly believe in, and adhere to, stimulation exercises that start when the puppies are three days old and progress into enrichment activities and formal training as we share those precious first 10 or 12 weeks together. Standard Schnauzers are versatile working dogs with sharp minds that need to be prepared for a wide variety of home environments. Each pup should be purposely cultivated and socialized. The breeder has the unique opportunity to develop in them sound temperaments that will set them up to perform and thrive in their years to come. As a breed, Standards have a loyal fan base but they’re not a common breed. A lot of people seem even to be surprised to learn that there is a Schnauzer other than the Mini. When a potential new owner decides this is the breed for them, it’s hard to find a Stan- dard available. My concern is that it may not get any easier to find a Standard Schnauzer in foreseeable future. Many of the breeders are reaching an age where they’re ready to retire from the exhausting work of rearing puppies but not very many younger breeders are coming up behind them to fill in the gaps. I certainly don’t want to see the breed proliferate for the sake of popularity, but I have empa- thy for devotees of the breed that, due to very limited availability, just can’t attain one. What I feel breeders need to concentrate on to improve the qual- ity of the Standard Schnauzer? I’ve seen a lot of variation in build type and coat textures at the shows. That surprised me because their wire-coat is one of the main characteristics that make them such a great outdoorsy, go-anywhere kind of dog. We shouldn’t sacrifice that working-dog coat for one that looks more alluring in the ring. And obviously, we need to ensure we breed for structure so they’re sturdy and agile.

After 11 years of training, showing, and breeding my Standard Schnauzers, I am very pleased with the six lit- ters of 24 puppies that have been whelped in my kennel, Castlewood Standard Schnauzers. For the last 4-1/2 years, I have been showing Rosie, my first generation bitch under my kennel name, and soon will be show- ing a second generation bitch that I have bred. It is my passion to produce

the best Standard Schnauzer puppy a family or individual has ever owned. I plan to continue training, showing, and breeding my Standard Schnauzers for as long as I enjoy this huge part of my life. I am a native Californian and have lived in Northern California most of my life. I have lived in San Ramon, California for over 41 years in the same residence where I enjoy breeding, training and showing my Standard Schnauzers throughout California. I have been retired since 2010, and devote 90% of my time focusing on being the best Standard Schnauzer Breeder training my dogs and puppies for the show ring (Conformation) as well as commencing a “good behavior” pattern for puppies commencing at two weeks of age. My puppy training includes: potty training start- ing in the JonArt Whelping and Weaning Box, no bite training, no bark training, leash training, crate training, car riding training and socialization. I frankly do not “do outside of dogs.” I purchased my first show-quality Standard Schnauzer in August 2008 and brought home Brie (GCHB Blackhawk Brie de Provence) at nine weeks of age. I started training Brie for Conformation Show at four months old, and at 11 months old, Brie became a Champion. Shortly after the American Kennel Club announced a new title of Grand Champion, Brie became the 14th Grand Champion in the Breed 2-1/2 months after the new title was started in the United States. I have personally shown Brie as well as had many of the top Standard Schnauzer Handlers show her throughout her show years. Brie was shown almost exclusively in California except for one dog show attended in Klamath Falls, Oregon. I started breeding Brie when she was 3-1/2 years old; therefore, I have been breeding Stan- dard Schnauzers for 8-1/2 years, and showing my bitches for 11 years. I have never judged a dog show.

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Standard Schnauzer Q& A

“THE STANDARD SCHNAUZER BREED IS CONSTANTLY IMPROV- ING AND IS A VERY INTELLIGENT AND STRONG BREED.”

