Showsight Presents The Anatolian Shepherd

SHEPHERD ANATOLIAN

Let’s Talk Breed Education!

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ANATOLIAN SHEPHERD DOG THE

1. Where do you live? What do you do “outside” of dogs? 2. How many years in the Anatolian Shepherd Dog? Showing? Judging? Breeding? 3. What, in your opinion, is the secret to a successful breeding program? 4. The Anatolian is currently ranked #90 of all 192 AKC breeds. Is this a blessing, a curse, or immaterial in your breeding decisions? 5. Do you feel that the general public is provided sufficient infor- mation about the breed? 6. What is your favorite dog show memory? 7. Is there anything else you’ d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. LESLEY BRABYN I live in Northern Cali-

Is the breed’s ranking a blessing, a curse, or immaterial in your breeding decisions? This is immaterial to me. My goal is to pro- duce healthy, sound dogs with good temperament that adhere to the breed standard and that are better than their parents. The Anato- lian is not a beginner’s dog and I would venture that it is a minority of people who have the space or knowledge to manage them well. I would not want to see the Anatolian become popular as in the wrong hands, it could be disastrous. I would like to see more public outreach targeting agricultur- ally related events: sheep and goat shows, community ag days, etc. While more people are becoming aware of dogs who guard other animals by seeing info about the Cheetah project on TV and the like, many are not aware of the intentional and selective breeding that goes into making that happen. In this day and age of “let’s get a rescue to do the job”, I’d like more outreach about the importance of genetics and selection in relation to purebred dogs, structure, instinct and purpose. My favorite dog show memory? I would have to say that at the moment, it is Tallulah’s Best of Breed win at the Westminster Ken- nel Club this year. In 55 years of showing dogs, I’d never been to Westminster and had no idea what to expect. It is truly a show like no other. The Anatolian is a unique balance of the Mastiff and sight- hound: Too much of the former and you get huge, heavy, cumber- some dogs completely unable to pursue predators over mountain- ous terrain. Conversely, too much like a sighthound results in light bone, lack of body and nothing a predator would take as a serious threat. Breeders need to keep to the middle ground and aim for a large, powerful and athletic dog who can fly up a cliff, intimi- date lurking predators by size and when necessary, dispatch threats with efficiency. Another issue is that the Standard calls for a level topline when moving, yet many dogs in the ring move butt high, with fronts that do not match the rear, resulting in unbalanced

fornia, about 90 minutes north of San Francisco, on the Sonoma Coast where I own and manage a 400 acre organ- ic livestock ranch, along with my husband of 40 years. I am primarily known for my Salukis, which I have own, bred and shown since 1967, Shelties before that. In 2007, my husband and I bought the ranch and needed something to guard the livestock. That’s

when we brought in the Anatolians, initially not thinking we were going to ever show them. But show them we have and they’ve done very well, winning specialties, multiple Group placements and most ending up in the Top Five when shown. Our current Special was BOB at Westminster this year and is the number one Anatolian (breed stats through May), although she just turned two years old. I’ve been judging for 19 years, primarily sighthounds, and more recently achieved permit status for Anatolians. We’ve bred three Anatolian litters, producing nine champions, although the majority of our puppies have gone to strictly working homes. The secret to a successful breeding program is tenacity, a knowl- edge of the practical application of genetics, a good eye for a dog, resilience, a thick skin and luck. Understanding the relationship of structure to movement, participating in continuing education pro- grams as new evidence-based research becomes available and being willing to change your opinion can be very beneficial. A no holds barred assessment of the dogs you use for breeding and their rela- tives is essential. It’s all about selection and the balance of confor- mation, temperament and health factors. Just because you produced a dog, kept it, loved it and finished it, even when its wins might have been big, does not necessarily make that dog worth incorporating into your breeding program and sometimes, you may have to admit that, even if in retrospect.

“THE SECRET TO A SUCCESSFUL BREEDING PROGRAM IS TENACITY, A KNOWLEDGE OF THE PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF GENETICS, A GOOD EYE FOR A DOG, RESILIENCE, A THICK SKIN AND LUCK.”

