Let’s Talk Breed Education!
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JUDGING THE NORFOLK TERRIER by LOUISE LEONE
N orfolk Terrier judges and breeders hold the key to future of the Norfolk Terrier. Judges and breeders share the responsibility to help guide the Nor- folk Terriers’ future. Judges must evaluate characteristics and have an understanding of breed type when making their decision. Th e judge must have a thorough under- standing of canine anatomy and movement and most importantly Norfolk Terriers. Judges must have the ability to evaluate the whole dog and not get caught up on one fault of the dog. You start evaluating dogs as they enter the ring. Norfolk Terriers have a distinctive outline di ff erent from any other terrier. At this point as you are looking at the dog’s outline you should be saying to yourself, “Now, that is a Norfolk Terrier!” Overall balance and proportion is what to look for in the Norfolk Terrier. Th e next thing to
look at is the head and expression, proper ear set, dark oval shaped eyes and that hint of mischief that says, ‘Look at me’. Norfolk Terriers are slightly o ff square, he is about 9 to 10 inches tall and weighs approximately 12 pounds. He should have good bone without being course and have good substance. His height and weight are less important than structure, balance and fit working condition. Th e Norfolk chest should fill your hand. Th e upper arm should sit directly under the withers. His shoulders must be well laid back giv- ing a moderate length of neck. He must have low hocks that are set behind the tail to allow great propulsion from the rear. If this is correct the stifle will naturally have a good bend. After your first impression of the dogs on the ground, move them around the ring to see their topline, length of neck, tail set and carriage. Th e topline should
be level as the dog moves. After you assess the dog on the go around you are ready for table examination. Check overall outline first, approach the dog from the front of the table with confidence. Examine the head checking proportion, ear placement, width of skull, eyes, expression and bite. You should be looking for expressive eyes that are wide set, small, dark and oval . Th e ears are V-shaped, wide set on a slightly rounded skull and point to the corner of the eye. Th e length of the muzzle is one- third the length of the head from the tip of the nose to the occiput. Norfolk Terriers have scissor bite with strong, large teeth set in a wedge-shaped muzzle. As you start your examination of the body you should remember that this is a small terrier of good substance and there is nothing toyish about the Norfolk. Th e Norfolk is a balanced dog with well sprung ribs, a broad chest and short loin. His neck
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CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL, NORFOLK TERRIER
*AKC STATS AS OF 6/30/21 SHOWSIGHT MAGAZINE, AUGUST 2021 | 297
(photos courtesy of Barbara Miller, Donna Cass and Derek Glas)
is moderate and strong. His shoulders should be well laid back with his elbows close to his ribs. His tail is medium docked long enough to give balance in the overall outline and must always be carried erect. Th e forelegs should be straight, short and powerful. Th e front feet are larger and rounder than the rear feet. A Norfolk should have a good driving rear that is well angulated with good bend of stifle and strong muscular thighs. Th e hocks should be low and straight when viewed from the rear. A Norfolk is a double coated dog. His coat should be hard lying close to the body with a definite undercoat. His outer coat should not be soft or wavy. Th e harsh double coat serves as a protection from the weather and is one of the breed char- acteristics. Coat colors are shades of red, wheaten, black and tan and grizzle. No preference should be given to color. When it comes time to move the dogs individually remember that he is a working terrier. A mincing, short gait is not correct. As you watch him as he is going away from you, his legs should follow in the tracks of the front legs. When you watch him coming back to you his front legs should
move straight down from the shoulder. He should have a smooth side gait with good reach and drive on the go around. Judges should never ask that the dogs be spared. Th is isn’t an aggressive breed. Also, these dogs are low to the ground. PLEASE never bend down over the dog. If you must feel the dog’s shoulders once again as you walk down the line ask the exhibitor to put the dog back on the table. Many a good Norfolk has lost his desire to show because of a bad experience. I hope that this helps you understand and enjoy judging the Norfolk Terrier as much as I do. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Louise Leone of Franktown, Colorado has been in the sport of purebred dogs since 1974. Louise has shown Miniature Schnau- zers, Soft Coated Wheaten Terriers, Norfolk Terriers, Norwich Terriers, and Border Ter- riers. She is best-known for her owner han- dled multiple Best in Show Norfolk Terriers and multiple Best in Show Border Terrier. Louise has served as Secretary of the Norfolk- Norwich Terrier Club, Norfolk-Norwich Terri er Club Judges Education Chair,
Secretary of the Norfolk Terrier Club, Nor- folk Terrier Club Judges Education Chair- man, wrote the First Comparison of the Nor- folk Terrier and the Norwich Terrier, wrote the fi rst Judges Educational Handbook on the Norfolk Terrier and the Norwich Terrier, worked on the Committee for the Norfolk Terrier Illustrated . Louise is an AKC Judge.
