Let’s Talk Breed Education!
Genetics and Dog Shows Share Centuries of History
A s you know, genetic research didn’t start at Embark Veterinary. It started with the fathers of evolution and genetics. During the 19th century, an era of curios- ity about nature, animals, and scientific discoveries blossomed. In 1859, Charles Darwin published Origins of Species about his theory of evolution using natural selection. A few years later, Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel discovered through his experimentation with pea plants that characteristics can be passed down through generations. Mendel, considered by many to be the father of genetics, also defined t he words “recessive” a nd “ domi- nant” in his 1866 paper explaining how invisible factors (geno- types) can predictably produce visible traits (phenotypes). Following Mendel’s discoveries, Friedrich Miescher, a Swiss physiological chemist, discovered what he called “nuclein” or the nuclei of human white blood cells. What he actually discovered became known as deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA. Despite these revolutionary discoveries, the scientific community took decades to embrace them. Meanwhile, for centuries, dog breeders had been selectively breeding purpose-bred dogs. But around the 1850s, breeding programs (starting with English Foxhound packs) began to be recorded. In 1873, the Kennel Club in England started the first purebred dog registry and published official breed studbooks. Across the Atlantic, American dog fanciers were just as keen as their British Isle counterparts in holding field trials and dog shows. By 1877, the Westminster Kennel Club held its first dog show. In 1884, the American Kennel Club became the governing body of the sport of purebred dogs through its dog show rules, registry, and breed studbooks. Westminster was its first member club. Around 1900, British biologist William Bateson brought Mendel’s theories back to the forefront of the scientific community. Savvy dog breed- ers began to follow Mendelian inheritance when planning their breeding programs, with a new understanding of visible and invis- ible traits. Selective breeding of purebred dogs with closed gene pools would advance canine genetic research in the future. As more dog breeds emerged at the turn of the 20th century, dog shows began classifying them by type into Sporting, Non- Sporting, Terrier, Toy, and Working Groups. In 1944, Oswald Avery identified DNA as the substance responsible for heredity and, in 1950, Erwin Chargaff continued that research with his discovery that DNA was species specific. Genetic discoveries con- tinued with Rosalind Franklin’s work in 1951 on X-ray diffraction studies, which set the groundwork for the discovery of DNA’s dou- ble helix structure by James Watson and Francis Clark in 1953. By 1983, not only did the Herding Group debut at Westminster but Huntington’s became the first mapped human genetic disease. In 1999, Narcolepsy became the first mapped canine genetic disease by a team of researchers at Stanford University. During the 21st century, the human genome was sequenced in 2003, followed by the canine genome in 2005 with “Tasha” the Boxer. In 2008, “Uno” the Beagle became the first Westminster Kennel Club Best in Show winner to donate DNA to research. His contribution helped to launch the first ever canine SNP array.
Courtesy of The Westminster Kennel Club.
By 2015, Embark Veterinary founders Ryan and Adam Boyko’s DNA research contributed to the understanding of the origins of the domestic dog. Their love of dogs and science, guided by their mission to improve the life and longevity of all dogs and end pre- ventable diseases, evolved into the founding of Embark Veterinary. In 2019, Embark Veterinary was selected as the official Dog DNA Test of the Westminster Kennel Club. In 2021, Embark scientists published their roan gene discovery. This was followed by the red intensity gene research article in May. Embark Veterinary may have a short history compared to that of the Westminster Kennel Club. However, the contributions of Embark’s founders, Ryan and Adam Boyko, have been felt across the canine world thanks to their research into the origin, over 15,000 years ago, of domesticated dogs. Ryan and Adam have spent the last decade learning everything they can about dogs and genetics. Meanwhile, The Westminster Kennel Club is America’s oldest organization dedicated to the sport of dogs. The West- minster Kennel Club Dog Show is the second longest continu- ously held sporting event in the US and, since 1948, is the longest nationally televised live dog show. The club has spent more than a century enhancing the lives of all dogs. A partnership between the two organizations was simply a natural fit. In June 2021, Embark and Westminster will team up again at the 145th Annual Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, held at Lyndhurst in Tarrytown, New York, on June 11th-13th. Embark will have an on-site swabbing station for exhibitors and award every Best of Breed winner an Embark for Breeders DNA Kit. Embark will also donate $10,000 toward canine health research in honor of the Best in Show winner. It’s evident that genetics and dog shows have shared a long history over the centuries, coming together today with a shared love of purebred dogs.