entered in this show. I was totally shocked when Brie won Best Opposite Sex against some of the finest, more mature bitches in the country. Brie’s half brother won Best of Breed. I will always remem- ber how I felt that day! The Standard Schnauzer is a very strong-willed dog and requires an “Alpha” owner who is consistent in his/her regiment, training, and daily activities. They are a very loving, loyal, devoted and pro- tective breed of dog. Being a mid-size dog, they are easy to walk with you and travel very nicely in the car. When the Standard Schnauzer is hand stripped by a trained groomer who specializes in hand stripping, the coat or jacket is like copper wire. With this very hard, copper wire jacket, the smooth cuticle of the hair wards off water and dirt. In addition, the Standard Schnauzer is an excellent dog breed for anyone who has allergies. How I feel about the influx of new judges, specialists and all breed, to our breed? I’m new to conformation so I’m not a good judge of how it’s changed. In the current environment, I feel there are too many judges that award on handler looks and dog personali- ty rather than how the dog is built to purpose. A well-mannered but serious Schnauzer doesn’t present itself as “cute”—they’re working dogs with that mindset—and no one expects a Doberman or Rott- weiler to show-off its cute personality. And it’s tough enough to get noticed amongst the old guard of professional handlers and judges without having to also learn all the little ring tricks. I’d like to see us get back to the basics of judging the dog on its merits alone and do a lot less of the dramatic, eye-catching show-off stuff as handlers. Do I think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? Yes, I do, unfortunately—but maybe every one that has a breed that didn’t win that day feels the same. It doesn’t take a lot of math skills to figure out the frequency—or lack thereof—in which the Standard Schnauzer places in the group ring. You certainly wouldn’t choose this breed if you’re hoping for a very successful Best in Show track record. As one of the smallest breeds in the working group, I think they get overlooked quite often. My favorite dog show memory? Everybody loves to win, but my favorite moments are those that are good for a laugh. I like to tell people that are new to conformation about the first time I took first place in the owner-handled working group. I was elated! I took my big, pink ribbon and ran to call my family and friends and share the news. Their excitement fed my own and by the time I hung up I was just drifting on a sea of joy. Later, when I was back at the hotel winding down, it finally hit me: I’d forgotten to go back for the Best in Show competition! That’s my rookie move that usually gets a laugh and helps ease the tension for new exhibitors. I get a lot of inquiries from would-be owners that want a Stan- dard Schnauzer because they’ve heard they don’t shed, and they want a medium sized dog. I always suggest to them that they con- sider themselves as a hiring manager bringing in a new employee. You wouldn’t hire someone just because you like people and people like you—there needs to be a job for them to do. Even if it’s just ‘guard the house’ and ‘play with the kids’ there must be defined expectations, a training plan, and enough time available for this very active and mentally engaged breed. With that working-dog mindset, I’ve been purposeful in their breeding and early develop- ment. Potential owners need to understand that their job is to estab- lish and maintain their dog’s sense of purpose.

I believe I have been successful in my breeding program by adhering to the American Kennel Club’s Mission to improve each Standard Schnauzer litter. I spend hours to carefully research a cho- sen Stud Dog’s ancestors going back eight to ten generations on the website Orthopedic Foundation for Animals . In addition, I found the test results on this website to be extremely helpful when narrowing down the best and healthiest Stud Dog for my breeding program. I also love researching the foundation dogs of a specific stud dog in my Standard Schnauzer Club of America Source books going back to the late 50s and 60s to analyze the profile pictures of these same foundation dogs for any obvious faults. Some of the obvious faults seen in a profile picture (head facing to the left in the picture) is a wrong tail set at a “12 Noon or 11 O’Clock Position” and not at the desired tail set at the “One O’Clock Position.” Another good example of a fault found in a profile picture is the front legs being structured too close to the chest which would give the dog or bitch a limited forward reach with its front legs while running. One addi- tional and very important breeding strategy is not to inbreed my bitches, but I have out-sourced to other kennels giving “new blood” to my breeding line. Out-sourcing takes a considerable amount of time to research all new dogs and bitches from another kennel. But, it is well worth doing this since many great qualities from out-sourc- ing from a new kennel can strengthen the litter of puppies. I am pleased that so many reputable Standard Schnauzer breeders are testing for Dilated Cardiomyopathy to be sure that all breeding within their dogs is safe with Negative/Normal test results. Hopefully, this disease will be eliminated within the Stan- dard Schnauzers within the next two to three years. The hips of the Standard Schnauzer is also monitored by the reputable breeders and x-raying the hips and using only “Good” or “Excellent” Hips is the best choice. The Standard Schnauzer breed is constantly improving and is a very intelligent and strong breed. I strongly believe that the Standard Schnauzer breeders need to continue to do Health Tests for Dilated Cardiomyopathy as well as heart, hips, eyes, and thyroid (for bitch), thus, giving the breeder a CHIC certification. Also, the breeders need to continue to choose sweet tempered dogs and bitches in their breeding program. How I feel about the influx of new judges, specialists and all breed, to our breed? I have little comment regarding the influx of new judges except that it is good to have new judges to add variety to our judging. There are times when I have questioned the choice of a winning dog or bitch, and recently I have seen a big increase in politics in the judging ring. Of course, politics can be found in every sport. Do I think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? I have actually experienced the audience paying quite a bit of attention to the smallest breed of dog in the Working Group, the Standard Schnauzer, since the Standard Schnauzer is a marvel to watch its beautiful movement. When running, the Standard Schnauzer is like poetry in motion with powerful strength and speed. I have experienced the entire audience standing up, yelling and clapping for my bitch, Brie, while she moved fluidly around the group show ring. She then won a very good placement in group. My favorite dog show memory? In 2010, Brie was slightly over two years old when I entered her in the Long Beach, California National Eukanuba Dog Show. Her half brother, Max, was also

