Let’s Talk Breed Education!
BY ARDEN HOLST T H E S T A N D A R D ’ S STANDARD
U nderstanding a breed standard is not always as easy as it seems. It really involves the magic trick of transferring words into a mental picture, then applying that picture to a living thing. Sometimes synthesizing an attribute into a single word or phrase can be helpful for remembering the distinct structures or traits of the different breeds. Sometimes it can be misleading. At the begin- ning of the breed standard for the Standard Schnauzer, square-built, robust, and heavy- set are used to summarize the breed's appearance. So, how accurate are these adjectives and how should they be applied? We all have a good idea of what a square looks like. With the Schnauzer, as well as the other square-built Working breeds like the Doberman Pinscher, Boxer, and Great Dane, the “square” frames the body mass from the breastbone to the point of the rump, and from the withers to the ground. It's a simple way of visualizing whether the height, mea- sured from the withers to the ground, equals the length from the front piece to the point of the buttocks. To achieve this proportion, the loin needs to be short, which results in a strong, compact body. In the ideal Standard Schnauzer, the shoulder is well-laid-back, the back is short, and the croup slopes slightly to the set-on of the tail. “Robust” is also a pretty easy fit for describing the Standard Schnauzer. The word itself means strong, healthy, vigorous, rugged, and sturdy. It can also be applied to indi- viduals who are strong in constitution, with enduring good health in body and mind. This seems pretty accurate for this breed, which traces back to working farm dogs in 18th century Germany. They proved their stamina and endurance by guarding the farmyard, keeping the stable free of rats, and herding cattle to market. They showed their courage and intelligence while working as messenger dogs for the German Red Cross during the first World War. Today, they show their strength and stamina in the agility ring and other performance events. They have also been used in search and rescue, and to detect everything from contraband to cancer. “Heavy-set” is used along with robust and square-built to describe the breed. The term appears only once at the beginning of the breed standard, and I believe the authors meant it to mean that the Standard Schnauzer has good bone and is well-muscled. How- ever, heavy-set in the dictionary is a synonym for chunky, squat, thick-set, and fat. Santa Claus is heavy-set. I don't think that's what the authors meant when they attributed the phrase to the Standard Schnauzer. The term is not an ideal description of this medium- sized, active, athletic dog. Though good bone and solid muscling are attributes of the breed, Standard Schnauzers should be neither course, stocky nor fat. Instead of heavy and round, their body shape is oval, with good depth of chest. They should be well- muscled and athletic, much like the other square-built Working breeds. The breed standard defines the breed as being of medium size. The designation puts them between the smaller Miniature Schnauzer and the much larger Giant Schnauzer in size. They were the original prototype for the Schnauzer breeds, the useful dogs that were large enough to ward off strangers, but not so large as to consume too many of the German farmer's resources. Modern breeders, to maintain the breed’s modest size, made height limits a requirement, earning a disqualification if not met. Males must measure between 18 and 20 inches at the withers; females must measure 17 to 19 inches. The inch in the middle, 18-1/2 to 19-1/2 for males and 17-1/2 to 18-1/2 for females, is considered ideal.
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THE STANDARD’S STANDARD
The eyebrows, mustache, and beard are called the "hallmark of the breed." They are like the signpost out front, announcing that here comes a Schnauzer. The coat texture is also considered a hallmark, and coat tex- ture is very important. Ideally, the topcoat should be tight, hard, wiry, and as thick as possible. The hairs of the topcoat have a stiff, wire-like texture, and they “lift” slightly off the back. They are maintained by hand-plucking. Underneath that wiry exterior is a soft undercoat that acts as insu- lation. Pepper and salt dogs ideally have a gray undercoat, but a tan-colored under- coat is allowed. Black dogs have a black undercoat. Furnishings on the legs are usually longer than the coat on the body, in part, because they are scissor-trimmed rather than stripped. The breed standard states that although usually longer than the body coat, furnishings should not be so long that they detract from the working capability of the dog Pepper and Salt Color? To get an idea of this, just sprinkle a bit of coarsely ground salt and black peppercorns on a piece of grey paper and you'll get a sense of the look. The color you see in pepper and salt dogs comes from the hairs in the topcoat that are banded black and white. Nearly every hair has a band of both colors, and the overall shade of the coat is determined by the pro- portion of black to white and on the posi- tion of the bands on the hairs. To allow a closer look at the breed stan- dard, the Standard Schnauzer Club of America's approved Judges Study Guide is available on the AKC website. To locate it, Google “AKC Judges’ Study Guides.” (A blue banner with this heading will appear.) Scroll down past the Group listing and three other headings to the complete, alphabetical list of AKC recognized breeds. Under Stan- dard Schnauzers are several options. Click on Judges Education Seminar. A note to judges: In years past, the Standard Schnauzer was always examined on the floor or ground. A judge may now request that they be examined on a ramp.
Pepper and Salt Coat = Banded Hairs-Black and White
ABOUT ARDEN COE HOLST Arden Coe Holst, with her husband, Earl, has been an owner/breeder/exhibitor of Standard Schnauzers for over forty years. During that time, their home has never been without Schnauzers in residence. Though they have been relatively small volume breeders, their “Pepper Tree” line has produced numerous AKC Champions, plus Obedience, Agility, Herding, and Tracking titleists. Included among them are three AKC #1 Ranked Standard Schnauzers, National Specialty, Group, and Best in Show winners. As a member of the Standard Schnauzer Club of America, Arden has served in various positions, including six terms as President, 14 years as Columnist for the AKC Gazette, and Editor of The Standard Schnauzer, SSCA Source Book III . Arden currently chairs the SSCA Judges’ Education Committee.
