Showsight Presents The Ibizan Hound

HOUND IBIZAN

Let’s Talk Breed Education!

OfficialStandard for the IBIZA N HOUND COURTESY THE AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB

General Appearance: The Ibizan's clean-cut lines, large prick ears and light pigment give it a unique appearance. A hunting dog whose quarry is primarily rabbits, this ancient hound was bred for thousands of years with function being of prime impor- tance. Lithe and racy, the Ibizan possesses a deerlike elegance combined with the power of a hunter. Strong, without appearing heavily muscled, the Ibizan is a hound of moderation. With the exception of the ears, he should not appear extreme or exagger- ated. In the field the Ibizan is as fast as top coursing breeds and with- out equal in agility, high jumping and broad jumping ability. He is able to spring to great heights from a standstill. Size, Proportion, Substance: Size - The height of dogs is 23 ½ to 27 ½ inches at the withers. Bitches are 22 ½ to 26 inches at the

mately 2 ½ inches above the elbow. The deepest part of the chest, behind the elbow, is nearly to or to the elbow. The abdomen is well tucked up, but not exaggerated. The loin is very slightly arched, of medium breadth and well muscled. The croup is very slightly sloping. The tail is set low, highly mobile, and reaches at least to the hock. It is carried in a sickle, ring, or saber position, according to the mood and individual specimen. Forequarters: Angulation is moderate. The shoulders are elastic but never loose with moderate breadth at the withers. The shoul- der blades are well laid back. At the point of the shoulder they join to a rather upright upper arm. The elbow is positioned in front of the deepest part of the chest. It is well held in but not so much as to restrict movement. Legs -The forearms are very long, strong, straight, and close, lying flat on the chest and continuing in a straight line to the ground. Bone is clean and fine. The

withers. There is no preference for size within this range. Sizes slightly over or under the norms are not to be regarded as demerits when other qualities are good. Weight - Average weight of dogs is 50 pounds; bitches, 45 pounds. Proportion - Slightly longer than tall. Substance - The Ibizan possesses clean, fine bone. The muscling is strong, yet flat, with no sign of heaviness. Head : Long and narrow in the form of a sharp cone truncated at its base. Finely chiseled and extremely dry fleshed. Expression - The Ibizan has an elegant, deer-like look. The eyes are oblique and small, ranging in color from clear

pasterns are strong and flexible, slightly slop- ing, with well developed tendons. Dewclaw removal is optional. Feet: hare-foot. The toes are long, closed and very strong. Interdigital spaces are well protected by hair. Pads are durable. Nails are white. Hind quarters: Angulation is moderate with the hindquarters being set under the body. Legs - The thighs are very strong with flat muscling. The hocks are straight when viewed from the rear. Bone is clean and fine. There are no rear dewclaws. The feet are as in front. Coat: There are two types of coat; both

untrimmed. Short-shortest on head and ears and longest at back of the thighs and under the tail. Wire-haired can be from one to three inches in length with a possible generous moustache. There is more hair on the back, back of thighs, and tail. Both types of coat are hard in texture and neither coat is preferable to the other. Color: White or red, (from light, yellowish-red called "lion" to deep red), solid or in any combination. No color or pattern is preferable to the other. Disqualify any color other than white or red. Gait: An efficient, light and graceful single tracking movement. A suspended trot with joint flexion when viewed from the side. The Ibizan exhibits smooth reach in front with balanced rear drive, giving the appearance of skimming over the ground. Temperament: The Ibizan Hound is even-tempered, affectionate and loyal. Extremely versatile and trainable, he makes an excel- lent family pet, and is well suited to the breed ring, obedience, tracking and lure-coursing. He exhibits a keen, natural hunting instinct with much determination and stamina in the field. Disqualification: Any color other than white or red .

amber to caramel. The rims are the color of the nose and are fully or partially pigmented. The appearance of the eye is intelligent, alert and inquisitive. The ears are large, pointed, and natural. On alert the ear should never droop, bend, or crease. Highly mobile, the ear can point forward, sideways, or be folded backward, according to mood. On alert, the lowest point of the base is at level of the eye. On frontal examination, the height of the ear is approximately 2 ½ times that of the widest point of the base. Skull - Long and flat, prominent occipital bone, little defined stop;nar- row brow. The muzzle is elongated, fine, and slender with a very slight Roman convex. The length from the eyes to point of nose is equal to the distance from eyes to occiput. The muzzle and skull are on parallel planes. The nose is prominent, extending beyond the lower jaw. It is of a rosy flesh color, never black or liver, and tends to harmonize with that of the coat. Pigment is solid or butterfly. Nostrils are open. Lips are thin and tight and the color of the nose. Flews are tight and dry fleshed. Bite - The teeth are perfectly opposed in a scissors bite;strong and well set. Neck, Topline, Bod y: The neck is long, slender, slightly arched and strong, yet flat muscled. The topline, from ears to tail, is smooth and flowing. The back is level and straight. Body -The chest is deep and long with the breastbone sharply angled and prominent. The ribs are slightly sprung. The brisket is approxi-