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Anatolian Shepherd Dog Q& A

detail or a mental image of what they are trying to produce. Don’t be afraid to ask for someone else’s opinion. Lastly, seek out a mentor. Find a breeder who has more experi- ence than you, but similar goals. Ask them to evaluate your dogs, ask their opinions on matings, etc. Have an open mind and be will- ing to receive the insight. I have been very fortunate to find friend- ship and mentorship in Erick Conard of Lucky Hit Ranch. He is a wealth of knowledge and always very willing to share it. A true ambassador for our breed. The Anatolian is currently ranked #90 of all 192 AKC breeds. Is this a blessing, a curse, or immaterial in my breeding decisions? I believe they have been right around that ranking for a few years now, which is a good thing. If they were to move up in ranking, I would hope it’s because more people realize the Anatolian is a supe- rior guardian breed and the need for a good working dog is up. The current ranking doesn’t have much of an impact on our breeding decisions. We will continue to breed dogs that are both structurally and mentally sound, that will perform the job they were intended to do. I don’t feel the general public is provided sufficient information about the breed. Anatolians are not a breed for everyone. Years ago people who were interested in the breed received their information from (mostly) long time breeders. Now with the use of social media, information is more easily obtained, although it’s not always correct information or sound advice. My absolute favorite dog show memory was winning the 2016 National Specialty. That year it was held in California, 3000+ miles from our home. I bought a transit van to accommodate Puck, packed up my dogs and my then 12 year old son and hit the road. We made stops along the way, spending a few days in Yellowstone and Jackson Hole, before arriving in California. It was a huge entry that year, I believe 88 total entries, so I wasn’t sure what to expect. When the judge, Ms. Sharon Newcomb, sent Puck to the front of the line, we were thrilled to say the least. At just shy of 19 months he became BISS CH Tribocie Puck. It was an experience we will never forget. Being a breeder who raises working dogs, I’d like to touch upon the working Anatolian in the ring. Generally, the traits that make a great working dog, do not make a great show dog. When select- ing for working traits, a few of the traits we select for are dogs that are aloof, observant, protective, alert to surroundings, suspicious of strange people and strange dogs, and ones that walk through the livestock with their head and tail down (head and tail up alarms the stock). We do not pick for showy, bouncy, animated dogs, it goes against what is required for them to be successful in the pasture. On occasion, young dogs, extremely confident dogs and highly trained Anatolians will gait around the ring with head and tail up. But, don’t overlook the ones who don’t. When looking down the line up, Anatolians should be rugged, powerful and muscular. A dog that can withstand the elements and defend against large predators. We work very hard to get our working dogs into the ring and have them stand for examination by a stranger. Many working Ana- tolians resent the touch of a stranger. Judges should approach from the side, allow handler to show the bite, the exam should be done briefly and with light hands. Heavy hands, grabbing of the muzzle, direct eye contact, crinkling of paper or use of squeaky toys for animation and response should be avoided. Remember these dogs have been bred for thousands of years to independently protect livestock against predators. They are first and foremost a working breed. I would hate to see the breed divided into two separate types, working vs generic show dog. With continued education on correct working temperament and structure of our breed, judges can help preserve the very thing that makes our breed what it is, working ability.

movement. Unbalanced movement is neither efficient nor effective. And then there is the confusing issue of Anatolian tail carriage: the Standard states, “When relaxed, [the tail] is carried low and with the end curled upwards. When alert, the tail is carried high, making a “wheel”. Both low and wheel carriage are acceptable when gait- ing…”. Some judges will penalize a tail that is not carried high and even curled over the back. Yet, is the dog supposed to be “on alert” in the show ring? My observation in the field is that the tail acts as a flag to the livestock. When there is reason to be alert, the dog raises its tail and the livestock see that and muster around the dog for protection. If the tail is always up and curled, it indicates nothing to the stock as it doesn’t change, whether there is danger or not. Judges need to be aware that the tail serves a critical function: to alert when there is danger. Hopefully, that is not in the show ring. HEIDI KROL We live in Southern

New Hampshire on an 80 acre working farm. I farm full-time and also run a vintage jewelry busi- ness. Our farm consists of dairy goats, heritage breed chickens and pigs, a few Arabian horses and some geese, all protected by our Anatolian Shepherds. I have raised working Anatolians since 1996. However, my husband

spent some of his childhood in Turkey and his family had two Turkish Shepherds (Anatolians) back in the 1970s on their farm. Between the two of us, we have a very long history with the breed. Together we run Stonecoat Farm. We started showing in AKC shows in 2015 when we imported an exceptional example of the breed from Australia, Tribocie Puck. In his first year of showing he earned BISS and GCH titles. Successful breeding programs are developed over a long period of time, not overnight. You must have visions and goals for your program and love and passion for the dogs you are breeding. Addi- tionally, for me, raising a working breed, I strive to produce dogs that can and do work. Those of us who breed working dogs cannot lose sight of the dogs original purpose. One of my main goals is to preserve working ability. The only way I know whether or not my breeding stock possesses correct working temperament is to raise them and evaluate them(over a period of time) in a true working setting. A true working setting for Anatolians, means outside 24/7 protecting livestock in a predator rich environment. Without select- ing for correct working ability, the purpose of our breed will be lost. When I raise dogs in a working setting, I can easily see which dogs are built for it, both in mind and body. Those are the dogs I want to carry on my line. Know your standard and breed to it. The standard is the blue- print for your breeding program. For example, the topline is one of the hallmarks of our breed. The standard calls for a dip behind the withers and a gradual rise over the loin. The topline should resemble a “lazy s” when viewed from the side. Lately, I see a lot of dogs with really flat toplines being put up in the ring. Flat toplines may be a show dog thing, but should never be an Anatolian thing. Stick to the standard, avoid trend breeding. Being able to set emotion aside and evaluate our dogs objectively is also important. Write down the pros and cons of each dog you are considering breeding. Then find a mate that balances that list. Many times, people seek out dogs that are similar to the dog they are breeding, including similar flaws. Not everyone has an eye for