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STANDARD SCHNAUZERS for Loving and Showing The Story of Wüstefuchs… In 1967, Suzanne wanted a dog, any dog. In the big yard on the corner, two gray, bearded dogs super- vised activities in the neighborhood. Their noble bearing, mischievous eyes, and intelligence impressed her. She just had to have a SS of her own! A neighbor told her the dogs were Standard Schnauzers and were expecting puppies (O Frabjous Day!) Two weeks later, five girls and a boy were born. Allowed to visit when the pups were four weeks old, she noted the male’s carriage, intelligence, elegant structure, dark coat glistening from within, outgoing personality, and independence. This was the puppy Suzanne wanted! She visited the pups every day after work until the breeders relented and let her have him a week early. Soon Charley found his way into her heart. She wrote to SS breeders to find a mail-order bride for Charley, and Frosty, a scared puppy reeking of chickens in the airplane’s cargo hold, joined the family. Months later, Charley’s breeder talked Suzanne into showing Charley and Frosty at two nearby AKC dog shows. Months later, Charley’s breeder talked Suzanne into showing Charley at two nearby AKC dog shows. The entry was 2-0-1-0 for SS—Charley’s father, Charley, and a male Champion from CA. The first day, Charley’s father won WD, but the next day, wonder of wonders, WD went to Charley. Charley had one point!! And Suzanne was hooked on dog shows…the beginning of a life-long passion.
In the beginning…
Charley CH WÜSTEFUCHS KARL (Lausbuben’s Tolpatch x Badger’s Silver Trill) SSCA Leading Producer
Frosty CH TRU-LOV’S FROSTY LACE CD (Von Schneider’s Tru-Lov’s Kash x CH Maja v Hahlweg) SSCA Leading Producer Emma CH UCD ASGARD MESA MIST WÜSTEFUCHS CGC CD RA RATN (CH Centara Canicula Derondo x
And the next wave…
Clancy CH UCD ASGARD NAVIGATOR WÜSTEFUCHS CGC CD RA RATN (CH Gaudeamus Graf Purple x CH Asgard Fawr Princess CD TDI) 4 Champions
CH Argenta’s Zoe Zezanna) SSCA Leading Producer
Suzanne and LaRon Smith Wüstefuchs Standard Schnauzers Handled by Owner or Amateur Friend • Since 1967
WÜSTEFUCHS STANDARD SCHNAUZERS 185 Laguna, Los Alamos, NM USA 505-662-3744 • WustefuchsSS@aol.com • www.GoodFoodGreatDogs.com
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BRED FOR QUALITY, SOUNDNESS, INTELLIGENCE, TEMPERAMENT, AND HEALTH Since 1967 Some of the Wüstefuchs Champions from our Limited Breeding Program… Wüstefuchs STANDARD SCHNAUZERS
And Waiting in the Wings…Future Wüstefuchs Champions:
Flash ASGARD BLISS’ BIG BANG WÜSTEFUCHS (CH Legacy Lord of the Vines CGC x GCH CH Sayermarc Asgard Bliss)
Larissa CENTARA NAUTICAL NORTH STAR WÜSTEFUCHS (CH Centara Canicula Derondo x GCH CH Centara Jemma Jewel FDC SCN SIN SEN GCA CGCU TKP) Winning WB and RWB under Judge Shalisa Neeley at an early show, Greeley KC, 2019.
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H I S T O R Y O F
Standard Schnauzers I N A M E R I C A
OUT OF THE MISTS OF THE PAST
BY SUZANNE T. SMITH, WÜSTEFUCHS STANDARD SCHNAUZERS SINCE 1967
T he bold, bewhiskered Standard Schnauzer is a high- spirited farm dog from the area around Bavaria and Württemberg in Germany. A breed of great antiq- uity, recognizable Standard Schnauzers appear in art as early as the 15th century. The Standard Schnauzer ( Mit- telschnauzer , or medium Schnauzer) is the prototype for two Schnauzer breeds developed much later—the late 19th century Miniature Schnauzer ( Zwergschnauzer ) and the mid-20th cen- tury Giant Schnauzer ( Riesenschnauzer ). Schnauz , the German word for “snout,” colloquially means “moustache” or “whiskered snout.” The correct pronunciation of the “z” is “ts” (as in “Mozart”), but rarely is it heard in the US. TYPE AND TEMPERAMENT Hallmarks of the breed (type) include a wiry, tight-fitting, pepper-and-salt or pure black coat with a soft, short undercoat of gray or fawn, or black for black coats; a robust, square-built frame; an elongated (rectangular) head furnished with arched eyebrows and bristly whiskers that frame oval, dark brown eyes gleaming with keen intelligence. A courageous “stand-firm- against-all-comers” attitude is part of Standard Schnauzer type as well—no wimps need apply here. Speculations from the breed’s distant past say that the Schnau- zer, then called the rough-coated Pinscher, originated by out- crossing the black German Poodle and the gray Wolfspitz with rough-coated Pinscher stock. The Pinscher element brings in the fawn-colored undercoats, and the Wolfspitz contributes the typi- cal pepper-and-salt coat color with its harsh, wiry character. Researchers at the University of California at Davis who have been studying the genetic inheritance of canine coats say that the arched eyebrows, bristly mustache and whiskers of the Schnau- zer come from a dominant variant of the R-spondin-2 gene.
Acceptable SS coat colors (salt-and-pepper or solid black) result from the Agouti Signaling Protein (ASIP) gene. Salt-and-pepper coats express the dominant allele of the agouti gene. The dark coat has eumelanin pigment bands (black/brown presented as black), and the lighter coat has pheomelanin pigment bands (red/ yellow faded to cream/white), both of which occur on the same hair shaft. These bands appear on the dog’s neck, shoulders, back, and rump, usually looking lighter on the chest, belly, and inside the legs. The recessive all-black Schnauzer coat originally resulted from mating two dogs carrying the ASIP gene’s recessive black allele; Schnauzers with this genotype will have a solid black base coat (no cream/white), which they pass on to all of their offspring. PURPOSE: THEN AND NOW In the Middle Ages, Schnauzers evolved in the fertile farm country of Bavaria when farmers and herders needed a reliable, fearless, all-purpose farm dog. Multitasking Schnauzers earned their keep as ratters, herders, guardians, and hunters: • protecting the farmer, his family, and farm workers; • herding livestock (and occasionally children); • protecting livestock from predators, both two-legged and four-legged; • hunting and ridding the farm of vermin; and • guarding people, property, and merchandise going to and from markets. The Schnauzer’s medium size fit perfectly into market carts without occupying space for wares. His over-large, sharp, gleam- ing teeth and his loud, deep, hearty bark—the bark of a much bigger dog—served as powerful deterrents to those who were up to no good. The Schnauzer is called “the dog with the human brain” by virtue of his intelligence and fearlessness.