Approved September 11, 1989 Effective November 1, 1989

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THE ELEGANT IBIZAN HOUND

KATIE CAMPBELL

2. The biggest concern you have about your breed, be it medical, structural, temperament-wise, or what? KC: Responsible breeders utilizing BAER testing have proven to nearly remove bilateral deafness from the gene pool, but we still have some occurrences of unilateral deaf- ness. Some breeders exhibit faulty, messy, egg-beater front assemblies citing that they are appropriately “elas- tic”. Sloppy is not correct. This breed is truly elegant and graceful—seasoned with a sense of humor. EL: Since I started showing Ibizans in 1981 our tem- peraments have vastly improved. Our dogs were often untouchable back then. Some of this is due to good breeding, some to better training and certainly some is because we expect our showdogs to be strong in the field as well. That promotes intolerance of insane dogs and also dogs who are asked to perform their function gain confidence and the ability to deal with new situa- tions through that activity. We are on a good track here and should continue to insist that our dogs are dual purpose. AM: My biggest concern in Ibizans is with the front assem- bly. Our breed has a unique trait in that we want a rather upright upper arm. This creates a lifting action as the dog is reaching forward at the trot. Sometimes too much emphasis is put on this lifting action and the upper arm without taking into consideration the layback of shoul- der. The standard calls for a well laidback shoulder. I often see dogs with little layback which when coupled with the upright upper arm creates a more hackney gait with little reach. 3. The biggest problem facing you as a breeder. KC: Ibizan Hounds are appropriately on the low-entry-breed list which implies that not very “popular.” Popularity obviously influences the demand (or lack there of) for stay-at-home pets well as show prospects. Responsible breeders need to take reservations in advance of con- summating litters to assure that they will have enough quality, vetted homes to support their breeding aspira- tions. Meanwhile, no one wants to disappoint committed homes, either. Combine those realities with the fact that this breed commonly whelps two to fourteen puppies

I live in Seattle, Washington. Professionally, I’m a partner in a commercial real estate firm. I enjoy ballroom dancing, especially in the autumn and winter months. During the spring and summer months, when I’m not at dog shows, I tend to my organic garden and then prepare and preserve the bounty. ERIC LIEBES Joan and I live outside of Colorado Springs with two Samo- yeds, a Komondor, an Ibizan Hound and Joan’s two horses. I retired two years ago after 30 years with Chevron as a geo- physicist, doing oil exploration and research ALICE MIRESTES I live in Northwest Arkansas and I am a practice manager at a veterinary clinic 1. Your opinion of the current quality of purebred dogs in general, and your breed in particular. KC: In my opinion, Ibizan Hounds are riding higher than before with the deepest quality we’ve collectively seen in the USA since their acceptance to the AKC. Ibizan Hounds are excelling in a variety of dog sports, as the breed particularly shines in lure coursing, agility and rally. EL: I think too many winning dogs are sound and are good “showdogs” and that the important details of type are in danger of fading. It is the responsibility of judges to reward type above showmanship. In other words, they have to know the details of type in all the breeds they judge. In Ibizan Hounds this danger is expressed when judging our breed becomes a contest of who can hold their ears up the longest or who can move the fastest around the ring. Both are a disservice to our breed. Style of move- ment in Ibizans is unique, it must be athletic, efficient and include “joint flexion” expressed as some lift in the front at a trot. AM: My opinion of quality overall and in my breed, people are striving for mediocrity instead of understanding what makes a great dog great. People seem to think they should win because they put in the effort to show up.

per litter and that makes striking the appropriate balance of responsible supply and puppy demand rather challenging.

EL: When I bred several litters in the 80s and 90s we had a tragic neurologic issue which has now gone away. It turned out to be a vaccine reaction which we can now avoid. We still have food sensitivities and because of that I am feeding my dog raw food.

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4. Advice to a new breeder? Advice to a new judge of your breed? KC: Carefully study the Ibizan’s unique front assembly as it is so different that you have to pause to wrap your thoughts around it. The points that make the Ibizan’s front assembly absolutely correct is completely incorrect in every other breed. The Ibizan’s unique front assembly is required to leap and hunt properly as the breed has functioned for thousands of years. Striving for a conven- tional front assembly in the Ibizan Hound would be a tragedy and should be highly penalized. EL: To the breeder: Breed a strong functional athletic hunter, with our deer-like elegance. Focus on dual purpose dogs who function in the field and show Ibizan Hound type movement in the ring. The the judge: Look for and reward the typical Ibizan who looks like it could bring home the meat for your rabbit stew. Also help us retain size, within our standard. Giant Ibizans (more than two inches above Standard) are not correct. AM: Here are a few words of advice I give to anyone new to the sport of dogs. Don’t join Facebook groups thinking you will learn. Often the people posting on them have no basis for their information and are attention seeking. There are exceptions like training and rearing groups. If you truly want to learn hang out at the show, attend other events even if they don’t pertain to your breed, attend kennel club meetings, and read the great old books. Build a foundation of friends and mentors in many breeds. Stay all day at the dog show and go outside your comfort zone to talk to people. If people are negative or trash dogs/ breeding programs unfriend and walk away. Life is better without that negativity. Don’t let anyone bully you. For new judges of Ibizans, please learn how to approach them. They usually do best with someone with confi- dence in their approach and aren’t huge fans of having their heads handled from above. Any one of us on the judge’s education committee would be happy to show you if you ask. 5. Anything else you’d like to share—something you’ve learned as a breeder, exhibitor or judge or a par- ticular point you’d like to make KC: We (the parent club) have spent several years carefully composing an Illustrated Standard in a PowerPoint for- mat. Although it is intended for use in conjunction with a live presentation, I believe that anyone judging Ibizan Hounds (regular, provisional or candidate status) owes it to themselves and the exhibitors to have a look at: http:// ihcus.org/judges-education/jepresentation/ . Also, the Ibizan Hound is now offered in the AKC Canine College program which should be helpful for anyone looking to find unbiased quality education on this low-entry-list breed. Another consideration for judge candidates is that the parent club national show is generally held at Purina Farms in mid-September in cooperation with a handful of

