ShowSight Presents The Miniature Schnauzer


Let’s Talk Breed Education!



T he Miniature Schnauzer was developed from the German farm dog. These dogs were multi-purpose dogs used as herders, guard dogs, ratters, and general-pur- pose dogs for the working family farm in Germany. It was from these dogs that all pinscher-type breeds were developed. One of the earliest books on dogs in Germany describes the “bentchur” as this dog was called: “The dog has a… snout covered with rough-haired whiskers…His body is short, and his tail is usually docked. The topcoat is not too long but wiry…” In 1852, C.F.H. Weiss used the term “pinscher” when translat- ing the English word “terrier.” I think this is a good reference to the similarity of these Ger- man pinscher breeds to many of the British terriers in form, function, and temperament. By 1876, we see evidence of these dogs developing into distinct breeds. Fitzinger, in 1876, discusses many types of pinschers that we see today; the Miniature Schnauzer or rauhen pintsch , the Affenpinscher or seiden pintsch , the German Pinscher or glatten pintsch , the Miniature Pinscher or kleinen pintsch , and the Standard Schnauzer or grossen pintsch . By 1884, we see the first standard for the Rauhhaarige Pinscher or Rough-haired Pin- scher. This standard really encompassed a variety of Schnauzers, as the size ranged from 8 to 22 pounds. In his book, Les Races des Chien , Count Henri van Bylandt in 1894 described these farm dogs as being seen in both smooth and wire-haired coats, and ranging in size from 11-3/4” to 19-1/2” (18-36 pounds). We know that the smaller ones were typically used as rat catch- ers. This is also the first reference to the term Schnauzer, which he used to describe the wire-haired, bearded pinschers. In Germany, a Pinscher Club was formed in 1895. The first studbook was subsequently published in 1902. It contained a total of 353 dogs being born as far back as 1880. There were four distinct breeds, registered as follows: 248 Standard Schnauzers, 14 Miniature Schnauzers, 8 German Pinschers, 83 Miniature Pinschers. The small, wire-haired pinschers were shown in separate classes; one for Affenpinschers and one for the smaller version of the wire-haired pinscher. In 1903, the studbook first reg- istered Affenpinschers separately from the other wire-haired pinschers. By 1910, the separa- tion was complete; the breeds were known as Affenpinschers and Miniature Schnauzers. The first Miniature Schnauzers were imported to the United States around 1924. Origi- nally, in the US, Miniature and Standard Schnauzers were considered the same breed and the Wire-Haired Pinscher Club of America was formed in 1925, encompassing both breeds. In 1926, the breed was renamed to Schnauzer and began competing in the Terrier Group. In 1933, the Schnauzer was separated into two breeds, Standard Schnauzer and Miniature Schnauzer. AKC required the parent club to split into separate clubs. Thus, the American Miniature Schnauzer Club and the Standard Schnauzer Club of America came into exis- tence. Both breeds continued to compete in the Terrier Group until 1945, when the Stan- dard Schnauzer was moved to the Working Group. In 1945, the “Sire of our Modern Breed” emerged, Ch. Dorem Display. “Display,” while maintaining the substance and strength of the breed, possessed an elegance and refined out- line that made him more competitive in the Terrier Group. He was our first all-breed Best in Show winner and our first and only Westminster Terrier Group winner—in 1947. Virtually all Miniature Schnauzers from show lines trace many (to hundreds of ) lines back to Display.



Color has changed a bit over the years for Miniature Schnauzers. The first standard (Germany) in 1884 allowed a wide range of colors, which is understandable, being very early in the distinct development of the breed. As type started to become more established, we see in the 1907 German Standard more clarification and definition, “All salt-and-pepper color shades or similar bristly equal color mixtures, and solid black.” “Faults - All white, speckled, brindled, red, or bran colors.” In the 1934 American standard, we find the emergence of our modern-allowed colors: “The color should be pepper and salt or similar equal mixtures, light or dark, and including the ‘red pepper,’ pure black, and black and tan.” The “red pepper” refers to the tan shading still allowed today. The black and tan color will gradually modify to become today’s black and silver. Any solid color other than black has always been unacceptable in our American Standard. Early breeders were diligent in stan- dardizing the allowed colors, and today we never see any but the three allowed colors in litters from show lines. Over the past couple of decades, we have been fighting a battle (as have some other breeds) to stop colors—from ques- tionable breeding—from creeping into our breed (i.e., white, liver, chocolate, parti, etc.). We are in the midst of changing our standard to make any color other than our three allowed colors (salt & pepper, black & silver, and black) a disqualification. From their initial development, Miniature Schnauzers have always been cropped and docked. This was done to protect the dogs while performing their functions of ratting and such. Our grooming is also reminiscent of our Schnauzers’ function. The beard/eyebrows and longer leg hair also protected the dog from the rat’s bite. We believe cropping and docking, as well as

