Showsight Presents The Rottweiler

ROTTWEILER

Let’s Talk Breed Education!

PUREBRED DOGS A Guide to Today's Top

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ROTTWEILER THE

1. Where do you live? What do you do “outside” of dogs? 2. In popularity, the Rottweiler is currently ranked #8 out of 195 AKC-recognized breeds. Do you hope this will change or are you comfortable with his placement? 3. Do these numbers help or hurt the breed? 4. Can you speak to masculinity and femininity in the Rottweiler? 5. How much emphasis should be placed on head characteristics? 6. What is the biggest misconception about the Rottweiler? 7. Does the average person on the street recognize him for what he is? 8. What special challenges do breeders face in our current eco- nomic and social climate? 9. At what age do you start to see definite signs of show-worthi- ness (or lack thereof)? 10. What is the most important thing about the breed for a new judge to keep in mind? 11. What’s the best way to attract newcomers to your breed and to the sport? 12. What is your ultimate goal for the breed? 13. What is your favorite dog show memory? 14. Is there anything else you’ d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. PAMELA BOLES My husband, Drew Schroeder, and I breed under the “Raven- screst” prefix. I am an AKC Bronze Breeder of Merit and member of the ARC Club. To date, from limited breeding, I have bred or co- bred 21 AKC titled dogs, including 17 AKC Champions. A number of those dogs are BIS, BISS, HIT winners and/or attained top-ten rankings in conformation and/or performance. We purchased our first Rottweiler, “Khan,” in 1999. He was titled by us to become ’01 WCLG Sieger Multi V-1 Am. Can. UCI Nat’l and Int’l Ch. Ghengis Khan vom Eaglehaus HT TT CGC (CHIC). He was a multi AKC Specialty Best Veteran. MRC, RCC and CRRC Hall of Fame designate. #5 Top producing Rottweiler male in Canadian history. We purchased our foundation female, “Paris,” from George and Betty Chamberlin (Ironwoods) in 2001 and we titled her to become Jan and Sept. ’02 ARC Top Ten Multi V-1 Am. Can UCI Nat’l and Int’l Ch Ironwoods Paris of Diorr HT TT CGC (CHIC) ARC Bronze Producer, Kennel Review Top Producer, 2007 RCC National Specialty Best brood bitch. MRC, RCC and CRRC Hall of Fame, and we later acquired her littermate, “Timmy,” who was titled to become Multi V-1 Am and Can Ch Ironwoods Primetime RTD CD TT CGC. Dogs we’ve bred include; “Burton” aka 2007 AKC #2 Rottwei- ler all systems #13 AKC working dog, Multi BIS and Multi BISS Am Gr Ch and Can Ch Ravenscrest The Alchemist CD RE CA, CHIC, ARC Silver producer, National Specialty BISS, (co-owned by us) Westminster and Eukanuba AOM; and “Kobe” aka CRRC Sieger, Multi V-1 Select 1 Am and Can Ch Ravenscrest The Tal- isman CDX RE TD CX CGC TT HCT TDI ARC VX. Kobe was handled by me to Select and Best of Winners at the 2005 ARC National Specialty; and “Radar” aka BISS Am and Can Ch Ravenscrest The Navigator CDC TDI ARC Heroism Award recipi- ent, also #2 Rottweiler in Canada.

I am working towards my AKC permit status and have been fortunate to have judged Sweepstakes at the following AKC/ARC sanctioned Rottweiler specialties: 2017 ARC National Specialty, Carson City, Nevada (Puppy Dogs, Veterans Bitches and Best Vet- eran); 2019 ARC Specialty, hosted by Pacific Coast Rottweiler Per- formance Club; 2005 Rottweiler Club of Alaska Specialty, Palmer, Arkansas; Mile High Rottweiler Specialty, Greeley, Colorado; and 2007 AKC sanctioned Specialty Match, Columbia River Rottweiler Club at Canby, Oregon. In addition, I have judged the Rottweiler Club of Canada Spe- cialty Sweepstakes for both the Prairies Region and Ontario. I live in Vancouver, BC, Canada, working as a trial lawyer. The Rottweiler is currently ranked #8, do I hope this will change? I have been tracking the popularity since 1999. It has declined a little, but they remain in the “Top Ten” from AKC which bases it on puppies registered in a given year, not import registra- tions or unregistered litters, so I suspect the number is higher. With this ranking there is a consistent need for owner education from puppyhood and beyond making ARC and all Rottweiler clubs piv- otal. In the 1980s, I started in Vizslas whose numbers were then modest, but have since grown in popularity tremendously, and have observed the remarkable transformation of that breed accordingly. Do these numbers help or hurt my breed? I am confident that many responsible breeders and owners say the numbers hurt the breed, and without the popularity perhaps we would not have disas- ters like the “Texas 200” and so many of our breed needing foster care and ending up in shelters. Can I speak to masculinity and femininity in my breed? Person- ally, I am attracted to what is referred to as the “doggy bitch,” but there is definitely a line that cannot be crossed in that regard. Gen- der character is not a facet of our breed that I would like to see lost. How much emphasis should be placed on head characteristics Unfortunately, various elements seem to change as a “style” almost as if in fashion. There have been individuals/lines with what I con- sider to be extreme and incorrect heads that have seen success and have developed a following. Muzzle length, when shortened, and proportion in some of the dogs cannot help but negatively impact the room for teeth and correct bites. What is the biggest misconception about my breed? Undoubt- edly that aggression is a hallmark of the breed’s temperament. Does the average person recognize my breed? Generally speak- ing I agree with this statement. Perhaps, and rightly so, due to sheer size there is a hesitancy on behalf of some members of the public to interact initially [with the breed]. This is soon put aside with positive interaction. What special challenges do breeders face currently? At present with COVID-19, we are facing challenges with access to reproduc- tive technology and face to face evaluations of prospective puppy owners. This will pass in time, but other challenges remain like the high costs of production of puppies and high costs of exhibiting. At what age do I start to see definite signs of show-worthiness? From my perspective, at six weeks. What is the most important thing about my breed for a new judge to keep in mind? To be respectful of the dogs and handlers, and to be gentle when examining the bite. What’s the best way to attract newcomers to my breed and to the sport? For our breed to be “out and about,” and for knowledgeable breeders, owners and handlers to be inviting and non-judgmental when addressing inquiries from newcomers, and to follow-up with

