Showsight Presents The Weimaraner

WEIMARANER

Let’s Talk Breed Education!

the

PHOTOS COURTESY OF WEIMARANER CLUB OF AMERICA, ILLUSTRATIONS BY LINDA J. SHAW AND LORNA GODSILL Weimaraner

ORIGIN AND PURPOSE Th e Weimaraner breed dates back to 13th century art and literature. Th e Grand Duke of Weimar, for whom the breed is named, is responsible for standardizing the breed to its modern form. Th e Weimaraner developed into one of the prized continental hunting breeds during the 19th century, excelling with various types of game. Th ey exhibited instinctive hunting abilities such as tracking, searching, pointing, retrieving, and locating downed large game. What made the Weima- raner unique was its need for human compan- ionship and kind handling. With the decline of big game, along with the introduction of guns to bird hunting, Weimaraner breeders placed more emphasis on pointing instincts. In 1896, Germany recognized the Wei- maraner as a breed. Despite opposition from the German breed club, a few individual dogs came to North America in the fi rst part of the 20th century. Th e breed was eventually recog- nized in the United States and Canada. Th e Weimaraner is now used in Germany on all furred and feathered game. In North America, they are used almost exclusively on birds. Th e modern Weimaraner has main- tained its stamina, hunting versatility, and need for human bonding.

HEIGHT Height at the withers: dogs, 25 to 27 inches; bitches, 23 to 25 inches. One inch over or under the speci fi ed height of each sex is allowable but should be penalized. Dogs measuring less than 24 inches or more than 28 inches and bitches measuring less than 22 inches or more than 26 inches shall be disquali fi ed. Medium size with regard to height needs no explanation as it is clearly de fi ned with a disquali fi cation for those who deviate from this size. When compared to people and objects of known proportion, the medium size of the Weimaraner is apparent. Height is always measured from the withers to the ground. HEAD Moderately long and aristocratic, with moderate stop and slight median line extending back over the forehead. Rather prominent occipital bone and trumpets well set back, beginning at the back of the eye sockets. Measurement from tip of nose to stop equals that from stop to occipital bone. Th e fl ews should be straight, delicate at the nostrils. Skin drawn tightly. Neck clean-cut and moderately long. Expression kind, keen and intelligent. Ears—Long and lobular, slightly folded and set high. Th e ear when drawn snugly alongside the jaw should end approximately 2 inches from the point of the nose. Eyes—In shades of light amber, gray or blue-gray, set well enough apart to indicate good disposition and intelligence. When dilated under excitement the eyes may appear almost black. Teeth—Well set, strong and even; well-developed and proportionate to jaw with correct scissors bite, the upper teeth protruding slightly over the lower teeth but not more than 1/16 of an inch. Complete dentition is greatly to be desired. Nose—Gray. Lips and Gums—Pinkish fl esh shades.

STANDARD: APPROVED DECEMBER 14, 1971 GENERAL APPEARANCE

A medium-sized gray dog, with fi ne aristo- cratic features. He should present a picture of grace, speed, stamina, alertness and balance. Above all, the dog’s conformation must indi- cate the ability to work with great speed and endurance in the fi eld.

A medium-sized gray dog, with fine aristocratic features, he should present a picture of grace, speed, stamina, alertness and balance.