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Anatolian Shepherd Dog Q& A

CATHERINE O’BRIEN

rename “Fair” to “Normal”. When you have a mammogram and you are over 50, “normal” is the best word ever. I think breeders that have such a strict view are narrowing the gene pool unnecessarily. However, I look at the whole dog – the entire picture. The use of Estimated Breeding Values (EBV) for inherited traits is a tool that I use with every breeding. I research relatives and the offspring (if any) of the subject dog in order to have an idea of what that dog may produce genetically. An established breeder will have their own personal data from breedings they have done and can do research to help fill in the gaps on more distant relatives. EBVs can be used for a variety of traits and improves breeder selection. I also use the co-efficient of inbreeding (COI) calculation in the planning stages of pairings. I value diversity. Yes, it may mean the pups don’t look like carbon copies of each other, but you take exceptional individuals and you bring them into your established lines in the future. There is risk in every breeding decision you make, but if breeders keep breeding from the same dogs, generation after generation, the end result is breeding depression and loss of genetic diversity. To me, a successful breeder plans with a vision in mind, recognizes dogs for what they are, and assesses risk and then breeds accordingly. Is the breed’s ranking a blessing, a curse, or immaterial in your breeding decisions? The ranking of the Anatolian at #90 out of 192, is immaterial to my breeding decisions, but overall very good for the breed to be mid-range. I cannot control what other breeders do. I carefully vet my homes to the best of my ability and I try to encour- age others to breed and show. A little bit of “popularity” is a good thing—without it the number of viable breeding dogs dwindles and breeds become extinct. Having a healthy breed population ensures the health of the breed and provides choices to a breeder. A breeder’s puppy people are the future of the breed. They become the face of the breed going forward. I think it is also important to keep in mind “popular pure bred” doesn’t mean the same thing it did 20 years ago. People with regis- tered dogs are not the majority or common anymore. For example, where I work, there is only three other people with registered dogs. When asked if there is sufficient information available to the general public about this breed, I would have to say yes and no. There is so much inaccurate information on social media that it is frightening. Anyone with a computer and internet connection can become an expert overnight. I literally cringe when I read some of the posts and comments on Facebook. Anatolians have been bred for thousands of years to guard livestock. They are bred to be intel- ligent and independent thinkers, which translates to stubborn and extremely smart. They can easily outsmart an owner. They also don’t mature until two years or much later, which means diligence on the part of the owner to raise the puppy for the dog they want, whether that be a family companion, estate guardian, or a guardian in the field with stock. They are protective and they view situations and think differently than the high-prey drive dog breeds that most people are familiar with. There are just a few good books out there including Anatolian Shepherd Dog: A Comprehensive Owner’s Guide by Richard Beau- champ, which is now available again for purchase.

I live near Richmond, Virginia and I am an accoun- tant by day. My husband and I are weekend warriors when it comes to dog showing, because we both have to work on Monday morning. My kennel name is Sky- view Anatolians and I have been showing Anatolians since 2006 and had my first litter in 2008. Anatolians keep things interesting. Their personali- ties are varied and they are so

smart – you learn something all the time. There are no cookie cutter dogs in this breed—each one takes a different approach to training etc. What works for one, will not work for all. You have to listen to, and learn from, each one of your dogs. I think a successful breeder does three things: recognizes poten- tial and views the whole dog , takes risks, has a plan with goals and a vision A successful breeder recognizes when a dog isn’t going to work out for their program, regardless of whether they purchased it or bred it, which can be heartbreaking. On the flip side, they also rec- ognize a good dog when they see one and they are willing to take a chance on keeping that dog if they bred it, or purchasing that dog if it has tremendous potential. I also think it is important to remem- ber a bitch that nicks well with one stud, may not produce the same quality with another. A good breeder will keep track of dogs pro- duced and note any health issues that crop up and longevity. There is a lot of financial risk to breeding and decisions have to be carefully weighed, but ultimately decisions have to be made in order to move forward. In other words, don’t get stuck in a place where you are afraid to make decisions. An excellent opportunity won’t wait—sometimes you have to go against convenience. I do a lot of planning, and often breedings are thought about years in advance and generations away. Do my plans work out? Sometimes, but a lot of times they don’t and I have to keep my goal in focus. Without planning I don’t have anything to base future decisions on – that’s why planning is important. Planning provides you with a framework for reference and allows you to make deci- sions quickly when necessary. A wise person once said keep two bitch lines going forward. Bitches provide the foundation for a breeding program. Get/keep the best you can. Health testing is important in any breed and provides decision points for the breeder. The results are tools to use in your program. However, the whole dog should be viewed not just the test results. A bitch with OFA excellent hips and skin issues is not going to com- pare to a male with OFA fair hips and is lovely in every other way. I see too many breeders get hung up on OFA “Fair” and won’t breed a dog with Fair hips. Fair means nice, normal. The dog has normal hips. Forty years ago when someone said a lady was fair, it meant they were beautiful. OFA hasn’t changed, but the societal meanings or interpretations placed on a word has. I wish that OFA would

“There is a lot of financial risk to breeding and decisions have to be carefully weighed, but ultimately decisions have to be made in order to move forward.”

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Anatolian Shepherd Dog Q& A

“THERE IS A RANGE OF PERSONALITIES IN THIS BREED AND RESERVE WITH STRANGERS IS NORMAL.”