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ROTTWEILER Q&A

What is the biggest misconception about the Rottweiler? In my experience the misconception that the Rottweiler is basically a guard dog that may bite an intruder is not what I have found. In Wheaton, our Rottweilers always won the Junior Fourth of July Parade Trophy with our cart pulling Rottweiler teams. Then there was the time I left the painter in the house and forgot to put Izzy in her dog room. When I returned an hour later the painter was sitting down quietly in the room he was supposed to be painting, with Izzy lying down in front of him staring at him. Does the average person recognize my breed? In Wheaton, I think the average person recognizes the Rottweiler for what he is; a great addition to the family. What special challenges do breeders face? The breedings have lessened and so entries have lessened lately. Our Clubs have kept up with and added to the Working Titles possible. Our ultimate Working Dog can do them all, but our show entries are down. I think we all in the sport of purebred dogs realize the hardship our sport faces. Two Major Specialties, the Colonial Rottweiler Club and the American Rottweiler Club have canceled their Specialties. The Medallion Rottweiler Club Specialty still is scheduled as usual in October at the Kane County Fairgrounds in Illinois. My favorite dog show memory? In 1984, our Ch. Rodsden Tristan v Forstwald CD, TD had won the MRC Specialty. In 1988, he entered the class as winning Veteran Dog, so his handler handed him back to my nephew, Peter Rademacher, who had been getting Tris’ Working Titles. The handler had a younger Specials Cham- pion to handle. The MRC was held in the lovely big building at the DuPage County Fairgrounds in Wheaton. (Across Manchester Rd. from Rodsden.) I was always on the stage with the microphone whether I was Show Chair, President, or had any official capacity. The breed judging had started and I could see that something rath- er extraordinary was happening. Judge Mayfield had narrowed it down to two dogs, one of which was Tris. Tris was a natural “show” dog and always stood in perfect show stance, and he could move no matter who was handling. Around that big ring the two dogs went. Around and around they went. The crowd watching were clapping harder and harder. I had made it down from the stage in time to see our Tris with Pete handling win Breed. DAVIANNMITCHELL In 1982, I acquired my first

positive interactions and support of newcomers. My husband and I were very fortunate to have strong mentorship and support from so many ARC members and breed enthusiasts that we persisted and, as a result, we advanced with developing breed knowledge and participation. What is my ultimate goal for my breed? To increase longevity and improve health integrity attributable to hereditary conditions of JLPP, hip and elbow displaysia, cardiac and eye issues. My favorite dog show memory? There are two that I cannot dif- ferentiate. The first was handling “Kobe,” who was owned by Dr. Bob and Rosemary Lenigan from our first litter, to Select and Best of Winners at the 2005 ARC National. Kobe was Sieger, Multi V-1 Am and Can Ch Ravenscrest The Talisman CDX RE TD CX CGC TT HCT TDI ARC V. Tied for “favorite” was definitely seeing his littermate, “Burton,” known as 2007 AKC #2 Rottweiler all sys- tems, AKC #13 Working Dog, Multi BISS Multi BIS Am Gr CH and Can Ch Ravenscrest The Alchemist CD RE CGC CA, coming out after two years of retirement, and from Veterans with his han- dler, Tony Carter, winning both the Rottweiler specialty and the Mt. Ranier Working Dog Specialty. In doing so, he defeated a num- ber of that year’s Top Twenty Working Dogs under Angela Porpora. I’d also like to share that the enthusiasm for our breed and depth of knowledge of many fanciers is, from my perspective, unique and will serve our breed for years to come. Fads, and “styles” come and go, but diversity in breeding practices to avoid dominant sire issues can only be to the betterment and strength of all. JOAN KLEM In my judging career I have judged in 17 different countries, some of them several times. I arrive with movie camera and still camera as they always ask me to give a talk after the club dinner. I always wondered if the translater could translate the dog words correctly. In this day and age, I would not accept an assignment in some of those countries. My last judging assignment was the Best in Show MRC 50th Anniversary Specialty. And so, I retire as Ameri- can Kennel Club Judge Emeritus and Medallion Rottweiler Club President Emeritus. I have lived all my life in the city my forefathers founded, Whea- ton, Illinois. Graduated from Northwestern in Speech Therapy. Taught in local schools until my husband and I started having chil- dren. Since we lived near the ten acres of my Rademacher families homes, Rodsden, they took care of our three boys while we started taking our yearly trips to Germany and the ADRK Klubsieger Show. Well, we did tour Europe visiting Rottweiler Breeders. I did play a pretty good hand of Bridge too. Do I hope my breed’s ranking will change? In the Golden Age of our breed, I think we were #3 in the ‘90s. In 1992, at the MRC Specialty, there were 98 competing in the ring for Breed. In order to keep going AKC has to find ways to make money, so I guess adding breeds is one way to do it. Can I speak to masculinity and femininity in my breed? The Standard for both dogs and bitches calls for a well-muscled working dog and bitch. There is difference in size, of course, but you look for those characteristics that make either a good Working Dog. How much emphasis should be placed on head characteristics? One would like the head on dog and bitch to be the same in propor- tions, but could always be easily recognized proportionately. The head proportions have changed a bit over the years. Still with a dis- tinct “stop,” they both have a bit shorter and deeper muzzle it seems to me. You always look for that well-balanced body, that ground covering gait, you hope. Just a perfect head may not be enough—at least in my ring.