other parent club nationals. IHCUS always offers parent club approved Judges Ed at our national with wide variety of quality hands-on opportunities. Our web site is robust and offers more information and contacts: www.IHCUS.org EL: The most unique aspect of Ibizans is our unique front, with a well laid back shoulder attached to a rather upright upper arm. That assembly is placed on a chest whose depth goes to or close to the elbow, though the deepest part is under the withers, behind the elbow. Some breeders misunderstand this and just produce shal- low chested dogs. That is wrong. The dogs need chest volume for lungs and heart which give them the ability to function. We don’t want the chest too deep because that would limit flexibility and turning ability. 6. And for a bit of humor, what’s the funniest thing that you ever experienced at a dog show? KC: Some 20 years ago, I traveled to a cluster of shows with just one of my Ibizan Hounds and two of my Basenjis to show. The shows were being held inside a retired airplane hangar. Arriving at the shows in the parking lot, I loaded the three hounds up on a rolling cart in appro- priately sized wire crates with the Ibizan on the bottom, and two wire crates on top for the Basenjis nice and tidy. Since Ibizans and Basenjis were showing in differ- ent rings, I planned to wheel to each ring separately to gather my armbands. While I was requesting my Basenji armband from the ring steward, my Ibizan discovered a new trick: She used her paw to slide the latch effec- tively releasing herself from her crate. It took me a full two seconds to realize what had occurred, but that was enough time for my Ibizan to exhibit what she was built to do: Leap. And leap she did, into the closest ring and then in just a couple of strides, cleared the opposite side of the ring into the next ring and then the next, and the next and the next ring unable to be caught by anyone. As soon as anyone reached for her she leaped into the next adjacent ring! As you can imagine, everyone who wasn’t panicked, was laughing hysterically. After my girl made her way around the ring configuration, we were finally able to catch her, and the dog show carried on. But I didn’t live that one down for years! EL: Not the funniest thing but related to Ibizans and their brother Podenco breeds: In Ibizan Hound education we point out that the Ibizan Hound is just one of the Poden- co breeds with a similar ancient history going back to the times of the Pharaohs. Then the Portuguese Podenco Pequeno and their active club gets their act together and gets into Miscellaneous and then Group competition first of the remaining crowd. So for the past five years we’ve been asked, “How is that little dog like an Ibizan?” I’m glad to see the Medio and Grande version coming along in AKC competition so that that question will be better answered!

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THE IBIZAN HOUND ERIC LIEBES, JEC for the Ibizan Hound Club of America, Breeder judge

I bizan Hound history has its roots in the time of the Pharaohs where both paintings and sculptures of the Anubis represent an ances- tor to the Ibizan Hound, the Pharaoh Hound and the other Podenco breeds. These go back as far as 3400 BC. A paint- ing on a sarcophagus showing a red and white prick eared dog is unmistakably this breed. The various Podencos were spread throughout the Mediterranean by Phoenician sea traders. The Ibizan Hound is named for the island of Ibiza, one of the Balearic Islands off the east coast of Spain. There and on neighbor- ing Majorca the breed stayed pure for more than 2000 years, honed its rabbit hunting ability and worked to put food on the table. The dogs still hunt on their native islands and elsewhere. Since our first imports in the 1950s Ibizan Hound popularity has grown in the United States. They achieved full AKC recognition in 1979. Ibizans are loving pets, sweet with each other and their families. Even adult Ibizans are known for their clownish behavior although the highest titles of obedi- ence competition have been reached. They particularly excel in lure coursing where strong prey drive, speed and ath- leticism are rewarded. For judges our breed standard does a good job of guiding your choices in the ring. “Clean–cut lines, large prick ears and light pigment give it a unique appearance”, “bred for thou- sands of years with function being of prime importance”, “Lithe and racy”, and “deerlike elegance combined with the power of a hunter”. These phrases from the General Appearance section of our Standard give the impression you should get when a great example walks into your ring.

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“CHARACTERISTIC OF IBIZAN HOUND TYPE IS OUR UNIQUE FRONT CONSTRUCTION AND THE MOVEMENT THAT RESULTS FROM IT.”

Characteristic of Ibizan Hound type is our unique front construction and the movement that results from it. Here are the key statements in our Standard: • A rather upright upper arm. The shoulder blades are well laid back. • The elbow is positioned in front of the deepest part of the chest. • The deepest part of the chest, behind the elbow, is nearly to or to the elbow. • The chest is deep and long with the breastbone sharply angled and prominent. • The brisket is approximately 2 ½ inch- es above the elbow. • A suspended trot with joint flexion when viewed from the side. “Joint Flexion” and a “rather upright upper arm” are not an excuse for lack of efficient movement or for unsound- ness. The Ibizan is an athletic hunter. Its front is designed to gallop and trot high, an adaptation to hunting effective- ly in high brush and rough terrain. Our breed still has good reach in the front, they just do it with lift. At first we only had smooth coated dogs in the United States but now we have handsome wire coats as well. Our standard describes the wire coat

as 1 to 3 inches in length and (like the smooth coat) hard in texture. We run the full range from smooth, to a mix of smooth and wire, to fairly tight wire coats and out to lush coated examples. All are just fine. Our coat just needs to protect the dogs in its hunting activities in high brush. Part of why we have a range of coats is because we breed one breed, mixing wires and smooths with the goal of producing the most athletic, soundest and most attractive hounds. Ibizans have amazing ears, stunning eye color and striking self–colored pig- ment. We want an ear which is more wide open than simply triangular. Our old standard described the ears as an “elongated rhomboid truncated at 1/3 of its longer diagonal”. That was per- haps a little too much like a high school geometry lesson but it did describe an ear which was more than simply “large and pointed.” Our Standard asks for an ear which is 2 ½ times as tall as its width at the base. Those are the big ears we want to see! On the other hand, it does our breed a disservice when judges make the competition into seeing who can hold their ears up the longest. We need judges to judge the athletic hunter under the ears.