Breeders are a wealth of knowledge. The AKC information sheet included with registration certificates has good information in it. This combined with the clubs ASDCA (AKC parent club) and the ASDI (Anatolian Shepherd Dogs International) has code of ethics breeders listed and good articles. My favorite show memory is winning Sweepstakes and Best of Winners for a five point major at my first Specialty with my first Anatolian, who was still a puppy. I had only been showing for five months. This breed is a guardian and is reserved with strangers. Reserved doesn’t mean unsocialized, it doesn’t mean the dog has been mis- treated, it doesn’t mean the dog has a bad temperament—it doesn’t mean any of those things. It means they are a discerning guardian and that individual is not as comfortable in chaotic environments. There is a range of personalities in this breed and reserve with strangers is normal. It is written in the standard, “reserve around strangers and off its territory is acceptable.” Judges that approach in a friendly, calm manner and make eye contact with me first and speak to me are greatly appreciated. My acknowledgement of the person approaching means that for the dog—that person is “Okay” and I am at ease. Allowing the han- dler to show the bite is also preferred—not only for keeping the dogs happier, but not encouraging the spread of contagious disease, which has been a concern for the last several years with the canine flu viruses. As someone that has very old dogs and sometimes young pups at home, I am always grateful for that. On the flip side, I have a couple of very socially confident dogs that enjoy attention from people. They know they are at a show. So a judge is going to see a range of personalities in his/her ring. The reserved dog should not be faulted for not being thrilled about being in a show environment. Many of us that show these dogs lit- erally pull them off the field, clean them up and away we go. They have a job outside of dog showing to do. TERESA ROGOWSKI I live in Raymond, Ohio. I have been in dog showing since childhood. My kennel names are HFO Anatolians, HFO Danes, and Tiara Rain Akitas. I also run a meat goat farm, as well as have eggs and hay under the name Green Akers Farm. I am a veterinary technician. I live on a small farm just Northwest of central Ohio, in a town called Raymond. I operate under the farm name of Green Akers Farm and my kennel name is HFO Anatolians. Outside of dogs, I am a veterinary technician in a large practice. I also enjoy horseback riding, hiking, and reading, when I’m not working on the farm. The farm consists of a menagerie of animals: boer goats, belted galloway cattle, a christmas donkey, chickens, penkin ducks, tur- keys, cats, and my other dog breed—Great Danes. Therefore, I don’t get a lot of “down time”. I have owned Anatolian Shepherds since 2008. I was born in to a dog show family, so showing just came naturally. My parents

bred and showed Old English Sheepdogs. My mother likes to tell the story about how she and one of the dogs were pregnant at the same time. The puppies were four weeks old when my mother gave birth to me. The Akita is the first breed I chose to own personally and started showing them in 1993. I have been showing dogs in several breeds since 1993. My personal breeds being Akita, Great Dane and Anatolian Shepherd Dog. I have bred a small number of litters. I usually only breed a litter if I am looking to keep a puppy for myself to show or work. The secret to a successful breeding program? When I look at putting a breeding together, I look for type, temperament, confor- mation, working ability, and health. All of these things as a whole make a successful breeding program. Is the breed’s ranking a blessing, a curse, or immaterial in my breeding decisions? The Anatolian is not for a first time dog owner, so I’m not sure I want to see an increase in popularity. There has already been a jump in popularity ranking since I started in the breed, which was not too long ago. The two Anatolian Shepherd Dog Clubs (Anatolian Shepherd Dog Club of America and Anatolian Shepherd Dog Club Interna- tional) have done a nice job with information. I would like find a way to make this information more accessible to the public. Perhaps at some events such as 4-H, agriculture events/fairs, and meet the breeds or judges education. My favorite dog show memory? I have many good show memo- ries, but two humorous ones stand out in particular. The first one was quite awhile ago. I was in the ring showing my big male Great Dane (Iceman) on a brand new leather leash. The leash must have had a defect in it because on the go around it broke. Iceman didn’t bother any other dogs in the ring or attempt to jump out. However, when the judge clapped his hands and said, “Here big guy”, he promptly trotted over and buried his head in the judges groin. The judge doubled over, but managed to get ahold of his collar. I apologized profusely. The judge didn’t hold it against us as Iceman was awarded RWD that day. The second is fairly recent. I was in the ring showing my male Anatolian (Sahmi). Sahmi is now seven years old and had been a retired champion for six years. I decided to bring him out to a cou- ple of shows to see about getting his Grand Championship. The first show weekend he was fine. The second weekend he was not really feeling like being shown again and had lagged behind the first two days. The next day I told the judge “I’ll do my best to get him to move faster, but he has just turned seven and has not been shown for a long time”. Well, Sahmi must have been offended by my state- ment, because he decided to make me look silly by acting like a six month old puppy. He jumped up, whirled and pulled my jacket all the way on the down and back. He then grabbed my jacket and presented me during the go around. When I got back to the judge he was laughing and said “Seven huh?”. Sahmi got SD that day to finish his Grand Championship. This breed is loyal, intelligent and independent. The Anatolian is a fast learner, they’re just not going to do obedience as fast or with as much enthusiasm as other breeds. We do have several people in the breed that do other activities (rally, tracking, barn hunt, therapy dog, etc) with their dogs and have been very successful. Many of the Anatolians that are shown in these types of events, as well as conformation, are also working with live stock. The Anatolian is very versatile. They must be socialized starting at a young age.

