ShowSight Presents The Miniature Schnauzer

MINIATURE SCHNAUZER

Let’s Talk Breed Education!

MINIATURE SCHNAUZER THE

1. Where do you live? What do you do “outside” of dogs? 2. How many years in the Miniature Schnauzer? Showing? Judg- ing? Breeding? 3. What, in your opinion, is the secret to a successful breeding program? 4. Its position as #19 out of all AKC breeds is an indication of the love the world has for the Miniature Schnauzer. Does this make finding good homes easier? 5. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? 6. What is your favorite dog show memory? 7. Is there anything else you’ d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. CARMA EWER Galen and I have

located. Modern medicine has made it much easier to find that per- fect stud dog to compliment your breeding program. Also, be hyper critical of your puppies. It’s hard but I am fortunate to have a spouse who is brutal when it comes to evaluating puppies. I tend to think they are all wonderful. But this has helped us only keep the best. I also think luck plays a part in success. We were fortunate enough to be blessed with some awesome mentors and dogs and have made incredible friendships and memories. Finding Miniature Schnauzer homes is not a problem. It is a wonderful breed. The bigger problem is finding enough quality puppies for the homes that looking to add a Miniature Schnauzer to their households. I don’t believe that grooming trends are affecting our breed today. But I will say that most of us who are exhibiting are getting very good at presentation and conditioning. I think that the Min- iature Schnauzer today is presented much better than in the past. My favorite dog show memory? Another tough question. I would say the most memorable memories are of those special moments when the judge pointed to us at a big show and we were so complete- ly surprised. Not that we didn’t have a quality exhibit, but because there were so many quality exhibits in the ring with us. I love this breed. They are wonderful companions, great with families and I can not imagine my life without one. When I am dis- couraged or heartbroken, there they are. Happy, loving and helping me know that no matter what happens—they are there for love and support. Miniature Schnauzers are hard-wired to think they are in charge of the world; I love that about them. And they are definitely in charge of our lives and household. MARILYN LANDE I am originally from

been involved with Min- iature Schnauzers for the past 43 years. Dur- ing that time, we have been active members of the American Minia- ture Schnauzer Club. I have held the positions of President, Secretary, and have served on the board for a number of years. We have also been active in our local Kennel clubs, and have served as officers and show chair-

man numerous times. In the past 12 years, we have either bred or owned four number one dogs and currently have the top winning Miniature Schnauzer—our bitch, GCHG Carmel Sky High Wish Upon A Star, who is ranked number one in breed and all breed, plus is a Top Ten Terrier. Twink was owner handled in 2018 and is now enjoying life with Susie and Jorge Olivera, where she has broken the record for All Breed Bests In Shows for Miniature Schnauzer bitches with six to date. My husband and I live in Sandy, Utah; a suburb of Salt Lake City. We enjoy snow skiing, hiking in our mountains, spending time with family—including our grandchildren and activities with our church family. We have been involved with Miniature Schnauzers for 43 years. My husband gave me a Mini Schnauzer as a pet for Valentines Day the year we were married. That led to obedience training, then showing in obedience, and then on to conformation. While our children were young and home, we were busy with their activities and lives, but still managed an occasional dog show. Now that they have all married and have families of their own, we have been able to enjoy our dog show hobby full time. The secret to a successful breeding program? That’s a tough question. I say that one big factor in a successful breeding program is to start with a really good foundation, and then not be afraid to seek out the best partner for breeding. Regardless of where they are

Minneapolis, Minnesota where I graduated from the University of Min- nesota In Nursing. After graduation, I worked in surgery for 35 years as a scrub nurse, head nurse and Director of the Operating Rooms. Dur- ing that time my inter- est in research found me in the laboratories after work. Most of the time was in gastric and cardio- thoracic surgery. Work-

ing there with surgeons and biomedical engineers ultimately led to becoming a co-developer of the St. Jude heart valve and a contribu- tor to the Medtronic pacemaker. While still in school, I became an apprentice to the president of a brokerage firm which gave me great depth into the workings of the stock markets. My interests in investing, which came originally from my father, spread from the markets to rental buildings and raw land. During these years, sports were an outlet and I became a ten- nis and badminton champion. Since the age of seven, figure skating

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Miniature Schnauzer Q& A

I bought my foundation bitch (my first Mini) in 1981, knowing virtually nothing about the breed. I didn’t know what “stripping” was! Two years later I bred my first litter, from which my first Cana- dian Best in Show dog was born. The secret to a successful breeding program is stamina. You must have the stamina to endure the learning curve, the setbacks, the financial challenges and, for me, the long drives to dog shows. Does the breed’s ranking make finding good homes easier? There has typically been more demand for Mini Schnauzers than supply from reputable breeders, and thus the answer is yes. The nature of the breed attracts those who are looking for a family pet and keeps them coming back. Most of my callers are searching for their second or third Mini. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? Yes and no. It’s a highly challenging breed to trim to perfection—how- ever, we’ve undergone a “changing of the guard” in recent years. Many of our leading exhibitors have semi-retired or passed away and a new generation is emerging. Not all yet trim to the level of a Bev Verna or Lanny Hirstein, so it’s a excellent time for newcomers to consider our breed as the competitive field is a more open than it has been for many years. My favorite dog show memory is winning the breed at Mont- gomery County in 2012 with AmCanCh.Minuteman Goldikova, under Mr. Ken McDermott. The most successful breeders in Mini Schnauzers have always been those who “do it themselves”. Follow their example: train your own puppies, groom your own dogs, show your own dogs. You can only develop the expertise required to excel in this breed by immers- ing yourself in its every aspect—history, genetics, structure and aes- thetics. So put down the phone, get off Facebook and get to work! ALBERTOMONTILA I currently live in Sea-