our grooming, are essential parts of the history, heritage, and essence of the Miniature Schnauzer and must be preserved. The Miniature Schnauzer in the US is shown in the Terrier Group—and always has been. I believe the Miniature Schnauzer, while not strictly a Terrier by definition since they are not of British descent, is truly a Terrier. They are the German version of a Terrier. From earlier in this article you have seen that our Schnauzers have the same func- tions of many of the British Terrier breeds (i.e., Wheatens, Kerries, etc.). They were working farm dogs and ratters. They are constructed similarly to many Terrier breeds and have the typical wire coat. Sometimes the designation of not being a “real” Terrier hurts us in Group competition, although there are some judges who recog- nize us as the Terrier that we are. As a matter of fact, we have actually gone Best in Show three times at the world’s preeminent Terrier Show, Montgomery County Kennel Club: In 1955 with Dody’s Demtri, and in 1968 and 1969 with Ch. Mankit’s to the Moon. Our top Best in Show winner in the breed is Ch. Regency’s Twist of Fate with 11 all- breed Bests in Show. Our dogs still demonstrate their “terrier” attributes today by par- ticipating in Earthdog tests and by taking care of all sorts of varmints around our homes. In addition, they also serve as excellent guard dogs. (No one gets past our doors without the diligent alarms from our Schnauzers, of course!) While not an ancient breed by any means, our origins do go back almost 200 years. Miniature Schnauzers continue to be a popular breed in the US and around the world. This is due in no small part to their playful, loyal, and friendly temperament. They are ideal housedogs and there is none better as a companion.

*Reference AMSC Educational Materials


John first became involved in dogs when he was a teenager in the 1970s, working several dogs through to their Obedience titles. In 1979, John purchased his first Miniature Schnauzer. During the 1980s, he apprenticed under Schnauzer handlers Sue Baines and Jackie Hicks (Irrenhaus). During that time, he developed his Schnauzer line based on the Irrenhaus dogs. John developed his Brussels Griffon line based on a black smooth French import combined with the American Norkus, Canadian Lorricbrook, and UK Marquant lines. John became involved in Boston Terriers through his husband, Lloyd Constantine-Amodei. While maintaining a full-time job, John has been breeding Schnauzers and Brussels Griffons for over 40 years. Over those years, he bred over 125 champions, including Group and Best in Show winners, and has handled over 150 champions. He bred the top Miniature Schnauzer in the United Kingdom

in 2003 and the first duel USA/United Kingdom champion. He has judged the American Brussels Griffon Association National Specialty and the American Miniature Schnauzer Club’s National Specialty twice. John has judged many regional specialties in the US, and National Specialties in Japan, China, Finland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Canada, Denmark, and Argentina. He is presently approved to judge half of the Hound Group, the Terrier, Working, Toy, and Non-Sporting Groups, as well as Best in Show. John has served as the President of the American Miniature Schnauzer Club from 2005 until 2013, and again from 2019 to 2021. Previously, he served as Vice President for five years and had been a Board Member for over 15 years as well as assuming many committee positions over the years. He is currently the Judge’s Education Coordinator. John is also a member of the Montgomery County Kennel Club. He is a founding member and President of the Liberty Brussels Griffon Club. He is a member of the Boston Terrier Club of America and the Tri-Angle Boston Terrier Club as well as several all-breed kennel clubs, including Hatboro Dog Club and Penn Treaty Kennel Club, for which he has served as Show Chairman.


LANDE’S Miniature Schnauzers

SONNY Gold Grand Champion/Int'l Champion BELGAR'S DESERT SAND






Marilyn Lande 1829 N. 29th Pl., Mesa, AZ. 85213 480-396-6933

the years

Our gratitude to all judges who have recognized our dog’s fine type and quality. Sincere appreciation to Jorge, Susie and their wonderful team for their expertise handling.










THE MINIATURE SCHNAUZER By Wyoma Clouss AMSC Judges Education

M iniature Schnauzers were developed in the late 1800s from a back- ground of German farm dogs known as Pinschers, breeds that became A ff enpinscher, Miniature Pin- scher and Standard Schnauzer. Th ere are even records of early litters being divided by color, size and coat type. Schnauzers were imported into the US and shown in AKC shows in the 20s, but the AKC Miniature Schnauzer breed standard was approved in 1934, completing its o ffi cial separation from the Standard Schnauzer. Th e Miniature Schnauzer has never forgotten his roots as a companion that would keep the household pantry and barnyard free from vermin. Ears were cropped, tails docked to protect them from injury while fighting and killing rats and mice; eyebrows and beard served to protect the face, furnishings the legs. With modest updates to clarify our breed standard, our breed carries on its history of being a fantastic family companion, a watchdog, and a perfect house-size ratter. Our Miniature Schnauzers remain amazingly versatile dogs, belonging to the “Can Do (Almost) Anything” club. Records show that in 2011, our exhibi- tors finished 180 Championships, 47 Grand Ch, 34 CDs and CDXs, 9 UDs and above, 70 some Rally titles, 370 some

Agility titles, 2 Earthdog titles, 16 Th era- py Dog titles and even 3 Coursing Ability titles! Great problem solvers that they are, if allowed to watch Earthdog trials ahead of time, they may just head for the caged rat at the finish line, skipping the tunnels altogether! Th ey love Flyball, and now the new Barnhunt comes as the perfect event to show o ff what Miniature Schnauzers were bred for. Th ey are already starting to earn qualifying Barnhunt scores, some may be titled by the time this is published! The conformation dogs will be groomed to the nines for their ‘tuxedo’ look in the show ring—our companion event dogs, retired conformation dogs, and our pets are usually clippered, but they will maintain their distinctive look by using the same pattern as for the show ring. When judging a Miniature Schnauzer in the conformation ring, keep the fol- lowing in mind: Shape, Size, Coat and Color. Our breed standard calls for a square outline, robust and active, stur- dily built, short deep body, straight back- line, high tailset. Th e standard already described an erect docked tail of a proper length, but a 2012 clarification reads, “A properly presented Miniature Schnau- zer will have a docked tail as described; all others should be severely penalized.” Th e head should be strong and rectan- gular with clean cheeks, ears cropped or