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THE

Standard Schnauzer

by ARDEN COE HOLST

O ur introduction to Schnau- zers began over four decades ago in a Califor- nia suburban yard. While we were there admiring the active litter of ten running and tumbling across the grass, we watched the mother jump a seven-foot fence into the adjacent yard to steal the neighboring dog’s bone. It was a jaw dropping feat and probably should have been a warning, but, without hesita- tion, we took home her son. He was our introduction to this strong, determined, intelligent, reliable and mischievous breed. He was wonderful with our chil- dren and their friends, happy to be one of the play group. He also was a deter- mined watch dog. We always knew when someone was approaching our front door. Through him we learned about the Standard Schnauzer.

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The breed originated in Southern Ger- many where they were farm dogs used to catch rats, herd cattle and guard the farm- stead. They were also used by itinerant peddlers to protect their carts and saw ser- vice in WWI as dispatch carriers behind the German lines. They are considered the oldest of the three Schnauzer breeds, the original or prototype. There are some misconceptions about their origins. Due perhaps to their wiry coats, they have sometimes been classed as descendants of British Terriers. There really is no evidence that they are related to the terriers of Great Britain. In fact, recent genetic testing has indicated that Schnau- zers likely evolved from the ancient herding and hunting dogs of continental Europe. It is also believed that the breed is very old, dating back as far as the 15th century. Dogs of this general type likely did exist then, but there is no written record of this breed that long ago. The oldest documented image comes from an 1812 German etching by Johann Klein. Organized dog shows began in England in 1859, encouraging interest in breeding purebred dogs. Schnauzers made their dog show debut in 1879 in Hanover, Germany when C. Burger of Leonburg entered his dog “Schnauzer” as a “Wire-haired Pinscher of German breeding.” Some speculate the name Schnauzer came from that first prize winning show dog. Whether it did or not is unclear. However, it did mark the begin- ning of an effort in Germany to develop this native breed. The result was the formation

of a breed club, writing of a breed standard and in 1902, the publication of the first Stud Book listing 248 Standard Schnauzers going back to birth dates as early as 1880. Breeders began importing Standard and Miniature Schnauzers in numbers in the 1920s. Established breeders, some with large show kennels, were among those buying breeding stock from Germany and Switzerland. Some of their imports were of high quality, many holding European titles

and a record of producing high quality get. One such import was Mrs. N. Tucker’s CH Claus von Furstenwall, winner of the first National Specialty and a multiple All Breed Best in Show winner. These quality imports helped build a strong foundation for the breed in this country. In 1925 they were shown in the Working Group, then moved into the Terrier group in 1926. In 1945 the Standard Schnauzer Club of America succeeded in having them moved back to

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“A SMALL WHITE SMUDGE ON THE CHEST SHOULD NOT BE FAULTED PROVIDED IT IS SMALLER THAN A QUARTER IN SIZE AND GREYING ON THE OLDER DOG’S MUZZLE OFTEN COMES WITH ADVANCED AGE AND SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED A FAULT.”