Rottweiler, Michener’s Michael CD, Certified Police Service Dog (“Mick”) and established Night- hawk Rottweilers. While Mick met all of my hopes and expectations, his hips unfortunately did not, and right then, I was introduced to the harsh realities of the breed. I neu- tered Mick and proceeded to pur- chase seven-week-old CH Einmin

Lanneret v Rottdan CD, AD, TDI, Police Service Dog Mountain View PD, MRC Honor Roll (“Hawk”). This dog, Hawk, later became the basis for the kennel name “Nighthawk Rottweilers.” My philosophy on dog breeding is embodied in the term “integ- rity.” I believe that although a dog may not have any disqualifying faults and has a CHIC number, this alone does not mean that it is breeding quality. We must breed the total dog, which is type, tem- perament, and structure. I feel that we should not only strive to be successful with our dogs in the conformation ring, but to be equally successful with our dogs in the working arena whether it be agility, obedience, rally, herding, tracking, schutzhund, barn hunt, dock diving, or therapy—or any other working activity!

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To date, I have bred over 90 conformation champions and over 125 titled dogs. I have been recognized by AKC as a Platinum Rott- weiler Breeder of Merit and Bronze Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breeder of Merit. In Rottweilers, I have bred and/or owned numer- ous Top Ten conformation as well and Top Ten Working Dogs. I have either bred, owned—or owned the stud dog to—several #1 American Rottweiler Club breed dogs and bitches. I have also personally bred/trained/handled several National, Regional and/ or local specialty winners, bred/trained/handled several obedience and agility dogs as well as bred/trained/handled several Schutzhund dogs, up to and including Schutzhund 3. Over 35 years of breeding Rottweilers, I have only personally bred approximately 27 litters; however, Nighthawk has co-bred approximately 35. In Cavaliers, I have bred ten champions as well as several specialty winners and bred only seven litters. I am currently a member of the following clubs: American Rott- weiler Club, Medallion Rottweiler Club, Colonial Rottweiler Club, Western Rottweiler Owners, and The Rottweiler Health Founda- tion—Past President and Director, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club USA, Cavaliers of the West, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club of Southern California and American King Charles Spaniel Club. I am a past member of the following organizations: Associated Rottweiler Fanciers of Northern California—Past Director, United States Rottweiler Club—Past Breed Warden and Past Apprentice Judge Applicant, The American Rottweiler Verein, United Schutz- hund Club of America and the Los Angeles Rottweiler Club— Past President. I have judged Rottweilers in conformation Sweepstakes at the National, Regional and local Specialty levels. I currently live in Santa Clarita, California, with my husband, Brent Braun, and my daughter, Mary Ann, and my Rottweiler and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel family. Outside of our passion for dogs, I am a full-time Los Angeles County Superior Court judge and I currently preside over a felony long-cause criminal calendar. Prior to that, I was a Los Angeles County Deputy District Attorney assigned to the Hardcore Gang Unit and a Police Officer working patrol for the Sacramento Police Department. I hold a Bachelor of Arts degree in Zoology from University of California at Berkeley and Juris Doctorate degree from Southwestern University School of Law in Los Angeles. Do I hope the breed’s popularity will change or am I comfort- able with the placement? It is my hope over time our popularity con- tinues to decline. Purposefully bred Rottweilers make wonderful companions and are well-suited to be performance dogs as well as family members, but are not for all. Structured environment, social- ization, exercise and training as well as proper housing and facilities are a must. Not everyone can provide this type of environment and for those who cannot, this is not a breed for you. Well-bred animals whose breeders follow well-accepted breed- ing requirements, including hips, elbow, eye, heart ideally with Cardiologist Echocardiogram clearance, and JLPP certifications are less likely to suffer the potential health issues our breed can possess, but poorly bred Rottweilers cannot only be potentially very danger- ous, they can suffer or succumb to the various physical ailments that plague our breed, some of which are fatal. While I have seen our numbers shoot through the ceiling back in the ‘80s and more recently greatly decrease, our breed still suf- fers from backyard breeders as well as puppy mills due to their sus- tained popularity. These poorly bred animals do not possess the proper temperament, structure, and health. They are bred for profit and still flood the market. Until the popularity diminishes, buyers will unknowingly purchase these animals and the public suffers. Greater education about purposefully bred dogs, health, the breed