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“Miniature Schnauzers in the conformation ring must have a coat that has been plucked or stripped or rolled TO ACHIEVE THE HARD WIRY TEXTURE OF THE OUTER COAT, WITH A CLOSE UNDERCOAT.”

folded if not, a scissors bite, neck well arched. Built right, he’ll have a good reach and strong drive in profile, true coming and going. Size is critical to maintain one of our di ff erences from our larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer. Miniature Schnau- zers must be disqualified from conforma- tion competition if under 12" or over 14" at the withers, regardless of age. Miniature Schnauzers in the confor- mation ring must have a coat that has been plucked or stripped or rolled to achieve the hard wiry texture of the outer coat, with a close undercoat. We don’t stipulate a length—it just needs to be suf- ficient to determine the necessary hard wiry texture.

We have three allowed colors: salt & pep- per, black & silver and solid black, judged without preference among the three colors, black nose required. Salt & pepper refers to a mixture of black and white banded hairs and solid black and solid white unbanded hairs, with banded hairs predominating. All shades of salt & pepper from light to dark mixtures are permissible, undercoat color will vary. Th e black of a black & silver will be a true rich black, and basically will fol- low the same pattern as the salt & pepper. Black, a rich glossy black with a softer black undercoat, is the only solid color allowed. A small white spot on the chest of a black or an occasional single white hair elsewhere on the body is permitted. Any Minia- ture Schnauzer not of an allowed color or

with white striping, patching or spotting on the colored areas of the dog, except for a small white spot permitted on the chest of the black, must be disqualified from conformation competition. Add an alert and intelligent tempera- ment, an a ff ectionate personality full of life, he’s super smart, sometimes a little stubborn, mostly willing to please. From the beginning to the present day, our Miniature Schnauzers are the best! We hope you’ll join us at the Schnau- zapalooza 2013 (http://schnauzapalooza. com/) from May 8-12, 2013 at Purina Farms in Missouri. All three size “cous- ins”—Miniature, Standard and Giant— will be there with bells on, plus we’ll have a combined judges education experience!

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Judging the M I N I AT U R E SCHNAUZER BY WYOMA CLOUSS T he Miniature Schnauzer is one of just a few Terri- ers which did not originate from the British Isles. Developed in the Bavarian region of Germany in the late 1800s, the Miniature Schnauzer appears to be a

in our history, our standard carefully states that the muzzle is “at least as long as the topskull” which is “flat and fairly long”, ending in a “moderately blunt manner”. In practice, that means the muzzle should be approximately the same length as the topskull—neither shorter, nor exaggerated and too long. Balanced. Overall impression rectangular, strong but not blocky, nor too narrow. Parallel planes. Lift the eyebrows to make sure eyes are small, dark, oval, and deep-set. Think of dark walnut for color. Nose color must be solid black, any other color a DQ. Teeth—scissors bite only, look for six upper and lower incisors. To check bite, hold down the center of the beard below the teeth with your left hand, and with your right, use your forefinger and thumb on each side of the incisors to slide up the upper lip. Please do not go picking through the beard looking for side teeth. Ears cropped or uncropped is optional in our breed standard. If cropped, the ears should be balanced and set high, with the inside edges carried perpendicularly. When uncropped, the ears are small and V shaped, folding close to the skull, the tip pointing to the outside corner of the eye. Look for the “use of ears” on the ground, not on the table. The Schnauzer’s characteristic “down the nose” expression is emphasized by trimming the eyebrows into a sharp triangle. The beard will be trimmed and shaped to emphasize the rectangular shape of the head.

cross from smaller Standard Schnauzers and the “Monkey Pin- schers” (today’s Affenpinscher) common in that area. As with the British Terriers, the multipurpose Miniature Schnauzer was bred to be a ratter, with the bonus of being a watchdog and great family companion. The statement of General Appearance describes both his func- tion and his general appearance: “The Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, active dog of terrier type, resembling his larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of an alert, active disposition”. Note that our breed standard describes a gen- eral resemblance, not a miniature copy of the Standard Schnauzer. The three Schnauzers are three distinct breeds with three distinct breed standards. Watching Miniature Schnauzers walk into your ring, you should see distinctive dogs with hard wiry coats in one of three accepted colors. Look for the square, sturdy outline, rectangular head with clean cheeks, ears cropped or uncropped, strong well arched neck, short deep body, straight backline that declines slightly to a flat croup with a docked, erect tail, hard wiry coat. Get a first impres- sion of size, whether each dog is within the size range of 12 inches to 14 inches regardless of age or sex. Let the dogs move around the ring to loosen up, and start your examinations on the table to check. A quick word to the dog to make sure that he is paying attention, then a hand under his chin. You are looking for the head to be strong and rectangular with flat, clean cheeks. With the short-faced “Monkey Pinscher”/Affenpinscher

Overall body outline is square, measured from the forechest to buttocks, withers to the ground. Look for robust and sturdy, the brisket extends at least to the elbows, ribs well sprung and deep, short loin. Forequarters should be straight and parallel. Strong pas- terns. Good bone. Neck strong and well arched, blending into the shoulders. Sloping shoulders well laid back. Look for smooth transi- tion from the neck into the shoulders and topline, neck should not be short and stuffy. Viewed from the side the forelegs should be set “ As with the British Terriers, the multipurpose Miniature Schnauzer was bred to be a ratter, with the bonus of being a watchdog and great family companion.