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VIEWS ON A SIGHTHOUND: IBIZAN HOUNDS

HEIDI CLEVENSTINE I live in Bella Vista, Arkansas, just a ½ mile south of the Missouri border. I am the Accounts Manager for an auto insur- ance agency and I manage the bank accounts for 24 offices in five states. Pretty mundane, but can get interesting and quite stressful. I became interested in purebred dogs when I was six. My mom took me and the family Pug to our first match in 1960 and I was hooked on dog shows from then on. My mom regretted that for the rest of her life. I got really serious about showing in my teens with Collies, but was also introduced to my first Ibizan Hound then (1972). I finally got my first one in 1979 and was involved with the breed through the 80s and early 90s. After taking time off for family, I rejoined the dog world and got my provisional judging license for Collies and Ibizans several years ago, but only sent in for full judging privileges a year or so ago. ERIC LIEBES Joan and I live outside

pedigree award-winning dog that was also a Field Champion and Best in Field dog. His littermate, also a FCh and BIF dog, was Winners Dog at the first Ibizan National. I am the Judges Education Coordinator for the Ibizan Hound Club of the US and often give Ibizan Hound seminars on their behalf. NANCY LIEBES I live in New Castle, Indiana. I’m a retired corporate train- er; now a potter. I’ve had 44 years in dogs, 42 showing and 28 years judging.

RUSSELL L. MCFADDEN

I live in Espanola, New Mexico which is located about 25 miles northwest of Santa Fe. I’m a retired Computer Systems Administrator that now works part-time in a couple of jew- elry stores and a fine linens store. In my spare time I write short stories and make jewelry. I got my first purebred dog in 1959 when I was seven years old. However, I didn’t actively start showing until 1973. I was first approved to judge in 1987 at which time I was given Whippets and Afghan Hounds. GARRY NEWTON I currently reside in

of Colorado Springs with our three Samoyeds, two Komondors, Greyhound, Ibizan Hound and Joan’s two horses. I retired last year after 30 years with Chevron as a Geophysi- cist, sometimes doing oil exploration, sometimes research. I got my first dogs, an Ibizan and a Komondor, in 1981. The Ibizan got his Champi- onship and a CDX; the Komondor still holds the

Richmond TX. I continue to be multi-faceted in my work which includes being the Director of Nursing for a Pediatric Home Health Agency, continue to pro- duce sculpture in both bronze and alabaster, com- pete and teach practical/ combat handgun proficien- cy as a 6 gun IDPA Master classified shooter and pres- ently working on my sec- ond novel for publication. I grew up with dogs for all

all-breed BIS record for the breed at 7. I’ve had good success breeding both of those breeds since. I’ve been judging since 1992 and am approved for all Hounds, Working and Herd- ing breeds and 16 Sporting breeds. In the 80s and 90s, I had several Ibizan litters and produced a National Specialty and

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ibi֍an ;ound Q&A

WITH HEIDI CLEVENSTINE, ERIC LIEBES, NANCY LIEBES, RUSSELL L. MCFADDEN & GARRY NEWTON

my life but started in the sport of pure bred dogs in 1975. I started showing at that time. I started my AKC Conformation judging in 1997.

reach and extension in front. I have only seen one bitch recently that had the proper lift and reach combined with great drive from the rear. Of course I also want to see a sound, pretty dog with balanced movement. RLM: Although not typically a head hunter, this breed must have (what I consider) a correct head with proper ears and ear set, a proper front assembly (well-laid back shoulders with a long upright upper arm) that allows for correct movement (“a suspended trot with joint flexion when viewed from the side”) and also a smooth, moder- ate outline when viewed from the side. A good example of this breed should exude both elegance and strength at the same time. GN: Like the standard says, “deer-like elegance... power of a hunter... strong, without appearing heavily muscled... a hound of moderation... rather upright upper arm. The elbow is positioned in front of the deepest part of the chest.” Additionally it must have that unique head and expression that cannot be mistaken for any other breed. 3. Are there any traits in this breed you fear are becoming exaggerated? HC: Yes, the rears. Too many people think the exaggerated rear to be attractive, especially in the American show ring. What it does though is throw the balance of the dog off and reduce the functionality, especially when paired with the rather straight upper arm of the Ibizan front. Too many times I see dogs in the ring overstepping because their fronts have nowhere to go when that rear is pushing. Speeding them up only exacerbates the issue. Remember, the standard describes the rear as moder- ate in angulation and set under the body, not extended behind. A quick note about the Ibizan front: we ask for a well-laid back shoulder, but the upper arm is rather upright to be able to absorb the force from the leaps and bounds this breed makes while hunting. “THE IBIZAN FRONT IS LIKE NO OTHER, WITH A WELL-LAID BACK SHOULDER ATTACHED TO A RATHER UPRIGHT UPPER ARM.”