FielSd paniel COLORS, PATTERNS,
C olor, pattern, and mark- ings are the first things you notice when you meet a Field Spaniel, but they should be the last things considered when eval- uating the dog. Coat color is the paint on the
BY SHEILA MILLER
house, the decorations on the wall. If the dog’s color is acceptable, if the color pattern is acceptable, and if the markings are acceptable, then that part of the dog’s assessment is complete. No preference should be made among the acceptable colors, patterns, and markings when evaluating a Field Spaniel.
Liver, Black and Tan, Liver and Tan, and Black Field Spaniel Puppies
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FIELD SPANIEL COLORS, PATTERNS, AND MARKINGS
Black Field Spaniel
Liver Field Spaniel
THE COLOR SECTION OF THE BREED STANDARD IS SUCCINCT. THERE ARE JUST TWO COLORS, TWO COLOR PATTERNS, AND ONE MARKING.
We are all human and, of course, we have our personal likes and dislikes. But the key is not to be so distracted by color that we fail to see the dog underneath the coat. Follow the breed standard, but respect the breed. If the color, pattern, and markings are acceptable, then focus on what makes the dog a Field Spaniel. The color section of the breed standard is suc- cinct. There are just two colors, two color patterns, and one marking. Let’s start with color. Field Span- iels may be black or liver. Black may range from black with subtle brown or liver undertones, to a high-gloss, jet black. If you ask a lay person, “What color is that dog?” the person will simply say that the dog is “black.” Liver consists of all shades of liver, from light to dark. Golden liver is a separate color, according to the breed standard, but it is, for practical purposes, just another shade of liver. Liver may have a reddish or golden cast, but it would not be identified as “red,” “gold,” “orange,” or “lemon.” For example, a Field Spaniel is not Irish Setter red, Golden Retriever gold, or Pointer lemon. A lay per- son will identify any liver Field Spaniel (including golden liver) as being some shade of “brown.” Now that the dog’s color has been established, let’s look at color patterns. Again, there are only two choices; self-colored and bi-colored. Self-colored dogs are, of course, solid black or solid liver. A white throat, chest, and/or brisket is allowed on self-col- ored dogs. Bi-colored Field Spaniels are simply black and white or liver and white dogs. Bi-colored dogs have a significant amount of white on the body, with the base color (black or liver) typically found
Liver/Tan Field Spaniel
Black/Tan Field Spaniel
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FIELD SPANIEL COLORS, PATTERNS, AND MARKINGS
in patches on the head and body. The white areas of bi-colored dogs must be roaned or ticked. If the white areas of the dog are nearly evenly dis- tributed with the base color, then the dog is iden- tified as a roan (blue roan or liver roan). If the base color is distributed into the white in spits and spurts, then it is identified as black (or liver) bi-colored with ticking. According to the breed standard, there is no minimum amount of tick- ing required. The dog may be highly or lightly ticked and still meet the standard. If ticking is not apparent, then some of the white should be gently ruffled to reveal the colored hairs with- in the white. It matters not if the dog is a true roan or a bi-colored dog with ticking. Both are equally acceptable. That leaves us with markings. Regardless of color or pattern, Field Spaniels may have tan markings typical of other tan-marked breeds. Expect to find tan on the sides of the muzzle, eyebrows, all four feet, inside the ears, and under the tail. Chest bars and penciling on the toes may be present. Tan can range from light tan to gold to deep russet. Dogs that inherit the alleles for tan from only one parent do not have tan markings, but some of the tan will pres- ent itself. For example, instead of having a tan muzzle, the muzzle will be made up of a blend of black and tan (or liver and tan) hair. These ghost markings are subtle and are best seen in bright sunlight. The dog should never be penalized for these markings. Two colors, two patterns, and one marking might make the Field Spaniel seem a rather plain breed. Quite the contrary. In combination with each other, there are a dozen different ways to describe the color of a Field Spaniel. The twelve combinations of color, pattern, and markings are commonly interbred because breeders wisely rec- ognize that there is more to a Field Spaniel than its color. As a result, some self-colored Fields have more than a little bit of white on their throats. It is not uncommon to see Fields that have a broad white chest or a little white on their noses, a white toe, or even a spot of white on the shoul- der. Personally, I don’t have an issue with these “mismarks” if the extra white is ticked. Dogs that have “ghost tan” have a tan-marked ancestor, and the mismarks have a bi-colored ancestor. There is one breed-specific disqualification, and this is for the color pattern “sable.” The AKC Field Spaniel breed standard describes sable as “… a lighter undercoat with darker shading as tipping or dark overlay, with or without a mask present…” Sable is extremely rare and you are unlikely to encounter it. It is similar to the sable coat pattern seen in English Cocker Spaniels. The twelve combinations of coat color, pattern, and markings are beautifully illustrated in the Field Spaniel Society of America’s illustrated stan- dard. It is available for download at the club’s web- site: http://www.fieldspanielsocietyofamerica.org .