was my Saturday morning workout at the Minneapolis Ice Arena. Later, I skated in the St. Paul Pop Concerts . With all of these activi- ties, there was still time for church every Sunday where I was the organist and choir director. I have lived in Mesa, Arizona since 1991 and enjoy the area and nice weather very much. Forty years ago I bought my first Miniature Schnauzer as a pet. However, that breeder asked if I would like to show my dog, Kerrie. What was showing? She became my mentor and showed me how to strip, rake coats, scissor etc. and my grooming techniques stemmed from that time. Later, we traveled almost every weekend to shows driving her little motorhome. We still share many hilarious events that occurred on our travels. I judged some fun matches and almost applied for my judging license but I couldn’t be gone from home that often. Showing my dogs became my ultimate passion which I did until moving to Arizona The secret to a successful breeding program is having a thor- ough knowledge of the breed standard and breed for that standard. Not developing blindness to faults but researching ways to reduce or eliminate them. With all the technical help available today, research always pays off. Does the breed’s ranking make finding good homes easier? I have more requests for puppies and adults than I have dogs to fill them. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? Han- dlers and Owners have developed such expertise in grooming that faults can easily be covered up. Given two dogs being equal, the best looking one will usually win. My favorite dog show memory: I entered a brace in the Great Falls, Montana show. Landes Rhapsody in Blue (Gershwin) and Landes Just My Jack (Jack). Going in for Best Brace in Show I was shaking all over even after having practiced many times getting two dogs up on the table together. Then getting them down on the floor together without dropping the leads! We had six others of differ- ent breeds for competition. One especially beautiful pair of English Setters. After many trips around the ring and lining up, the judge walked back and forth several times. Walking toward me, she held out the big Best Brace in Show Ribbon. I am still in love with this breed and continue having dogs in the show ring. Over the forty years I bred and showed my own dogs until 2006 when Multiple Sclerosis kept me out of the show ring. To this day, I still have dogs in the ring and attend shows using my cart. KATEMCMILLAN Catherine (Kate)

side, California along the beautiful Monterey Bay. During the times I am not at shows I enjoy riding my Harley Davidson, going to the beach with our dogs/ client dogs and spend- ing time with friends and family. I came to the United States about seven years ago to learn under my mentor Beverly Verna of Regency. I was involved in showing and breeding

McMillan has been breeding Mini Schnau- zers in Saskatchewan, Canada under the Min- uteman prefix for over 35 years. Breeder of four AMSC National Specialty Best of Breed winners, including the number one ranked Min- iature Schnauzers (breed and all-breed) in the US for both 2017 and 2018, along with the breeds number one producing

Miniature Schnauzers with Bev until her passing a few years ago. When Bev passed she left me a few of her dogs to continue on with showing and breeding from her line. Afterwards I went to work for Bill and Taffe Mcfadden for a few years, which I am so thankful for not only learning so much from them but also for them becoming part of my life. While working Bill and Taffe I met Rachel Adams. Rachel and I went on our own as professional handlers under the Iberico name over a year ago. Together we are fulfilling our dreams of contributing as breeders and handlers of this sport. When it comes to having a successful breeding program I think there are two things that are essential for success. The first being having a mentor. Having a mentor who can teach you, guide you and support you makes all of the difference in the world. If you are lucky enough your mentor will become more than just a teach- er, they will become a lifelong friend or even part of your family. Though I no longer have my mentor Bev, I will always appreciate

sire for the past two years. I live in a small town in Saskatchewan, Canada, about 200 miles north of Montana. I’m a commercial and fine artist by trade, which dovetails nicely into my dog sport.

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Miniature Schnauzer Q& A and cherish the time that we spent going to shows, whelping litters, and just enjoy Mini Schnauzers. The second tool which I think is essential for success is to be completely honest with yourself when it comes to the dogs in your program. It is so important when looking at your dogs with a critical eye that you not only see all of the great features of them but you equally are able to find their less desirable traits or faults. It is difficult to try and breed truly to the standard if you can not look at your dogs with an impartial eye. Does the breed’s ranking make finding good homes easier? Absolutely! They are great family pets who can go out and do all the outdoor activities you like, but are also equally content sitting down with you to watch a movie. They are wonderful with children and are overall just a great dog. We have never had an issue trying to find good home for our puppies. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? I believe with every breed there are grooming trends that come and go in the show ring. Under truly good judges they will find the best quality representative of the breed regardless of what trends are circulating. So far my most memorable and meaningful dog show memory was winning the American Miniature Schnauzer National Special- ty back in April of this year. The dog who I won the breed with is MBISS GCHS Regencys Play to Win, his call name is Pepe. Win- ning the breed at the national was always a dream of mine, but to do it with Pepe made it so much more meaningful. Pepe was one of the last dogs that Bev bred when she was alive. A few years ago we took him to Montgomery County Kennel Club as a puppy and he won a huge Sweepstakes entry. He is a dog that Bev always had a lot of hopes and dreams for, by winning the national I feel that I have fulfilled what she always believed this dog was capable of. BETH SANTURE I purchased my first