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HISTORY OF STANDARD SCHNAUZERS IN AMERICA
EARLY ART WITH SCHNAUZERS In Mecklenburg’s marketplace stands a statue dating back to the 14th century of a hunter with a Schnauzer crouching at his feet. The breed is featured in several paint- ings by Albrecht Durer (1471–1528). He probably owned a Schnauzer himself— several of his paintings look like the same dog at different ages. “Crown of Thorns,” a tapestry from 1501 by Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472– 1553), contains a dog that looks like a Schnauzer. In Stuttgart, a Schnauzer appears at the base of a sculpture called “Nachtwaechterb- runnen,” or in English, “The Night Watch- man.” At the feet of this bronze watchman is what most Schnauzer fanciers believe is a Standard Schnauzer. Because it is dated 1620, viewers think the piece underscores the breed’s antiquity. However, this isn’t true, since the sculptor, Adolf Fremd, was born in 1853. The English painter Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), known for “The Grand Style” of portraiture, included in some paintings dogs that are Schnauzer- like, although most are Spaniels. The most famous artwork claimed to include a Schnauzer is “The Night Watch” (1642, oil on canvas, 379.5 x 453.5 cm), arguably the best-known painting by Dutch master Rembrandt Harmanszo- on van Rijn. Originally named “Militia Company of District II under the Com- mand of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq,” it depicted a daytime assembly, but after layers of dirt and varnish had darkened the painting, it was renamed “The Night Watch.” In the painting’s lower right, to
Remastered “The Night Watch,” Rembrandt Harmanszoon van Rijn
the left of the drummer, is a scruffy gray dog looking Schnauzer-like. Years ago at a SSCA National silent auction, I bought a digitally-remastered print of “The Night Watch” in which Willy Hakonsen (herself a van Rijn) replaced the gray dog with two groomed, show-ready Park Avenue Stan- dard Schnauzers. My print hangs in our dog room; Rembrandt’s original hangs in Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum. KENNEL CLUBS & REGISTRATIONS The first German Kennel Club (est. 1878) began holding regular dog shows in 1879. Wire-haired Pinschers were shown for the first time at the Third German International Show in Hanover (1879). Schnauzer, a dog from Wurttemburg Ken- nels in Leonburg, won first prize. The American Kenne Club (est. 1884) and the Canadian Kennel Club (est. 1888) were not far behind their German breth- ren. The Sport of Purebred Dogs was off and running. Prior to World War I, a small group of wealthy fanciers introduced Schnauzers to America. Together, they imported a num- ber of top Schnauzers from Europe. Later (1922), Mrs. Nion Tucker bought Sgr. & Ch. Claus v Furstenwall for $7,000 in the currency of today. During World War I, Standard Schnauzers served as dispatch carriers for the Red Cross and as guard dogs for the German Army. Both sides valued Standard Schnauzers for their unswerving loyalty,
ability to follow orders, and intelligence to make independent decisions in the field when conditions warranted. The first Standard Schnauzer (SS) regis- tered in the United States was a dog named Norwood Victor (Schnauzer x Schnauzer), a salt-and-pepper male whelped in 1901 and listed by the AKC in 1904. From Norwood Kennels (Philadelphia), he won Open Dog First in New York and Philadel- phia. Unconfirmed reports tell of Schnau- zers shown in the Miscellaneous Class at Westminster and other shows in the late 1800s, but Victor was the first AKC-regis- tered Standard Schnauzer shown.
Ch. Sgr. Rigo v Schnauzerlust
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CHERY L CROMP TON • BRE EDER OF MER I T • BRED WI TH A HE ART
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HISTORY OF STANDARD SCHNAUZERS IN AMERICA
In Terriers, the humerus is shorter than the scapula, so front angulation is steeper and the chest is flatter as a result. Once a good front (defined as correct equality in length of scapula and humerus) is lost, it takes generations to repair the damage enough to get a decent front to return. The biggest issue that Standard Schnauzer people would like to convey to judges is that the Standard Schanuzer is NOT a big Terrier and shouldn’t be judged as a Terrier. He’s a Working Dog and should be judged as such. A MAJOR CONFLICT In 1929, troubles were brewing in Schnauzer- dom. The last Specialty was in 1927. Anti-cropping laws had become a major conflict in the Schnauzer Club of America (combined Miniatures and Stan- dards). Entries at the shows were down. Those in power favored the English position against crop- ping ears, while many others, especially in the Midwest and in California, preferred the German tradition of cropping. In 1931, the AKC canceled the wins of all cropped dogs born after September 1, 1929. Bad feelings ran rampant in the club, dividing it into two camps—those who preferred to crop and not show versus those who preferred to show and not crop. In 1933, a rule change allowed cropped and uncropped dogs to be shown equally in accordance with state laws, and titles were restored. But the bickering so unsettled exhibitors that the breed’s prominence in the Group and Best in Show rings was lost. A LEGACY CONTINUES A new day dawned in Schnauzerdom in 1933 when the AKC ruled that a specialty club could list only one breed, which brought about the dis- solution of The Schnauzer Club and the forma- tion of the Standard Schnauzer Club of America (SSCA) and the American Miniature Schnauzer Club. With the establishment of the separate breed clubs came separate registration as well. The Standard Schnauzer had finally had come into its own. The old Standard Schnauzers of half a mil- lennium ago may have vanished into the mists of time, but their legacy continues to burn bright even today.