be banded black and white. The overall shade or color value is determined by the width and pattern of the black bands on the white hairs. A lack of this banding or lack of a harsh wiry texture are considered seri- ous faults. Schnauzers also have a fine, soft undercoat. Grey is considered most desir- able, but a tan colored undercoat is not to be faulted in a pepper and salt dog. Black on black describes the color of the black Standard. They must have a harsh, wiry top coat and a soft black undercoat to be considered correct. A small white smudge on the chest should not be faulted provided it is smaller than a quarter in size and greying on the older dog’s muzzle often comes with advanced age and should not be considered a fault. Hair on the legs, called furnishings, are slightly longer than the body coat, but as the Standard reads, “These furnishings

and depth of chest equals the distance from brisket to ground. For a working dog the goal in move- ment is to cover the maximum distance with the least output of energy which results in good endurance. A smooth, ground-covering trot is the gold standard for judging and an indication of structural soundness. It is an important quality in the Standard Schnauzer. Though Standard Schnauzer structure is not unique among the square-built work- ing dogs, his coat is. His signature quality is his beautiful, wiry coat—harsh textured and thick, standing up slightly off the back. The color is either solid black or pepper and salt. The pepper and salt outer coat has a very unique color pattern consisting of banded hairs. Not grey, nor any other single color, the hairs in the top coat of the body should

the Working Group where they compete today along with the Giant Schnauzer. The Miniature Schnauzer remains in the Terrier Group. Standard Schnauzers are a good fit in the Working Group as their structure is similar to that of the other square-built working breeds, the Boxer, Great Dane, Doberman Pincher, Giant Schnauzer and German Pinscher. Though coats, size and head types differ, basic structure is similar in these breeds. Specifics include a body that is well-boned and muscular without coarse- ness, arched neck that flows smoothly into a short back, shoulder and forearm of equal length forming a 90-degree angle, straight backline sloping slightly down from the withers to the tail, pelvis set at 30 degrees, a moderately high tail set, well angulated rear in balance with the front and compact cat feet. Proportionately height equals length

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should be harsh in texture and not be so profuse as to detract from neat appearance or working capabilities of the dog.” The Standard Schnauzer requires grooming. To maintain a coat in condition for the show ring is time consuming as the coat on the body must be hand plucked and the leg hair trimmed and parts of the head and rear machine clipped and/or plucked. The reward is a beautiful dog with very minimal shedding. The alternative for pet owners is machine clipping the coat. Done correctly it gives the dog a neat appearance. However, it changes the coat texture so prevents the dog from being shown in the breed ring. Head and expression is the other breed specific feature that defines breed type. Shaped like a blunt wedge, the head is dis- tinguished by a beard and moustache and distinctive eyebrows. The top skull is the same length as the muzzle and the plane of the skull is parallel to that of the top of the muzzle. Cheeks are muscular but flat. When one looks down on the head with its combed whiskers, it resembles a rectangle. Cropped ears stand up, uncropped ears fold forward in a line with the skull, the inner edges lying along the cheek. Eyes are oval, turned forward and a dark brown in color. The expression is lively and alert. In the show ring, the single disqualifi- cation for the breed is size. Males must be 18-20 inches at the withers; females must be 17-19 inches to compete in the conformation ring. The ideal size is the inch in the middle. The most serious fault when judging them concerns temperament. The Breed Standard reads: “When weighing the seriousness of a fault, greatest consideration should be given to deviation from the desired alert, highly intelligent, spirited, reliable character of the Standard Schnauzer.” Though the Schnauzer left the farm long ago, they continue to be a wonderful companion dog with an aptitude for work and a keen intelligence. Of medium size at 35-45 pounds they can be accommodated in a modest size home or apartment, pro- vided the owner provides opportunities to exercise. They require grooming, but have the advantage of not shedding copious amounts of hair. They are often better toler- ated by those with allergies than some other breeds. Their level of energy and desire to join into your activities makes them a great companion for those who love going places and doing things with their dogs. They have such a sense of fun. The Tramp character in the Disney story, Lady and the Tramp hints at that and is said to have been modeled after a Standard Schnauzer. Our first Schnauzer definitely bore a resem- blance to that fictional scamp. That said they make versatile, loyal companions and are much loved by those of us who share our lives with them.