Of course I’m bias, but I believe Miniature Schnauzers could be a breed for most people. They are considered a small breed but they are large in intelligence, personality and athleticism. They are happy to go along with you to do whatever it is you want and come home to cuddle on your lap. DR. LISA G. SARVAS I was born in Western

Canada, I have a BSA and DVM from the University of Saskatchewan. Small Animal Internship from Long Island Veterinary Specialists and the Jose- phine Deubler Fellow- ship in Medical Genetics and Reproduction from UPenn. I spent many years in Small Animal Reproduction, Emergency and Critical care and now work doing relief in Small

Animal Medicine. I live in Raleigh, North Carolina, I have a DVM and am active in my career, traveling, running and yoga. I’ve been showing for 34 years and breeding for 32 years. The secret to a successful breeding program is it’s important to understand canine anatomy and how it makes up your breed’s type. Select dogs to start with a strong base of soundness (in reproductive traits, health and temperament) and then focus on breed type traits and selecting for virtues. Do not select for a generic, faultless dog- it will get you no where. Guard your heads, fronts and ribcages as they are the basis of our breed type. Keep your best bitches as they are gold. Does the breed’s ranking make finding good homes easier? Overall, yes it does. Most pet homes are repeat Schnauzer buyers and they understand the high grooming requirements of a non shedding breed. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? I don’t think they have changed that much over the past five to ten years as we have always been a highly stylized breed with demand- ing stripping and scissoring needs. Most dog are shown in a roll which can be more difficult for novices to master. All breed han- dlers are prone to altering our outlines and proportions with excess hair which is far from where the breed started as a hard coated ratter. My favorite dog show memory is the thrill and excitement of attending my first Westminster Best in Show in 2003 after I moved to New York from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. We have an increasingly narrowing gene pool, with dominance of the Ruffian branch and virtual collapse of the Diplomate, Dele- gate and Tribute branches. As breeders we need to focus on keeping our tail male lines alive and maintaining some genetic diversity. We also have to be careful not to cull full families of dogs for producing health defects before that particular problem has been studied and a mode of inheritance is established. We have a breed DQs for size that are not being monitored seriously by most judges. If judges question a dogs size, they need to measure. If breeders have questionable sized dogs, they need to police themselves to stay within our standard.

MS in 1983 and bred my first litter in 1985. I’ve bred over 30 champions most being entirely shown by myself. I have served on the National club (AMSC) board of directors multiple times and was President of local breed club several years running as well. I am also a member of the local All Breed club and the local dog training club where I have been an instructor for many years.

I participate in obedience, rally, agility, barn Hunt and nose work with my dogs. I have bred and owned multiple dogs with titles at both ends of their names. I live in Michigan, near Ann Arbor. I’m retired from being a Veterinary Assistant for over 30 years. I’ve been breeding and showing in conformation and performance since 1985 The secret to a successful breeding program is to keep the puppy that has what you want to improve on. Does the breed’s ranking make finding good homes easier? I’ve never had to advertise my puppies for sale and always have a wait list. Miniature Schnauzers are popular because they are a good fit for many families. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? I’d say there are grooming “styles”. Not everyone grooms exactly the same and a judge should be able to see and feel through the hair. My favorite dog show memory is the first time going winners at a National Specialty.

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Judging the M I N I AT U R E SCHNAUZER BY WYOMA CLOUSS T he Miniature Schnauzer is one of just a few Terri- ers which did not originate from the British Isles. Developed in the Bavarian region of Germany in the late 1800s, the Miniature Schnauzer appears to be a

in our history, our standard carefully states that the muzzle is “at least as long as the topskull” which is “flat and fairly long”, ending in a “moderately blunt manner”. In practice, that means the muzzle should be approximately the same length as the topskull—neither shorter, nor exaggerated and too long. Balanced. Overall impression rectangular, strong but not blocky, nor too narrow. Parallel planes. Lift the eyebrows to make sure eyes are small, dark, oval, and deep-set. Think of dark walnut for color. Nose color must be solid black, any other color a DQ. Teeth—scissors bite only, look for six upper and lower incisors. To check bite, hold down the center of the beard below the teeth with your left hand, and with your right, use your forefinger and thumb on each side of the incisors to slide up the upper lip. Please do not go picking through the beard looking for side teeth. Ears cropped or uncropped is optional in our breed standard. If cropped, the ears should be balanced and set high, with the inside edges carried perpendicularly. When uncropped, the ears are small and V shaped, folding close to the skull, the tip pointing to the outside corner of the eye. Look for the “use of ears” on the ground, not on the table. The Schnauzer’s characteristic “down the nose” expression is emphasized by trimming the eyebrows into a sharp triangle. The beard will be trimmed and shaped to emphasize the rectangular shape of the head.