Liver Roan Field Spaniel puppy
above: Blue Roan Field Spaniel puppy right: Liver Roan Field Spaniel puppy
THE TWELVE COMBINATIONS OF COLOR, PATTERN, AND MARKINGS ARE COMMONLY INTERBRED BECAUSE BREEDERS WISELY RECOGNIZE THAT THERE IS MORE TO A FIELD SPANIEL THAN ITS COLOR.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR Sheila Miller is a retired science educator who lives in rural Northern Nevada. Sheila has been a Field Spaniel breeder/owner/ exhibitor for 25 years. Her breeding focus is on breeding sound, healthy dogs that live up to the breed standard’s description of a “combination of beauty and utility.” Wolftree Field Spaniels compete successfully in conformation and in a wide variety of performance events.
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JUDGING THE FIELD SPANIEL By Nicole Dooley
J udges have the unique oppor- tunity to make an impact to a breed’s progress by being diligent in learning and applying the standard to dogs they reward. What is most challenging in a rarer breed, such as the Field Spaniel, is applying “type” to this equation, as well. Considering that Field Spaniels have always been on AKC’s “low entry breed” list, it is within reason to assume that many judges have not had the privilege of viewing a large entry for the breed, or have had that opportunity on multiple occasions. Th at said, it is of the utmost importance for you to know and understand what makes a Field Spaniel unique regardless of the limited opportu- nity that prospective and current judges may have to evaluate the breed in person. History While the Field Spaniel was one of the earliest registered breeds in the United States, dating back to the 1880’s, it is in reality a breed with a young history from a conformational standpoint. Due to a decline in both the US and the home country of England, and near extinction, the breed had to be reintroduced to the US in the late 1960’s by way of three litter- mates imported from the UK. Th e breed has come a long way since that time due to the commitment of diligent breeders. While this lovely breed continues to grow and improve, breeders have also proved and maintained the breed’s natural work- ing ability. It is very important that the breed remain one that can stand up to the requirements of a day in the Field. Beauty, Balance & Type What three things should you as a judge keep in mind when evaluating a Field Spaniel? Th e answer is easy: Beauty. Bal- ance. Type. But how are these reflected in individual dogs? How would you go about judging the breed? How do you define
recognize in the breed? What about move- ment? What makes the Field Spaniel head distinctive? Are there any hallmarks of the breed? Th e most significant line from the Field Spaniel standard is, “Symmetry, gait, attitude and purpose are more impor- tant than any one part”. You will want to remember this as you continue reading. Th e Field Spaniel is described in the standard as a combination of beauty and utility, a well balanced, substantial hunter- companion of medium size, built for activ- ity and endurance in a heavy cover and water. It has a noble carriage; a proud but docile attitude; it is sound and free mov- ing. Symmetry, gait, attitude and purpose are more important than any one part. Th e Field Spaniel is a breed in which there is no division between bench and working dogs. Considering that they are bred with this in mind, it is imperative they be judged with this in mind as well. Your judging begins the moment the dogs walk in the ring. Watch them as they enter. Th ere are many owner handlers in this breed, and they are usually handling inexperienced dogs. Keep this in mind as you move through your assignment. Th is is a breed that can be reserved at first meet- ings and may be unsure of the goings on. Th is is especially true if the dog is young and the handler is inexperienced. How- ever, this is by not an excuse for an overly shy or timid dog, particularly in the open or bred-by class. As the standard says, “ Th ey may be somewhat reserved in initial meetings. Any display of shyness, fear, or aggression is to be severely penalized.” Proportion “A well-balanced dog, somewhat longer than tall. Th e ratio of length to height is approximately 7:6.” Look at your entry of exhibits in line and take a moment to assess the overall outline of the dogs. Th e front of the dog should be in balance with, and not heavier than the rear. Front and rear angles should