left to right: Ch. Sgr. Mampe v Hohenstein, Ch. Sgr. Prinz Schnurl of Wurzburg, Ch. Sgr. Rigo v Schnauzerlust
EARLY SIRES & DAMS Four important matings are behind the modern Schnauzer, both in America and Europe, and most of today’s Schnauzers reach back to all four. The first was Sgr. Rex v Gunthersburg to Jette v d Enz, which produced Sgrs. Rigo v Schnauzerlust and Rex von Eglesee. The second mating was of Sgr. Prinz Schurl of Würzburg to Jette v d Enz, producing Hanna, Hexe, and Hummel v d Enz (1912). Next was Sgr. Prinz Schurl of Würzburg to Russi, producing Lore v Würzburg (1913). Last was Sgr. Prinz Schurl of Würzburg to Fanny 750, from which came Friederle (1914). When serious efforts were made to establish Schnauzers in America (1924- 1927), there were 61 males used at stud with 102 producing bitches. Of the males, 42 were sons or grandsons of three great sires: Ch. Sgr. Rigo v Schnauzerlust, Ch. Sgr. Rex von Eglesee, and Ch. Sgr. Mampe v Hohenstein. Fifty-two of the produc- ing bitches were male-line descendents of these three influential males. AMERICAN FIRSTS The Schnauzer Club of America (first known as the Wire-Haired Pinscher Club) formed in 1925 for both Standard and Miniature Schnauzer fanciers. George D. Sloane was the club’s first President. Both breeds were exhibited as Working Dogs, and it was not unusual to see a Miniature take Best of Breed one week and a Standard win BOB the next, both often placing in the Working Group. Schnauzers did well in the Working Group ring. In 1925, Group wins went to Chs. Clea Gamundia (first SS Group win on record), Bella v St. Johanntor, Fred Gamundia, Butz Saldan, and Claus v Furstenwall. (Claus was the first National Specialty winner). Fred, Claus, and Butz also went on to win Best in Show. A WORKING DOG In 1926, Standard Schnauzers changed from the Working Group to the Ter- rier Group, but confusion in Schnauzer records show Schnauzers winning in both Groups. Why the Schnauzer moved from the Working to Terrier is an unsolved mystery. The move caused type changes in the breed that concerned breeders. Not the least worrisome issue was that Terrier structure is significantly different from Working Dog structure, particularly shoulder assembly: the shoulder blade (scapula) and the upper arm (humerus) should be equal in length, and front angula- tion (the angle between the scapula and the humerus) is 45-degrees. This produces the prominent breastbone, or post sternum, located in the middle of the chest. In most Working, Sporting, and Herding Dogs, a protruding post sternum is desir- able, indicating a large chest cavity that will allow the heart and lungs plenty of room to expand.
BIO Suzanne T. Smith, a former Los Alamos National Laboratory research scientist, has bred and shown Standard Schnauzers since 1967. She edited The Standard Schnauzer in America: Sourcebook II (1973), is an AKC Breeder of Merit, an active member of the Standard Schnauzer Club of America, and an active or past member of a dozen other dog clubs. She writes the quarterly Standard Schnauzer breed column for the AKC Gazette. SSCA awarded her and her husband, Ron, the AKC’s Outstanding Sportsmanship Award in 2009. Suzanne grooms their Standard Schnauzers, who love to travel and grudgingly consent to Ron’s handling them at random dog shows and performance trials.
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by ARDEN COE HOLST
O ur introduction to Schnau- zers began over four decades ago in a Califor- nia suburban yard. While we were there admiring the active litter of ten running and tumbling across the grass, we watched the mother jump a seven-foot fence into the adjacent yard to steal the neighboring dog’s bone. It was a jaw dropping feat and probably should have been a warning, but, without hesita- tion, we took home her son. He was our introduction to this strong, determined, intelligent, reliable and mischievous breed. He was wonderful with our chil- dren and their friends, happy to be one of the play group. He also was a deter- mined watch dog. We always knew when someone was approaching our front door. Through him we learned about the Standard Schnauzer.
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The breed originated in Southern Ger- many where they were farm dogs used to catch rats, herd cattle and guard the farm- stead. They were also used by itinerant peddlers to protect their carts and saw ser- vice in WWI as dispatch carriers behind the German lines. They are considered the oldest of the three Schnauzer breeds, the original or prototype. There are some misconceptions about their origins. Due perhaps to their wiry coats, they have sometimes been classed as descendants of British Terriers. There really is no evidence that they are related to the terriers of Great Britain. In fact, recent genetic testing has indicated that Schnau- zers likely evolved from the ancient herding and hunting dogs of continental Europe. It is also believed that the breed is very old, dating back as far as the 15th century. Dogs of this general type likely did exist then, but there is no written record of this breed that long ago. The oldest documented image comes from an 1812 German etching by Johann Klein. Organized dog shows began in England in 1859, encouraging interest in breeding purebred dogs. Schnauzers made their dog show debut in 1879 in Hanover, Germany when C. Burger of Leonburg entered his dog “Schnauzer” as a “Wire-haired Pinscher of German breeding.” Some speculate the name Schnauzer came from that first prize winning show dog. Whether it did or not is unclear. However, it did mark the begin- ning of an effort in Germany to develop this native breed. The result was the formation
of a breed club, writing of a breed standard and in 1902, the publication of the first Stud Book listing 248 Standard Schnauzers going back to birth dates as early as 1880. Breeders began importing Standard and Miniature Schnauzers in numbers in the 1920s. Established breeders, some with large show kennels, were among those buying breeding stock from Germany and Switzerland. Some of their imports were of high quality, many holding European titles
and a record of producing high quality get. One such import was Mrs. N. Tucker’s CH Claus von Furstenwall, winner of the first National Specialty and a multiple All Breed Best in Show winner. These quality imports helped build a strong foundation for the breed in this country. In 1925 they were shown in the Working Group, then moved into the Terrier group in 1926. In 1945 the Standard Schnauzer Club of America succeeded in having them moved back to
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“A SMALL WHITE SMUDGE ON THE CHEST SHOULD NOT BE FAULTED PROVIDED IT IS SMALLER THAN A QUARTER IN SIZE AND GREYING ON THE OLDER DOG’S MUZZLE OFTEN COMES WITH ADVANCED AGE AND SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED A FAULT.”