standard and teaching the public what to look for in a breeder as well as a potential pet will help them not fall prey to these unethical and unprofessional dog dealers. Until the popularity diminishes to where breeding is no longer profitable for these types of backyard bred or puppy mill breeders, our breed will continue to suffer. It is our job to educate the public about the benefit to buying purpose- fully bred Rottweilers from ethical breeders. So, for the aforemen- tioned reasons, I hope our breed continues to decline in popularity. Can I speak to masculinity and femininity in the Rottweiler? Our breed should possess clearly distinctive masculine and femi- nine characteristics without forgoing overall breed type. Our stan- dard states, “Dogs are characteristically more massive throughout with larger frame and heavier bone than bitches. Bitches are dis- tinctly feminine, but without weakness of substance or structure.” I do not think bitches should be overdone or too masculine, that is improper, no matter the flavor of the moment. How much emphasis should be placed on head characteristics? A Rottweiler’s head is what helps define proper breed type. A large, well-proportioned head that is clean and dry with dark almond eyes is what makes the Rottweiler distinct. The Rottweiler should have a noble and self-assured expression, not the “pig like” overdone, extreme type that has become popular is some European countries and here in America all too often. These dogs are not bred to work, but for their extreme type, huge heads, turned-up noses, extremely short muzzles and broad heads with lots of wrinkles. This type is not a Rottweiler, but more like a Mastiff-like animal on steroids, and due to its improper structure, cannot perform working tasks due to their inability to breathe properly. Heads are important, but not the end-all of our breed. Emphasis should be given to producing Rottweilers with proper breed type, but in my opinion, there needs to be equal, if not more, emphasis on health and structure so that the dog can live a long life and physi- cally perform as the breed was intended over many years. The biggest misconception in our breed is that they are aggres- sive and dangerous. Yes, any dog can be aggressive under certain cir- cumstances, but the Rottweiler by nature is neither aggressive nor dangerous. They are wonderful family dogs, and when well bred, are good with children and other animals, appropriately friendly and self-assured as well as possessing protective instincts of their families and territory. They are very loyal and trainable, but because of their size, without proper training and socialization, they can be inappropriate and sometimes aggressive and, as a result, tragedies happen. Most often, it is their size and exuberance and lack of train- ing that gets them in trouble, like knocking a person or child over because they are not aware of their size and over enthusiastic when they see people. This can be mischaracterized by the media and publicity that the Rottweiler “attacked,” when in reality, no such thing ever happened. The story has much more sensationalism if they can identify the dog as a “Rottweiler who attacked” someone, accurate or not, rather than a Poodle who knocked someone over. Often the paper reads “Rottweiler Attacks,” only later to determine it was not a Rottweiler at all. Rottweilers take responsible dog owners who are willing to take the time to properly train and socialize their puppies and give them mental as well as physical exercise. If they cannot provide this envi- ronment, they should not have Rottweilers. They are not the breed to put outside, with no training or socialization, and expect to be a trusted loving family pet. Does the average person on the street recognize the breed? I have never had anyone not recognize one of my Rottweilers as anything other than a Rottweiler. I have not had this experience. The biggest challenge breeders face right now is a huge influx of puppy buying inquiries because so many people are home right

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ROTTWEILER Q&A

now because of COVID-19, and they might not be asking for the right reasons. We really need to vet the potential owners as to their suitability for our puppies and consider if the financial crisis will affect the puppy buyer’s ability to financially care for the puppy in the future. We also have the issue of limitation of veterinary care in some areas due to COVID-19. Lastly, a huge challenge all breeders will face is socializing your puppies while complying with social dis- tancing measures. For some, this will be impossible, for others with big families or living in an area where it is less restrictive, maybe not as much. At what age do I start to see definite signs of show-worthiness? Because I have been in Rottweilers nearly 40 years and have bred over 90 champions, BIS, BISS, as well as #1 dogs, I feel like I can accurately assess a puppy for show potential at seven to eight weeks. At what point do I say, yes, for sure, this puppy is going to be a win- ner? I would say at four to six months. That is for me. I can’t say as to others. I know my lines. I know how they mature and I have seen many litters born over the years, develop and mature into adults, pet and show alike. Now, to say will this dog be a candidate to be a top winner? Well that takes more time because, to be at the top, it is so much more than structure. It is attitude, environment, and the whole package, and that evaluation takes much more time. The most important thing about the breed for a new judge to keep in mind? The Rottweiler is a distinctive breed that is a strong, powerful animal that has a particular breed type, but it is also a working breed that must possess proper structure with sound move- ment. Look at the overall dog, do not judge its parts. The best way to attract newcomers to my breed and to the sport? Education and continuing to offer opportunities for newcomers to be successful like the OH and Novice Classes. My ultimate goal for the breed? To breed healthy, well-struc- tured animals with proper breed type and correct temperament. My favorite dog show memory? I would say there are two. First, handling a male out of my stud dog, 7x BISS/Multi Group Win- ning CH Shel-Kon’s A Coll Java Blend CD, AD, CGC, HIT, TT, B, to Best of Breed at Westminster over an entry of 50 under the esteemed Mrs. Dorothy Collier, and also winning Best of Breed at Eukanuba with the same dog. Entering with Java on the green carpet of the Westminster Kennel Club Groups will be a night I will never forget. And second, handling my own third generation owner/breeder/ trained and handled Rottweiler to win the United States Rottweiler Club National Sieger Show to title of National Sieger. This dog was an American/Canadian/Mexican Champion, placed V-1 at the World Show in Mexico, High Scoring Schutzhund 3, CD, Herding Instinct Test, and Breed Suitability Test. All titles except the Ameri- can championship were done exclusively by me. KATHERINE E. PLAYER DVM