be both moderate and balanced, as well. Th e initial appearance should be neither coarse nor weedy, but have adequate bone and substance. Th ere should be no extreme exaggerations in any direction. Th e Field should be longer than it is tall in a ratio of 7 to 6, with the length being measured from the forward most point of the shoul- der to the rear and the height from the withers to the ground. Th e depth of chest should be roughly equal to the length of the front leg from elbow to ground. Th e rib cage should be long and extending into a short loin with little to no tuck up in mature dogs. Th e upper thigh should be broad and powerful; the second thigh well muscled. A key point to remember when viewing the outline of a Field Spaniel is that it is incorrect for this breed to have a sloping topline. Th e neck should smooth- ly slope into the shoulders, followed by a strong level topline. Over extended or, worse, over angulated rears are also not desirable. Overall balance is of the utmost importance. Th e front must be in balance with the rear with a deep loin connecting to the two! And it is essential that that there is balance between size, proportions, and substance. Head Look down the line and view the head and expression. Per the standard, expression should be “grave, gentle and intelligent.” Th e head should convey the impression of high breeding, character and nobility, and must be in proportion to the size of the dog. Eyes should be almond shape and a dark hazel to dark brown col- or. A round eye and/or light eye is incor- rect is likely to express a harsh or hard expression, instead of the grave and gentle expression the standard requires. Adding to the distinctive head and expression is an ear set slightly lower than the level of the eye, a moderate stop, a strong long muzzle neither snipey nor squarely cut, flews cov- ering but not extending beyond the lower
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typically adorns the chest, underbody, backs of the legs, buttocks, and may also be present on the second thigh and underside of the tail. Overabundance of coat, or cottony texture, impractical for field work should be penalized. Colors are black, liver, and golden liver. Golden liver is generally considered the color of a Sus- sex Spaniel. Tan-points acceptable on any of the aforementioned colors and are the same as any tan-pointed breed (Gordon Setters, Dobermans, etc.). Th e breed is either a self-colored or bi- colored dog. Bi-colored dogs MUST be roaned and/or ticked in white areas. White is allowed on the throat, chest, and/or bris- ket, and may be clear, ticked, or roaned on a self-color dog. Always remember that this is a sturdy hunting companion. Symmetry, gait, atti- tude and purpose are more important than any of the parts. Look at the whole dog in this light. Fault judging does a disservice to the breed. Applying personal preference above all else to one area of the dog is also not in the breed’s interests. Look at the whole dog and then weigh each dog’s faults and attributes from there in order to make your selections. Type and purpose should go hand in hand. Th ere are no disqaulifications in the Field Spaniel standard. Remember that the breed has had only a few decades of to hone conformation here in the United States, and your selections can either help or inhibit a breeds’ path in the future. Th e search for breed type and proper structure, one that can stand up to the requirements of a day in the field should always be at the forefront of your judging process.
“...‘SOLIDLY BUILT, with moderate bone, and firm smooth muscles.’”
jaw. Th e nasal bone should be straight and slightly divergent from parallel with the plane of the top skull. While the breed should have a distinctive head we are NOT A HEAD BREED. Please do not judge the head first and foremost and put primary importance on the head. Movement & Gaiting When moving your entry together or individually it is important to ensure they are gaited at the proper speed for the breed. Th e breed standard reads, “ Th e Field Span- iel should be show at its own natural speed in an endurance trot, preferably on a loose lead, in order to evaluate its movement.” A natural speed in an endurance trot is appropriate for the breed. Th ey should not be shown charging out and pulling at the end of the lead or zipping around the ring at top speeds. While there is good forward reach from the shoulder, coupled with strong drive, proper Field Spaniel move- ment should remain e ff ortless in a long and low majestic stride. Fast, tight, and strict movement is incorrect. A loose lead is best to appropriately evaluate movement. While the standard allows for some con- vergence in front at higher speeds, there should not be extreme toeing in. When gaiting a dog to assess front and rear movement, elbows and