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General Appearance: The Standard Schnauzer is a robust, heavy-set dog, sturdily built with good muscle and plenty of bone; square-built in proportion of body length to height. His rugged build and dense harsh coat are accentu- ated by the hallmark of the breed, the arched eyebrows and the bristly mustache and whiskers. Faults - Any devia- tion that detracts from the Standard Schnauzer's desired general appearance of a robust, active, square-built, wire- coated dog. Any deviation from the specifications in the Standard is to be considered a fault and should be penal- ized in proportion to the extent of the deviation. Size, Proportion, Substance: Ideal height at the highest point of the shoulder blades, 18 ½ to 19 ½ inches for males OfficialStandard for the STA NDA RD SCHNA UZER COURTESY THE AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB

canine teeth are strong and well developed with the upper incisors slightly overlapping and engaging the lower. The upper and lower jaws are powerful and neither overshot nor undershot. Faults - A level bite is considered undesir- able but a lesser fault than an overshot or undershot mouth. Neck, Topline, Bod y: Neck strong, of moderate thickness and length, elegantly arched and blending cleanly into the shoulders. The skin is tight, fitting closely to the dry throat with no wrinkles or dewlaps. The topline of the back should not be absolutely horizontal, but should have a slightly descending slope from the first vertebra of the withers to the faintly curved croup and set-on of the tail.

Back strong, firm, straight and short. Loin well developed, with the distance from the last rib to the hips as short as possible. Body compact, strong, short-coupled and substantial so as to permit great flexibility and agility. Faults - Too slender or shelly; too bulky or coarse. Chest of medium width with well sprung ribs, and if it could be seen in cross section would be oval. The breastbone is plainly discernible. The brisket must descend at least to the elbows and ascend gradually to the rear with the belly moderately drawn up. Fault -

and 17 ½ inches to 18 ½ inches for females. Dogs measuring over or under these limits must be faulted in proportion to the extent of the deviation. Dogs measuring more than one half inch over or under these lim- its must be disqualified. The height at the highest point of the withers equals the length from breastbone to point of rump. Head : Head strong, rectangular, and elon- gated; narrowing slightly from the ears to the eyes and again to the tip of the nose. The total length of the head is about one

Excessive tuck-up. Croup full and slightly rounded. Tail set moderately high and carried erect. It is docked to not less than one inch nor more than two inches. Fault-Squirrel tail. Forequarters: Shoulders - The sloping shoulder blades are strongly muscled, yet flat and well laid back so that the rounded upper ends are in a nearly vertical line above the elbows. They slope well forward to the point where they join the upper arm, forming as nearly as possible a right angle when seen from the side. Such an angulation permits the maximum forward extension of the forelegs without binding or effort. Forelegs straight, vertical, and without any curvature when seen from all sides;set moderately far apart;with heavy bone; elbows set close to the body and pointing directly to the rear. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. Feet small and compact, round with thick pads and strong black nails. The toes are well closed and arched (cat's paws) and pointing straight ahead. Hind quarters: Strongly muscled, in balance with the fore- quarters, never appearing higher than the shoulders. Thighs broad with well bent stifles. The second thigh, from knee to hock, is approximately parallel with an extension of the upper neck line. The legs, from the clearly defined hock joint to the feet, are short and perpendicular to the