CASEY Sire of Multiple Champion get! GCHG CARMEL JUST IN CASE Multiple Best In Show • Best In Specialty Show


Thank you Judges Mr. Scott Pfeil, Mrs. Jacqueline Stacy, Ms. Lee Whittier,

Mrs. Cindy Vogels, Mr. Merle Taylor & Ms. Carolyn Taylor Owned by Dr. Angel & Lisa Iscovich and Carma Ewer Bred by Carma & Galen Ewer Handled by Carma Ewer



Judging the Miniature Schnauzer



exhibitor has “stage stripped” or “rolled” the coat, the most important thing about coat is that texture on the day should be hard & wiry. To extend the coat in show condition, varying amounts of undercoat may have been raked out. Coat on the head, neck, chest, tail, body must be plucked; the throat, cheeks, and bottom will be clip- pered; leg furnishings, beard, eyebrows will be scissored. Coat length is not stipulated, must be able to determine correct texture. Colors: Allowed colors are salt and pep- per, black and silver, solid black. black is the only solid color allowed; a small white spot on the chest, occasional white body hairs are permissible. The salt and pepper coat consists of a mixture of solid black, solid white, and banded hairs, varying from light to dark, tan shading permitted. The black and silver coat is the same bi-color pattern, except solid black where the salt & pepper would be, and with the difference that the underbody furnishings below the chest & ribcage should be dark. Judging: Watch for any white, even a narrow blaze, in colored area mid-forechest between the silvery white “bow tie” and lighter area of the throat—it’s a DQ. Judge movement at the trot. Look for the good reach and drive of a square-built dog. No mincing, no prancing, no chin tap- ping front or high kicking rear. True double tracking coming and going. At a full trot, there will be a slight inward inclination beginning at the shoulder in front, the hip in the rear, but no excuse for moving too close or crossing over. Temperament: “alert, spirited, yet obedi- ent to command… friendly, intelligent and willing to please… never over aggressive or timid.” Sparring (bringing dogs together to look at each other, pull themselves togeth- er) usually works best with the Specials class. Puppies and bitches may just look at each other since Miniature Schnauzers often live together peacefully at home. But show a Miniature Schnauzer a rat or other varmint and their Terrier function is alive and deadly!

back slightly but not so much that the ster- num (or chest bone) obviously protrudes. Short round (cat) feet. Hindquarters have strong muscled thighs… never overbuilt or higher than shoulders”. There should be ‘dog behind the tail’, a little ‘shelf.’ The backline is straight, sloping slightly to the base of the tail, flat croup—no roller coasters. Read carefully the breed standard on Tail: “Set high and carried erect. It (tail) is docked only long enough to be clearly visible over the backline of the body when dog is in proper length of coat. A properly presented Miniature Schnauzer will have a docked tail as described; all others should be severely penalized.” The American Min- iature Schnauzer Club is NOT one that says ‘whatever’ when it comes to tails. This is breed type, this is recognizing our breed. AKC expects judges to move and examine every entry—“This includes breeds that according to their breed standard tradition- ally have been cropped and/or docked and dogs entered which may have deviations from the breed standard.” So after moving and examining that dog with a deviation such as an undocked tail, we expect you to respect important attributes of breed type as written in our AKC breed standard. An undocked tail should be considered a seri- ous enough fault as to effectively remove that dog from conformation competition at an AKC show. We’re serious. Disqualify: Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches. (any age or sex), but also keep in mind, there is no preferred size, anything within that range is correct as long as you don’t see toyishness, ranginess or coarseness. Please measure if you have any question. It can be very difficult to visu- ally discern a critical 1/4 inches. It is much better to be certain rather than making the mistake of putting that perhaps oversize but otherwise lovely dog at the end of the line. Size is a DQ and we need your support in the ring. Coat: Double coat—hard wiry outer coat, close undercoat. Texture is the most important thing. As with some of the oth- er Terriers, it doesn’t matter whether the

Show grooming: Coats are either stage stripped out starting 8—10 wks prior to the first shows on a circuit, or rolled, worked constantly. Specials dogs usually have a rolled coat so they can stay in the ring, but the pattern of banding and texture quality may affect whether rolling coat works for an individual dog. Stripped out dogs are shown for maybe 6-10 weeks, the coat gradually “blows”, the tight Terrier jacket is lost, the dog goes home for several months to start all over again on coat work. It makes no sense for a judge to say something like ‘this coat is a little short, bring him back when he has more coat’. First, just check texture, as there is no minimum length required, and second, it’s doubtful you’ll see that dog again on that particular coat. Prior to the shows, the exhibitor will do the finish work—scissor furnishings, clipper throat, cheeks, ears, bottom, and tummy. Show day, the exhibitor will bathe the beard and furnishings, chalk the fur- nishings on salt and peppers and black and silvers, use a mousse or gel on the furnish- ings of the blacks, then brush out and blow dry, followed by a light hair spray. Groom- ing should be done with a relatively light touch—no cloud of flying chalk when the dog does the big shake. Show grooming of furnishings is a presentation issue—Min- iature Schnauzer exhibitors tend to be per- fectionists, wanting to bring you a dog with every hair in place in a tailored tuxedo look. Then it’s up to you—keep in mind: Square, sturdy outline Short, deep body