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JUDGING THE ANATOLIAN SHEPHERD A JUDGE'S GUIDE furnished by CATHERINE EMANUEL, ASDCA President and ASDCA JEC Chair

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is, first and foremost, a working guardian. It is reserved when taken out of its element. This is not to say it is timid. It should be alert, in varying degrees aloof, and most probably disinterested. As a judge, one should be aware of the demeanor and not fault the dog for not reacting to a squeaky toy, a whistle or the clap of hands. All colors, patterns and markings are equally acceptable as well as variations in coat length (1" to approx. 4" length). Pronounced white markings on the face, neck, chest and legs are common. The neck should be slightly arched, powerful and muscular with more skin and fur than elsewhere on the body

forming a protective ruff. Slight feather- ing may occur on the ear fringes, legs, breaching and tail. Pigmentation around the eyes and on the nose must be complete. Lack of pigment is not acceptable. Seasonal fad- ing of the nose is normal. The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a muscular and athletic canine. However, the breed is very slow to mature. The judge will notice greater differences in the young males and bitches through their second year, chest noticeably less dropped and body appearing much leaner. Equal consideration, however, irrespective of level of maturity, should be given to all dogs based on overall balance, structure and breed type.

A s the Anatolian Shepherd Dog enters the ring, the judge should immediately be impressed by the dog’s size and soundness. It is a large and for- midable breed. It should be noted that as the dogs first goes around the ring, some dogs will have their tail carried in a wheel and others will have tails car- ried lower. When gaiting, however, the tail should go up and over, some more than others. Wheel carriage preferred. This is indicative of the dog’s awareness in the show ring setting. The information furnished in this article was written and approved by the ASDCA Judges Education Committee and approved by the ASDCA BOD 8/10/13.

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“SIZE SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN PRECEDENCE OVER BALANCE, STRUCTURE AND CORRECT BREED TYPE.”

Variation in body structure is accept- able as long as height, weight and bone are in proportion to overall size. Size should not be given precedence over balance, structure and correct breed type. The skull is broader in dogs than in bitches. The head will also not have expanded to its mature broadness until after the age of four years. Certainly there are exceptions to every rule. The judge should not expect to see a dog that is covered heavily with extra flesh. The profile of the Anatolian Shep- herd Dog, when standing, should show a slight drop behind the withers (not a sway back or weakness in the topline) with gradual arch over the loin, sloping slightly downward at the croup. The topline of the Anatolian will appear level when gaiting. With proper ease of movement, the head will drop, the back will remain strong (no rolling), and the tail will rise. When these three elements come together, the leveling of the topline will become evident to the viewer. Approaching the Anatolian Shep- herd Dog should be from the shoulder and not “head on.” The handler should be allowed to present the bite. It is not in the best interest of the dog for the judge to over handle this breed during examination. This is a working dog and should be respected as one. The judge should make sure ade- quate space between dogs is available in the ring while the dogs are lined up for examination and insure that crowd- ing does not occur during gaiting so each dog’s movement can be seen to its potential. Gaiting should be light and fluid. The Anatolian Shepherd Dog exhibits good reach and drive and covers a lot of ground. There is con- verging toward center line as the gait

picks up. Crossing over in front or from the rear is not acceptable. Although the dog is capable of great speed, the breed instinctively conserves energy. Speed is not necessary or expected in the show ring. It is the desire of the Anatolian Fancy to have the dogs presented for confor- mation judging in their best light. Judg- es passing judgment on our Anatolian Shepherd should be looking for a dog that is large, powerful and impressive, with superior breed type, physically and temperamentally capable of guard- ing flocks from predators. Judges must consider the whole dog and not over- emphasize any one part. General bal- ance is more important than absolute size. An Anatolian Shepherd Dog that is most typical of the breed as defined by the breed standard is not exaggerated; he is the ideal; he is functional; he is perfectly balanced. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS: What color is preferred? The AKC Anatolian Shepherd Dog Breed Standard allows for all coat colors and markings to be equally acceptable. There is no preference given to coat col- or. It should be noted that some colors create optical illusions. Often markings can create the appearance of illusion of a narrow head or an unusual ear set. Should the forearm be equal to or longer than the depth of chest? The AKC Breed Standard reads, “Shoulders should be muscular and well developed, blades long, broad and slop- ing. Elbows should be neither in nor out. Forelegs should be relatively long, well-boned and set straight with strong pasterns.” Specific measurements and proportions are not given. The overall

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balance and functionality of the dog should take precedence over any specific measurement. What is the correct size of the ASD? The AKC Breed Standard states, “General balance is more important than absolute size. Dogs should be from 29 inches and weighing from 110 to 150 pounds proportionate to size and struc- ture. Bitches should be from 27 inches, weighing from 80 to 120 pounds, pro- portionate to size and structure. Neither dog nor bitch appear fat. Both dog and bitch should be rectangular, in direct proportion to height. Measurements and weights apply at age two or older.” When judging the ASD you will see a wide variety of sizes in the ring to include a size difference between dogs and bitches. There is no disqualifica- tion for height or weight in the breed standard. The breed is very slow to mature; therefore, height and weight suggestions are not applicable until the entrant is over the age of two. A six month old puppy may not meet the height or weight suggested in the breed standard. Size is only one part of the dog and should not overrule general balance. Can you tell me more about bites? Anatolian bites may be scissors or level is acceptable. Disqualifications include overshot, undershot and wry bites. Broken teeth and missing teeth are acceptable. Many of the dogs that are being exhibited today are coming straight from their pastures. It is not uncommon for a working dog to have broken or missing teeth as a result of protecting their charges. This should not be faulted. “GENERAL BALANCE IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN ABSOLUTE SIZE.”