My family got our first Rottweiler in 1987. I was four years old. From then on, we always had at least three Rottweilers. I got my very own to raise and train at nine years old. I was ten years old when I decided I wanted to breed and show Rottweilers. The dream was delayed while I went through school and became a veterinar- ian. I have practiced in general practice and also emphasized canine theriogenology. I am now a high volume spay/neuter veterinarian working with a variety of rescues and shelters. I got my first show dog in 2005, I bred my first litter in 2013. I strongly believe in pro- moting healthy, classically beautiful dogs of sound temperament. I believe in facilitating research for the genetic improvement of the Rottweiler; my 2013 litter was elemental in creating the JLPP test now commercially available. My husband was introduced to Rott- weilers when we started dating and his passion for the breed and preserving these wonderful dogs matches my own. We own a home in a southwest suburb of Chicago. Between my parents’ home and ours, we own seven Rottweilers, a black Lab, and a rescue Hound mix. We are active in many varieties of dog sports, but we also take public outreach and public education about the breed seriously, and participate in whatever venue possible. I live with my husband in a small town about 50 miles southwest of Chicago, Illinois. My husband and I work around our home and love to travel when possible. We also enjoy spending time with our families. We have a small menagerie of animals that occupies our time and passion. Do I hope my breed’s ranking will change? I love the breed, so I love seeing other people recognize the Rottweiler for how spec- tacular it is. The only problem with popularity is people are drawn to these powerful, intelligent, independent dogs without doing the proper research before adding them to their family. While I believe the Rottweiler is the best breed out there, it is definitely not the best breed for every home or every family. The other major problem with popularity is the perception that money can be made from sales of Rottweiler puppies by unscrupulous breeders. Being in the top ten for popularity is a huge honor for the Rottweiler, and well deserved! It is our job as responsible breeders and guardians of this magnifi- cent breed to help the general public get educated before bringing these dogs into their lives and homes. Conversely, a major advantage of popularity is population size. We are lucky enough our breed is not at risk of extinction like so many breeds are; we are also lucky to have the genetic diversity to make good decisions when breeding the next generation. Everything is a balance. I am happy for the popularity, but educating the public is so important. How much emphasis should be placed on head characteristics? The conformation of the whole dog needs to be considered when making breeding decisions, as well as temperament. That said, this is a “head breed” in that the head is the trademark of the Rottweiler. It would be a shame to ignore the head characteristics, or propagate a Bulldog or Greyhound head on the ideal Rottweiler body. This is a Working breed. As such, the facial conformation must allow proper respiration without overheating. So many Rottweilers are being selected to have a more brachycephalic head conformation yielding them useless in any venue outside of the conformation ring. We must keep the powerful, impressive Rottweiler trademark with- out losing what is behind the head. If we continually breed for only a desirable headpiece, we will lose a good shoulder, proper topline, appropriate length, balance, and movement. The Rottweiler is such a great dog because it can laze about in the house with the family, and then get up and go hiking all day, carrying its own pack; or herd cattle, sheep, or ducks; or it can keep up with horseback riders on a trail ride; or it can swim and retrieve a toy. The versatility of this breed exists because people bred for a dog who could do it all. But we must never forget that these dogs are beautiful to look at too, and this is a part of the package not to be ignored.