Straight backline, declines slightly Flat croup with a Docked erect tail Rectangular head, clean cheeks, scissors bite Ears cropped or not Hard wiry coat in Allowed colors only *DQ Nose must be solid black *DQ Size 12 inches—14 inches *DQ Correct reach and drive Alert temperament



T he Miniature Schnauzer (or Zwergschnauzer) is very sim- ilar in type to the Standard Schnauzer. The Schnauzers of all sizes are classified as “working dogs” in Europe and other countries where the FCI standards are followed. In the United States, the Miniature has always been in the Terrier Group and continues to be judged as a Terrier. This explains some of the differences between the Miniature and the other Schnauzer Breeds.

The Miniature Schnauzer has three accepted color varieties in the United States. The AMSC recognizes salt and pepper, black and black and silver. Although white Miniatures are being bred and shown around the world, this color is not recognized by the American Miniature Schnauzer Club and cannot be shown in Conformation. The origin of the Schnauzer is consid- ered as being a cross between the “dog of Boulogne” and the Spitz. The Minia- ture is said to have come from mating

with the Affenpinscher. The oldest Ger- man Kennel Club was founded in 1890. The following year at the Third German International Show in Hanover, with about 900 dogs, Wirehaired Pinschers of German breeding were exhibited for the first time. A dog “Schnauzer” won first prize exhibited by the Württem- berg Kennel of Burgerbeonberg. There is no question of its being a breed of great antiquity. Albrecht Durer depicted a Schnauzer in a watercolour, “Madonna with the Many Animals”,



“finished in under a year”

“defeated established champions for BOB” many times.

Finishing with a total of 21 points and 3 majors comprising 10 points

T H A N K YOU J U D G ES MAJORS: Robert Hutton (photo), Richard Powell (bonus points), and Rodney Herner OTHERS: JoAnne Buehler, Celeste Gonzales, John R. Boozer III, Carolyn Alexander, Clay Coady, George Wright, Randy Garren

Owned by Kevin E. Holmes Bred by Emmanuelle da Silva and Nuno da Silva (France) Presented by Mauricio Vargas





“Ms. Worldwide”


Sire: Multi-Champion Bagheera-Jip vd Blessewichof

Dam: Multi-Champion Lilou Arendel de la Garde de Poseidon


executed in 1492. In a tapestry made around 1501, a representation of the Schnauzer appears. The Schnauzer (the breed with a beard on the muzzle, the German word for muzzle being schnauze) was used extensively in Germany as a drover’s dog, used to pull carts with produce from the farms to the towns and guard them while there. He per- formed all the duties of a farm dog. He was also used extensively as a rat catcher. The Miniature is an especially good ratter! Miniatures have been bred in the United States since 1925 and the Ameri- can Miniature Schnauzer Club was formed in August 1933. The AKC offi- cially recognized the Miniature Schnau- zer in 1926. Why is this breed so incredibly popular? The standard says it all! “The typical Miniature Schnauzer is alert and spirited, yet obedient to command. He is friendly, intelligent and willing to please. He should never be overaggres- sive or timid.” They are hardy, sweet, smart, loving and loyal. Their alertness and sometimes vocal nature makes them an excellent watchdog. They are as much at home in the city with a mod- erate amount of exercise as they are in the country where they appear tireless. They need to live as part of the family, going where they go. They do not shed, so people who are allergic to other breeds can often enjoy them. The AKC Miniature Schnauzer breed standard recognizes three col- ors: salt and pepper, solid black and black and silver. Salt and pepper and black and silver are bi-color patterns. No other colors are allowed under the

breed standard. White color, parti- color, liver and merle are specifically disqualified. In the salt and pepper, the eyebrows, beard and legs will be light gray or sil- ver white. When stripped for the show ring, the body hair is banded in various shades of black, white and gray. The hairs of the harsh topcoat are banded, alternating black and white and then back to black again. Salt and peppers come in various shades of gray—from almost silver-white to almost black. Black and silvers follow essentially the same pattern as the salt and pep- pers, except the body coat color is solid black. The beard and legs tend to be silver or white and the dark hair may extend farther down the legs. Solid blacks are entirely black with a black undercoat, except they may have a small white patch on the chest. The Miniature Schnauzer is a dou- ble-coated breed that has a wiry topcoat and a soft undercoat. The topcoat is maintained by hand stripping or rolling the coat and is required for the show ring. The pet trim calls for the same out- line, but it is maintained using clippers. Because of their intelligence and willingness to please, many of them excel in competitive Obedience, Agility, Fly Ball, Barn Hunt, Tracking, Earthdog and Fast Cat. While the Miniature Schnauzer is generally a healthy breed, dedicat- ed breeders work to avoid potential health issues by using health histories, health screenings or even genetic test- ing. Some of the health issues include cataracts, hyperlipidemia, pancreatitis, portosystemic shunts and urolithiasis (“stones” in the urinary tract).