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OfficialStandard for the A NA TOLIA N SHEPHERD D OG COURTESY THE AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB

General Appearance: Large, rugged, powerful and impres- sive, possessing great endurance and agility. Developed through a set of very demanding circumstances for a purely utilitarian purpose; he is a working guard dog without equal, with a unique ability to protect livestock. General impression - Appears bold, but calm, unless challenged. He possesses size, good bone, a well-muscled torso with a strong head. Reserve out of its territory is acceptable. Fluid movement and even temperament is desirable. Size, Proportion, Substance: General balance is more impor- tant than absolute size. Dogs should be from 2 9 inches and weighing from 1 1 0 to 1 5 0 pounds proportionate to size and structure. Bitches should be from 2 7 inches, weighing from 8 0 to 1 2 0 pounds, proportionate to size and structure. Neither

tuck up at the loin. Tail should be long and reaching to the hocks. Set on rather high. When relaxed, it is carried low with the end curled upwards. When alert, the tail is carried high, making a "wheel." Both low and wheel carriage are accept- able, when gaiting. "Wheel" carriage preferred. The tail will not necessarily uncurl totally. Forequarters: Shoulders should be muscular and well devel- oped, blades long, broad and sloping. Elbows should be nei- ther in nor out. Forelegs should be relatively long, well-boned and set straight with strong pasterns. The feet are strong and compact with well-arched toes, oval in shape. They should have stout nails with pads thick and tough. Dewclaws may be removed.

Hind quarters: Strong, with broad thighs and heavily muscled. Angulation at the stifle and hock are in proportion to the forequarters. As seen from behind, the legs are parallel. The feet are strong and compact with well- arched toes, oval in shape. Double dewclaws may exist. Dewclaws may be removed. Coat: Short (one inch minimum, not tight) to Rough (approximately 4 inches in length) with neck hair slightly longer. Somewhat longer and thicker at the neck and mane. A thick undercoat is common to all. Feathering

dog nor bitch appear fat. Both dog and bitch should be rectangular, in direct proportion to height. Measurements and weights apply at age 2 or older. Head : Expression should be intelligent. Eyes are medium size, set apart, almond shaped and dark brown to light amber in color. Blue eyes or eyes of two different colors are a dis- qualification. Eye rims will be black or brown and without sag or looseness of haw. Incomplete pigment is a serious fault. Ears should be set on no higher than the plane of

the head. V-shaped, rounded apex, measuring about four inches at the base to six inches in length. The tip should be just long enough to reach the outside corner of the eyelid. Ears dropped to sides. Erect ears are a disqualification. Skull is large but in proportion to the body. There is a slight center- line furrow, fore and aft, from apparent stop to moderate occiput. Broader in dogs than in bitches. Muzzle is blockier and stronger for the dog, but neither dog nor bitch would have a snipey head or muzzle. Nose and flews must be solid black or brown. Seasonal fading is not to be penalized. Incomplete pigment is a serious fault. Flews are normally dry but pronounced enough to contribute to "squaring" the overall muzzle appearance. Teeth and gums strong and healthy. Scissors bite preferred, level bite acceptable. Broken teeth are not to be faulted. Overshot, undershot or wry bite are disqual- ifications. Neck, Topline, Bod y: Neck slightly arched, powerful, and muscular, moderate in length with more skin and fur than elsewhere on the body, forming a protective ruff. The dewlap should not be pendulous and excessive. Topline will appear level when gaiting. Back will be powerful, muscular, and level, with drop behind withers and gradual arch over loin, sloping slightly downward at the croup. Body well propor- tioned, functional, without exaggeration. Never fat or soft. Chest is deep (to the elbow) and well-sprung with a distinct

may occur on the ear fringes, legs, breeching, and tail.

Color: All color patterns and markings are equally acceptable.

Gait: At the trot, the gait is powerful yet fluid. When viewed from the front or rear, the legs turn neither in nor out, nor do feet cross or interfere with each other. With increased speed, footfall converges toward the center line of gravity. When viewed from the side, the front legs should reach out smooth- ly with no obvious pounding. The withers and backline should stay nearly level with little rise or fall. The rear assem- bly should push out smoothly with hocks doing their share of the work and flexing well. Temperament: Alert and intelligent, calm and observant. Instinctively protective, he is courageous and highly adapt- able. He is very loyal and responsive. Highly territorial, he is a natural guard. Reserve around strangers and off its territory is acceptable. Responsiveness with animation is not character- istic of the breed. Overhandling would be discouraged. Disqualifications: Blue eyes or eyes of two different colors. Erect ears. Overshot, undershot, or wry bite.