cross from smaller Standard Schnauzers and the “Monkey Pin- schers” (today’s Affenpinscher) common in that area. As with the British Terriers, the multipurpose Miniature Schnauzer was bred to be a ratter, with the bonus of being a watchdog and great family companion. The statement of General Appearance describes both his func- tion and his general appearance: “The Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, active dog of terrier type, resembling his larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of an alert, active disposition”. Note that our breed standard describes a gen- eral resemblance, not a miniature copy of the Standard Schnauzer. The three Schnauzers are three distinct breeds with three distinct breed standards. Watching Miniature Schnauzers walk into your ring, you should see distinctive dogs with hard wiry coats in one of three accepted colors. Look for the square, sturdy outline, rectangular head with clean cheeks, ears cropped or uncropped, strong well arched neck, short deep body, straight backline that declines slightly to a flat croup with a docked, erect tail, hard wiry coat. Get a first impres- sion of size, whether each dog is within the size range of 12 inches to 14 inches regardless of age or sex. Let the dogs move around the ring to loosen up, and start your examinations on the table to check. A quick word to the dog to make sure that he is paying attention, then a hand under his chin. You are looking for the head to be strong and rectangular with flat, clean cheeks. With the short-faced “Monkey Pinscher”/Affenpinscher

Overall body outline is square, measured from the forechest to buttocks, withers to the ground. Look for robust and sturdy, the brisket extends at least to the elbows, ribs well sprung and deep, short loin. Forequarters should be straight and parallel. Strong pas- terns. Good bone. Neck strong and well arched, blending into the shoulders. Sloping shoulders well laid back. Look for smooth transi- tion from the neck into the shoulders and topline, neck should not be short and stuffy. Viewed from the side the forelegs should be set “ As with the British Terriers, the multipurpose Miniature Schnauzer was bred to be a ratter, with the bonus of being a watchdog and great family companion.

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Judging the Miniature Schnauzer

BY WYOMA CLOUSS continued

“ALERT, SPIRITED, YET OBEDIENT TO COMMAND… FRIENDLY, INTELLIGENT AND WILLING TO PLEASE… never over aggressive or timid.”

exhibitor has “stage stripped” or “rolled” the coat, the most important thing about coat is that texture on the day should be hard & wiry. To extend the coat in show condition, varying amounts of undercoat may have been raked out. Coat on the head, neck, chest, tail, body must be plucked; the throat, cheeks, and bottom will be clip- pered; leg furnishings, beard, eyebrows will be scissored. Coat length is not stipulated, must be able to determine correct texture. Colors: Allowed colors are salt and pep- per, black and silver, solid black. black is the only solid color allowed; a small white spot on the chest, occasional white body hairs are permissible. The salt and pepper coat consists of a mixture of solid black, solid white, and banded hairs, varying from light to dark, tan shading permitted. The black and silver coat is the same bi-color pattern, except solid black where the salt & pepper would be, and with the difference that the underbody furnishings below the chest & ribcage should be dark. Judging: Watch for any white, even a narrow blaze, in colored area mid-forechest between the silvery white “bow tie” and lighter area of the throat—it’s a DQ. Judge movement at the trot. Look for the good reach and drive of a square-built dog. No mincing, no prancing, no chin tap- ping front or high kicking rear. True double tracking coming and going. At a full trot, there will be a slight inward inclination beginning at the shoulder in front, the hip in the rear, but no excuse for moving too close or crossing over. Temperament: “alert, spirited, yet obedi- ent to command… friendly, intelligent and willing to please… never over aggressive or timid.” Sparring (bringing dogs together to look at each other, pull themselves togeth- er) usually works best with the Specials class. Puppies and bitches may just look at each other since Miniature Schnauzers often live together peacefully at home. But show a Miniature Schnauzer a rat or other varmint and their Terrier function is alive and deadly!

back slightly but not so much that the ster- num (or chest bone) obviously protrudes. Short round (cat) feet. Hindquarters have strong muscled thighs… never overbuilt or higher than shoulders”. There should be ‘dog behind the tail’, a little ‘shelf.’ The backline is straight, sloping slightly to the base of the tail, flat croup—no roller coasters. Read carefully the breed standard on Tail: “Set high and carried erect. It (tail) is docked only long enough to be clearly visible over the backline of the body when dog is in proper length of coat. A properly presented Miniature Schnauzer will have a docked tail as described; all others should be severely penalized.” The American Min- iature Schnauzer Club is NOT one that says ‘whatever’ when it comes to tails. This is breed type, this is recognizing our breed. AKC expects judges to move and examine every entry—“This includes breeds that according to their breed standard tradition- ally have been cropped and/or docked and dogs entered which may have deviations from the breed standard.” So after moving and examining that dog with a deviation such as an undocked tail, we expect you to respect important attributes of breed type as written in our AKC breed standard. An undocked tail should be considered a seri- ous enough fault as to effectively remove that dog from conformation competition at an AKC show. We’re serious. Disqualify: Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches. (any age or sex), but also keep in mind, there is no preferred size, anything within that range is correct as long as you don’t see toyishness, ranginess or coarseness. Please measure if you have any question. It can be very difficult to visu- ally discern a critical 1/4 inches. It is much better to be certain rather than making the mistake of putting that perhaps oversize but otherwise lovely dog at the end of the line. Size is a DQ and we need your support in the ring. Coat: Double coat—hard wiry outer coat, close undercoat. Texture is the most important thing. As with some of the oth- er Terriers, it doesn’t matter whether the