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THE WEIMARANER

BODY Th e back should be moderate in length, set in a straight line, strong, and should slope slightly from the withers. Th e chest should be well developed and deep with shoulders well laid back. Ribs well sprung and long. Abdomen fi rmly held; moderately tucked-up fl ank. Th e brisket should extend to the elbow. COAT AND COLOR Short, smooth and sleek, solid color, in shades of mouse- gray to silver-gray, usually blending to lighter shades on the head and ears. A small white marking on the chest is permit- ted, but should be penalized on any other portion of the body. White spots resulting from injury should not be penalized. A distinctly long coat is a disquali fi cation. A distinctly blue or black coat is a disquali fi cation. Allowable white on the chest may be in the form of a spot or blaze, giving the appearance of being small and should not domi- nate the chest. Color should not give the appearance of being brown, liver or black. Coat color resembles a grayish–taupe and varies from very light shades to deep rich shades; all have the dis- tinctive grayish–taupe tone, never a true brown or blue color. Lighter shading on the head and ears is referred to as the “Grafmar Cap,” and is more prominent with age. A distinctly long coat or a distinctly blue or black coat is a disquali fi cation. Weimaraners are avid sun bathers; their dilute coat color is easily sun bleached giving it a more brownish cast. In addition, a breed trait while shedding is a “bulleted/spotted” or mottled pat- tern, which will disappear with the new coat. Th e Weimaraner coat color is a dilute; therefore, it is geneti- cally impossible for a correctly–colored, gray Weimaraner to have a black–mottled mouth; it may have a gray mottled mouth. FORELEGS Straight and strong, with the measurement from the elbow to the ground approximately equaling the distance from the elbow to the top of the withers. HINDQUARTERS Well-angulated sti fl es and straight hocks. Musculation well developed. FEET Firm and compact, webbed, toes well arched, pads closed and thick, nails short and gray or amber in color. Dewclaws— Should be removed. TAIL Docked. At maturity it should measure approximately 6 inches with a tendency to be light rather than heavy and should be carried in a manner expressing con fi dence and sound tem- perament. A non-docked tail shall be penalized. Our standard is vague with regard to correct tail set, citing only that a low tail set is a major fault. Th e set–on of the tail correlates with the contour of the croup and pelvic angle. A low tail set indi- cates a steep pelvis which will result in restricted rear extension. A fl at croup will result in the most rear extension but may cause excessive rear kick and wasted motion. A slightly angled croup will result in less extension but increased agility and endurance. Please do not confuse “tail set,” (an expression of structure) with “tail carriage” (an expression of temperament). Faults of docking are entirely man-made, thus incorrect length is only a minor fault. Th e subtle di ff erences illustrated here demonstrate the range of acceptable tail sets which re fl ect the range of pelvic angles. A pelvic angle of 40 degrees or more would result in a steep croup and low tail set which is a major fault.

Blue

Long Hair

Gray

Height at the withers: dogs, 25 to 27 inches; bitches, 23 to 25 inches.

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SIMPATICO Est. 1989

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WEIMARANER

WEIMARANERS Elegance | Strength | Balance

GRAYDOGS@ME.COM

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THE WEIMARANER

Pelvic angle: 10 degrees

Pelvic angle: 20 degrees

Pelvic angle: 30 degrees

The subtle differences illustrated here demonstrate the range of acceptable tail sets which reflect the range of pelvic angles. A pelvic angle of 40 degrees or more would result in a steep croup and low tail set which is a major fault.

The gait should be effortless and should indicate smooth coordination. When viewed from the side, the topline should remain strong and level.

TEMPERAMENT Th e temperament should be friendly, fearless, alert and obedient. MINOR FAULTS Tail too short or too long. Pink nose. MAJOR FAULTS Doggy bitches. Bitchy dogs. Improper muscular condition. Badly a ff ect- ed teeth. More than four teeth missing. Back too long or too short. Faulty coat. Neck too short, thick or throaty. Low-set tail. Elbows in or out. Feet east and west. Poor gait. Poor feet. Cowhocks. Faulty backs, either roached or sway. Badly overshot, or undershot bite. Snipy muzzle. Short ears. VERY SERIOUS FAULTS White, other than a spot on the chest. Eyes other than gray, blue-gray or light amber. Black mottled mouth. Non-docked tail. Dogs exhibiting strong fear, shyness or extreme nervousness. DISQUALIFICATIONS Deviation in height of more than one inch from standard either way. A distinctly long coat. A distinctly blue or black coat. Th e entire Illustrated Standard as well as the Breed Standard Presenta- tion can be found on our website www.weimaranerclubofamerica.org under Resources and Judges Education.

GAIT Th e gait should be e ff ortless and should indi- cate smooth coordination. When seen from the rear, the hind feet should be parallel to the front feet. When viewed from the side, the topline should remain strong and level. To ensure that the Weimaraner can endure a day in the fi eld, his gait must be smooth, coordinated and e ff ortless. If his front angulation shaped by well laid back shoulders is correct and the rear angula- tion with well bent sti fl es is equal to the front, there should be no wasted motion. If front and rear angu- lation is not in balance, one end compensates for the other, resulting in ine ffi cient movement. A Weimaraner should easily cover ground with good reach in front and good drive in the rear. Restricted movement in any form is incorrect. When viewed on the down and back, the Weimaraner’s legs converge toward a center line beneath his body in order to achieve balance; the greater the speed, the closer the legs come to tracking on a straight line.