Approved : June 1995 Effective: June 1, 1996

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ANATOLIAN SHEPHERD DOGS: QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

KATIE EMANUEL I live outside of Charlottesville, VA. We run a boarding and grooming shop as well as help our local shelters. We live on a working meat goat farm and use the dogs to do the job they were developed to perform. I’ve been in dogs since child- hood, showing since I was five. I’ve been judging for the last 7 years. DEBI GRUNNAH

Bouviers, producing over 60 champions including National Specialty winners and multiple Group winners. We lived in Michigan for 22 years, and after Rick’s retirement four years ago, we moved to the Boise area. I started judging in 2000, and currently judge all the Herding breeds, the Herding Group and the majority of the Non-Sporting Group. I current- ly own three Bouvier des Flandres, two German Shorthair Pointers (my husband’s hunting dogs) and an Anatolian. GARY JAKOBI

Our home is in Marathon, WI, situ- ated in the center of 40 wooded acres. We built our current home in 1993 to allow us to do the things we wanted to do with our Anatolian Shepherd Dogs. For the past 3 years I have been retired. For the 35 years prior to that I worked in the commercial insurance industry, most of that time as an under-

I live in Reddick, Florida. I am a full- time horse trainer and breeder. I’ve been showing for 35 years. I am not a judge, but have been showing and breeding Anatolians for 21 years. I was ASDCA Judges Education Coordinator and on the Judges Education Commit- tee, I was also VP and on the Board of Directors for 16 years. I’ve owned working Anatolians since 1995.

writer. I guess you would say that I’ve been in dogs all of my life. I grew up on a dairy farm here in WI and am the eldest of 13 children. The first dog that I remember having was an English Shepherd Dog (not an AKC breed) named Ring. He was followed in time by many other dogs; Collies, German Shepherds, Labs, Beagles, Blue Tick Hound, Doberman and Great Dane. There were also a few Miniature Poodles in that assortment, as my mother always loved that breed. My wife, Barbara, and I first got into the Anatolian Shepherd Dog in 1983 and began showing and breeding them in 1988-1989. We have been in the breed ever since that time. We have now stopped breeding and no longer show except on those rare occasions when a friend needs some assistance in the ring. I am not a judge, but I have spent many years doing my best to educate and mentor judges about the Anatolian Shepherd Dog. I started doing education seminars about the breed in the late 80s when we were still a “rare breed” and judges had virtually never seen an Anatolian and continue to do ringside mentoring at our National Specialty shows each year.

DEBBIE LONG GSCHWENDER

I have been active in the dog show world since I was a teenager, many years ago; first in obedience competition and later in conformation. My first breed was the Rough Collie. I showed my first dog in 1970. I bred and showed Collies until the early 1980s when I bought my first Bou- vier des Flandres. Rick and I were mar- ried in 1989, and established Rendezvous

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CINDY STANSELL

KE: Yes. They are more consistent and definitely more sound. The type is more stable and at a Specialty, you can identify every dog as an Anatolian. DGr: I think the dogs are not the quality that I saw in the breed 20 years ago or even 10 years ago. I think people have strayed from the original purpose and inherit sound- ness and structure we inherited from the dogs from Tur- key originally. The dogs in Turkey are also not the same as they were 10, 15 or 20 years ago. We need to focus on the original purpose and form must follow function. GL: The dogs being shown today are more consistent in “Type” than they were back in the early 80s. Part of that is due to breeders becoming more discriminating when it comes to choosing which dogs they breed together (they are much more aware of good breeding practices and are, on a whole, screening their breeding dogs to eliminate genetic problems) and part, is seems to me, is that many of those who are breeding with an eye toward showing, are trying to produce a dog that pleases the judges. The reality is that only small samplings of Anatolian Shepherd Dogs are actually being shown. There are far more dogs that never leave their ranches, farms or homes then you will ever see in the show ring. Some of the very best dogs in the breed will never be shown because they are too busy doing what they have been doing for millen- nia—being guardians for the many types of livestock they share their lives with and/or the families that they live with! CS: I’ve only been judging ASD for approximately 6 months. I’ll answer this one in two years! 5. Structurally, what separates the Anatolian Shep- herd Dog breed from others? KE: The profile of the dog, when standing should show a slight drop behind the withers (not a sway back or weak- ness in the topline) with gradual arch over the loin, slop- ing slightly downward at the croup. The topline of the Anatolian Shepherd Dog will appear level when gaiting. With proper ease of movement, the head will drop, the back will remain strong (no rolling) and the tail will rise. When these three elements come together, the leveling of the topline will become evident to the viewer. “WE NEED TO FOCUS ON THE ORIGINAL PURPOSE AND FORM MUST FOLLOW FUNCTION.”

I am from Clayton, NC. Besides the dogs, I keep very busy with lots of hobbies and travelling. 30+ years showing dogs. Judging 12 years. Cindy Stansell started showing Siberian Huskies in the ear- ly 1980s, American Eskimo Dogs and Finnish Spitz in the late 1980s and Bulldogs and French Bulldogs in the last few years. She currently shares her home with her husband, Robin Stan- sell, and Siberian Huskies, Finnish Spitz, Bulldogs and one Anatolian Shepherd Dog.