Show grooming: Coats are either stage stripped out starting 8—10 wks prior to the first shows on a circuit, or rolled, worked constantly. Specials dogs usually have a rolled coat so they can stay in the ring, but the pattern of banding and texture quality may affect whether rolling coat works for an individual dog. Stripped out dogs are shown for maybe 6-10 weeks, the coat gradually “blows”, the tight Terrier jacket is lost, the dog goes home for several months to start all over again on coat work. It makes no sense for a judge to say something like ‘this coat is a little short, bring him back when he has more coat’. First, just check texture, as there is no minimum length required, and second, it’s doubtful you’ll see that dog again on that particular coat. Prior to the shows, the exhibitor will do the finish work—scissor furnishings, clipper throat, cheeks, ears, bottom, and tummy. Show day, the exhibitor will bathe the beard and furnishings, chalk the fur- nishings on salt and peppers and black and silvers, use a mousse or gel on the furnish- ings of the blacks, then brush out and blow dry, followed by a light hair spray. Groom- ing should be done with a relatively light touch—no cloud of flying chalk when the dog does the big shake. Show grooming of furnishings is a presentation issue—Min- iature Schnauzer exhibitors tend to be per- fectionists, wanting to bring you a dog with every hair in place in a tailored tuxedo look. Then it’s up to you—keep in mind: Square, sturdy outline Short, deep body

Straight backline, declines slightly Flat croup with a Docked erect tail Rectangular head, clean cheeks, scissors bite Ears cropped or not Hard wiry coat in Allowed colors only *DQ Nose must be solid black *DQ Size 12 inches—14 inches *DQ Correct reach and drive Alert temperament

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THE MINIATURE SCHNAUZER by SONNY LELLE

T he Miniature Schnauzer (or Zwergschnauzer) is very sim- ilar in type to the Standard Schnauzer. The Schnauzers of all sizes are classified as “working dogs” in Europe and other countries where the FCI standards are followed. In the United States, the Miniature has always been in the Terrier Group and continues to be judged as a Terrier. This explains some of the differences between the Miniature and the other Schnauzer Breeds.

The Miniature Schnauzer has three accepted color varieties in the United States. The AMSC recognizes salt and pepper, black and black and silver. Although white Miniatures are being bred and shown around the world, this color is not recognized by the American Miniature Schnauzer Club and cannot be shown in Conformation. The origin of the Schnauzer is consid- ered as being a cross between the “dog of Boulogne” and the Spitz. The Minia- ture is said to have come from mating

with the Affenpinscher. The oldest Ger- man Kennel Club was founded in 1890. The following year at the Third German International Show in Hanover, with about 900 dogs, Wirehaired Pinschers of German breeding were exhibited for the first time. A dog “Schnauzer” won first prize exhibited by the Württem- berg Kennel of Burgerbeonberg. There is no question of its being a breed of great antiquity. Albrecht Durer depicted a Schnauzer in a watercolour, “Madonna with the Many Animals”,

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executed in 1492. In a tapestry made around 1501, a representation of the Schnauzer appears. The Schnauzer (the breed with a beard on the muzzle, the German word for muzzle being schnauze) was used extensively in Germany as a drover’s dog, used to pull carts with produce from the farms to the towns and guard them while there. He per- formed all the duties of a farm dog. He was also used extensively as a rat catcher. The Miniature is an especially good ratter! Miniatures have been bred in the United States since 1925 and the Ameri- can Miniature Schnauzer Club was formed in August 1933. The AKC offi- cially recognized the Miniature Schnau- zer in 1926. Why is this breed so incredibly popular? The standard says it all! “The typical Miniature Schnauzer is alert and spirited, yet obedient to command. He is friendly, intelligent and willing to please. He should never be overaggres- sive or timid.” They are hardy, sweet, smart, loving and loyal. Their alertness and sometimes vocal nature makes them an excellent watchdog. They are as much at home in the city with a mod- erate amount of exercise as they are in the country where they appear tireless. They need to live as part of the family, going where they go. They do not shed, so people who are allergic to other breeds can often enjoy them. The AKC Miniature Schnauzer breed standard recognizes three col- ors: salt and pepper, solid black and black and silver. Salt and pepper and black and silver are bi-color patterns. No other colors are allowed under the

breed standard. White color, parti- color, liver and merle are specifically disqualified. In the salt and pepper, the eyebrows, beard and legs will be light gray or sil- ver white. When stripped for the show ring, the body hair is banded in various shades of black, white and gray. The hairs of the harsh topcoat are banded, alternating black and white and then back to black again. Salt and peppers come in various shades of gray—from almost silver-white to almost black. Black and silvers follow essentially the same pattern as the salt and pep- pers, except the body coat color is solid black. The beard and legs tend to be silver or white and the dark hair may extend farther down the legs. Solid blacks are entirely black with a black undercoat, except they may have a small white patch on the chest. The Miniature Schnauzer is a dou- ble-coated breed that has a wiry topcoat and a soft undercoat. The topcoat is maintained by hand stripping or rolling the coat and is required for the show ring. The pet trim calls for the same out- line, but it is maintained using clippers. Because of their intelligence and willingness to please, many of them excel in competitive Obedience, Agility, Fly Ball, Barn Hunt, Tracking, Earthdog and Fast Cat. While the Miniature Schnauzer is generally a healthy breed, dedicat- ed breeders work to avoid potential health issues by using health histories, health screenings or even genetic test- ing. Some of the health issues include cataracts, hyperlipidemia, pancreatitis, portosystemic shunts and urolithiasis (“stones” in the urinary tract).