1. Describe the breed in three words. HC: Elegant, athletic and moderate. EL: Elegant, strong and unique. NL: Elegant, athletic and sweet. RLM: Elegant, functional and intelligent. GN: Clean-cut, lithe and functional.

2. What are your “must have” traits in this breed? HC: When you look at the Ibizan outline, there are sharp points—at the ears, the nose, the breastbone, the brisket and the hips. This is not a smooth, rounded outline like a Whippet or Borzoi—there are angles. This is not to say the Ibizan is an angulated breed, but one should see edg- es in the outline. The correct upright ears are part of this as is the correct sharp breastbone, which allows for good reach from the relatively straight upper arm and laid-back shoulder and the croup. One should see the hipbones in the Ibizan outline. Also, the bone is fine and bladed with flat muscling so I look for a lean fleshless skull and do not want to see any bulkiness to the body. And let’s talk about the Ibizan’s ears a second—it’s the only trait that seems a slight exaggeration in an otherwise very moder- ate breed. I’ve had people say I put too much emphasis on this but the correct ear is unique to and sets the type of the Ibizan breed. The standard calls for a pointed ear, but it is so much more than that. There’s a unique trun- cated rhomboid shape that was called for in our original AKC standard. This was changed some years ago, yet, because the parent club still believes it important judges be taught this aspect of our breed, it is included in our judges education material. EL: The Ibizan front is like no other, with a well-laid back shoulder attached to a rather upright upper arm. This leads to our special front movement with joint flexion (or lift). This front, along with our prominent ears and great athleticism, define the Ibizan Hound in the ring. NL: There are a few features I always expect to see in my winners, beside soundness—ear shape, correct move- ment and good condition. A correct ear was described historically as a rhomboid truncated at a third of its longest diagonal. Because this was too “complicated” for some to understand, the standard was changed and we lost the characteristic shape. In short when looking at the ear from the front, it should have an upper inner corner and a lower outer corner. All too often we are seeing straight-sided ears that are too small. Losing this key char- acteristic has hurt our type. Also lacking in most exhibits these days is correct movement. The standard used to call for front legs lifting almost to the horizontal and then reaching. This doesn’t mean hackney, but rather a high

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ibi֍a ;ound Q&A

WITH HEIDI CLEVENSTINE, ERIC LIEBES, NANCY LIEBES, RUSSELL L. MCFADDEN & GARRY NEWTON

HC: Yes, I don’t see nearly as many short upper arms as I saw 20 or more years ago. No, because fashion some- times seems to replace the standard. Overall, however, I believe the breed is in better shape than it was when we were first recognized in 1979. EL: Definitely better. In the 80s and 90s there were many dogs that exceeded our desired size by too much. The top desired size for dogs and bitches are 27 ½ and 26 inches respectively, with an allowance for slightly larger. In our past there were dogs over 30 inches tall in the ring. Some were quality animals, but too big to be balanced Ibizans. Without loss of a good range in breed type from differ- ent lines, Ibizan breeders in the US have converged on a much more functional and typical size and shape. Our show rings temperaments are much improved also. NL: It’s a mixed bag. There are some very beautiful dogs out right now that are as correct as there ever was. But for the most part the breed has suffered from the loss of the old breeders who knew what type really was. In general they are more sound now, but they also are less typey. It is difficult to breed a sound front with its complicated construction of a well laid back shoulder and rather upright upper arm that actually reaches out when in full gait. So we’ve settled on dogs of beautiful type with a common gait which is not typical of the breed. Happily I think I can report that the breed is healthier now. RLM: For the most part, I think the breed has improved greatly since I first started judging them in 1992. Breeders have made great strides in improving soundness in particular. GN: As with most breeds, the quality of a breed is often in flux with periods that are sometimes better and some- times worse. I think it is almost impossible to answer this from the typical entry shows. There will be entries where the classes are of great quality and the same with the specials but with very small numbers. Equally there will be entries where there is less quality either in the classes or in the specials, but once again with very small numbers. Only at the larger entry shows is there a better indication, but even this can be misinterpreted. With this said, I am very pleased currently with the depth of quality of the specials being currently shown across the

Additionally, though we look for a prominent breastbone, all it has to do is fill the palm of one’s hand, not jut out like the bow of a ship. We want lift and flexion, but they also have to reach. Choppy front action that goes up and down but nowhere fast is not what we are wanting. There has to be reach there, too. EL: Our standard asks for depth of chest to, or nearly to, the elbow, with the deepest point behind the elbow due to the rather upright upper arm. On mature dogs, to or nearly to the elbow means at or within an inch or two. Dogs with very shallow chests don’t have good room for heart and lungs. This trait is sometimes exaggerated in our breed. Similarly, the chest should not be too deep or it restricts movement and flexibility. NL: Regretfully I am seeing the opposite of exaggerated. Common generic movement has become the norm. This breed should not “daisy clip” in the front, but rather lift and reach out before placing its front feet. All I see now is plain, restricted movement with very little joint flexion and not much drive from the rear. RLM: There are a couple of traits that I think breeders always need to be cautious about. One is a front assem- bly that has lost the long upright upper arm that makes this breed unique from other sighthounds. I also think angulation in both front and rear assemblies is becoming a bit exaggerated in some Ibizan Hounds. Moderation has different meanings to different people, but an Ibizan with a lot of return of upper arm in the front and/or a long sweeping rear is to me an exaggeration of that for which the standard calls. GN: I do not believe that the traits have been exaggerated, but rather the unique front of the Ibizan with the more upright upper arm is being lost to the generic sighthound front or sometimes even worse, to the straight front. 4. Do you think the dogs you see in this breed are better now than they were when you first started judging? “...THOUGH WE LOOK FOR A PROMINENT BREASTBONE, ALL IT HAS TO DO IS FILL THE PALM OF ONE’S HAND, NOT JUT OUT LIKE THE BOW OF A SHIP.”