half the length of the back measured from the withers to the set-on of the tail. The head matches the sex and sub- stance of the dog. Expression alert, highly intelligent, spir- ited. Eyes medium size; dark brown; oval in shape and turned forward;neither round nor protruding. The brow is arched and wiry, but vision is not impaired nor eyes hid- den by too long an eyebrow. Ears set high, evenly shaped with moderate thickness of leather and carried erect when cropped. If uncropped, they are of medium size, V-shaped and mobile so that they break at skull level and are carried forward with the inner edge close to the cheek. Faults - Prick, or hound ears. Skull ( Occiput to Stop ) moderately broad between the ears with the width of the skull not exceeding two thirds the length of the skull. The skull must be flat;neither domed nor bumpy; skin unwrinkled. There is a slight stop which is accentuated by the wiry brows. Muzzle strong, and both parallel and equal in length to the topskull;it ends in a moderately blunt wedge with wiry whiskers accenting the rectangular shape of the head. The topline of the muzzle is parallel with the topline of the skull. Nose is large, black and full. The lips should be black, tight and not overlapping. Cheeks - Well devel- oped chewing muscles, but not so much that "cheekiness" disturbs the rectangular head form. Bite - A full comple- ment of white teeth, with a strong, sound scissors bite. The

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OfficialStandard for the STA NDA RD SCHNA UZER CONTINUED

Faults - Any colors other than specified, and any shadings or mixtures thereof in the topcoat such as rust, brown, red, yellow or tan;absence of peppering;spotting or striping;a black streak down the back;or a black saddle without typ- ical salt and pepper coloring-and gray hairs in the coat of a black;in blacks, any undercoat color other than black. Gait: Sound, strong, quick, free, true and level gait with powerful, well angulated hindquarters that reach out and cover ground. The forelegs reach out in a stride balancing that of the hindquarters. At a trot, the back remains firm and level, without swaying, rolling or roaching. When viewed from the rear, the feet, though they may appear to travel close when trotting, must not cross or strike. Increased speed causes feet to converge toward the center line of gravity.

ground and, when viewed from the rear, are parallel to each other. Dewclaws, if any, on the hind legs are gener- ally removed. Feet as in front. Coat: Tight, hard, wiry and as thick as possible, composed of a soft, close undercoat and a harsh outer coat which, when seen against the grain, stands up off the back, lying neither smooth nor flat. The outer coat (body coat) is trimmed (by plucking) only to accent the body outline. As coat texture is of the greatest importance, a dog may be considered in show coat with back hair measuring from 3/4 to 2 inches in length. Coat on the ears, head, neck, chest, belly and under the tail may be closely trimmed to

give the desired typical appearance of the breed. On the muzzle and over the eyes the coat lengthens to form the beard and eyebrows; the hair on the legs is longer than that on the body. These "furnishings" should be of harsh texture and should not be so profuse as to detract from the neat appearance or working capabilities of the dog. Faults - Soft, smooth, curly, wavy or shaggy;too long or too short;too sparse or lacking undercoat; excessive furnishings; lack of furnishings.

Faults - Crabbing or weaving; paddling, rolling, swaying; short, choppy, stiff, stilt- ed rear action;front legs that throw out or in (East and West movers); hackney gait, crossing over, or striking in front or rear.

Temperament: The Standard Schnauzer has highly developed senses, intelligence, aptitude for training, fearlessness, endurance and resistance against weather and illness. His nature combines high-spirited tempera- ment with extreme reliability. Faults - Any deviation from the specifications in the Standard is to be considered a fault and should be penal- ized in proportion to the extent of the deviation. In weigh- ing the seriousness of a fault, greatest consideration should be given to deviation from the desired alert, highly intelli- gent, spirited, reliable character of the Standard Schnauzer, and secondly to any deviation that detracts from the Standard Schnauzer's desired general appearance of a robust, active, square-built, wire coated dog. Dogs that are shy or appear to be highly nervous should be seriously faulted and dismissed from the ring. Vicious dogs shall be disqualified. Disqualifications: Males under 1 8 inches or over 2 0 inches in height. Females under 1 7 inches or over 1 9 inches in height. Vicious dogs.

Color: Pepper and salt or pure black.

Pepper and Salt- The typical pepper and salt color of the topcoat results from the combination of black and white hairs, and white hairs banded with black. Acceptable are all shades of pepper and salt and dark iron gray to silver gray. Ideally, pepper and salt Standard Schnauzers have a gray undercoat, but a tan or fawn undercoat is not to be penalized. It is desirable to have a darker facial mask that harmonizes with the particular shade of coat color. Also, in pepper and salt dogs, the pepper and salt mixture may fade out to light gray or silver white in the eyebrows, whiskers, cheeks, under throat, across chest, under tail, leg furnishings, under body, and inside legs. Black- Ideally the black Standard Schnauzer should be a true rich color, free from any fading or discoloration or any admixture of gray or tan hairs. The undercoat should also be solid black. However, increased age or continued expo- sure to the sun may cause a certain amount of fading and burning. A small white smudge on the chest is not a fault. Loss of color as a result of scars from cuts and bites is not a fault.