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NORFOLK TERRIER THE
1. Where do you live? What do you do “outside” of dogs? 2. In cuteness the Norfolk ranks at the top of any list, and these fun, feisty friends currently rank #126 out of all 192 AKC- recognized breeds. We think everyone on earth should be a fan, but does the average person in the street recognize him? Is this good or bad when it comes to placing puppies? 3. Few of these dogs really “work” anymore. How has he adapted to civilian life? What qualities in the field also come in handy around the house? 4. Norfolk vs Norwich: is it only ears? What other differences might one find? 5. A true Terrier temperament requires a special household to be a perfect fit. What about the breed makes him an ideal companion? Drawbacks? 6. What special challenges do breeders face in our current eco- nomic and social climate? 7. At what age do you start to see definite signs of show-worthi- ness (or lack thereof)? 8. What is the most important thing about the breed for a nov- ice to keep in mind when judging? 9. What is your ultimate goal for the breed? 10. What is your favorite dog show memory? 11. Is there anything else you’ d like to share about the breed? Please elaborate. LORI PELLETIER I live in Exeter, Rhode
How has the breed adapted to civilian life? Norfolks love to work and adapt to just about any situation you ask them to handle. They will absolutely let you know if there are any vermin living in your home and will persist until they rid your home of them. Norfolk vs Norwich: is it only ears? What other differences might one find? They are entirely different breeds. I breed both and can tell you they are two distinct breeds in looks and temperament. Both make lovely companions and without living with both breeds the average person would not discern the differences. Everything from the way they breed to the way have their puppies, to how the mothers are with their puppies could not be more different.They mode of play is the difference between the two breeds as is their performance in the field and show ring. Norfolks are thinkers and are a bit more independent in life when asked to do a task the Nor- folk gladly performs the task on their own. Their Norwich cousin prefers that their people do the task with them or for them. I like to say my Norfolk want me but my Norwich need me. What about the breed makes them an ideal companion? Their size and portability make them a great companion. They are big dogs in a small package. They are willing to go and do anything a larger breed dog would do and they have the stamina to do it. What special challenges do breeders face in our current econom- ic and social climate? The largest challenge to our breed is the lack of young people getting into the breed. Without a new generation of breeders our breed will die out. At what age do I start to see definite signs of show-worthiness? I evaluate my puppies at ten weeks but a real show dog has been exhibiting signs since it was three to four weeks old. The most important thing about the breed for a novice to keep in mind when judging? This breed is supposed to be shown free stacked and free baited. Any dog that comes in the ring with its tail down is not showing proper temperament. My ultimate goal for the breed? To increase the number of breeders that will help to preserve our breed. My favorite dog show memory?When I received my first reserve best in show! I was the Breeder, Owner and Handler of the dog and he is all Avalon Bred. (Both the sire and the dam were Avalon breeding.) I have been in this breed for over 25 years and I have been lucky to incorporate some of the top dogs from the top kennels both in America and the UK into my breeding program. I have maintained a consistent type in my dogs and a temperament that I am very proud of. Avalon dogs can currently be found at the top of the breed standings in Conformation, Agility and Obedience. I am proud to say I have maintained type, working ability and temperament in my dogs.
Island. Outside of dogs, I teach animal science in a Vocational Agricultural High School in Massachusetts. Does the average per-
son in the street recognize the breed? No people on the street do not often recog- nize the breed but the breed always collects attention and people immediately want to know what the breed is. There are very few breed- ers in the United States that are actively breeding. So it is actually ok that they do not recognize them The demand far out- weighs the supply in our breed.
“Norfolks are thinkers and are a bit more independent in life when asked to do a task the Norfolk gladly performs the task on their own. Their Norwich cousin prefers that their people do the task with them or for them. I LIKE TO SAY MY NORFOLK WANT ME BUT MY NORWICH NEED ME.”
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Norfolk Terrier Q& A
“MY GOAL FOR THE BREED IS TO ENCOURAGE YOUNGER PEOPLE TO TAKE AN INTEREST IN NORFOLK WHETHER AS A CONFORMATION EXHIBITOR OR IN THE PERFORMANCE RING. If you look around you’ll see many of us are of the gray haired variety; we need young blood. I encourage new owners to get involved by having their Norfolk go through the good Citizen program so that the owner and dog can visit nursing homes and hospitals. Believe me it’s a tough sale.”
BARBARAMILLER I live in Old Brookville, Long Island where I raise my Norfolk Terriers. My children are grown with families of their own so it’s sort of nice being a Norfolk breeder and tending to puppies. Even at my age I still go to the office, a family business, most- ly every day. We’ve sold a major portion of our company but I’ve found that to be a gift as I’ve turned my attention to investigating and writing a history of the Long Island Kennel Club dating back to 1900. A number of my Norfolk, over the years, reside with their human parents in and around New York City. It’s kind of cute when they meet, comparing notes, and discover they bought their Nor- folk from Barbara Miller. I’ve never had a problem selling a pup as the waiting list is long. I always ask people making the query to try to visit me so they can see how my dogs are raised. This way I get to meet a perspective buyer and hopefully their family. People have visited from many corners of the world wanting a Norfolk. Promises are never made because I’m in line first as I keep a pup from every litter I breed. Most times I select the right pup and sometimes not. I not only litter register my Norfolk but I take it one step further and register each pup to myself. When the pup goes to its new home so does the AKC registration paperwork for transfer. I take great pride in knowing I’ve educated the new owner in care and maintenance of the pup. All pups leave with a microchip implanted and pups don’t leave my care until they are 12 weeks old. The Norfolk Terrier instinct holds true even today as they are definitely ratters. I see it when my pups are in their outdoor puppy run. For some reason moles like living under the pavers from time to time and the pups follow the scent as certain times of the year there seem to be more moles than at other times. Let an adult play in the garden and for sure they’re after a squirrel. The play equip- ment for dogs today follows in the footsteps of performance events. My pups love going through the tunnel again and again. People ask what the differences are between the Norfolk and Norwich aside from the ears. Both breeds started at the same point but early breeding to various canines produced either drop ear or prick. There are very subtle differences between the two. The Norwich is short backed with a foxy expression. The Norfolk is off square with more of a wedge shaped muzzle. Ask a Norwich breeder which one has a better disposition and for certain they’d say the Norwich. In actuality both have wonderful dispositions yet I do believe the Norwich is more likely to please where the Norfolk is a bit more independent making training more of an event.