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THE WEIMARANER by THE WEIMARANER CLUB OF AMERICA, EST. 1943

GENERAL APPEARANCE “T he Weimaraner is a medium-sized gray dog, with fine aris- tocratic features. He should present a picture of grace, speed, stamina, alertness and balance. Above all, the dog’s conformation must indicate the ability to work with great speed and endurance in the field.” The opening description of the Wei- maraner’s general appearance with its emphasis on functional qualities is the key to understanding the standard. The Germans emphasized functional ability rather than physical uniformity, there is considerable diversity within the breed. The Weimaraner is a medium-sized, sil- ver-gray aristocratic dog. He should be well muscled and present a picture of grace and balance, dogs should be mas- culine and bitches feminine. All body parts should flow together without any part being out of proportion to the whole. (Weimaraner Ways) Of utmost importance in discussing the Weimaraner anatomy is the princi- ple of never losing sight of the whole

convey the impression of pleasing bal- ance that is confirmed by smooth coor- dination of the front and rear strides.” (Weimaraner Ways) He is slightly longer than tall, with a moderately long neck going into well laid-back shoulder, straight, slightly sloping backline, confident tail carriage and angulated rear. His chest should be well developed and deep giving him plenty of lung room. His depth of chest carries well back, with a firmly held abdomen and moderately tucked-up flank. The topline should be firm both while standing or moving. While the Standard doesn’t specifi- cally address neck structure, an arched neck is desirable as it is anatomically stronger. Strength is necessary to handle the pull of the shoulder blade muscles and support of the head while retriev- ing. A “ewe” neck is a neck in which the topline is concave rather than convex and is an anatomical weakness. HEIGHT “Height at the withers: dogs, 25 to 27"; bitches, 23 to 25". One inch over

dog and the idea that no one part is ever more important than the sum of a dog’s parts. BODY “The back should be moderate in length, set in a straight line, strong, and should slope slightly from the withers. The chest should be well developed and deep with shoulders well laid back. Ribs well sprung and long. Abdomen firmly held; moderately tucked-up flank. The brisket should extend to the elbow.” The Weimaraner standard clearly addresses depth of body: “the brisket should extend to the elbow, “and pro- portion of leg length: “forelegs.from the elbow to the ground approximately equaling the distance from the elbows to the top of the withers.” The Standard however, is vague with regard to body length, stating only that the “back is moderate in length.” Again, referring to the German’s emphasis on functional- ity, rather than physical uniformity, the height-length proportions of the breed have always varied widely. In general, the height-length proportions should

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WEIMARANER

Application of the Weimaraner Standard

Weimaraner Standard

Observation

Medium size, Aristocratic, Indicates speed & endurance, Graceful, Alert, Balanced, Solid gray dog

X

A medium-sized gray dog, with fine aristocratic features. He should present a picture of grace, speed, stamina, alertness and balance. Above all, the dog’s conformation must indicate the ability to work with great speed and endurance in the field.

Slow or lethargic demeanor, Out of balance, Lacks the appearance of endurance

X

Doggy bitches, Bitchy dogs, Improper muscu- lar condition

X

Dog- 25'' to 27'', Bitches- 23'' to 25''

X

At the withers: dogs, 25'' - 27''; bitches, 23'' - 25''

Within 1 inch over or under

X

More than 1 inch over or under

X

Moderately long and aristocratic, with moderate stop and slight median line extending back over the forehead. Rather prominent occipital bone and trumpets well set back, beginning at the back of the eye sockets. Measure- ment from the tip of nose to stop equals that from stop to occipital bone. The flews should be straight, delicate at the nostrils. Skin drawn tightly. Expression - kind, keen and intelligent. Long and lobular, slightly folded and set high. The ear when drawn snugly alongside the jaw should end approximately 2 inches from the point of the nose. In shades of light amber, gray or blue-gray, set well enough apart to indicate good disposition and intel- ligence. When dilated under excitement the eyes may appear almost black.

Aristocratic, Moderate stop, Nose to stop equals stop to occipital bone, Tightly drawn skin, Kind, keen, intelligent expression

X

X

Excess skin, Lack of stop

High ear set, Long & lobular ears

X

Short ears

X

Correctly spaced eyes, Amber, gray or blue-gray eyes

X

Eyes not gray, blue-gray or amber

X

Gray nose, Pinkish-flesh lips & gums

X

Nose-Gray. Lips and Gums – Pinkish flesh shades.