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Official Standard of the Miniature Schnauzer

General Appearance: The Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, active dog of ter- rier type, resembling his larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of an alert, active disposition. Faults - Type - Toyishness, rangi- ness or coarseness. Size, Proportion, Substance: Size - From 12 to 14 inches. He is sturdily built, nearly square in proportion of body length to height with plenty of bone, and without any suggestion of toyishness. Disqualifications - Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches. Head: Eyes - Small, dark brown and deep-set. They are oval in appearance and keen in expression. Faults - Eyes light and/or large and prominent in appear- ance. Ears - When cropped, the ears are identical in shape and length, with pointed tips. They are in balance with the head and not exaggerated in length. They are set high on the skull and carried perpendicularly at the inner edges,

body coat should be of sufficient length to determine texture. Close covering on neck, ears and skull. Furnishings are fairly thick but not silky. Faults - Coat too soft or too smooth and slick in appearance. Color: Allowed colors: salt and pepper, black and silver and solid black. All colors have uniform skin pigmentation, i.e. no white or pink skin patches shall appear anywhere on the dog and the nose must be solid black. Salt and Pepper - The typical salt and pepper color of the topcoat results from the combination of black and white banded hairs and solid black and white unbanded hairs, with the banded hairs predominating. Acceptable are all shades of salt and pepper, from the light to dark mixtures with tan shadings permissible in the banded or unbanded hair of the topcoat. In salt and pepper dogs, the salt and pepper mix- ture fades out to light gray or silver white in the eyebrows, whiskers, cheeks, under throat, inside ears, across chest, under tail, leg furnishings, and inside hind legs. It may or may not also fade out on the underbody. However, if so, the lighter underbody hair is not to rise higher on the sides of the body than the front elbows. Black and Silver - The black and silver generally follows the same pat- tern as the salt and pepper. The entire salt and pepper section must be black. The black color in the topcoat of the black and silver is a true rich color with black undercoat. The stripped portion is free from any fading or brown tinge and the underbody should be dark. Black - Black is the only solid color allowed. Ideally, the black color in the topcoat is a true rich glossy color with the undercoat being less intense, a soft matting shade of black. This is natural and should not be penalized in any way. The stripped portion is free from any fading or brown tinge. The scissored and clippered areas have lighter shades of black. A small white spot on the chest is permitted, as is an occasional single white hair else- where on the body. Disqualifications - Dogs not of an allowed color or white striping, patching, or spotting on the colored areas of the dog, except for the small white spot permitted on the chest of the black. The body coat color in salt and pepper and black and silver dogs fades out to light gray or silver white under the throat and across the chest. Between them there exists a nat- ural body coat color. Any irregular or connecting blaze or white mark in this section is considered a white patch on the body, which is also a disqualifica- tion. Nose any color other than solid black. Gait: The trot is the gait at which movement is judged. When approaching, the forelegs, with elbows close to the body, move straight forward, neither too close nor too far apart. Going away, the hind legs are straight and travel in the same planes as the forelegs. Note - It is generally accepted that when a full trot is achieved, the rear legs con- tinue to move in the same planes as the forelegs, but a very slight inward incli- nation will occur. It begins at the point of the shoulder in front and at the hip joint in the rear. Viewed from the front or rear, the legs are straight from these points to the pads. The degree of inward inclination is almost imperceptible in a Miniature Schnauzer that has correct movement. It does not justify moving close, toeing in, crossing, or moving out at the elbows. Viewed from the side, the forelegs have good reach, while the hind legs have strong drive, with good pickup of hocks. The feet turn neither inward nor outward. Faults - Single track- ing, sidegaiting, paddling in front, or hackney action. Weak rear action. Temperament: The typical Miniature Schnauzer is alert and spirited, yet obe- dient to command. He is friendly, intelligent and willing to please. He should never be overaggressive or timid. Disqualifications: Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches. Dogs not of an allowed color or white striping, patching, or spotting on the colored areas of the dog, except for the small white spot permitted on the chest of the black. The body coat color in salt and pepper and black and silver fades out to light gray or silver white under the throat and across the chest. Between them there exists a natural body coat color. Any irregular or connecting blaze or white mark in this section is considered a white patch on the body, which is also a disqualification. Nose any color other than solid black. Approved July 10, 2012 Effective September 04, 2012

with as little bell as possible along the outer edges. When uncropped, the ears are small and V-shaped, folding close to the skull. Head - strong and rectan- gular, its width diminishing slightly from ears to eyes, and again to the tip of the nose. The forehead is unwrinkled. The topskull is flat and fairly long. The foreface is parallel to the topskull, with a slight stop, and it is at least as long as the topskull. The muzzle is strong in proportion to the skull; it ends in a moderately blunt manner, with thick whiskers