A Norfolk requires a good walk on lead a few times a day. Ide- ally they love to romp in the fenced in back yard especially playing with kids. As a family pet they adore a seat on the sofa with their owner watching television. As a longtime breeder I don’t see any drawbacks to owning a Norfolk. The breed club has been diligent in advising new owners and breeders to test their dog for MVD; a heart leakage problem. These many years of testing it appears the situation is more under control than ever before. Less Norfolk are being independently registered with AKC than ever before. It’s one of the reason I register my pups in my name as stated above. I don’t think it’s just Norfolk as I firmly feel the Terrier situation is on a down slide. As president of the Long Island Kennel Club I’ve watched the entry numbers head downtown. A number of years ago I stopped marking the “limited registration” box on the AKC registration application. For the most part “pet” owners want to spay and/or neuter their dogs. I firmly feel they should wait until the pup has reached close to one year so that their potential develop- ment has been reached. I’m not a mind reader and even though I’ve been at this almost a lifetime I can only zero in on a potential pup once on its feet and close to eight weeks. I’ll keep my eye on that pup watching it mature; how he preforms at the end of the lead; is he outgoing; does he enjoy the ring. Of course the attitude must match the physical appearance as so stated in the breed standard. I’ve deviated some- what with reference to the tail. In the UK as in many other foreign countries docking isn’t allowed. I’ve imported some good dogs with tails to incorporate into my breeding line successfully. Judges have got to start opening their eyes and look at the tail set, the turn of stifle etc. before they discount a good dog because it has a natural tail. Presently I have the #1 Norfolk with a beautiful natural tail and I thank the judges who have awarded her top ribbons because she has the qualities admired in the breed. My goal for the breed is to encourage younger people to take an interest in Norfolk whether as a conformation exhibitor or in the performance ring. If you look around you’ll see many of us are of the gray haired variety; we need young blood. I encourage new owners to get involved by having their Norfolk go through the good Citizen program so that the owner and dog can visit nursing homes and hospitals. Believe me it’s a tough sale. My memories are many but an outstanding one is going Best in Show beating the #1 dog in the country. As for me I’ve collected honors that still stand out in my mind. Twice I was the Terrier Breeder of the year and in 2007 the AKC honored me with the top prize “Breeder of the Year.” It’s been a great ride.
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OVER THE YEARS NORFOLK TERRIERS BY Deborah Pritchard, GLENELG NORFOLK TERRIERS EST. 1973 BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOS BY SALLY ANNE THOMPSON
orfolk Terriers are curious, intelligent, problem solvers. Unlike some terrier breeds, if given good outdoor exercise, they “hang out” relaxed indoors. I tell new owners that just because they are small, the Norfolk is not just a lap dog, although they adore their peoples’ laps while being alert to whatever is going on out the window. Th e Norfolk Ter- rier thinks and acts big. Th ey probably have remained working terriers longer than many of the other terrier breeds. In the “old” days, we had to deal with fl ying ears, digging fronts and muzzles that were too long. Careful breeding, examining pedigrees and outcrossing with imports improved our Norfolks. Probably Nanfan Culver, bred by Joy Taylor and imported by Jim and Marjorie McTernan, was responsible for much of the improvement we achieved in the 80s. Joan Read (Chidley) and Barbara Miller (Max-well) imported British stud dogs which improved our breeding stock. Th e high quality of Norfolk Terriers shown at the most recent MCKC Spe- cialty (October 2019) was remarked by those who know the breed. For 60 years Anne Rogers Clark was an icon as a handler and a judge. She was the fi rst female handler to win Westminster Best In Show and one of only a few judges licensed by the AKC to judge all 165 breeds and varieties. Happily for we Norfolk Terrier lovers, Annie and her husband Jim Clark met a Terrier bitch (Nanfan Corricle) that Constance Larrabee (Kings Prevention Norwich) had brought from England. Th e Clarks were charmed by this “drop- eared” Norwich, never having been impressed with the prick-eared variety. Th ey went on to develop the Surrey Norfolk Terriers with Corricle’s daughter Ahoy. Once when asked to explain the di ff erence between the Norwich and Nor- folk, Annie said “Easy...the Norwich with their ears up bark and don’t think, the Norfolks with their ears down think and then bark!” Today in the Conformation ring, we have too many Norfolk judges who don’t know the breed, seeing it as similar to the Norwich. Oh that Annie Clark was around today to teach them what they should be looking for (and in all
the other recognized breeds). She was once questioned by a judge to summarize when judging, the essence of a proper Norfolk. Her reply, “First of all do not judge them generically. Hard coated, down and back, sound, top-line, tail up, but there’s much, much more to them than that. Th ey’re unlike any of the other little terriers. Th ey’ve always had more angles in their front and back ends than the Norwich have, and they look longer but shouldn’t be. Th ey should be short backed, chubby and chunky. Th ey should have some fore chest out in front of their forelegs. If I could get both countries to rewrite the Standard as regards foreface to back skull, I would be very happy because people come to me thinking that the proportions are quite incorrect. Th e foreface should be just slightly shorter than the back skull, not one third to two thirds which will give it a Gri ff on look rather than Norfolk and there will never be enough room in there for those big teeth which can dispatch a rat.” £ Transcribed by Trisha Broom from a video taken by Denis Ruffles of an interview. Published in the NTC (U.K.) Newsletter Summer 2001.