1. Describe the breed in three words. KE: Intelligent, devoted and independent. DGr: Intuitive, loyal and powerful.

DLG: Powerful, intelligent and territorial. But, I would also like to add that they have the amazing ability to detect and protect the injured. GL: Intelligent, independent and powerful. CS: Instinctive, natural worker. 2. What are your “must have” traits in this breed? KE: Temperament. For me, they have to be intelligent and independent enough to perform their job. While there must be mutual admiration and respect, they have to be smart and thoughtful. This is not a breed that jumps because you said so or plays catch for hours. They should be discerning and gentle, unless needed to protect their flock. Structurally, I want to see a sound powerful, well- muscled dog. DGr: Proper temperament, structural soundness and bal- ance, correct movement and working ability. DLG: The appearance of power, not necessarily to be the “big- gest”, but it does need to look powerful. Balance (correct angles), as in most breeds. Good feet, it’s a Working dog. GL: Temperament, soundness, proper size and strength. CS: Must haves: balance, power and size. 3. Are there any traits in this breed you fear are becoming exaggerated? KE: Personally, I do feel sometimes proper temperament is sacrificed to produce a winner in the show ring. Since judges want to see a showy dog with alert ears on a beautiful free-stack, often this breed is overlooked unless a more prey-driven temperament is exhibited. Judges are selecting dogs on showmanship in the group ring and it is slowly changing the dogs that are selected by breeders. DLG: The topline—when standing, it has a slight dip behind the shoulders; on the move the topline is level. 4. Do you think the dogs you see in this breed are better now than they were when you first started judging? Why or why not?

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“WHEN YOU HAVE CONNECTED WITH AN ANATOLIAN, YOU WILL KNOW THERE IS NO OTHER BREED LIKE IT.”

DGr: They must be large and powerful as well as agile so they can do the job they have been doing for thousands of years in Turkey. GL: When looking at an Anatolian Shepherd Dog you need to see a dog that is ruggedly built—long legged, deep chested with a high tuck-up. A dog constructed to travel long distances if necessary, but with the ability to move extremely quickly if the need arises. A dog with excel- lent muscularity, which also exudes an obvious compe- tence and authority. A dog that you, on a visceral level, recognize to be a formidable protector of livestock or its family. When looking at an Anatolian Shepherd Dog you should never doubt that it is able to do the job is have been bred to do over the past 4,000 to 6,000 years! CS: Good structure is more important than size, as long as the size is within the standard. Feet are also important. I have seen too many flat, splayed feet. 6. What do you think new judges misunderstand about the breed? KE: Judges consistently reward dogs for baiting and demon- strating show ability. Since this breed is not as trainable as a Doberman or Boxer, they must be independent thinkers, they are eliminating many quality dogs that exhibit the proper temperament. A judge is not their flock and they are not interested in them. Judges often mistake the lack of enthusiasm for the show ring for lack of performance, which is incorrect. Also, the breed is large and rugged. They are not giant and sleek. While we do not have limits on our standard, the giant dog breaks down faster and is unable to perform in the field as long. DLG: Realize that while the majority of Anatolians aren’t “showy”, don’t penalize the ones that enjoy doing any- thing with their handlers and are showy. 7. What would you like to see judges do differently when judging the ASD? KE: Approach them without fear, but with respect. They should be approached on an angle after the owner has set them. This is not a breed that should be overly handled by either the handler or the judge. I would ask judges to run their ring and ensure that there is space between exhibitors—don’t allow handlers to run up on each other. Lastly, don’t allow the handlers to race around the ring. An Anatolian should move with little effort, but not at racing speed. Gaiting should be light and fluid. DGr: Approach from the side in a non-threatening manner. Be patient with puppies and newbies. Let the handler

show the bite. This is a serious Working breed and not necessarily flashy or showy. That being said, they should not be faulted if they are showy. GL: I would like to see judges allowing the handlers to show their dog’s bite. I would also like the judges to be sure they study our standard and understand that our breed is not a demonstrative breed. The dogs typically don’t really care about the judge—as long as he or she doesn’t appear to be threatening—they are in the ring because the owner or handler (who, in the case of handlers, the Anatolian has come to know and like) wants them to be there and they trust the judgment of their people. Anatolians are not dogs to be approached aggressively or “head on”. They do much better being approached from an angle and should never be overly handled by the judge. Remember, the dog doesn’t know you and the breed is, by nature, suspicious of people they don’t know and aloof with strangers. Additionally, judges need to remember that in our breed there are no preferences to be given based on coat length or coloration. All coats and colors are equally accepted in the breed. Likewise, eye color can range from light yellow to dark chocolate— again, with no preference given. CS: Do differently? Bigger is not necessarily better. Under- stand their topline. Head should be in balance with the body. 8. Is there anything else you’d like to share about the breed? KE: When you have connected with an Anatolian, you will know there is no other breed like it. They are loyal, devoted and intelligent. They demand respect and offer it in return. DGr: Anatolians are a very special, intelligent and indepen- dent breed that can work with just about any kind of livestock and adjust to many different lifestyles. They are a guardian dog and their unique sense of determining an actual vs. a “perceived” threat to their charges (be it livestock or human) must be preserved. A confident, properly socialized Anatolian is the goal and excessive sharpness or overreaction with lack of confidence should not be rewarded. DLG: This is a breed that must be socialized at a young age. GL: When my wife and I first discovered the Anatolian Shepherd Dog in 1983, we immediately fell in love with the temperament, intelligence, size and overall look of the dog. Over time we learned, and came to appreciate, how truly independent minded they are and how much

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