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ROTTWEILER Q&A

What is the biggest misconception about my breed? Unfortu- nately, most people think the Rottweiler is inherently aggressive: they are man-eaters, killers, and dog aggressive. So many people also think these dogs were originally bred for personal protection. True, Rottweilers require training and proper socialization. Rott- weilers are intelligent and generally more independent than other breeds. They are also impressive in appearance and they possess a lot of power. However, when bred and raised correctly, the Rott- weiler is slow to aggression, able to make self sufficient decisions about encounters with people and animals alike. Any dog can be bred and trained to be aggressive. Even a Rottweiler with the most stable, gregarious in-born temperament can be raised improperly, even accidentally by an uneducated owner, and grow into an aggres- sive dog. But the Rottweiler is not inherently aggressive. Does the average person recognize my breed? Surprisingly, yes! Before the Internet made interaction between strangers so easy, people relied on the media for information about the breed, and the media, seeing a very cool looking, impressive and powerful dog, slipped the breed into the role they could easily fit into. Of course they did! Rottweilers are trainable, big, impressive, and they gener- ally get along well with a variety of people in a public setting when trained to do so! They are perfect for movie sets! The media and movies depicting Rottweilers being aggressive dogs were the pri- mary source of information for people about the breed. Then the Rottweiler got more popular. People got more educated about them. The Internet opened up an avenue for people to communicate more freely and made it easier for the general population to find events like dog shows to get out and see the reality of the breed. And the Rottweiler fell out of favor with the media. All of these forces com- bined to allow the average individual to see the Rottweiler as a large, powerful dog, which is not always aggressive. That said, there is still a large percentage of the population who do not seek out edification on the breed. Those are the people who are stuck seeing the Rott- weiler as the media chooses to portray it. What special challenges do breeders face? The mental, emotion- al, and financial cost of breeding properly, compounded by the stig- ma of breeding propagated by animal rights extremists, and general lack of support from most veterinary professionals concerning keep- ing dogs in tact and being used for breeding purposes. We breeders need to show rescue groups, animal welfare advocates, and veteri- narians inundated with unwanted dogs that our goals are the same and we all dislike unscrupulous breeders. We need to show that our breeding dogs do not add to an overpopulation problem. Whether every dog in a pedigree has titles or not, we need to be breeding with a purpose. We need to show the purpose behind our breeding deci- sions. The best way to show purpose behind our breeding decisions is to work towards titles. If we never prove our dogs are worthy of being bred, prove these dogs possess the characteristics we purport to emphasize, we are merely adding to the overpopulation problem, not actually preserving the characteristics of this breed we so love, and proving the naysayers correct. However, proving the worthiness of breeding is expensive both monetarily and in the time invested in training and traveling to the show venues. These costs are incurred because we love our dogs, we love the breed, but also because we are trying to preserve the breed and continue these characteristics into the next generation. We incur significant costs of health clear- ances to make sure these dogs we so love and propagate will not produce a puppy with health problems that will cause heartbreak to the owners. Then there are the costs incurred by actually breeding and raising a litter. The average owner has no concept of the blood, sweat, tears, and emotional and financial investment of each and every litter produced. It is very frustrating to fight with everyone on all sides, and then have a puppy person say they only want a pet, so none of what I do to prove worthiness of breeding is significant.

But that is our job: we educate and show anyone who will listen why we do what we do; why we charge what we charge; how we help prevent dogs from ending up in shelters; why we are needed to keep these majestic dogs true to their history. At what age do I start to see definite signs of show-worthiness? This really depends on the line. Some lines of Rottweilers mature quickly and can show well by six months of age while others will not be competitive in a show ring until three or four years of age. This is also extremely dependent on which venue a dog is meant to show in: herding, shutzhund, competition obedience, agility, and conforma- tion will all show characteristics at different times. Some of these venues must have an inborn behavioral component that can never be taught, while some can be finessed with some time and training. The most important thing about my breed for a new judge to keep in mind? This is a Working breed and form follows function. A dog who makes a pretty picture when stacked, but cannot move properly should never be rewarded. Breed type is so important, but not the only thing to judge. What’s the best way to attract newcomers to my breed and to the sport? Through inclusion, kindness, education, and encourage- ment; allow an enthusiastic newcomer to take pick or second pick puppy and mentor them along to help them achieve success! Success allows a newcomer to get bitten by the bug. Also, realizing not all newcomers will enjoy this crazy world, and that is okay too! My ultimate goal for my breed? To maintain the awesome ver- satility of this wonderful breed without sacrificing the powerful beauty and grace of the dog. I love that my dogs are all game to do whatever I want, and they are all physically and mentally capable of keeping up with me! Be it hiking in the mountains, swimming in the lake, trail riding with the horses, rollerblading or bicycling, jogging with me, or laying at my feet for weeks on end as I studied in school, my Rottweilers have always been there. I hope we do not lose that ability to fit into life so well. My favorite dog show memory? I am fairly new to the competi- tion obedience world. I started in Novice A in February 2016. By the Medallion Rottweiler Club Specialty in October 2016, we were competing for a Utility title. We had tried and NQ’ed at several trials prior to the MRC. We NQ’ed out of the Utility class on the first day of the MRC. When we finally Q’ed in Utility on the sec- ond day, everyone ringside erupted in cheers! We didn’t even score very well! But man, it was so nice to have people rooting for us as neophytes to such a difficult sport! I felt like I belonged. I felt like everyone who celebrated such a small success with me was a friend who understood how hard it was to get to that point. JOAN ROSEMIER I was born in Oregon and lived all over the states, from Oregon to Washington, to Utah, to Texas, to Pennsylvania, to Kentucky, to South Carolina, and will probably be in Arkansas from now on. I’ve been grooming for 35 years and still enjoy going to work. I’ve been married to my best friend, Richard, for 36 years. I started barn hunting with my dogs in 2015 and this past winter became a barn hunt judge. I’m anxiously waiting to start my newest puppy soon. I have four Rottweilers now. I’m also the obedience show chair for the Hot Springs Kennel Club’s annual all-breed/obedience show. I live in Hot Springs, Arkansas. I don’t really do much “outside of dogs.” I’ve been a groomer for 35 years and going strong. Do I hope my breed’s ranking will change? I actually would like to see our AKC popularity ranking drop. They became so popular that their health and temperaments have suffered.