Official Standard of the Miniature Schnauzer

General Appearance: The Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, active dog of ter- rier type, resembling his larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of an alert, active disposition. Faults - Type - Toyishness, rangi- ness or coarseness. Size, Proportion, Substance: Size - From 12 to 14 inches. He is sturdily built, nearly square in proportion of body length to height with plenty of bone, and without any suggestion of toyishness. Disqualifications - Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches. Head: Eyes - Small, dark brown and deep-set. They are oval in appearance and keen in expression. Faults - Eyes light and/or large and prominent in appear- ance. Ears - When cropped, the ears are identical in shape and length, with pointed tips. They are in balance with the head and not exaggerated in length. They are set high on the skull and carried perpendicularly at the inner edges,

body coat should be of sufficient length to determine texture. Close covering on neck, ears and skull. Furnishings are fairly thick but not silky. Faults - Coat too soft or too smooth and slick in appearance. Color: Allowed colors: salt and pepper, black and silver and solid black. All colors have uniform skin pigmentation, i.e. no white or pink skin patches shall appear anywhere on the dog and the nose must be solid black. Salt and Pepper - The typical salt and pepper color of the topcoat results from the combination of black and white banded hairs and solid black and white unbanded hairs, with the banded hairs predominating. Acceptable are all shades of salt and pepper, from the light to dark mixtures with tan shadings permissible in the banded or unbanded hair of the topcoat. In salt and pepper dogs, the salt and pepper mix- ture fades out to light gray or silver white in the eyebrows, whiskers, cheeks, under throat, inside ears, across chest, under tail, leg furnishings, and inside hind legs. It may or may not also fade out on the underbody. However, if so, the lighter underbody hair is not to rise higher on the sides of the body than the front elbows. Black and Silver - The black and silver generally follows the same pat- tern as the salt and pepper. The entire salt and pepper section must be black. The black color in the topcoat of the black and silver is a true rich color with black undercoat. The stripped portion is free from any fading or brown tinge and the underbody should be dark. Black - Black is the only solid color allowed. Ideally, the black color in the topcoat is a true rich glossy color with the undercoat being less intense, a soft matting shade of black. This is natural and should not be penalized in any way. The stripped portion is free from any fading or brown tinge. The scissored and clippered areas have lighter shades of black. A small white spot on the chest is permitted, as is an occasional single white hair else- where on the body. Disqualifications - Dogs not of an allowed color or white striping, patching, or spotting on the colored areas of the dog, except for the small white spot permitted on the chest of the black. The body coat color in salt and pepper and black and silver dogs fades out to light gray or silver white under the throat and across the chest. Between them there exists a nat- ural body coat color. Any irregular or connecting blaze or white mark in this section is considered a white patch on the body, which is also a disqualifica- tion. Nose any color other than solid black. Gait: The trot is the gait at which movement is judged. When approaching, the forelegs, with elbows close to the body, move straight forward, neither too close nor too far apart. Going away, the hind legs are straight and travel in the same planes as the forelegs. Note - It is generally accepted that when a full trot is achieved, the rear legs con- tinue to move in the same planes as the forelegs, but a very slight inward incli- nation will occur. It begins at the point of the shoulder in front and at the hip joint in the rear. Viewed from the front or rear, the legs are straight from these points to the pads. The degree of inward inclination is almost imperceptible in a Miniature Schnauzer that has correct movement. It does not justify moving close, toeing in, crossing, or moving out at the elbows. Viewed from the side, the forelegs have good reach, while the hind legs have strong drive, with good pickup of hocks. The feet turn neither inward nor outward. Faults - Single track- ing, sidegaiting, paddling in front, or hackney action. Weak rear action. Temperament: The typical Miniature Schnauzer is alert and spirited, yet obe- dient to command. He is friendly, intelligent and willing to please. He should never be overaggressive or timid. Disqualifications: Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches. Dogs not of an allowed color or white striping, patching, or spotting on the colored areas of the dog, except for the small white spot permitted on the chest of the black. The body coat color in salt and pepper and black and silver fades out to light gray or silver white under the throat and across the chest. Between them there exists a natural body coat color. Any irregular or connecting blaze or white mark in this section is considered a white patch on the body, which is also a disqualification. Nose any color other than solid black. Approved July 10, 2012 Effective September 04, 2012

with as little bell as possible along the outer edges. When uncropped, the ears are small and V-shaped, folding close to the skull. Head - strong and rectan- gular, its width diminishing slightly from ears to eyes, and again to the tip of the nose. The forehead is unwrinkled. The topskull is flat and fairly long. The foreface is parallel to the topskull, with a slight stop, and it is at least as long as the topskull. The muzzle is strong in proportion to the skull; it ends in a moderately blunt manner, with thick whiskers