which accentuate the rectangular shape of the head. Faults - Head coarse and cheeky. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. That is, the upper front teeth overlap the lower front teeth in such a manner that the inner surface of the upper incisors barely touches the outer surface of the lower incisors when the mouth is closed. Faults - Bite - Undershot or overshot jaw. Level bite. Neck, Topline, Body: Neck - Strong and well arched, blending into the shoul- ders, and with the skin fitting tightly at the throat. Body- Short and deep, with the brisket extending at least to the elbows. Ribs are well sprung and deep, extending well back to a short loin. The underbody does not present a tucked up appearance at the flank. The backline is straight; it declines slightly from the withers to the base of the tail. The withers form the highest point of the body. The overall length from chest to buttock appears to equal the height at the with- ers. Faults - Chest too broad or shallow in brisket. Hollow or roach back. Tail - set high and carried erect. It is docked only long enough to be clearly visible over the backline of the body when the dog is in proper length of coat. A prop- erly presented Miniature Schnauzer will have a docked tail as described; all oth- ers should be severely penalized. Fault - Tail set too low. Forequarters: Forelegs are straight and parallel when viewed from all sides. They have strong pasterns and good bone. They are separated by a fairly deep brisket which precludes a pinched front. The elbows are close, and the ribs spread gradually from the first rib so as to allow space for the elbows to move close to the body. Fault - Loose elbows. The sloping shoulders are muscled, yet flat and clean. They are well laid back, so that from the side the tips of the shoulder blades are in a nearly vertical line above the elbow. The tips of the blades are placed closely together. They slope forward and downward at an angulation which permits the maximum forward extension of the forelegs with- out binding or effort. Both the shoulder blades and upper arms are long, per- mitting depth of chest at the brisket. Feet short and round (cat feet) with thick, black pads. The toes are arched and compact. Hindquarters: The hindquarters have strong-muscled, slanting thighs. They are well bent at the stifles. There is sufficient angulation so that, in stance, the hocks extend beyond the tail. The hindquarters never appear overbuilt or high- er than the shoulders. The rear pasterns are short and, in stance, perpendicular to the ground and, when viewed from the rear, are parallel to each other. Faults - Sickle hocks, cow hocks, open hocks or bowed hindquarters. Coat: Double, with hard, wiry, outer coat and close undercoat. The head, neck, ears, chest, tail, and body coat must be plucked. When in show condition, the

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MINIATURE SCHNAUZERS in review

JOHN CONSTANTINE I live just outside of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. I work as an IT Manager. I started in Obedience in 1975 and got my first Miniature Schnauzer in 1979. I have been judging since 2003. BETSY DALE I live in Michigan. Outside of dog activities with judging and clubs, I do a lot with my family and friends. I love travel adventures! Years in dogs—forever! I loved dogs, even as a small child. I started breeding and showing with Airedales in the 60s. I started judging in 1984 and now do three Groups and BIS. I have judged in six continents! MARCIA FELD activities. Dogs have always been a part of my life. The only break was college, and the first years of my marriage. My hus- band did not want a dog. Then one day looking at the newspa- per, he commented that, “If we ever have a dog, it will be one of these.” When he returned from work the next day, I had a puppy waiting for him. That was 1978. This bitch’s firsts Cham- pion was titled in 1982. In 1984, Feldmar had the #2 Minia- ture Schnauzer. Both were black and silver. This bitch carried the then unpopular black and silver gene and was the base of my line. Working with the recessive black and silver gene was a puzzle and intriguing “occupation” as I was rearing my two sons. I found, and still find, that learning and comparing breeds is fascinating also. I began my judging experience with attending the Cal-Poly Institute in 91, where luckily Annie Clark and I became good friends. MARGO I live in Libertyville, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. My life outside of dogs is now pretty empty. I do help the local Senior Center to provide programs and other

Pennsylvania. I am a retired Practice Manager for a large Orthopedic and Neurosurgery Practice in Wichita Falls. I like to travel and am going on African Safari in the fall of 2015. I retired because I was too busy with ancillary activities to work. It is all good! I started in Miniature Schnauzers in 1974 and partnered with David O. Williams (DOW) to form Dimen- sions Dow Miniature Schnauzers. This partnership finished close to 80 Champions. We are still breeding, with most of the litters being planned and whelped in New York. To re- cap, 40 years breeding and judging since 1998.

LINDA MORE

I live in the middle of North Carolina but have spent the majority of my life in the Northeast. I showed my first dog as a complete and utter junior novice in (gasp) 1954. I’ve been judging since 1991 and have been judg- ing Terriers since 2003. FRED STEPHENS We live in Portland, Oregon. The dog world after all these years is still our main world. Our memberships in our specialty clubs and all breed clubs leave little time for anything else after taking care of the dogs that we still work with. We got our first Scottie in 1966. Some good people I worked with at that time said show and we have been going at it ever since. About 25 years ago we quit counting after 150 champions. That was also when I finally figured it out that I can’t show and judge too and that is when I signed off on all our dogs and put them in my wife’s name (mind you, I still get my input). And would you believe she is still producing champions to this day? In 1977, a guy by the name of Lynn Brumby gave me my first breed, Scotties. It has been onward and upward ever since. The best part of it is that I really like and enjoy all the breeds that I have. ELLIOTT B. WEISS My home is in Middletown, Delaware. I am retired, go sail- ing when I can, do sculpture and collect artwork. I was an exhibitor for the first time in 1963. After being an apprentice handler, I showed dogs professionally from 1969 until 1993. I judged my first dog show in July of 1994.

KLINGLER I live in a small town in north central Texas, Burkburnett, Texas—pretty differ- ent from my ‘roots’ outside Philadelphia,

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WITH JOHN CONSTANTINE, BETSY DALE, MARCIA FELD, MARGO KLINGLER, LINDA MORE, FRED STEPHENS & ELLIOTT B. WEISS

1. Describe the breed in three words. JC: Robust, devoted and docked. MF: Alert, loving and hard-coated. MK: Tenacious, beautiful and smart! LM: Square, robust and alert. FS: Sturdily built, nearly square and under 14".