180 | SHOWSIGHT MAGAZINE, MAY 2020

ROTTWEILER Q&A

“The ranking does not really concern me, whether it be one or 50, as long as readers remain conscientious about what they’re breeding, and do the right thing when it comes to bringing new owners and breeders into the breed. As long as we do what is ethical and right for the long-term care and placement of the Rottweiler, higher rankings do not concern me.”

What is the biggest misconception about my breed? I think the biggest misconception is the Rottweiler’s temperament. They defi- nitely are not for everyone, not for a first time dog owner. If an owner doesn’t train or mistrains, the results can be disas- trous. Rottweilers take a dedicated, oftentimes stubborn, owner. Does the average person recognize my breed? People absolutely recognize the breed. This often results in crossing the street to avoid them. Either that or some have to tell you all about their brother’s 180 pound Rottweiler. At what age do I start to see definite signs of show-worthiness? I evaluate puppies at as close to eight weeks as possible. Their struc- ture is pretty much what it will be as an adult. Toplines, angulation, forechest, shoulders, etc., don’t change. What is the most important thing about my breed for a new judge to keep in mind? Judges should keep in mind “form follows function,” for any breed. My best memory (or two): My first Rottweiler was in 1998. She was also my first show dog. It took us awhile, but I finished her myself, after being told that is wasn’t possible. Second best memory: Showing my fifth Rottweiler (along with a breeder’s assistance) to his Grand Champion title. Is there anything else I’d like to share about my breed? I believe that this breed can do anything! I am prejudiced, but have had oth- er breeds and as much as I loved them, they were not as versatile as the Rottweilers continue to be. My Grand Champion also has his RN, FDC, AD, CGC and RATS. The last one is a Barn Hunt Senior title. He’s working on his Barn Hunt Master title now. JEFF SHAVER I had Rottweilers since

right for the long-term care and placement of the Rottweiler, higher rankings do not concern me. Can I speak to masculinity and femininity in the Rottweiler? Follow the breed standard. There are no differentiations in the stan- dard for males and females other than suggested heights. Dogs are not to appear feminine or females overly doggy, but structurally the Rottweiler should be the same whether male or female. That holds true for characteristics such as head type as well. There may be “less” of a female, but in proportion to size there should be no difference between her male counterpart. How much emphasis should be placed on head characteristics? While head type is certainly important in the breed, this is not a “head” breed. The Rottweiler was never intended to work on its head. The emphasis on head structure has become more important in the last three to four decades. While it is true that the standard has a very detailed section on the Rottweiler head, it is important to realize that that includes lots of parts such as eye color, deten- tion and mouth pigment. The overall structure and type of the dog, including the head, is what is important, not just the head. What is the biggest misconception about the Rottweiler? I have noticed that many people believe the Rottweiler is a giant or even large breed guard dog. The breed is actually a medium to large dog that should be athletic in appearance. It is important to remember the original function of the breed if you really want to understand what the breed should look like and act like. The dog should be able to be a worker of cattle as well as a draft dog. It is an all-around athletic dog. Does the average person on the street recognize the breed? Sad- ly, I think that the average person pictures the Rottweiler more as it was portrayed in the movie Th e Omen . Most do not realize the diverse capabilities of the dog or the type of person needed to suc- cessfully own one. What special challenges do breeders face in our current econom- ic and social climate? Costs and economics. Purchasing, training, and raising a Rottweiler is an expensive endeavor. Many today want the cheapest dog they can find and, sadly, usually end up with that quality. Many want to own the breed but simply cannot afford to do it justice economically, in my opinion. At what age do I start to see definite signs of show-worthiness? It really does depend on the different lines that one might find within the breed. Some can show definite potential at an earlier age, say six months, while many do not reach full maturity in looks until two or older. What is the most important thing about the breed for a new judge to keep in mind? I’ve said it many times before but, in my opinion, overall balance is most important. You must look at the entire dog, not just bits and pieces. The dog should be striking from a distance and carry itself when moving in such a manner that you know he could continue that movement for miles in various athletic endeavors. What’s the best way to attract newcomers to my breed and to the sport? There is only one really successful way to attract and

1984. I’ve competed in obedi- ence earning Utility level titles as well as bred or co-bred mul- tiple champions. My passion in the breed at the present time is tracking. I am licensed to judge all levels of tracking competi- tion and have judged in over 30 of the states in this country. I live in Stagecoach, Texas, on 50 acres with two horses and

nine Rottweilers as well as a Brussels Griffon. I am currently vice president of the American Rottweiler Club and have been a past three term president. Outside of dogs, I enjoy gardening and horses as well as music. The ranking does not really concern me, whether it be one or 50, as long as readers remain conscientious about what they’re breed- ing, and do the right thing when it comes to bringing new owners and breeders into the breed. As long as we do what is ethical and

SHOWSIGHT MAGAZINE, MAY 2020 | 181

ROTTWEILER Q&A

“The Rottweiler is, according to the Standard, a mascu- line breed and refers to all the aspects of the breed using the term ‘He.’ I feel it is very important that a male looks like a male and a female looks like a female.”