be banded black and white. The overall shade or color value is determined by the width and pattern of the black bands on the white hairs. A lack of this banding or lack of a harsh wiry texture are considered seri- ous faults. Schnauzers also have a fine, soft undercoat. Grey is considered most desir- able, but a tan colored undercoat is not to be faulted in a pepper and salt dog. Black on black describes the color of the black Standard. They must have a harsh, wiry top coat and a soft black undercoat to be considered correct. A small white smudge on the chest should not be faulted provided it is smaller than a quarter in size and greying on the older dog’s muzzle often comes with advanced age and should not be considered a fault. Hair on the legs, called furnishings, are slightly longer than the body coat, but as the Standard reads, “These furnishings
and depth of chest equals the distance from brisket to ground. For a working dog the goal in move- ment is to cover the maximum distance with the least output of energy which results in good endurance. A smooth, ground-covering trot is the gold standard for judging and an indication of structural soundness. It is an important quality in the Standard Schnauzer. Though Standard Schnauzer structure is not unique among the square-built work- ing dogs, his coat is. His signature quality is his beautiful, wiry coat—harsh textured and thick, standing up slightly off the back. The color is either solid black or pepper and salt. The pepper and salt outer coat has a very unique color pattern consisting of banded hairs. Not grey, nor any other single color, the hairs in the top coat of the body should
the Working Group where they compete today along with the Giant Schnauzer. The Miniature Schnauzer remains in the Terrier Group. Standard Schnauzers are a good fit in the Working Group as their structure is similar to that of the other square-built working breeds, the Boxer, Great Dane, Doberman Pincher, Giant Schnauzer and German Pinscher. Though coats, size and head types differ, basic structure is similar in these breeds. Specifics include a body that is well-boned and muscular without coarse- ness, arched neck that flows smoothly into a short back, shoulder and forearm of equal length forming a 90-degree angle, straight backline sloping slightly down from the withers to the tail, pelvis set at 30 degrees, a moderately high tail set, well angulated rear in balance with the front and compact cat feet. Proportionately height equals length
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should be harsh in texture and not be so profuse as to detract from neat appearance or working capabilities of the dog.” The Standard Schnauzer requires grooming. To maintain a coat in condition for the show ring is time consuming as the coat on the body must be hand plucked and the leg hair trimmed and parts of the head and rear machine clipped and/or plucked. The reward is a beautiful dog with very minimal shedding. The alternative for pet owners is machine clipping the coat. Done correctly it gives the dog a neat appearance. However, it changes the coat texture so prevents the dog from being shown in the breed ring. Head and expression is the other breed specific feature that defines breed type. Shaped like a blunt wedge, the head is dis- tinguished by a beard and moustache and distinctive eyebrows. The top skull is the same length as the muzzle and the plane of the skull is parallel to that of the top of the muzzle. Cheeks are muscular but flat. When one looks down on the head with its combed whiskers, it resembles a rectangle. Cropped ears stand up, uncropped ears fold forward in a line with the skull, the inner edges lying along the cheek. Eyes are oval, turned forward and a dark brown in color. The expression is lively and alert. In the show ring, the single disqualifi- cation for the breed is size. Males must be 18-20 inches at the withers; females must be 17-19 inches to compete in the conformation ring. The ideal size is the inch in the middle. The most serious fault when judging them concerns temperament. The Breed Standard reads: “When weighing the seriousness of a fault, greatest consideration should be given to deviation from the desired alert, highly intelligent, spirited, reliable character of the Standard Schnauzer.” Though the Schnauzer left the farm long ago, they continue to be a wonderful companion dog with an aptitude for work and a keen intelligence. Of medium size at 35-45 pounds they can be accommodated in a modest size home or apartment, pro- vided the owner provides opportunities to exercise. They require grooming, but have the advantage of not shedding copious amounts of hair. They are often better toler- ated by those with allergies than some other breeds. Their level of energy and desire to join into your activities makes them a great companion for those who love going places and doing things with their dogs. They have such a sense of fun. The Tramp character in the Disney story, Lady and the Tramp hints at that and is said to have been modeled after a Standard Schnauzer. Our first Schnauzer definitely bore a resem- blance to that fictional scamp. That said they make versatile, loyal companions and are much loved by those of us who share our lives with them.