2. What are your “must have” traits in this breed? JC: I must have the classic outline of arched neck, smooth transition and solid top line with highest tail. I must also have a docked tail (in the US). BD: Must haves: solid topline—standing and moving, nearly square outline and sound moving. MF: Proper size, correct coat color and no dye allowed! Strong muzzle—got to be able to hold that rat! MK: Must haves are good type, good top line and tail set and good movement as outlined in the standard. LM: Square outline, robust build, good strength of foreface, efficient movement and, hopefully, good coat. FS: In addition to the first question, I want to see a nice head piece with the ears properly set, a good front with a proper shoulder lay back and when you get that proper front generally the rear will complement that good front and all this has to produce good quality movement. I can’t emphasize 14" strongly enough however. EW: A must for me is a correct Schnauzer silhouette, not only in profile but also looking down at the exhibit. 3. Are there any traits in this breed you fear are becoming exaggerated? JC: We do have a tendency towards exaggerating rear angu- lation. We can tend to be overly refined, we need tone a robust sturdy breed. We need to be careful we do lose length of leg. BD: None. MF: No, I think that the breed is in pretty good shape now. We have dealt with over extended rears; and then also with a long, snipey muzzle. Both are pretty much gone. MK: The breed has become too exaggerated and its description as a small working dog has been lost to a more “Terrier type” of dog. It is sad, but good fronts

are hard to find now and straight shoulders are too prevalent. It seems exhibitors are so caught up in the outline (and they are very clever with hair) that nothing else is important. LM: Rear angulation has been perhaps overemphasized, but in my opinion, we are seeing more balanced dogs now. FS: Yes, big dogs! EW: I am seeing too many exhibits that lack correct body type. A Schnauzer is not shaped like a tube with a long loin. I am also seeing less parallel head planes. 4. Do you think the dogs you see in this breed are better now than they were when you first started judging? Why or why not? JC: I think in general they are. I think breeders/exhibitors are focusing much more on the actual structure of the dogs and not how it looks all groomed and pretty. I think breeders are better educated now. Some of this may be because of social media. We can now see dogs from all over the world on a daily basis. I think we have (I certainly have) learned from seeing dogs in places where emphasis is placed on different traits. BD: Definitely better! When I first started judging, their movement was terrible! Several breeders around the country took that on and improvements were and still are great. Also the black/silvers became much more competitive.

“TENACIOUS, BEAUTIFUL AND SMART!”

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WITH JOHN CONSTANTINE, BETSY DALE, MARCIA FELD, MARGO KLINGLER, LINDA MORE, FRED STEPHENS & ELLIOTT B. WEISS

MF: I think quality is about the same; maybe a little better. Proper size is more consistent, both height and sub- stance; but as said above, furnishings are, in my opinion, a bit out of line. MK: I think Miniature Schnauzers have forsaken good movement for that almighty side movement! Our fronts are getting worse with the straight shoulders and no layback. LM: In many parts of the country the average quality is quite good and consistent, so perhaps the average is better—a tribute to the breeders—though outstanding individuals may be just as rare as ever. FS: As in any breed, once in a while a dog will come along that tends to stick in my memory forever. I have found this to be true to this day. There were some outstanding dogs in years past, just as there are today. Are they bet- ter today? For those worth keeping for the ring I would almost call it even. EW: Yes. As I see it all three Schnauzer Breeds have improved over the last three decades. I think there are pockets of good breeders who have done their home- work and learn from each other. Many Schnauzers thirty years ago lacked type and you would see a ring full of different looking dogs. Also the breed presentation has greatly improved. 5. While judging, do you see any trends you’d like to see continued or stopped? JC: In recent years, I have seen more attention to the need for Miniature Schnauzers to have adequate forechest, with this it improves the overall front assembly seems to be giving us better movement. This is a very good thing and should continue. I am seeing tendency towards being low on leg. I think we need to be very aware of this. BD: There are more rolled coats, which is good. Sometimes there are dogs that are too fancy and extreme, not sure that is a trend though! It can be pretty, but it is not correct.

“I THINK THE BREED IS FAIRLY CONSISTENT.”

MF: I think the breed is fairly consistent. The world has gotten smaller and gene pools are no longer as isolated as they used to be. MK: The exhibitors of this breed can be notoriously bad sports! I get it—we are all fighting to finish these dogs due to the narrow window of the coat. I hear judges say to me, “Your breed has some of the rudest exhibitors I have ever seen.” I would hope we could change that. I guess you could say, “What does not kill you makes you stronger.” EW: This breed has some very good breeders—people who have done their due diligence and have a picture in their mind that they aim fore in their breeding program. My hat is off to them. They are true dog people. However, there are those that put mechanics before type. They breed for what I term, “The great American show dog.” Their dogs are racy, fancy and fly around the ring in a wide-open gait. Racy is not a term that should be connected to the Schnauzer Breed. 6. What, if any, are the traits breeders should focus on preserving? JC: In this breed and all breeds, we see many terrible fronts, such as upright shoulders, shortened upper arms, rotated assemblies. In this breed specifically, we need to focus on size. We do have a disqualification, but breeders and handlers need to respect this and not show dogs that are oversized. BD: Perhaps concern about the correct type—that does apply to many breeds.

“I THINK THERE ARE POCKETS OF GOOD BREEDERS WHO HAVE DONE THEIR HOMEWORK AND LEARN FROM EACH OTHER.”

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