keep newcomers. Personal interaction with knowledgeable people who are willing to spend the time and effort to make them not only feel welcome, but also educate them along the way. My ultimate goal for the breed is to see them continue to be bred as close to the standard—structurally and with the correct tem- perament—as possible. Passing that goal on to the next generation would be my ultimate desire. My favorite dog show memory? The second dog competing in Utility created his own exercises enroute to earning the title. He was such a clown. On the go outs he would often leave the ring, jump- ing over the gate to visit people watching, then return to complete the exercise. Also, the many wonderful friends I have made along the way. I would encourage not only new judges, but also those interested in the breed, to find someone close to you that is experienced— hopefully through the Parent Club, the American Rottweiler Club—and take the time to truly understand the history of the breed before doing anything else. LAURENWARSHAW Lauren Warshaw of Trilogy

somewhere else? Breed type is very important and a correct Rott- weiler head plays an important role in exuding breed type. What is the biggest misconception about the Rottweiler? The biggest misconception is that the Rottweiler is for everyone. It is not. Does the average person on the street recognize the breed for what it is? No. The average person does not understand that the Rottweiler is a Working Dog and requires a firm, but fair and steady hand and he needs a job to do and a lot of mental stimulation as well as physical outlets. What special challenges do breeders face in our current econom- ic and social climate? Breeders need to take the appropriate amount of time to make sure their puppies go to the right homes where the owners know how to raise a Rottweiler and it will therefore be their forever home. They need to educate puppy owners about the responsibility of owning this breed. At what age do I start to see definite signs of show-worthiness? A show-worthy Rottweiler is visible as early as eight weeks in struc- ture, movement, type and temperament. The “Stand Out” puppy/ puppies of the litter will shine! Alternatively, puppies lacking cor- rect structure, movement, type, temperament can also be noted at this age as well as some serious and disqualifying faults. What is the most important thing about the breed for a new judge to keep in mind? Breed type! Head type, body type, and movement. The head should be clean and have correct ratios with good prominence of the zygo- matic arch and stop, and the body should be powerful, robust and compact with a 9x10 body ratio and have the correct length of leg. Our breed is getting longer and longer and losing leg. The correct movement should look powerful with efficient ground covering and a strong reach and drive and always, always holding a level topline. Please don’t be fooled by dogs that are being flown around the ring fast and flashy so as to hide their faults. It is an incorrect speed for our breed. What’s the best way to attract newcomers to my breed and to the sport? When a breeder sells a puppy to a new show home they should give lots of support, direction and encouragement to the owners so they will enjoy showing and competing with their puppy and hopefully, if they have kids, they will get involved too. Also, share with them about all the other activities a Rottweiler can learn to do. Taking the time to talk with spectators at the ring and encourag- ing newbies to go to Rottweiler Specialty shows where they can ask many questions and be able to see all the Rottweilers. My ultimate goal for the breed? To continue breeding to main- tain correct structure, type, temperament and health. My favorite dog show memory? There are many, but most recently my young boy, Solar, whom I bred, had a very memorable weekend at Del Mar, California. Solar and handler, Jeannie Tap- pan, just starting their campaign, won a Best in Show, Back-to- Back Best in Specialty Shows and a Group Two in three days of shows. It was my first Best in Show win and very special because it was also Solar’s very first time in the BIS ring, and he won it! Truly a very proud moment for me as his breeder. I truly cannot imagine my life without being surrounded by this incredible breed. I enjoy everything about them, even their naughtiness, and their loyalty and love for me has no limit. I am truly blessed.

Rottweilers has owned Rott- weilers since 2006. She enjoys showing her dogs herself and competing in several other events. Lauren’s foundation bitch in her breeding program, Kindle, was the #1 Rottwei- ler Bitch All-Breed standings and the #5 Rottweiler Breed standings in 2016. Kindle’s son

“Solar,” BIS MBISS GCHB Trilogy’s Moment Of Totality V Kin- dle CA TKN CGC, is currently the #1 Rottweiler in Breed rank- ings. Trilogy Rottweilers is a Breeder of Merit and strives to produce correct, healthy Rottweilers with desirable temperaments. I currently live in Phoenix, Arizona, and I own and operate a dog grooming business. Do I hope the breed’s popularity will change or am I comfort- able with the placement? Number eight is a comfortable placement for the Rottweiler. When the Rottweiler was number two back in the ‘80s, its great popularity hurt the breed. Many of the public got involved with the Rottweiler, because it was trendy and fashionable. All the wrong reasons to buy a Rottweiler. Can I speak to masculinity and femininity in the Rottweiler? The Rottweiler is, according to the Standard, a masculine breed and refers to all the aspects of the breed using the term “He.” I feel it is very important that a male looks like a male and a female looks like a female. It should be a very clear distinction. However, a female should not be lacking in substance. How much emphasis should be placed on head characteristics? Much emphasis should be placed on the head. The Standard places the accent mark. The AKC/American Rottweiler Club Standard has 273 words, six subcategories, nine serious faults, and six dis- qualifications. The head contains the most verbiage of any section in the Standard. Why so much detail if the accent were intended

184 | SHOWSIGHT MAGAZINE, MAY 2020

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