CH. Max-Well’s Venus
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THE VERSATILE NORFOLK TERRIER by LARRY HOTTOT
L ooking for a little, high-powered dog to add to your family? Th is little dog was originally bred in the farm lands of Europe as barn dogs to rid the barn of vermin and used on occasion to bolt query on a hunt. Today’s Norfolk Terrier retain many of those origi- nal breeding characteristics. Th eir cour- age is incredible with the natural hunter instincts with a strong drive for prey for small vermin, rats, squirrels, chipmunks and such. Norfolk’s typical temperament is happy, spirited, self-confident and thrive on human contact. Th e Norfolk Ter- rier is an active, energetic, fearless, feisty, sociable and charming, all rolled into one, small dog. Th ey are assertive without being aggressive and usually get along with other dogs. However, the Norfolk should not be left home alone around gerbils, guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits, birds and other small family pets as their hunting instincts will “kick in”. Th e Norfolk Terrier needs daily exercise and enjoys walking and jog- ging. He will take as much exercise as you can give. Th ey also enjoy agility, Earthdog tests, tracking, obedience and the confor- mation ring. Th ey should always be on lead or in a fenced area, as they do not know the dangers of the road, often said to not be road smart. Th ey will take o ff after a squir- rel and run right into tra ffi c. Th e fence must be secure and without openings as they are talented escape artists. Th ey love children and are well-behaved with respectful kids. Many are good with other family pets if introduced as a puppy and allowed to grow together. Most are not yappy, but they will bark if someone knocks on the door, rings the doorbell or is seen walking by. Th ey do make good watchdogs, but once someone is inside your home, the Norfolk Terrier loves everyone! Th ey will bark and/or dig if they are bored, lonely or unexercised. Th ey are trainable but learn slowly and look for- ward to reward treats. Th ey are willing to please, but always independent-minded. Th ey are usually quick to housetrain. Th ey are loyal, devoted and loving and will want to be included in all family life aspects
and activities. Th e Norfolk Terriers love to take rides in vehicles to see di ff erent sights, people and locations, which is helpful to sooth the fears of only going in a vehicle for grooming or vet appointments. Norfolk Terriers love to participate in many di ff erent events, excelling in all. From conformation, agility, Barn Hunt, obedience, Earthdog (or going to ground), to dock diving and therapy dogs. Th e following are some of the events that may interest the owner or the dog. Most have a by-product of gaining exercise for both the handler as well as the dog, while allowing the Norfolk to be the Terrier Th e sport of showing one’s dog in the show ring dates back decades and contin- ues today. Originally, the owners exhib- ited their own dogs, showing to judges who are trained to know and understand the Breed Standards, for the award of Champion in the breed. For Norfolk Ter- riers, the most notable was English-Amer- ican Champion Cracknor Cause Celebre, “Coco”. Handled by Beth Sweigert and Peter Green, Coco went Best in Show at the AKC Invitational in 2003 and 47 oth- er BIS in 2003. Th e high point in 2003 was Coco winning BIS for all four shows of the Montgomery Weekend which had never been done before. Th e pièce de résistance was winning Best in Show at Crufts 2005—a great Ambassador for the Norfolk Terrier breed. DOCK DIVING they are. IN THE CONFORMATION RING Dock diving or dock jumping is an activity that surfaced in 1997. Th e AKC o ffi cially became involved in 2014 with introducing title recognition for dogs competing in the North American Diving Dogs events. Dock jumping is a competi- tion in which a dog runs o ff the dock into a pool or body of water. Known as jump- ing a wave, the team of dog and handler, are measured by how far the dog jumps
into the pool. Jumps begin qualifying at 0.1" to over 30 feet. Th e sport is open to all breeds and mixed breeds. Events are held indoors and outdoors and in con- junction with AKC All Breed Shows. Th e lap dog competition is for breeds under 16" at the withers; this is where the Nor- folk Terrier fits in. OBEDIENCE Norfolk Terriers remain a rarity in the obedience ring. With the right person, the Norfolk Terriers are certainly capable of learning high-precision work. Th ey are attentive and have an overwhelming desire to please. While it is gratifying to receive the high scores and blue ribbons, it is important for the dogs and handlers to have a really good time in the ring. AGILITY Norfolk Terriers do very well in the sport and the sport has a lot to recom- mend it to Norfolk Terrier owners. Th e Norfolk Terriers are busy little dogs, who can easily get themselves into all kinds of trouble when bored. Th ey’re also a bunch who appreciate their food and treats, lead- ing to a relatively high incidence of obe- sity in the breed. What better than a sport that entertains them and keeps them fit. Norfolk are inventive little dogs. You need a creative and creative trainer to
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“THE SPORT OF BARN HUNT IS MODELED AFTER THAT JOB THE NORFOLK TERRIER IS ADEPTLY SUITED.”
keep up. To keep the Norfolk excited and willing to work hard, rewards are a must. Squeaky toys are often seen as the ulti- mate rewards for these little rat catchers. But high value treats work wonderfully as well. To see these little dogs work through the various obstacles in a set path is truly remarkable. EARTHDOG Earthdog trials tests the working abil- ity and instinct of the Norfolk Terriers. Since these dogs were bred to hunt vermin and other quarry which lived in under- ground dens, these tests can be a natural extension of the Norfolk Terrier’s instinc- tive hunting skills. While Earthdog trials involve man-made underground tunnels that the dogs must navigate, while scent- ing “the quarry”, the dog must follow the scent to the quarry and then “work” the quarry. “Working” means barking, scratching, staring, pawing, digging— any active behavior. Th e quarry is protect- ed at all times by wooden bars across the end of the tunnel, therefore, the hunting encounter is controlled and neither the dog nor the quarry (usually two rats) are endangered by the activity. BARN HUNT Th is event places the Norfolk Ter- rier back to their roots of searching in a farm environment for their prey.