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1. Where do you live? What do you do “outside” of dogs? 2. How many years in the Standard Schnauzer? Showing? Judg- ing? Breeding? 3. What, in your opinion, is the secret to a successful breeding program? 4. What do you feel is the condition of the Standard Schnauzer breed today? Pros and Cons? 5. What do you feel breeders need to concentrate on to improve the quality of the Standard Schnauzer? 6. How do you feel about the influx of new judges, specialists and all breed, to our breed? Do you feel they have a grasp of the standard, do they know what compromises a good the Standard Schnauzer? 7. One of the smaller specimens in the Working Group, the Stan- dard Schnauzer certainly has plenty of fans. Do you think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? 8. What is your favorite dog show memory? 9. Is there anything else you’ d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. PENNY DUFFEE Penny and her hus-
to beautiful swan!) I enjoy the challenge of breeding and showing dogs myself. The secret to a successful breeding program is knowledge of the breed standard and the ability to objectively evaluate your own dogs are the foundation of a good breeding program. There are no perfect dogs. One must be able to identify the strengths and weak- ness of the dogs, know the pedigrees in depth to know where those traits came from and then pair up those animals that compliment each other. Each breeding should be done with the next genera- tion breeding in mind. Show records should not influence breeding choices. A successful breeder is always open to advice and sugges- tions from others. What I feel is the condition of the Standard Schnauzer breed today? In general I think the temperaments are better than when I started in the breed. Most Standard Schnauzers are steady and confident which is necessary for a proper working dog. Coats over all are better, especially the black dogs. Standard Schnauzers are a healthy breed. The parent club conducts periodic health surveys to monitor any issues which may be developing so we can be proactive to protect our breed. Currently we are seeing some large dogs in the ring. Standard Schnauzers are a measurable breed but sometimes judges are not confident in their ability to “eyeball” the size of a dog and perhaps hesitate to measure because it takes extra time and they are under pressure to stay on schedule. While body coats are generally good, furnishings are becoming very profuse. This is in part a grooming issue, perhaps because more handlers are coming from Minis into Standards. Another concern is “squirrel tails.” Poor tail set is an indication that the total rear assembly is not correct. Breeders and judges need to remember that SS are the middle- size breed, between Minis and Giants, with a DQ for both over and under size. The breed standard states the “ideal” size for dogs is 18 ½ " to 19 ½ " but a 19" dog appears small. (Bitches are 1" shorter.) The breed should be sturdy and robust—but there is a fine line between proper working dog substance and overdone. Historically the breed is an all-round farm dog. Hence the dogs should be solid and correctly built so they can work all day long but they must also be very agile. Understanding correct movement is a concern. We also need to understand the structure and conditioning that is required to produce proper movement. A working dog should move freely and with minimum effort. From the side the dog should reach out and cover ground. On the down and back there should be a nice “V” shape—a straight line in the front from shoulder to the foot and in the rear a straight line from hip through the hock and down to the foot. Movement needs to be evaluated on the coming and going as well as from the side. I think that most new judges are making an effort to understand the breed. We have always had good judges and some not so good. Judging is partly an art—the person needs to “have an eye” for dogs and the subtle nuances of each breed. Those who are newer to the dog world often seem to lack knowledge of basic dog structure and movement. “Back in the day” our breeders and judges came from a more rural society where animals had to perform the job(s) for which they were bred. Those that could not perform were not bred. Today most of our dogs no longer have to perform specific jobs— poor structure can get around a show ring and look pretty. As I said earlier, movement needs to be evaluated from three angles—coming, going and around. (Actually had a judge tell me
band, Bill, got their first SS in 1971—the old story of wanting a pet, breeder suggested show- ing, won first points and “the rest is history.” She has done lim- ited breeding under the Morgenwald name since the mid 70s. Their foun- dation bitch, Ch Skico’s Alpen Glow, was their first owner-handled BIS winner, followed by Ch. Morgenwald Izod, Ch. Katon’s Kismet v Morg-
enwald and GCH. Katon’s Eye of the Tiger v Morgenwald RATO. Professionally Penny supervised clinical practicum experiences for graduate students in Speech Pathology at ISU. She also devel- oped the Audiology program for BroMenn Healthcare, retiring from that position 15 years ago. Penny was a founding member of Prairieland SSC and been active in Standard Schnauzer Club of America, serving in multiple positions, including president and co-chair for four National Spe- cialties. She has also served in many positions in Corn Belt KC as well as Heart of Illinois cluster committee chairperson. I am a Midwest gal—I live in Bloomington, Illinois. Most of my activities seem to be centered around dogs. However I enjoy doing some craft and art work and spending time working in the yard. We got our first SS in 1971—just wanted a pet but the breeder talked me into showing him just once (with some grooming help from Sue Baines)—he won his first point and “the rest is history.” In 1973 we bought an eight month old bitch. Several Schnauzer handlers (including Lanny Hirstein and Dick Smith) said to send her back. Denver airport was fogged in, we kept her as an obedi- ence dog and she was our first Best in Show winner. (Ugly duckling
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Standard Schnauzer Q& A
“The secret to a successful breeding program is knowledge of pedigrees, great teachers, honesty and surrounding yourself with other people who support you and who can give you positive advice.”
one time that “I don’t care how they come and go as long as they look good on the go round!”) One of the smaller specimens in the Working Group, the Stan- dard Schnauzer certainly has plenty of fans. Do I think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? Sometimes a judge begins to make a large cut in the front of the group and tends to skip over the end of the line. But generally a good quality Standard Schnauzer can make his/her presence known in the Group. My favorite dog show memory? Over the years there have been many great memories—winning the National Specialty (with a breeder/owner handled bitch) my first BIS win (with an owner han- dled bitch), watching my daughter win the National Specialty (with a dog we bred and she raised and trained) But the most important memory is all the great friends I have made in the dog world over the years. There are just no friends like dog friends! This is a great breed—fun loving and full of energy. But not the breed for everyone. They are smart and can be a challenge but are also a great friend and companion if raised and trained properly. TOMMY KATZENSTEIN I am a professional handler, as well as, a breeder. I fell in love with the Standard Schnauzer while growing up working for Brenda Combs. I apprenticed under Brenda and her husband, Ed, since I was ten years old. I learned how to properly hand strip the coats and was taught structure and the importance of the breed standards. I have been fortunate to learn many breeds and the proper way to maintain and groom each one. I can not stress the importance of the education I received and I try to share the knowledge that was given to me with anyone who asks. We have recently started forming a Standard Schnauzer club for the states of Texas and Oklahoma. We are waiting on AKC approval for our name and the “go ahead” to take the next steps to getting this club recognized. The overall support of the Standard Schnauzer community and our members is amazing. We are all working together to improve our breed and our sport. Sportsmanship is very important and the friendships that are formed through the dog show community (inclusive of all events, not just conformation) can be lifelong. I live in Italy, Texas. Outside of dogs, I like to hunt when I can, which is not very often. I have 22 Years showing dogs and research- ing the Standard Schnauzer. The secret to a successful breeding program is knowledge of pedigrees, great teachers (the value of their knowledge is priceless), honesty (knowing and understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each dog and striving to breed an overall better dog), and sur- rounding yourself with other people who support you and who can give you positive advice. What I feel is the condition of the the Standard Schnauzer is today? Overall: fair.