hocks should move parallel, just as they should be when standing still. Pay attention to this. You will be hard pressed to find a specimen that moves in parallel that does not stand in parallel, especially the rear. Dogs that are cow-hocked but move straight may- be reflective of weakness in the second thigh. Th e legs move straight, with slight convergence at increased speed, however single tracking is incorrect. Please watch for toeing on frontward movement this may reflect lack of forechest or depth of chest. Lifting from the pastern is common in younger dogs; however mature dogs should be reaching beginning at the shoul- der if moving correctly. Energy wasting movement is incorrect. Specimens should
not be throwing out elbows or hocks and the down and back exercise is the best opportunity to judge this. Movement in this breed should be very clean and fluid. Substance “Substance—Solidly built, with mod- erate bone, and firm smooth muscles.” Upon examination, the bite is to be scis- sors or level, with scissors preferred. While a good dog should not be totally over- looked for an incorrect bite, correct bite is not insignificant to type. Th e forelegs are straight and well-boned to the feet. As you move along this is your opportunity to let your hands be your eyes. Th e neck should be well set into the shoulder. Th e proster- num should be prominent and well fleshed. Elbows are closed-set directly below the withers and turned neither in nor out. Th e ribcage should be long and extending into a short loin. ( Th e 7:6 length in this breed is to be picked up in the rib, not the loin.) Ribs should oval and well-sprung, but not overly round or barrel chested. Th ese dogs should not be narrow from any angle. Th e loin should be deep with little to no tuck up. Th e croup should be short and gently rounded. Hocks should be well let down and should be parallel when viewed from the rear. Tail should be set on low, in line with the croup, just below the level of the back with a natural downward inclination. Docked tails are preferred, but natural tails are allowed.
Th e coat should be single and moderately long, flat or slightly wavy and silky. It should be dense and water- repellent. “Amount of coat or absence of coat should not be faulted as much as structural faults” according to the breed standard. Moder- ate setter-like feathering
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THE ACTIVE, INQUISITIVE SPANIEL By Nichole Dooley & Daphne Stover
I really thought the little black ball of fur I had just met was a long bodied cocker mix. I had been involved with Setters and Cocker Spaniels in performance events for over 10 years, but had never heard of a Field Spaniel. My first experience with the breed was amazing. Th e little Field bitch was confident and energetic, with a mind of her own. She was active, smart, and needed a “Job!” Doggie daycare was perfect for her. It was an outlet for her energy and taught her social skills. We also started obedience and agil- ity training. She learned quickly and was easy to motivate. Food, toys, she loved it all! I was her other mother, trainer, mentor, playmate, and her best friend. Although, together we challenged each other in the many venues in agility, rally and obedi- ence. I learned how a Field Spaniel learns and thinks, and that they had their way of doing things. A true crowd pleaser, she also taught me that Field Spaniels can really do it all. I now live with three wonderful Field Spaniels each with their own unique per- sonalities. From room to room, I find a Field following me wondering what we will do next. Some of their favorite activi- ties are fetching, running, wrestling with each other, going for a walk, chasing the birds, rabbits, and squirrels, burrowing through the snow, car rides, or just laying in the sun. Th ey are funny, cuddly Spaniels that want to be my lap dogs. Not realiz- ing that they are nearly too big for my lap! Th ey are very much creatures of habit and love to predict their day, helping me with my daily duties. As long as they are with the family, they are happy. Th ey are a versatile spaniel that love the outdoors. Th ey are eager to please their humans, and are happy doing agility, rally, obedience, hunting, tracking, lure cours- ing, dock diving, working as a therapy dog, or just being faithful companions. Being a sporting companion dog they must be
“THEY ARE VERY MUCH CREATURES OF HABIT and love to predict their day, helping me with my daily duties.”
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“A BEAUTIFUL, COMICAL SIGHT is a photo of a Field flying over a jump with their ears flying like wings.”