“HAPPILY I THINK I CAN REPORT THAT THE BREED IS HEALTHIER NOW.”

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WITH HEIDI CLEVENSTINE, ERIC LIEBES, NANCY LIEBES, RUSSELL L. MCFADDEN & GARRY NEWTON

United States. Additionally, I am generally very pleased with the quality of the class Ibizans as well.

Note that word, “possible.” It doesn’t mean they have to have one. It just let’s you know it’s possible. We aren’t Terriers and we don’t want people to treat our wire dogs as such. No sculpting or scissoring, please. Lastly, when it comes to the Ibizan weight—thin is in for this breed. We prefer our dogs to be in running condition, being able to go from the ring to the field to the backyard without missing a beat. Do not be too concerned if there are ribs showing on a dog but do check to make sure there is good muscle tone. EL: Judging Ibizans as a contest of which dog can hold its big ears up the longest does a disservice to the breed. Especially in the classes, judges should see the exhibits with their ears up at some point, but the dogs should be evaluated for body shape, strength and character of movement and athleticism. NL: I can’t tell you how many times I’ve coached judges after they judge the breed that it is supposed to have lift. RLM: I think a lot of new judges don’t understand correct Ibizan Hound movement. I think this may in part be because they don’t understand that the front assembly must look as it does from the side with a prominent breastbone, well laid back shoulders, a long, upright upper arm and the deepest point of the chest being behind the elbow not at the elbow. I think many new judges misunderstand judging wire coats also. GN: I think that sometimes judges have problems with the head of the Ibizan. The parent club judges education is excellent in training the eye for the correct head, expres- sion, ear, etc. Additionally, the Ibizan is a unique breed with a front that calls for a more upright upper arm. This translates to a canine that moves with more action in the elbow and pasterns that will allow for a balanced front and rear movement. This is different than other sight- hounds but correct for this sighthound. Judge the Ibizan Hound with generic sighthound movement expectations and the judge will get it wrong almost every time. 6. Is there anything else you’d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. HC: When it comes to the Ibizan head, a lot of people seem to forget another one of the modifying points of our standard: the narrow brow. We look for a long, lean, fleshless head, tight lipped and extremely dry-fleshed. We don’t want thin pencil-shaped heads that are the same width from muzzle through backskull, but neither do we want pie-shaped fat heads. Calling for a narrow brow, which helps determine that the backskull is not much wider than the muzzle, helps determine that. The outside corner of the eye should be in a direct line with the base of the ear. The zygomatic arch runs smoothly and cleanly on that line. Often times, the more flare there is to that bone, the more muscling I see in backskulls, especially in mature males. Overall, there should be very little

5. What do you think new judges misunderstand about the breed? HC: I’ve had a lot of judges’ comment about the lack of conformity in the breed. Quit thinking that’s something we want—we value diversity in the Ibizan. There will often be uniformity within families, but Ibizans don’t all look alike, nor do we expect it of them. A case in point, several years ago, I was at one of our national specialties. There were four bitches out in the BOB competition. I looked down the line and thought to myself, ‘There is the show dog, the standard, the classic and the refined.’ Each was an outstanding specimen of the breed, but each was very different from the others not in type, but style. That can confuse judges who are used to breeds with less variation within the population. Another example of differences within the breed that judges don’t always understand is height. We call for a height between 23 ½ " to 27 ½ " for dogs and 22 ½ " to 26" for bitches. That’s a pretty wide range compared to most other breeds, but it’s because in different terrains, different dogs function better. In Spain, for instance, one farmer might have larger heftier dogs that can handle a harsher area while his neighbor prefers a smaller, more agile dog because of where he hunts. We value and preserve that quality. Don’t think a small dog isn’t as good as a big dog—size contributes to, but isn’t as important as, overall func- tionality. The biggest dog isn’t always the best, any more than the smaller dog is the worst. And don’t get too hung up on coat. In our breed, length is not as important as texture. Also, there are some nuances in our standard people seem to forget. In the section about coat, for example, it states, “Wire-haired can be from one to three inches in length with a possible generous moustache.” “JUDGE THE IBIZAN HOUND WITH GENERIC SIGHTHOUND MOVEMENT EXPECTATIONS AND THE JUDGE WILL GET IT WRONG ALMOST EVERY TIME.”