Historically, many breeds were used by itinerant “rat catchers” to rid farms of crop-robbing, disease-spreading rats. Th e sport of Barn Hunt is modeled after that job the Norfolk Terrier is adeptly suited. Th e sport takes place in a barn-like atmo- sphere that can be re-created almost any- where. An enclosed ring, 50-60 bales of straw or hay, some tubes and some rats are all it takes for these terriers to get their rat on Barn Hunt style. Th e Norfolk Terrier is a versatile dog with many opportunities for both the dog and the people to participate in. Regard- less of one’s preference, these little dogs will aim to please and all for a reward treat and the loving embrace of their peo- ple. Some Norfolk Terriers will just love to fetch the ball for as long as your arm will move and still want more. Th is is a gregarious dog that is a like no other. ABOUT THE AUTHOR We have been involved with Norfolk Terriers since 2004 when we got our fi rst Norfolk (Samson) and met breeders who mentored, coached and advised us on the breed. Samson is such a joy that we have added others to our family and each is a gem. As far as what I do, I am the webmas- ter for the NTC among a variety of other things needed to help the club run. To us, it is all about these little dogs and bettering the breed we have come to love deeply.
Meet The Breeds in NYC 2015, “Cutter”.
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JUDGING THE NORWICH TERRIER: A BREEDER’S PERSPECTIVE by JANE R. SCHUBART M y perspective of judging Norwich Terriers is that of a breeder. I’m not an AKC licensed judge. From inside
the ring my experience is limited to judg- ing two Norwich sweepstakes and a cou- ple of matches. Just enough to appreciate how di ffi cult judging can be. Th at said, from outside the ring I’ve spent hundreds of hours judging Norwich. Th rough the lens of a breeder, I view the purpose of dog shows as being to facilitate evaluation of future breeding stock. Whether inside or outside the ring, my approach is to evaluate the overall dog first. I make my “first cut” on type. I’m looking for a hardy little hunt ter- rier who appears capable of dispatching small vermin. He is fearless and never shy. Although the smallest of the terriers, Norwich should have substance—never fine-boned or toy-ish. He is a sturdy dog in a small package and surprisingly heavy when lifted. First, I like to watch a Norwich mov- ing. He should cover the ground e ffi - ciently. His neck should be of su ffi cient length and not stu ff y, blending into well laid back shoulders to enable good reach. His height is achieved from depth of body, not length of leg. His body is short coupled, with good spring of ribs and just a little distance from the last rib to the tail. His should have short strong hocks and su ffi cient angulation to propel him forward with his topline remaining level. In keeping with his working ori- gin, the Norwich tail is medium-docked and of su ffi cient length to grasp. It is set high at 12 o’clock. All the pieces should fit together to give a pleasing picture of a small sturdy, spirited dog who moves with confidence and purpose. He should not appear long-cast or too stu ff y. Heads are important for correct breed type. Th e wedge-shaped muzzle is strong and slightly tapering. Th e Norwich stan- dard says a “slightly foxy expression”.
From “Illustrated Guide to the Standard of Norwich Terriers” The Norwich Club of America, © 2013. Used with permission.
Th at doesn’t mean a fox-shaped muzzle. Rather, it means that his expression is alert, keen and interested. Th e skull is broad and slightly domed. His eyes are dark and a medium oval size. Round eyes look toy-ish and spoil the expression. His small prick ears should be set well apart and not too high on his head. He has a pronounced stop and his muzzle is neither too long nor too short. Th e proportion of the head is approximately two-fifths muzzle and three-fifths backskull. Th e standard says, “Tight-lipped with large teeth. A scissor bite.” It is silent about missing teeth. Having first evaluated the side view, I watch him coming and going to evaluate
soundness. Going away, he should neither move too close nor too wide. His elbows should not stick out coming towards you and he should not paddle. Ideally, his hind legs follow in the track of the front legs, converging slightly with speed, but some Norwich move a bit wide in front due to their full rib spring and short legs. I don’t mind this if the movement is true. At this point, I have a sense of the dog’s virtues and weak points. Now, I will exam- ine him more closely on the table, looking at details. His front legs are suppose to be straight and must be felt. Clever grooming can cover up crooked legs. His toes may turn out just slightly, however, his feet are
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From “Illustrated Guide to the Standard of Norwich Terriers” The Norwich Club of America, © 2013. Used with permission.