Approved February 9, 1991 Effective March 27, 1991

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THE ROBUST ARISTOCRAT: THE STANDARD SCHNAUZER

MARY LOU JUST I live in Auburn, California with my husband of 56 years and four Standard Schnauzers. Our other hobby is winemaking and we have won medals at the California State Fair and other competitions in the home winemakers’ division. I have always had a dog, but we got our first Stan- dard Schnauzer in 1969. He was from a show line but was oversized and shown in obedience to a Utility title. In the early 70s, we got our first conformation dog and began competing in the breed ring. She got her CH, her UD and was the first Standard Schnauzer to earn a Tracking Dog Excellent title. We also have the first Standard Schnauzer to earn a Herding Trial title and the first Standard Schnauzer to get the Grand Champion title. GAIL MACKIERNAN I live in Silver Spring, Maryland. I am a marine biologist whose specialty is the Chesapeake Bay, though now retired from the University of Maryland. I got my first Standard Schnauzer in 1959, have been showing dogs since 1960 and breeding since 1963 under the Katahdin kennel name. I am not an AKC judge, but have judged Sweepstakes at both the SSCA National and local Standard Schnauzer clubs. In the 1960s, I served on the committee that did the major revision of the Standard Schnauzer breed standard and was also on the committee for the Giant Schnauzer standard revision later that decade. Currently, I am First Vice-President of the SSCA and also, Breed Education Chair. 1. Describe the breed in three words. MLJ: Three words (alphabetized, as I consider them equal): robust, square and wire-coated. I truly want to add a fourth—bright and aware of its surroundings. GM: I found this very hard, thus I decided to go with this: rugged, reliable and intelligent. 2. What are your “must have” traits in this breed? MLJ: Add to the above; efficient movement, covering the most ground with the least effort. GM: Square-built, sturdy, with correct Working dog struc- ture and movement, well-balanced, hard wiry coat, alert, energetic and outgoing. Tending to robust body type, but with an air of elegance in the arched neck and poised outline. Old-time Standard Schnauzer fanciers use the term “cobby”, a reference to the “Cob”, a compact, short-coupled, robust small horse of great versatility.

Either color is acceptable, the unique pepper/salt or the glamorous black. Finally, the breed is affectionate and happy, this should show in their expression and demeanor. 3. Are there any traits in this breed you fear are becoming exaggerated? MLJ: The strengths and weaknesses vary in any breed from area to area and from time to time depending upon the vision of those who are actively breeding at the time. But in the last few years I have noted more being shown that are “heavy on their feet” and it is not unusual to see almost hackney-like front movement and a high kick in back—none of these are efficient. GM: We need to watch for over-angulated rears, squirrel tails and too-heavy fronts (the latter somewhat more common in Europe). These all are indicators of incorrect structure. The breed is square because it is short-backed and close-coupled, with an obvious forechest and strong rear structure. Moving, Standard Schnauzers show good reach and drive and should be sound fore and aft. Watch out for flashy, but inefficient movement. The coat is stripped, harsh and wiry; we don’t need to see a profusion of soft furnishings. The breed should look workmanlike, not glamorous. Size should always be kept in mind, we do have a size disqualification and judges should not be afraid to wicket dogs if they feel they are too large or too small. Dogs should be masculine and bitches feminine.