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ibi֍an ;ound Q&A

“THIS BREED IS A FUNCTIONAL BREED AS WELL AS AN ELEGANT AND BEAUTIFUL BREED.”

muscling on the Ibizan backskull. And please don’t get fooled into thinking one need to have ear contests and that the ears must be at full alert the entire time a dog is in the ring. All a judge should need is a glimpse to know the ears are able to be held erect without tipping or creasing. EL: Self pigmented with eyes ranging from clear amber to caramel contributes to our dog’s unique expression. Dogs with bright yellow or even greenish eyes are unappeal- ing, those are not on the color continuum we desire. Ibizan eyes get darker with age, but any color within the described range is equally good. NL: Ibizan Hounds are sweet and “wifty”. They are easily distracted and don’t miss a thing that is going on around them. A combination of sight, smell and hearing, all of which they use when hunting, can also cause sensory overload if they are in a building with echoes and dust and fans and barking. They are the original “Look! A but- terfly!” dog. Once when a tree fell through our fence and dogs all got out we found our older bitch in a field about a half mile away sitting staring up into a tree, not moving. She was hunting a squirrel and she knew if she didn’t give her position away the squirrel might accidentally get within reach. If she had continued to run, we might never have found her. RLM: This breed is a functional breed as well as an elegant and beautiful breed. It should be fit and muscular without any sign of coarseness. It is also an extremely intelligent breed with a wonderful sense of humor. The breed can be white or red or any combination of the two colors. White is listed first, therefore white Ibizan Hounds are perfectly acceptable. Wires and smooths are judged using the same standard with the only exception between the two being the coat. Judges shouldn’t put up a wire because it is the best wire they’ve ever seen, they should put one up because it is the best Ibizan Hound to fit the standard in the ring. GN: I have had the pleasure to actually hunt with the Ibizan Hounds on the island of Ibiza in 1974. Watching the hounds spring into the brush to flush and then course in three-dog packs will be something I will always remem- ber. One of the highlights of my judging was the honor of officiating at the Ibizan Hound Club of the United States National Specialty in 2012. The quality both in the

classes and in the specials will be something I will always remember with fondness.

7. And, for a bit of humor: what’s the funniest thing you’ve ever experienced at a dog show? HC: When I first got the breed, I was really into the whole idea of the balanced dog having a title at both ends. I wanted dogs that not only finished their AKC champion- ships, but were versatile in the field and obedience ring as well. My first Ibizan, Jim, didn’t agree with me. Oh, he finished his Championship easily (once we found points) and was a good courser, though really hard to catch afterward. But when it came to obedience, he had his own ideas. I had gotten him to the point I felt ready to try for his CD and entered him at a big Tulsa show. Jim did well on the on lead heeling and all, but on the off lead, but I noticed he was lagging behind. On the about turn, I turned just in time to see him stop and lift his leg against the wall of the ring, showing me just what he thought of the whole thing. Needless to say, we left in disgrace and I never tried to make him do it again. EL: As part of my Ibizan exam I ask the exhibitor to “Show me the ears” when they first line up in the ring. (That way I can get that part out of the way and evaluate the dogs for the important things.) I was doing this in a class with several dogs and the first in line dropped the lead, reached down with both hands and grabbed each ear by its end and held them up. I suggested that she try bait or a squeaky instead. NL: Having nothing to do with Ibizan Hounds, I will never forget Al Krause showing a baby pig to Judy Goodin in Best In Show. That was back in the old days when we were allowed to have fun. The piglet had a big bow around his neck and was incredibly cute, until he started screaming. He was excused for failure to gait. And screaming. RLM: Maybe not the funniest (that is for not for publication), but while judging I was watching a handler take her Afghan Hound around the ring when her wraparound skirt came undone and fell off. She took her dog to the end of the line, had him pose for me, then went back to retrieve her skirt and put it back on. Fortunately for her, she did have a slip on.

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JUDGING THE IBIZAN HOUND By Dr. Eric Liebes IHCUS Judge’s Education Coordinator & Breeder-Judge (Photos by Ky Boe Photography & Erica Kasper Photography)

M ore and more judg- es are getting the opportunity to evaluate high qual- ity entries of Ibizan Hounds. Since the entrance of the breed into AKC regular competition in 1979 overall consisten- cy, soundness, head and body type, and size have improved as our breeders have worked to produce exhibits who can func- tion in the field and fit our standard in the show ring. “Clean-cut lines, large prick ears and light pigment give it a unique appear- ance”, “bred for thousands of years with

function being of prime importance”, “Lithe and racy”, and “deerlike elegance combined with the power of a hunter”. Th ese are from the General Appearance section of the Ibizan Hound Standard. If this is the impression you get from an Ibi- zan in front of you, you are likely looking at a good example. Th e Ibizan is a moderate sighthound with exceptional ears. After the ears, the Ibizan’s front construction and character- istic movement make the dog unique. Th is is described in statements throughout our standard. Here are some of them: • A rather upright upper arm. Th e shoul- der blades are well laid back.

• Th e elbow is positioned in front of the deepest part of the chest. • Th e deepest part of the chest, behind the elbow, is nearly to or to the elbow. • Th e chest is deep and long with the breast- bone sharply angled and prominent. • Th e brisket is approximately 2 ½ inches above the elbow. • A suspended trot with joint flexion when viewed from the side. Th is construction is unique to the Ibi- zan Hound. Th e Ibizan’s return of upper arm does not match its shoulder lay back, so the elbow is properly placed further forward than on a “normal front”. Th e deepest point of the chest, at or to the

“AFTER THE EARS, THE IBIZAN’S FRONT CONSTRUCTION AND CHARACTERISTIC MOVEMENT MAKE THE DOG UNIQUE.”