employed or can become bored and destructive, they are best suited for an active lifestyle spending time with their owners. A Field responds well to positive and motivational training techniques that include toys, food, and drive. Th ey quickly learn right or wrong. Minimal corrections are su ffi cient. Exposure to harsh train methods can cause a Field Spaniel to totally shut down. Th eir intelligence can fool them into thinking they know what you want, before you ask for it, o ff ering behaviors you may not want. Th ey admire and need a confident leader who is fun! Th ey will challenge every moment to live life to the fullest, so you must be one step ahead of them in the thinking process. Th e bond you create with your Field Spaniel through play, training, exercise, disci- pline, and trust will follow through in any performance arena. Obedience with a Field can be rewarding for both dog and trainer. Baseline training before 6 months old is so crucial, it imprints on them for life. Reserved by nature, they need to be socialized with many people and dogs during this time. Most can learn and pass the CGC, Canine Good Citizen test, as a puppy and are very capable of competing at all levels of rally and obedience. Fields prefer rally obedience because of the versatility of exercises and the ability to praise, and interact with them while working. Although their ability to scent retrieve, jump, and focus for long periods of time, have allowed them to be great working util-
ity dogs. One must always remember that they are spaniels with a working nose. Th is can lead to occasional sni ffi ng in obedience or rally, tracking the dog before them or hunting the area to free it from critters. Field Spaniels love all aspects of agil- ity and the constant course changes make them want more. Add a few extra tunnels and it increases their excitement. Th e tun- nels draw them in full speed ahead, and they come out smiling. Th e quickness of the sport is highly contagious for handler and dog. A beautiful, comical sight is a photo of a Field flying over a jump with their ears flying like wings. Th eir sense of fun and desire to make you laugh will sure- ly entertain in agility and make you think they forgot everything they have learned.
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BIO Daphne Sto-
ver owns Hadley Acres Obedience & Care, a dog training, groom- ing, and kennel in Metamora,
MI. When she is not helping her clients enjoy an easier life with their dogs, Daph- ne enjoys competing with her WyldKatz Field Spaniels in agility, obedience, and conformation. Daphne has earned hun- dreds of titles on her dogs in the past 15 years in many venues. She also volunteers her time helping the Field Spaniel Society of America with their performance activi- ties as the current FSSA Performance Chairperson. Her latest accomplishment was certifying her field Sabre to be a USA Th erapy dog. Daphne is USA Th erapy Dog’s lead Trainer.
Th e tracking Field Spaniel is simply amazing and beautiful to watch. Th ey can follow an invisible trail of scent through various covers and weather conditions. A Field Spaniel’s “Nose, Knows!” Tracking is in their blood. Th ey have been very success- ful in both search and rescue and tracking tests. Most Fields can pass a TD level track- ing dog test with minimal training and patience. Learning how to read your Field’s tracking style, is your challenge. Of course, we can’t forget what Field Spaniels were originally bred to do! A Field Spaniel doing what it was intended is truly a sight to behold. Th ey are eager and will- ing to find, flush, and retrieve game from both land and water and they give mean- ing to saying “form follows function”. Built for activity and endurance they can accommodate most terrains. Th e Field Spaniels willingness to please and natural ability to problem solve make them perfect candidates for field work. While their curiosity level may get the best of them in their youth and when early in training and exposure to the field, con- sistency, patience and building a good
foundation of good habits is essential. In the end, this can make any seasoned hunter jealous of your Field Spaniel as an all-around hunt test competitor or tire- less in-season companion. Over the years, since the breed was re-established in the second half of the 20th century, we have to be thankful for the longtime breeders that have helped move this breed forward whom have also committed to working their dogs in the Field. For a small breed, and to be able to boast Master Hunter titles from a several di ff erent kennels and many more running at the senior levels is proof that this breed remains a working dog at the core. It is always an adventure training and exhibiting with a Field Spaniel. Many experiences with the Fields Spaniel breed have taught me that the Field will continue to learn as long as you continue to motivate and train them. Th eir active, inquisitive personality enables them to perform well into their retirement years in conformation and performance venues worldwide. Best of all, their impish nature will always keep you on your toes!
BIO N i c h o l e
Dooley Bunch is a longtime breeder, owner and handler. Having either owner/handled or breeder/own-
er/handled several di ff erent Field Spaniels (both dogs and bitches) to multiple sport- ing group wins, top breed & all-breed rankings, and earned winners at multiple National Specialties, among other top awards nationwide, she is one of the most accomplished handlers in the breed on a national scale. Most recently, her dog Hudson was the #1 Field Spaniel All-systems for 2012 and was the first Field Spaniel to earn the Reserve BIS award; and her bitch Ginger was the #1 Field Spaniel bitch in 2012, both being the only two Field Spaniels ranked in the top 5 breed and all-breed. In 2013, Ginger went on to become the 1st FS Bitch to win Best of Breed at Westminster KC in 15 years. She and her mother, Corinne Dooley, breed under the SandsCape prefix.
“For a small breed, and to be able to boast Master Hunter titles from a several different kennels and many more running at the senior levels is PROOF THAT THIS BREED REMAINS A WORKING DOG AT THE CORE.” t4 )08 4 *()5 . "(";*/& . "3$)
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