small and ideally he stands on well-arched toes pointed forward with thick pads. I feel the neck and shoulder placement with my hands. While he should have good lay- back, because he has short legs and is sup- pose to have good spring of rib, the chest will have some width. Also, I check the topline and tailset with my hands because clever grooming can cover up rolls and topline dips. Th e o ffi cial standard describes the traits of the ideal Norwich. Some details are very specific, but I believe that exces- sive focus on details tends to result in fault judging. Fault judging is less pro- ductive when evaluating breeding stock. I first look for correct Norwich type and expression and forgive small faults (such as a slightly gay tail, missing tooth, even a softer coat). Th e judge who understands the more subtle qualities prized in a Nor- wich will not reward a dog who is simply sound and lacks breed type. While I believe that the dog show com- petition should focus on conformation, showmanship in the ring is important to the extent that it displays the dog’s tem- perament. Show-ring presence reveals the
dog’s attitude. In the ring, the Norwich look best left alone to stack themselves. Some judges will spar Norwich. I don’t mind the judge who brings them to the center to stand on their own, but they are pack dogs and should not be sparred nose to nose. You don’t want a Norwich show- ing aggression. Also, when judging Nor- wich, do not favor one color over another. Coat color is least important. All shades of red, wheaten, black and tan or grizzle are equally acceptable colors. Th e coat texture is to be hard, wiry and straight. It is a nearly weatherproof, double coat that should blend and appear as one piece on the body. Th e trim should be neat and not overly shaped. Th e coat should be healthy and not open or blown. Th e Norwich standard has remained relatively unchanged since the first Eng- lish standard in 1932. It is my hope that the attributes that so endeared the found- ing Norwich breeders will continue to be upheld. To this end, members of the Norwich Terrier Club of America recent- ly published the first Illustrated Guide to the Standard of Norwich Terriers , for Norwich breeders, owners, exhibitors
and judges. Copies are available for $10 plus $2.50 postage. To order, please con- tact Patty Warrender, Notions Chair, at email@example.com. ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Jane Schubart is a member of the Norwich Terrier Club of America (currently 2 nd Vi c e -Pr e s ident and Chair of the Illustrated Stan- dard Commit-
tee). She is a parent club approved AKC Ring- side Mentor for Norwich Terriers, the AKC Breed Columnist for the Norwich Terrier and (with Alison Freehling) author of the Norwich Terrier chapter for Th e AKC Complete Dog Book (21 st Edition), released in August 2014. She is also a member of the Norwich Terrier Club, England (NTC). Jane and her husband have loved, owned and bred Norwich for 15 years under the prefix ASCOT. Th ey live in Pennsylvania.
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LIVING WITH A NORFOLK TERRIER
W hen people ask me why I chose a Norfolk Ter- rier I tell them I wanted a small dog with a large personality. Th at is what you get when you own a Norfolk. Th is is a breed that has a huge heart, they love life andthey love their owners. Because of these traits, when you own a Norfolk the possibilities of what you can do are endless. If you are buying one for a pet, the Norfolk is a good choice, they like to walk, play with toys and of course relax with their owners. If you are thinking of trying some per- formance events with this breed you will not be disappointed. Norfolks have a lot of courage and although they enjoy being with their owners, they like to be indepen- dent as well. For these reasons, they make great performance dogs. Of course the breed originated in Eng- land and were one of the breeds kept as a farm dog. Th ey liked to hunt and chase mice as well as larger quarry. So two per- formance events they do well in are Earth- dog and the new sport of Barn Hunt. To start a dog in either sport it is important to find a place for some basic training. To start a young dog in Earthdog it is best to find a trainer who has both tunnels in the ground and above the ground. I like to try and start my dogs around 6 months of age and work with them over the period of few months. It is never too late to start you dogs training. Older dogs will like this as much as the young puppies. It is best to begin with tunnels above the ground, get- ting the puppy used to crawling through the tunnel and then adding a corner and eventually the end piece which has the dog behind the bars barking at the rat. Th is way when you move on to training in the ground they have some idea of what
By Linda Federici Rugby Terriers
they are suppose to do and they have been inside a tunnel. Barn Hunt is a sport that is for all breeds, but like Earthdog is a favorite for our Nor- folks. Once again finding a trainer or a class is the best way to start your dog. Th is sport involves hay bales. I think of it as a find and seek for the dog. In the first level, there are 3 tubes hidden among hay bales, one is emp- ty, one has dirty bedding (from the rat) and one has a live rat in the tube. Th e dogs job is to roam around the fenced in area and find the tube with the rat. Tracking is a fun sport to try with your Norfolk. Mine for one love to walk. In this sport their independence works to help them follow the track and find the glove. Th is is the only sport that the dog is in control. A track layer has walked a track of about 450 yards in the first level of this test. Th e idea behind this sport is the dog is able to follow the scent of the track layer, who has walked the track and at the end of the track they have left a glove. Th e dog who is harnessed and walking at least 20 feet ahead of his owner has his nose to the ground and is following the scent for 450 yards or so till he finds the glove. Only the track layer and the judges know where the map of the track, the handler has no idea where the track goes, he is following his dog. Although a small breed, the Norfolk has endurance and walks right along hap- pily wagging his tail the whole way. Agility is a popular sport to do with a Norfolk. Th ey are agile and can be quite fast which are two things needed for a good agility dog. Th is time owner and handler must work together to run the course cor- rectly in the amount of time given. Obedience can be challenging with a Norfolk but one thing that helps with training in obedience is a Norfolk will work for food! Th ere are several types of obedience, regular obedience and then Rally. Which ever one you are going
to try, like with all the other sports you need to find a place to train and train weekly for several months or longer to get you and your dog ready to compete if that is what you would like to do. A sport for all breeds that opened a few years ago is lure coursing. For my dogs, this is their favorite sport by far. A Nor- folk has a great prey drive, they love to chase and they are fast. Th is is the perfect performance event to try if you are new to the world of trialing your dog. Not much practice is needed, my dogs will chase any- thing and a plastic bag is what they are chasing. Lots of fun to watch them run. When you are not training you Norfolk you are living with him or her and that can be a challenge as well. I live with three Norfolks, all are related and get along well. I have a 6-year-old female, her 3-year-old son and 1-year-old daughter from her second lit- ter. I live in the suburbs in a small house with a small yard. I take lots of walks— mine will walk in any weather, at any time of the day! If someone comes to the house
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His outer coat should not be soft or wavy. Th e harsh dou- ble coat serves as a protection from the weather and is one of the breed characteristics. Coat colors are shades of red, wheaten, black and tan and grizzle. No preference should be given to color. When it comes time to move the dogs individually remem- ber that he is a working terrier. A mincing, short gait is not correct. As you watch him as he is going away from you, his legs should follow in the tracks of the front legs. When you watch him coming back to you his front legs should move straight down from the shoulder. He should have a smooth side gait with good reach and drive on the go around. Judges should never ask that the dogs be spared. Th is isn’t an aggressive breed. Also, these dogs are low to the ground. PLEASE never bend down over the dog. If you must feel the dog’s shoulders once again as you walk down the line ask the exhibitor to put the dog back on the table. Many a good Nor- folk has lost his desire to show because of a bad experience. I hope that this helps you understand and enjoy judging the Norfolk Terrier as much as I do.