Pros: coat texture is really good in general right now. We have an amazing group of people who are working together to breed better dogs and bring back the camaraderie we have lost in this sport. It is refreshing to be a part of such great sportsmanship. Cons: lack of consistency in type. What I feel breeders need to concentrate on to improve the qual- ity of the Standard Schnauzer? They need to breed to the standard. The Standard Schnauzer should be square and robust. Socialization is also extremely important. Breeders need to be honest with them- selves about their dogs. Know the strengths and weaknesses of your dogs. Breed to improve your weaknesses but at the same time, keep your strengths. How I feel about the influx of new judges, specialists and all breed, to our breed? I don’t mind the influx of new judges. I think there needs to be more breed specific judges, long time breeders and professional handlers who truly know the breed. I think the new judges need to concentrate on judging to the standard. Do I think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? Not really, if it is groomed correctly, it looks right and shines, it will be seen. My favorite dog show memory is standing on the floor of Mad- ison Square Garden during BIS watching the sparkle in Rocky’s eyes; CH Charisma’s Jailhouse Rock. It was captivating and the Standard Schnauzer chose me, I did not choose them. The breed overall is extremely intelligent. They are full of life and have the ability to do anything you ask of them. We encourage not only conformation activities, but also performance events. They love to run fast cat, barn hunt and dock diving just to name a few. The best standard schnauzer is one who has many activities besides being your couch buddy. DARCYMORGAN Darcy Morgan and her husband, Craig, are up- and-coming owner-han-
dlers and breeders. They’ve owned Standard Schnau- zers since 2005 and began showing in 2015. Their kennel, Steadfast Standard Schnauzers, produced its first litter in 2018. Their dogs participate in Fast CAT, CAT, Nose Work, CGC, Trick Dog and Con- formation. They’re training for Agility and Barn Hunt because they believe the maxim that a tired Schnau- zer is a good Schnauzer.
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Standard Schnauzer Q& A
“STANDARD SCHNAUZERS ARE VERSATILE WORKING DOGS WITH SHARP MINDS THAT NEED TO BE PREPARED FOR A WIDE VARIETY OF HOME ENVIRONMENTS. Each pup should be purposely cultivated and socialized.”
We’re in Spring, Texas—just north of Houston. I’m a full-time Project Manager for a tech company so most of my off hours involve the dogs. Nice weather finds us outside playing and training in the yard, walking, or going to the dog park. I’m an avid house and yard DIY-er, so I’ve always got some remodeling, decorating or crafting project going on. Hot weather drives us I had Mini’s before decid- ing in 2005 I was ready for the challenge of the Standard. I fell in love with the breed and have progressed from being a pet owner to showing in Conformation and breeding. We’ve also started com- peting in performance sports and are training for Agility. I’ve only been showing since 2015, so I’m still the new kid on the block com- pared to many of my dog-show friends. The secret to a successful breeding program? Start with the essentials—purposefully breed to the highest standards using only health-tested dams and sires that have the qualities you most want to preserve or strengthen. And since no dog is perfect, know their faults and select mates carefully that offset those faults. That’s the basics from which you’ll get good form and function. Next comes what I believe to be a critical differentiator—early and continuous physical and mental stimulation. I strongly believe in, and adhere to, stimulation exercises that start when the puppies are three days old and progress into enrichment activities and formal training as we share those precious first 10 or 12 weeks together. Standard Schnauzers are versatile working dogs with sharp minds that need to be prepared for a wide variety of home environments. Each pup should be purposely cultivated and socialized. The breeder has the unique opportunity to develop in them sound temperaments that will set them up to perform and thrive in their years to come. As a breed, Standards have a loyal fan base but they’re not a common breed. A lot of people seem even to be surprised to learn that there is a Schnauzer other than the Mini. When a potential new owner decides this is the breed for them, it’s hard to find a Stan- dard available. My concern is that it may not get any easier to find a Standard Schnauzer in foreseeable future. Many of the breeders are reaching an age where they’re ready to retire from the exhausting work of rearing puppies but not very many younger breeders are coming up behind them to fill in the gaps. I certainly don’t want to see the breed proliferate for the sake of popularity, but I have empa- thy for devotees of the breed that, due to very limited availability, just can’t attain one. What I feel breeders need to concentrate on to improve the qual- ity of the Standard Schnauzer? I’ve seen a lot of variation in build type and coat textures at the shows. That surprised me because their wire-coat is one of the main characteristics that make them such a great outdoorsy, go-anywhere kind of dog. We shouldn’t sacrifice that working-dog coat for one that looks more alluring in the ring. And obviously, we need to ensure we breed for structure so they’re sturdy and agile.
After 11 years of training, showing, and breeding my Standard Schnauzers, I am very pleased with the six lit- ters of 24 puppies that have been whelped in my kennel, Castlewood Standard Schnauzers. For the last 4-1/2 years, I have been showing Rosie, my first generation bitch under my kennel name, and soon will be show- ing a second generation bitch that I have bred. It is my passion to produce
the best Standard Schnauzer puppy a family or individual has ever owned. I plan to continue training, showing, and breeding my Standard Schnauzers for as long as I enjoy this huge part of my life. I am a native Californian and have lived in Northern California most of my life. I have lived in San Ramon, California for over 41 years in the same residence where I enjoy breeding, training and showing my Standard Schnauzers throughout California. I have been retired since 2010, and devote 90% of my time focusing on being the best Standard Schnauzer Breeder training my dogs and puppies for the show ring (Conformation) as well as commencing a “good behavior” pattern for puppies commencing at two weeks of age. My puppy training includes: potty training start- ing in the JonArt Whelping and Weaning Box, no bite training, no bark training, leash training, crate training, car riding training and socialization. I frankly do not “do outside of dogs.” I purchased my first show-quality Standard Schnauzer in August 2008 and brought home Brie (GCHB Blackhawk Brie de Provence) at nine weeks of age. I started training Brie for Conformation Show at four months old, and at 11 months old, Brie became a Champion. Shortly after the American Kennel Club announced a new title of Grand Champion, Brie became the 14th Grand Champion in the Breed 2-1/2 months after the new title was started in the United States. I have personally shown Brie as well as had many of the top Standard Schnauzer Handlers show her throughout her show years. Brie was shown almost exclusively in California except for one dog show attended in Klamath Falls, Oregon. I started breeding Brie when she was 3-1/2 years old; therefore, I have been breeding Stan- dard Schnauzers for 8-1/2 years, and showing my bitches for 11 years. I have never judged a dog show.