which accentuate the rectangular shape of the head. Faults - Head coarse and cheeky. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. That is, the upper front teeth overlap the lower front teeth in such a manner that the inner surface of the upper incisors barely touches the outer surface of the lower incisors when the mouth is closed. Faults - Bite - Undershot or overshot jaw. Level bite. Neck, Topline, Body: Neck - Strong and well arched, blending into the shoul- ders, and with the skin fitting tightly at the throat. Body- Short and deep, with the brisket extending at least to the elbows. Ribs are well sprung and deep, extending well back to a short loin. The underbody does not present a tucked up appearance at the flank. The backline is straight; it declines slightly from the withers to the base of the tail. The withers form the highest point of the body. The overall length from chest to buttock appears to equal the height at the with- ers. Faults - Chest too broad or shallow in brisket. Hollow or roach back. Tail - set high and carried erect. It is docked only long enough to be clearly visible over the backline of the body when the dog is in proper length of coat. A prop- erly presented Miniature Schnauzer will have a docked tail as described; all oth- ers should be severely penalized. Fault - Tail set too low. Forequarters: Forelegs are straight and parallel when viewed from all sides. They have strong pasterns and good bone. They are separated by a fairly deep brisket which precludes a pinched front. The elbows are close, and the ribs spread gradually from the first rib so as to allow space for the elbows to move close to the body. Fault - Loose elbows. The sloping shoulders are muscled, yet flat and clean. They are well laid back, so that from the side the tips of the shoulder blades are in a nearly vertical line above the elbow. The tips of the blades are placed closely together. They slope forward and downward at an angulation which permits the maximum forward extension of the forelegs with- out binding or effort. Both the shoulder blades and upper arms are long, per- mitting depth of chest at the brisket. Feet short and round (cat feet) with thick, black pads. The toes are arched and compact. Hindquarters: The hindquarters have strong-muscled, slanting thighs. They are well bent at the stifles. There is sufficient angulation so that, in stance, the hocks extend beyond the tail. The hindquarters never appear overbuilt or high- er than the shoulders. The rear pasterns are short and, in stance, perpendicular to the ground and, when viewed from the rear, are parallel to each other. Faults - Sickle hocks, cow hocks, open hocks or bowed hindquarters. Coat: Double, with hard, wiry, outer coat and close undercoat. The head, neck, ears, chest, tail, and body coat must be plucked. When in show condition, the



1. Where do you live? What do you do “outside” of dogs? 2. How many years in the Miniature Schnauzer? Showing? Judg- ing? Breeding? 3. What, in your opinion, is the secret to a successful breeding program? 4. Its position as #19 out of all AKC breeds is an indication of the love the world has for the Miniature Schnauzer. Does this make finding good homes easier? 5. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? 6. What is your favorite dog show memory? 7. Is there anything else you’ d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. CARMA EWER Galen and I have

located. Modern medicine has made it much easier to find that per- fect stud dog to compliment your breeding program. Also, be hyper critical of your puppies. It’s hard but I am fortunate to have a spouse who is brutal when it comes to evaluating puppies. I tend to think they are all wonderful. But this has helped us only keep the best. I also think luck plays a part in success. We were fortunate enough to be blessed with some awesome mentors and dogs and have made incredible friendships and memories. Finding Miniature Schnauzer homes is not a problem. It is a wonderful breed. The bigger problem is finding enough quality puppies for the homes that looking to add a Miniature Schnauzer to their households. I don’t believe that grooming trends are affecting our breed today. But I will say that most of us who are exhibiting are getting very good at presentation and conditioning. I think that the Min- iature Schnauzer today is presented much better than in the past. My favorite dog show memory? Another tough question. I would say the most memorable memories are of those special moments when the judge pointed to us at a big show and we were so complete- ly surprised. Not that we didn’t have a quality exhibit, but because there were so many quality exhibits in the ring with us. I love this breed. They are wonderful companions, great with families and I can not imagine my life without one. When I am dis- couraged or heartbroken, there they are. Happy, loving and helping me know that no matter what happens—they are there for love and support. Miniature Schnauzers are hard-wired to think they are in charge of the world; I love that about them. And they are definitely in charge of our lives and household. MARILYN LANDE I am originally from

been involved with Min- iature Schnauzers for the past 43 years. Dur- ing that time, we have been active members of the American Minia- ture Schnauzer Club. I have held the positions of President, Secretary, and have served on the board for a number of years. We have also been active in our local Kennel clubs, and have served as officers and show chair-

man numerous times. In the past 12 years, we have either bred or owned four number one dogs and currently have the top winning Miniature Schnauzer—our bitch, GCHG Carmel Sky High Wish Upon A Star, who is ranked number one in breed and all breed, plus is a Top Ten Terrier. Twink was owner handled in 2018 and is now enjoying life with Susie and Jorge Olivera, where she has broken the record for All Breed Bests In Shows for Miniature Schnauzer bitches with six to date. My husband and I live in Sandy, Utah; a suburb of Salt Lake City. We enjoy snow skiing, hiking in our mountains, spending time with family—including our grandchildren and activities with our church family. We have been involved with Miniature Schnauzers for 43 years. My husband gave me a Mini Schnauzer as a pet for Valentines Day the year we were married. That led to obedience training, then showing in obedience, and then on to conformation. While our children were young and home, we were busy with their activities and lives, but still managed an occasional dog show. Now that they have all married and have families of their own, we have been able to enjoy our dog show hobby full time. The secret to a successful breeding program? That’s a tough question. I say that one big factor in a successful breeding program is to start with a really good foundation, and then not be afraid to seek out the best partner for breeding. Regardless of where they are

Minneapolis, Minnesota where I graduated from the University of Min- nesota In Nursing. After graduation, I worked in surgery for 35 years as a scrub nurse, head nurse and Director of the Operating Rooms. Dur- ing that time my inter- est in research found me in the laboratories after work. Most of the time was in gastric and cardio- thoracic surgery. Work-

ing there with surgeons and biomedical engineers ultimately led to becoming a co-developer of the St. Jude heart valve and a contribu- tor to the Medtronic pacemaker. While still in school, I became an apprentice to the president of a brokerage firm which gave me great depth into the workings of the stock markets. My interests in investing, which came originally from my father, spread from the markets to rental buildings and raw land. During these years, sports were an outlet and I became a ten- nis and badminton champion. Since the age of seven, figure skating