or even near it they let me know. One of the things I like best about my dogs is they love being near me, in the same room, sitting on the couch but they do not want to be on me. Everyone greets me when I come home from work but then they move on to a toy or go out and check on the yard. Th e coats on the Norfolks are nice, I keep mine tidy. I have them groomed several times a year, 3 or 4. If you talk to your breeder they can give you pointers on keeping the coats tidy in between grooming or even how to groom the dog yourself. Although this takes patience, time and a strong wrist it is not as hard as you would think. If you groom your dog regularly he will learn to tolerate this. Nails are important to keep up as well, too many times you see a dog with toe nails curling under and that is not good for his feet. Like the grooming if you trim your dogs nails every few weeks they will get better and better at sitting still for this. One of the things highest on a Norfolks list of favorite things to do is eat. Th is is a small dog with a big appetite and when you own a Norfolk you need to keep this in mind. Th ey love to eat, but you do not want to let them get over weight. Exercise can help keep them trim, but more importantly you can not over feed them or allow them too many snacks. When training your Norfolk either for performance or just teaching them manners make sure you are cutting back their meals since they are getting treats in class or at home. If my dogs attend a class like agility, obedience or tracking where I know they will be getting treats or a big jackpot. Th ey do not get one of their meals, I cut out breakfast or lunch. Norfolks are a great dog, lots of personality, loyal and lov- ing. With training and structure they make great pets and/or performance dogs.
BIO Louise Leone of Frank-
town, Colorado has been in the sport of purebred dogs since 1974. Louise has shown Miniature Schnauzers, Soft Coated Wheaten Terriers, Norfolk Terriers, Norwich Terriers and Border Terri- ers. She is best -known for her owner handled multiple Best in Show Norfolk Terriers and
BIO Linda Federici graduated from Ohio State University with a degree in dental hygiene and has worked in pri- vate practice for 25 years. She got her first Norfolk Terrier in 1999 and her love of terriers began. Linda has shown her dogs successfully in confirmation, agility, rally, tracking, Earthdog and barn hunt. Besides dogs, Linda’s other passion is travel—if she is not at a dog show or trial, she is traveling the world.
multiple Best in Show Border Terrier. Louise has served as Secretary of the Norfolk-Norwich Terrier Club, Norfolk- Norwich Terrier Club Judges Education Chair, Secretary of the Norfolk Terrier Club, Norfolk Terrier Club Judges Edu- cation Chairman, wrote the First Comparison of the Norfolk Terrier and the Norwich Terrier, wrote the first Judges Edu- cational Handbook on the Norfolk Terrier and the Norwich Terrier, worked on the Committee for the Norfolk Terrier Illustrated. Louise is an AKC Judge.
240 • S HOW S IGHT M AGAZINE , A PRIL 2014
THE NORFOLK TERRIER
By Barbara Miller
he Norfolk and Nor- wich terriers were once one breed; the Nor- wich terrier prick ear and the Norwich ter- rier drop ear. It wasn’t
at bay. Fortunately, Rags, a red coated male and Nell a female with a dark coat was the results of this breeding. Both had prick ears and Hopkins labeled them “ Th rumpington Terriers.” In 1901 Frank Jones better known “Roughrider” who worked for Jack Cooke, master of a pack of staghounds, bred his small red terriers that he brought to England with him from Ireland to “Rags.” All resulting whelps had pricks ears. A few years later, Podge Low owned a little bitch that he named “Ninety” with most probably a bit of Dandie Dinmont in her background, pure white with fl y away ears and leggy to boot was sold to a graduate of Cambridge, Richard Hoare. He bred her to Rags and the drop ear was born. It wasn’t until 1932 that Bif- fi n of Beau fi n was born and became the breed’s fi rst champion in 1935 in Eng- land. England recognized the breed as Norwich prick and drop ear in 1932. Gordon Massey of Maryland imported the fi rst drop ear champion in 1936, With- erslack Sport; that same year the AKC rec- ognized the breed in our country. Both the drop and prick were exhib- ited as one breed until January 1979 in our country. Having two breeds stand alone in the ring brought out the quali- ties of each. The Norfolk Terrier began to shine as they were no longer in the shadow of the prick ear. We learned quickly that the Norfolk required a bit more than tidying as we all got accus- tomed to using trimming knives; some more skilled at it than others. A glow- ing coat and one free of dead hair adds to the Norfolk’s health and well being. Stripping out these dead hairs hastens the growth of the new coat. A good Norfolk coat is weather resistant and in most instances red yet black and tan and grizzle are acceptable colors. The