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Standard Schnauzer Q& A
“THE STANDARD SCHNAUZER BREED IS CONSTANTLY IMPROV- ING AND IS A VERY INTELLIGENT AND STRONG BREED.”
entered in this show. I was totally shocked when Brie won Best Opposite Sex against some of the finest, more mature bitches in the country. Brie’s half brother won Best of Breed. I will always remem- ber how I felt that day! The Standard Schnauzer is a very strong-willed dog and requires an “Alpha” owner who is consistent in his/her regiment, training, and daily activities. They are a very loving, loyal, devoted and pro- tective breed of dog. Being a mid-size dog, they are easy to walk with you and travel very nicely in the car. When the Standard Schnauzer is hand stripped by a trained groomer who specializes in hand stripping, the coat or jacket is like copper wire. With this very hard, copper wire jacket, the smooth cuticle of the hair wards off water and dirt. In addition, the Standard Schnauzer is an excellent dog breed for anyone who has allergies. How I feel about the influx of new judges, specialists and all breed, to our breed? I’m new to conformation so I’m not a good judge of how it’s changed. In the current environment, I feel there are too many judges that award on handler looks and dog personali- ty rather than how the dog is built to purpose. A well-mannered but serious Schnauzer doesn’t present itself as “cute”—they’re working dogs with that mindset—and no one expects a Doberman or Rott- weiler to show-off its cute personality. And it’s tough enough to get noticed amongst the old guard of professional handlers and judges without having to also learn all the little ring tricks. I’d like to see us get back to the basics of judging the dog on its merits alone and do a lot less of the dramatic, eye-catching show-off stuff as handlers. Do I think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? Yes, I do, unfortunately—but maybe every one that has a breed that didn’t win that day feels the same. It doesn’t take a lot of math skills to figure out the frequency—or lack thereof—in which the Standard Schnauzer places in the group ring. You certainly wouldn’t choose this breed if you’re hoping for a very successful Best in Show track record. As one of the smallest breeds in the working group, I think they get overlooked quite often. My favorite dog show memory? Everybody loves to win, but my favorite moments are those that are good for a laugh. I like to tell people that are new to conformation about the first time I took first place in the owner-handled working group. I was elated! I took my big, pink ribbon and ran to call my family and friends and share the news. Their excitement fed my own and by the time I hung up I was just drifting on a sea of joy. Later, when I was back at the hotel winding down, it finally hit me: I’d forgotten to go back for the Best in Show competition! That’s my rookie move that usually gets a laugh and helps ease the tension for new exhibitors. I get a lot of inquiries from would-be owners that want a Stan- dard Schnauzer because they’ve heard they don’t shed, and they want a medium sized dog. I always suggest to them that they con- sider themselves as a hiring manager bringing in a new employee. You wouldn’t hire someone just because you like people and people like you—there needs to be a job for them to do. Even if it’s just ‘guard the house’ and ‘play with the kids’ there must be defined expectations, a training plan, and enough time available for this very active and mentally engaged breed. With that working-dog mindset, I’ve been purposeful in their breeding and early develop- ment. Potential owners need to understand that their job is to estab- lish and maintain their dog’s sense of purpose.
I believe I have been successful in my breeding program by adhering to the American Kennel Club’s Mission to improve each Standard Schnauzer litter. I spend hours to carefully research a cho- sen Stud Dog’s ancestors going back eight to ten generations on the website Orthopedic Foundation for Animals . In addition, I found the test results on this website to be extremely helpful when narrowing down the best and healthiest Stud Dog for my breeding program. I also love researching the foundation dogs of a specific stud dog in my Standard Schnauzer Club of America Source books going back to the late 50s and 60s to analyze the profile pictures of these same foundation dogs for any obvious faults. Some of the obvious faults seen in a profile picture (head facing to the left in the picture) is a wrong tail set at a “12 Noon or 11 O’Clock Position” and not at the desired tail set at the “One O’Clock Position.” Another good example of a fault found in a profile picture is the front legs being structured too close to the chest which would give the dog or bitch a limited forward reach with its front legs while running. One addi- tional and very important breeding strategy is not to inbreed my bitches, but I have out-sourced to other kennels giving “new blood” to my breeding line. Out-sourcing takes a considerable amount of time to research all new dogs and bitches from another kennel. But, it is well worth doing this since many great qualities from out-sourc- ing from a new kennel can strengthen the litter of puppies. I am pleased that so many reputable Standard Schnauzer breeders are testing for Dilated Cardiomyopathy to be sure that all breeding within their dogs is safe with Negative/Normal test results. Hopefully, this disease will be eliminated within the Stan- dard Schnauzers within the next two to three years. The hips of the Standard Schnauzer is also monitored by the reputable breeders and x-raying the hips and using only “Good” or “Excellent” Hips is the best choice. The Standard Schnauzer breed is constantly improving and is a very intelligent and strong breed. I strongly believe that the Standard Schnauzer breeders need to continue to do Health Tests for Dilated Cardiomyopathy as well as heart, hips, eyes, and thyroid (for bitch), thus, giving the breeder a CHIC certification. Also, the breeders need to continue to choose sweet tempered dogs and bitches in their breeding program. How I feel about the influx of new judges, specialists and all breed, to our breed? I have little comment regarding the influx of new judges except that it is good to have new judges to add variety to our judging. There are times when I have questioned the choice of a winning dog or bitch, and recently I have seen a big increase in politics in the judging ring. Of course, politics can be found in every sport. Do I think it’s hard to get noticed in the Group ring? I have actually experienced the audience paying quite a bit of attention to the smallest breed of dog in the Working Group, the Standard Schnauzer, since the Standard Schnauzer is a marvel to watch its beautiful movement. When running, the Standard Schnauzer is like poetry in motion with powerful strength and speed. I have experienced the entire audience standing up, yelling and clapping for my bitch, Brie, while she moved fluidly around the group show ring. She then won a very good placement in group. My favorite dog show memory? In 2010, Brie was slightly over two years old when I entered her in the Long Beach, California National Eukanuba Dog Show. Her half brother, Max, was also
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