Miniature Schnauzer Q& A

I bought my foundation bitch (my first Mini) in 1981, knowing virtually nothing about the breed. I didn’t know what “stripping” was! Two years later I bred my first litter, from which my first Cana- dian Best in Show dog was born. The secret to a successful breeding program is stamina. You must have the stamina to endure the learning curve, the setbacks, the financial challenges and, for me, the long drives to dog shows. Does the breed’s ranking make finding good homes easier? There has typically been more demand for Mini Schnauzers than supply from reputable breeders, and thus the answer is yes. The nature of the breed attracts those who are looking for a family pet and keeps them coming back. Most of my callers are searching for their second or third Mini. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? Yes and no. It’s a highly challenging breed to trim to perfection—how- ever, we’ve undergone a “changing of the guard” in recent years. Many of our leading exhibitors have semi-retired or passed away and a new generation is emerging. Not all yet trim to the level of a Bev Verna or Lanny Hirstein, so it’s a excellent time for newcomers to consider our breed as the competitive field is a more open than it has been for many years. My favorite dog show memory is winning the breed at Mont- gomery County in 2012 with AmCanCh.Minuteman Goldikova, under Mr. Ken McDermott. The most successful breeders in Mini Schnauzers have always been those who “do it themselves”. Follow their example: train your own puppies, groom your own dogs, show your own dogs. You can only develop the expertise required to excel in this breed by immers- ing yourself in its every aspect—history, genetics, structure and aes- thetics. So put down the phone, get off Facebook and get to work! ALBERTOMONTILA I currently live in Sea-

was my Saturday morning workout at the Minneapolis Ice Arena. Later, I skated in the St. Paul Pop Concerts . With all of these activi- ties, there was still time for church every Sunday where I was the organist and choir director. I have lived in Mesa, Arizona since 1991 and enjoy the area and nice weather very much. Forty years ago I bought my first Miniature Schnauzer as a pet. However, that breeder asked if I would like to show my dog, Kerrie. What was showing? She became my mentor and showed me how to strip, rake coats, scissor etc. and my grooming techniques stemmed from that time. Later, we traveled almost every weekend to shows driving her little motorhome. We still share many hilarious events that occurred on our travels. I judged some fun matches and almost applied for my judging license but I couldn’t be gone from home that often. Showing my dogs became my ultimate passion which I did until moving to Arizona The secret to a successful breeding program is having a thor- ough knowledge of the breed standard and breed for that standard. Not developing blindness to faults but researching ways to reduce or eliminate them. With all the technical help available today, research always pays off. Does the breed’s ranking make finding good homes easier? I have more requests for puppies and adults than I have dogs to fill them. Are grooming trends affecting the breed in the ring today? Han- dlers and Owners have developed such expertise in grooming that faults can easily be covered up. Given two dogs being equal, the best looking one will usually win. My favorite dog show memory: I entered a brace in the Great Falls, Montana show. Landes Rhapsody in Blue (Gershwin) and Landes Just My Jack (Jack). Going in for Best Brace in Show I was shaking all over even after having practiced many times getting two dogs up on the table together. Then getting them down on the floor together without dropping the leads! We had six others of differ- ent breeds for competition. One especially beautiful pair of English Setters. After many trips around the ring and lining up, the judge walked back and forth several times. Walking toward me, she held out the big Best Brace in Show Ribbon. I am still in love with this breed and continue having dogs in the show ring. Over the forty years I bred and showed my own dogs until 2006 when Multiple Sclerosis kept me out of the show ring. To this day, I still have dogs in the ring and attend shows using my cart. KATEMCMILLAN Catherine (Kate)

side, California along the beautiful Monterey Bay. During the times I am not at shows I enjoy riding my Harley Davidson, going to the beach with our dogs/ client dogs and spend- ing time with friends and family. I came to the United States about seven years ago to learn under my mentor Beverly Verna of Regency. I was involved in showing and breeding

McMillan has been breeding Mini Schnau- zers in Saskatchewan, Canada under the Min- uteman prefix for over 35 years. Breeder of four AMSC National Specialty Best of Breed winners, including the number one ranked Min- iature Schnauzers (breed and all-breed) in the US for both 2017 and 2018, along with the breeds number one producing

Miniature Schnauzers with Bev until her passing a few years ago. When Bev passed she left me a few of her dogs to continue on with showing and breeding from her line. Afterwards I went to work for Bill and Taffe Mcfadden for a few years, which I am so thankful for not only learning so much from them but also for them becoming part of my life. While working Bill and Taffe I met Rachel Adams. Rachel and I went on our own as professional handlers under the Iberico name over a year ago. Together we are fulfilling our dreams of contributing as breeders and handlers of this sport. When it comes to having a successful breeding program I think there are two things that are essential for success. The first being having a mentor. Having a mentor who can teach you, guide you and support you makes all of the difference in the world. If you are lucky enough your mentor will become more than just a teach- er, they will become a lifelong friend or even part of your family. Though I no longer have my mentor Bev, I will always appreciate

sire for the past two years. I live in a small town in Saskatchewan, Canada, about 200 miles north of Montana. I’m a commercial and fine artist by trade, which dovetails nicely into my dog sport.


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