coat is harsh, never soft and f luffy. Nor- folks are alert and most often responsive to their handlers when in the show ring. Norfolk have never lost the spirit of going to ground and today there are many trials open to the breed for competition. Yearly more Norfolk owners are taking part in this performance activity earning titles in this area of our sport. Agility is anoth- er endeavor the Norfolk and his owner enjoys. Th is breed is the perfect family pet for the city or country. If not being exhib- ited brushing and combing a few times a week are su ffi cient to maintain the coat. Th e Norfolk breed is easily trainable and always willing to learn if the owner puts in the time required to teach the young pup commands. Some in the breed are train- ing their Norfolk for Canine Good Citi- zen whereby owner and Norfolk can go to nursing homes and hospitals to help ease the pain of the elderly or those who are ill. Th is breed is willing to please its owner and for the most part is non quarrelsome still it is wise to introduce the Norfolk to other dogs in a neutral area. As a family companion they rank high on anyone’s list requiring low maintenance but requiring the attention of family and friends. Fortunately in January 2009 we earned the right to become our own club, the Norfolk Terrier Club serving our mem- bership well. As a young organization we have thrived continuing to have a yearly fun weekend combined with our Match show. We recognize our membership with medallions, club pins, and trophies for the e ff orts they put into making our little breed, the guys at the end of the ter- rier line, outstanding terriers in the fi eld, show ring or as the family companion. We owe our forefathers a great deal of thanks for their fortitude in seeing to it this breed was developed with the skill they brought with them as breeders. S HOW S IGHT M AGAZINE , A PRIL 2014 • 241
until January 1979 that the breeds earned the right to become two; the Norfolk ter- rier and the Norwich terrier. Until the 1930s the prick and drop ear were inter- bred. Th e Norfolk terrier came from sim- ple beginnings and now are considered a force in the Terrier group ring on either side of the big pond. Th is game and hardy little fellow with expressive drop ears, ten inches at the withers weighing about 12 to 14 pounds thinks of itself as a giant canine with a heart of gold. Th e Norfolk is the smallest of the working terriers. It is active and compact, free moving, with good bone and substance. Th e coat is weather resistant and its short legs make it a perfect demon in the fi eld. Th is little guy is a bundle of energy and fi ts right at home in the busy family household. Th ere’s a tendency in today’s fast mov- ing world to think of “Now” and forget- ting “When.” As custodians of our breed we surely must give some time and e ff ort to remembering the past because it is only then as breeders we can move into the future. Th e background for our little breed began in the 1880s in England with a man named “Doggy” Lawrence who produced a small terrier breeding a Yorkshire to an Irish terrier. His cleaver little dogs were sold mainly to the stu- dents at Cambridge University to clear out the vermin in the dormitories. His dogs were referred to as “Cantab Terriers” one of which, a red, was bred to a Scot- tish type terrier owned by Jodrell Hop- kins in 1900. As a graduate of Cambridge he wanted a small dog for his livery stable on Th rumpington Street to keep the rats
THE NORFOLK TERRIER
By Barbara Miller
he Norfolk and Nor- wich terriers were once one breed; the Nor- wich terrier prick ear and the Norwich ter- rier drop ear. It wasn’t
“THE NORFOLK IS THE SMALLEST OF THE WORKING TERRIERS.”
until January 1979 that the breeds earned the right to become two; the Norfolk ter- rier and the Norwich terrier. Until the 1930s the prick and drop ear were inter- bred. Th e Norfolk terrier came from sim- ple beginnings and now are considered a force in the Terrier group ring on either side of the big pond. Th is game and hardy little fellow with expressive drop ears, ten inches at the withers weighing about 12 to 14 pounds thinks of itself as a giant canine with a heart of gold. Th e Norfolk is the smallest of the working terriers. It is active and compact, free moving, with good bone and substance. Th e coat is weather resistant and its short legs make it a perfect demon in the fi eld. Th is little guy is a bundle of energy and fi ts right at home in the busy family household. Th ere’s a tendency in today’s fast mov- ing world to think of “Now” and forget- ting “When.” As custodians of our breed we surely must give some time and e ff ort
to remembering the past because it is only then as breeders we can move into the future. Th e background for our little breed began in the 1880s in England with a man named “Doggy” Lawrence who produced a small terrier breeding a Yorkshire to an Irish terrier. His cleaver little dogs were sold mainly to the stu- dents at Cambridge University to clear out the vermin in the dormitories. His dogs were referred to as “Cantab Terriers” one of which, a red, was bred to a Scot- tish type terrier owned by Jodrell Hop- kins in 1900. As a graduate of Cambridge he wanted a small dog for his livery stable on Th rumpington Street to keep the rats at bay. Fortunately, Rags, a red coated male and Nell a female with a dark coat
was the results of this breeding. Both had prick ears and Hopkins labeled them “ Th rumpington Terriers.” In 1901 Frank Jones better known “Roughrider” who worked for Jack Cooke, master of a pack of staghounds, bred his small red terriers that he brought to England with him from Ireland to “Rags.” All resulting whelps had pricks ears. A few years later, Podge Low owned a little bitch that he named “Ninety” with most probably a bit of Dandie Dinmont in her background, pure white with fl y away ears and leggy to boot was sold to a graduate of Cambridge, Richard Hoare. He bred her to Rags and the drop ear was born. It wasn’t until 1932 that Bif- fi n of Beau fi n was born and became the
“As custodians of our breed we surely must GIVE SOME TIME AND EFFORT TO REMEMBERING THE PAST BECAUSE IT IS ONLY THEN AS BREEDERS WE CAN MOVE INTO THE FUTURE.”
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