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“IBIZAN EARS ARE CERTAINLY A DISTINCTIVE FEATURE.”

elbow in depth, is therefore set behind the elbow. At the elbow, the chest is rising to the prominent sternum and is 2 ½ inches above the elbow. Th is front produces our special front movement, described in our current standard as “with joint flexion”. What we want is to see the wrist joint flex with each reaching step in the front. Th is has also been described as “lift”. “Joint flexion” and a “rather upright upper arm” are not an excuse for lack or reach or unsoundness. Th ey help our breed trot and gallop high, an adaptation to hunting in high brush and rough terrain. Ibizan’s still get good reach in front, they just do it with joint flexion. Ibizan ears are certainly a distinctive feature. Our old standard described the ears as an “elongated rhomboid truncated at ⅓ of its longer diagonal”. Th at was a little too geometric but it did describe an ear which is more than simply “large and pointed”. Th at is what we want in ear shape

rather than just triangular. One good description is that the ear should be wide open. Our standard asks for ear height 2 ½ times the width at the base. Th ose are some big ears. We want that! We don’t want judges to make the com- petition into a test of who can hold their ears up the longest. See them once, at the end of the down & back, or as I do in the first line-up, and then judge Ibizans by their overall type and their function as the powerful hunter they are. Also please remember our described size range: 23 ½ to 27 ½ inches for dogs, bitches 22 ½ to 26 inches. 80% or more of our current exhib- its are near or over the top of these mea- surements. While sizes just over the norms are OK, be sure not to fault what may be the only properly sized dog in your ring, the smaller one. Most of our Standard is excellent in its descriptions. It emphasizes that we have 2 coat types, smooth and wire (one to

3 inches in length) and that neither is preferable, also that any combination of red and white in the coat is equally desired. Th e Ibizan head, described in the standard as “a sharp cone truncated at its base” adds to the elegance of the breed. Th is description is in contrast to the Pha- raoh Hound head with “the foreface rep- resenting a blunt wedge”. When examining the Ibizan (or any sighthound) always approach from the front with your hand underneath the dogs head. Coming down from the top will cause any sighthound to lean back. See the erect ears and evaluate expres- sion at least once during the dog’s time in the ring. Strength and balance are part of characteristic Ibizan movement along with joint flexion. Emphasize those aspects of the breed which character- ize our unique, elegant, powerful hunt- ing hound, bred with function being of prime importance.

“See the erect ears and evaluate expression at least once during the dog’s time in the ring. STRENGTH AND BALANCE ARE PART OF CHARACTERISTIC IBIZAN MOVEMENT ALONG WITH JOINT FLEXION.”

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IBIZAN HOUND

By Teddy Burke (Photos by Ky Boe Photography & Erica Kasper Photography)

Living With T he Ibizan Hound is an even tempered and engaging breed and a joy to live with if provided with a suitable home environment providing energy outlets and closeness to its owners. When provided these they will settle down and enjoy home life or they can be depend- ed upon to find their own entertainment. Th ose who heed the requirements of breed traits become loyal devotees of the breed.

Lifestyles where an Ibizan is regularly expected to be alone for extended periods of time are inappropriate for their energy level and need for social contact. An unsu- pervised Ibizan left alone for hours in the yard can be counted on to try its security and dig amongst the landscaping. House Manners Th ey are exuberant, curious and busy youngsters (some adults also) and require constant supervision until they “learn the ropes” and mature a bit, usually at

around three or four years of age. Until then nothing of value such as food, digi- tal devices, eyewear, or toys should be left where they can be reached. Ibizans are adept jumpers and have demonstrated the ability to snatch items from the top of refrigerators. Other Animals Ibizans will appreciate the company of other dogs, particularly of their breed and will accept other animals in its household when properly introduced.

“THEY ARE EXUBERANT, CURIOUS AND BUSY YOUNGSTERS (SOME ADULTS ALSO)...”

S HOW S IGHT M AGAZINE , M AY 2014 • 189

Barking Although not protective guard dogs they notice everything and will react with barking to typical neighborhood activity. Energy Level Th eir high prey drive results in tire- less e ff orts to reach small mammals like squirrels, opossums, groundhogs, strange cats etc. which when combined with their remarkable leaping ability dictates a secure fenced yard (five feet depending on the dog, maybe higher). For the same reason it is strongly recommended Ibizans never be permitted o ff leash. Children Ibizans are powerful dogs and although generally calm and sweet can be di ffi cult to restrain when prey drive is activated. Th ey are friendly to responsible children but do not always appreciate rough hous- ing. When standing on its rear legs an Ibizan can easily place its front feet on an adults shoulders and care should be taken with exuberant dogs and young children. Activities Popular activities with this breed include dog shows (conformation) and lure coursing (AKC and ASFA). Lure coursing is a sport involving chasing a mechanically operated lure and is a most enjoyable outlet for the Ibizans natu- ral hunting instincts and energy. Other chase venues include oval (LGRA) and “THE IBIZAN POSSESSES A SENSITIVE, GENTLE TEMPERAMENT that responds best to patience and positive training techniques.”

Care & Health Ibizans normally live eleven to fourteen years. While not plagued as a breed with a high level of specific health problems, sei- zures and autoimmune illness are seen. Cataracts and deafness do occur but can be tested for at a young age. Th is is a clean breed with little odor and only moderate shedding. Weekly brushing, nail trimming, teeth and ear cleaning with occasional bathing are all that is required for a well-groomed hound. For more information contact the Ibi- zan Hound Club of the United States. Website www.ihcus.org.

straight (NOTRA) racing. Agility, Obe- dience, Rally and other activities are a rewarding way to build a relationship with your dog but the Ibizan should not be the first choice for those whose goal is national level all breed success in these venues. Long walks or jogging (after physical maturity approximately 14 months) are appropriate outlets to main- tain fitness and temper the energy level for these athletic hounds. Th e Ibizan pos- sesses a sensitive, gentle temperament that responds best to patience and posi- tive training techniques.

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