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4. Do you think the dogs you see in this breed are better now than they were when you first started judging? MLJ: The majority of the breeders are doing a good job and the overall quality has steadily improved not only since I have been judging but also over the many years we have been competing. I believe that as newer people to the breed have the opportunity to see better dogs they will develop an eye for the correct Schnauzer and as dogs that are campaigned travel more, these new people will have greater ability to learn. GM: Overall yes, there is more depth of quality although frankly, many of the best dogs of the 60s and 70s would hold their own now quite nicely. It is not a breed that has changed too much physically in the last 50 years, although presentation has improved. We see far fewer dogs pushing the top of the standard and very few timid dogs; this was not uncommon when I started in the breed. However, it is not a numerically large breed and we still see a lot of variation in type from show to show and region to region. 5. What do you think new judges misunderstand about the breed? MLJ: Standard Schnauzers are a Working breed. As the SSCA Companion events chairperson I can tell you that Stan- dard Schnauzers are earning many, many more Working- type titles than Championship titles. They are excellent tracking dogs, they are earning herding titles, obedience titles, agility titles and the other titles such as therapy, barn hunt, coursing, etc. When judging them, think to yourself, ‘Working.’ Besides the required robust, square, wire coat and intelligence, do they have the structure, conditioning and attitude to do a day’s work? GM: I think all standard Schnauzer fanciers would agree the most egregious error is thinking the breed is somehow related to Terriers—and judging them as such. It is a Working breed descended from rough-coated farm dogs found throughout Europe during the Middle Ages and has no links to the British Terriers. In fact, a recent DNA study of 115 breeds (as well as wild canids), found their closest relatives, besides the other schnauzers, to be the Pinschers and more distantly, the German Shepherd Dog (Parker, 2012). 6. Is there anything else you’d like to share about the breed? MLJ: I would like to share a moment I will never forget. I was judging Utility at an Obedience Trial and there was an exhibitor competing who was seriously disabled due to muscular dystrophy and he had a handsome Standard Schnauzer. On the first day of the Trial, I heard that the dog that only needed one more leg for his UD title only made a small mistake but in Utility that is all it takes for

an NQ (Non-Qualifying score). On Sunday, he wheeled into my ring and what an amazing dog he had. The handler had extremely limited movement so just a flick of a finger was a signal to the dog. The “go-out” signal was a slight movement of a foot. They had been doing beautifully and it was the last exercise. The dog took the jump perfectly and before he even landed the huge group of fellow exhibitors exploded into cheers. I stood in the middle of the ring with tears streaming down my face and feeling foolish until I looked up to see lots and lots of exhibitors also wiping away tears. How hard it must have been to put in the many, many hours of training required for a Utility title. What an amazing handler. What a great Standard Schnauzer. What an inspiration! GM: One’s first impression should be of a medium-sized, solid, robust square-built dog—agile, sound, lively and alert. The dog should stand four-square with a slightly sloping topline, moderate angulation with good let-down of hocks. One of the breed’s founders in Germany empha- sized that “the animals must have nobility”—a look that come from a cleanly arched neck and the typical Schnauzer down-the-nose look. I should add, judges may start to see more dogs with undocked tails; imports have always been tremendously important to maintain- ing a strong gene pool in our numerically small breed and docking bans now affect most source countries. The Standard Schnauzer Club of America’s policy is for judges to judge the dog and accept the tail; that is, it is not a reason to ignore or withhold ribbons. And please note: uncropped ears have been allowed since the AKC first recognized the breed. 7. And, for a bit of humor: what’s the funniest thing you’ve ever experienced at a dog show? GM: This happened over 30 years ago so hopefully not many folks remember. It was the day after our National and the rain was torrential. Our ring was down-slope and had two inches of standing water in it. Thankfully, I had finished my class bitch the day before so only had my special to lug to the tent (they would not let us drive up to unload). We sloshed through the classes and it finally came time for Best of Breed. The judge made his first cut and I was out—and not too unhappy about it! Next cut and only five or six specials were left, one a BIS dog and several top-winning bitches. The judge pulled out the dog for BOB and turned take a final look at the bitches. In the rain and mud, he neglected to see a tent stake and tripped, putting out his hands to catch his fall, he made a perfect “two-point” landing on the rather ample bosom of one the bitches’ handlers! For a moment time stood still, then the judge beat a hasty retreat with a red face and profuse apologies. (He gave that bitch the BOS rosette, but we still argue to this day which of the pair was really Best of Opposite Sex!)

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