Pink Nose

X

Strong even teeth, Scissors bite, Complete dentition

X

Well set, strong and even; well-developed and propor- tionate to jaw with correct scissors bite, the upper teeth protruding slightly over the lower teeth but not more than 1/16 of an inch. Complete dentition is greatly to be desired.

Badly affected teeth, Badly overshot or undershot bite

X

More than four teeth missing, Black mottled mouth

X

Strong moderate topline, Shoulder lay back, Brisket to the elbow, Moderate tuck up

X

Back should be moderate in length, set in a straight line, strong, and should slope slightly from the withers. The chest should be well developed and deep with shoul- ders well laid back. Ribs well sprung and long. Abdomen firmly held; moderately tucked-up flank. The brisket should extend to the elbow.

Back too long or too short, Faulty back (roached or sway)

X

Lack of top-line slope (high rear), Lack of depth of chest, Too much chest depth, Lack of rib spring, Lack of tuck-up

X

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X

Sleek, solid gray coat

Short, smooth and sleek, solid color, in shades of mouse- gray to silver-gray, usually blending to lighter shades on the head and ears. A small white marking on the chest is permitted, but should be penalized on any other portion of the body. White spots resulting from injury should not be penalized.

X

Dominant white spot on chest

Faulty coat

X

White (other than spot on chest)

X

Distinctly long coat, blue or black coat

X

Straight, strong, in correct proportion

X

Straight and strong, with the measurement from the elbow to the ground approximately equaling the dis- tance from the elbow to the top of the withers.

X

High on leg, Low on leg

Elbows in or out, Feet east and west

X

Proper, balanced rear angulation

X

Well-angulated stifles and straight hocks. Musculation well developed.

Lack of rear angle, Sickle hocks

X

Cow hocks

X

Firm , compact, well-arched feet, Short nails X

Firm and compact, webbed, toes well arched, pads closed and thick, nails short and gray or amber in color. Dewclaws-should be removed. Docked. At maturity it should measure approximately 6 inches with a tendency to be light rather than heavy and should be carried in a manner expressing confidence and sound temperament. A non-docked tail shall be penalized. The gait should be effortless and should indicate sooth coordination. When seen from the rear, the hind feet should be parallel to the front feet. When viewed from the side, the topline should remain strong and level.

Flat feet, Shallow pads, Splayed

X

Poor feet

X

X

Confident tail carriage

Tail too short or too long

X

X

Low-set tail

X

Non-docked tail

Coordinated, effortless movement

X

Crabbing, Bouncing topline

X

Unbalanced gait

X

Friendly and fearless, Alert and obedient

X

The temperment should be friendly, fearless, alert and obedient.

Exhibiting fear or shyness, nervousness

X

or under the specified height of each sex is allowable but should be penal- ized. Dogs measuring less than 24" or more than 28" and bitches measuring less than 22" or more than 26" shall

result in longer rear reach and provide flexibility associated with speed. Rear angulation should balance with the cor- rectly angled front assembly, balance being the key. The musculature should be well defined, not soft or flabby. A well-angulated rear provides the long, ground covering stride desired in the hunting dog. GAIT “The gait should be effortless and should indicate smooth coordination. When the gait is seen from the rear, the hind feet should be parallel to the dog’s front feet. When viewed from the side, the topline should remain strong and level.” To ensure that the Weimaraner can endure a day in the field, his gait must be smooth, coordinated and effortless.

If his front angulation is correct and the rear angulation is equal to the front, there should be no wasted motion. A Weimaraner should easily cover ground with reach in front and strong drive in the rear. Restricted movement in any form is incorrect. TEMPERAMENT “The temperament should be friend- ly, fearless, alert and obedient” Although temperament is not con- sidered part of the physical anatomy, it is a critical feature of the breed. The Weimaraner should never show fear, shyness or extreme nervousness, as these are very serious faults. Tempera- ment must be considered when evaluat- ing the Weimaraner with some leeway given to inexperienced puppies and novice handlers.

be disqualified.” FORELEGS

“Straight and strong with the measurement from the elbow to the ground approximately equaling the distance from the elbow to the top of the withers.” HINDQUARTERS “Well-angulated stifles and straight hocks. Musculation well developed.” “Well angulated stifles” refers to the stifle joint which is a hinge made by the upper thigh (femur) and lower thigh (tibia). Well bent stifles normally

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OfficialStandard for the WEIMARANER COURTESY THE AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB

GeneralAppearance: A medium-sized gray dog, with fine aristocratic features. He should present a picture of grace, speed, stamina, alertness and balance. Above all, the dog's conformation must indicate the ability to work with great speed and endurance in the field. Height: Height at the withers: dogs, 2 5 to 2 7 inches; bitch- es, 2 3 to 2 5 inches. One inch over or under the specified height of each sex is allowable but should be penalized. Dogs measuring less than 2 4 inches or more than 2 8 inches and bitches measuring less than 2 2 inches or more than 2 6 inches shall be disqualified. Head: Moderately long and aristocratic, with moderate stop and slight median line extending back over the fore-

disqualification. A distinctly blue or black coat is a disqual- ification. Forelegs: Straight and strong, with the measurement from the elbow to the ground approximately equaling the dis- tance from the elbow to the top of the withers. Hindquarters: Well-angulated stifles and straight hocks. Musculation well developed. Feet: Firm and compact, webbed, toes well arched, pads closed and thick, nails short and gray or amber in color. Dewclaws-Should be removed. Tail: Docked. At maturity it should measure approximately 6 inches with a tendency to be light rather than heavy and should be carried in a man- ner expressing confidence and sound tem- perament. A non-docked tail shall be penal- ized.

head. Rather prominent occipital bone and trumpets well set back, beginning at the back of the eye sockets. Measurement from tip of nose to stop equals that from stop to occipital bone. The flews should be straight, delicate at the nostrils. Skin drawn tightly. Neck clean-cut and moder- ately long. Expression kind, keen and intelligent. Ears-Long and lobular, slightly folded and set high. The ear when drawn snugly alongside the jaw should end approximately 2 inches from the point of the nose. Eyes-In shades of light amber,

Gait: The gait should be effortless and should indicate smooth coordination. When seen from the rear, the hind feet should be parallel to the front feet. When viewed from the side, the topline should remain strong and level.

Temperament: The temperament should be friendly, fear- less, alert and obedient. Faults: Minor Faults - Tail too short or too long. Pink nose. Major Faults - Doggy bitches. Bitchy dogs. Improper mus- cular condition. Badly affected teeth. More than four teeth missing. Back too long or too short. Faulty coat. Neck too short, thick or throaty. Low-set tail. Elbows in or out. Feet east and west. Poor gait. Poor feet. Cowhocks. Faulty backs, either roached or sway. Badly overshot, or under- shot bite. Snipy muzzle. Short ears. Very Serious Faults - White, other than a spot on the chest. Eyes other than gray, blue-gray or light amber. Black mottled mouth. Non-docked tail. Dogs exhibiting strong fear, shyness or extreme nervousness. Disqualifications: Deviation in height of more than one inch from standard either way. A distinctly long coat. A dis- tinctly blue or black coat.

gray or blue-gray, set well enough apart to indicate good disposition and intelligence. When dilated under excite- ment the eyes may appear almost black. Teeth-Well set, strong and even; well-developed and proportionate to jaw with correct scissors bite, the upper teeth protruding slight- ly over the lower teeth but not more than one sixteenth of an inch. Complete dentition is greatly to be desired. Nose- Gray. Lips and Gums-Pinkish flesh shades. Body: The back should be moderate in length, set in a straight line, strong, and should slope slightly from the withers. The chest should be well developed and deep with shoulders well laid back. Ribs well sprung and long. Abdomen firmly held; moderately tucked-up flank. The brisket should extend to the elbow. Coat and Color: Short, smooth and sleek, solid color, in shades of mouse-gray to silver-gray, usually blending to lighter shades on the head and ears. A small white marking on the chest is permitted, but should be penalized on any other portion of the body. White spots resulting from injury should not be penalized. A distinctly long coat is a

Approved December 1 4 , 1 9 7 1

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REFLECTIONS ON THE WEIMARANER THE GREY GHOST:

VICKI ABBOTT My husband Larry and I live in Fair- view, Texas, a suburb north of Dallas. Larry is the cluster chair for the Lone Star State Classic in Dallas and I am the cluster secretary and hospitality chair. When we are not wearing our hats working, putting on Dog Shows or judging, we enjoy traveling to new places and spending time with our kids and grandkids! I come from a background of Education. I was a teacher and then a profes- sional handler prior to judging. My oldest daughter Tara and I share a love for the sport and continue to breed Maltese together as we have for many years. My youngest daughter Aubrey and I are members of Kappa Kappa Gamma, where we have served in many capacities and are very involved in our local alumnae organization, which sponsors philanthro- py events in the Dallas area. I became involved in purebred dogs as a child and have owned and bred several different breeds over the years—Maltese, Pekingese and Shiba Inu. I have bred numerous champions under the “Scylla” prefix for almost 40 years, including many Best in Show and Specialty winning Maltese. At Westminster 1992, I won the Toy Group with “Henry”, Ch. Sand Island Small Kraft Lite, making him only the fourth Maltese to ever win the group at the Garden. I currently continue to breed our Maltese with my daughter Tara Martin Rowell. I have been judging for over 15 years and I am approved to judge the Toy, Non-Sporting, Sporting and Terrier Groups and Best in Show.

JUDY HARRINGTON

I live in Monson, Massachusetts. I enjoy gardening and am the commu- nity liaison with the Springfield Police K-9 Unit for our SKC. I purchased my first Great Dane in 1969 and started showing her as a pup- py. I showed Morgan horses and a Her- eford calf many years ago and enjoyed the competition of quality animals.

Once I became hooked on the dog show world that became my focus. I later was licensed by the AKC as an all breed pro- fessional handler and was a PHA member. I started judging in 2000 after marrying Lester Mapes. We thoroughly enjoyed judging together and I miss the great dog conversations on the flights home. DOUG JOHNSON

I live in Bloomington, Indiana. Out- side of dogs I run and co-own a large skilled care medical agency and a non-medical home care business. We employee 500 people and provide care to about 700 senior clients. I started in dogs in 1984 and started judging in 2000.

t4 )08 4 *()5 . "(";*/& 4 &15&.#&3 

WITH VICKI ABBOTT, JUDY HARRINGTON, DOUG JOHNSON, WENDY MAISEY,

weiцaraneӗ Q&A

SHAROL CANDACE WAY, DR. MICHAEL WOODS & GALE YOUNG

WENDY MAISEY I live in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Outside of dogs I enjoy repurposing old furniture, gardening and spending time with my delightful five-year-old granddaughter. I have been in dogs since 1972 and judging since 1998. SHAROL CANDACE WAY We travel extensively (140+ coun- tries), do Meals on Wheels and just enjoy the good life. I have had dogs beginning with Saints in 1969. I have shown Wheatens, Pyrs, Smooth Fox and Gordon Setters. I have been judg- ing since about 1996 beginning with one breed (Wheatens) and now do four Groups, Best and some Herding and Non-Sporting breeds. DR. MICHAEL WOODS Roger and I live in Cochranville, Pennsylvania with our Dachshund and our feral cat community.

GALE YOUNG

I live in Hardwick, Massachusetts on a large piece of property that allows my dogs to have a lot of exercise. I have the good fortune of working just two miles from home at Eagle Hill School a college preparatory school where I am the Associate Director of Admis- sion. I also am an Artist in Residence at the Wachusett Regional High School where I am a vocal instructor. I have been showing dogs for 43 years and judging for 20 years.

1. Describe the breed in three words. VA: Gray, graceful aristocrat. JH: Balance, sound and attentive. DJ: Graceful, athletic and powerful. WM: Beautiful, smooth and powerful. CW: Beautiful grey, well-muscled and dignified. MW: Movement, aristocratic and medium-sized. GY: Aristocratic with speed and endurance.

2. What are your “must have” traits in this breed? VA: A Weimaraner should always have proper balance, which means longer than tall with a 12:11 ratio (not square) and not short-legged. It should have proper aris- tocratic head type, grace and great driving power. I want to look at this breed and have an overall impression of aristocratic style. JH: Correct size and substance, proper temperament, sound- ness and breed type. DJ: This breed must have a delicate balance between grace and substance for me. They must have curves and a hard- back line. The very best of this breed have an incredible push from behind where you can see the footpad push of the ground the stretch back with a long side gate. There is nothing like that in other breeds in the group. WM: The shape standing must be maintained moving. Length must come from the body (well-ribbed back) not long in loin. Good bone. They must be beautiful; I love an arched neck flowing smoothly into a level, hard topline with a smooth, open side gait on a loose lead. “I WANT TO LOOK AT THIS BREED AND HAVE AN OVERALL IMPRESSION OF ARISTOCRATIC STYLE.” 4 )08 4 *()5 . "(";*/& 4 &15&.#&3 t

Within the past year, I’ve moved from St. John’s, Newfoundland to Dart- mouth, Nova Scotia, primarily to be nearer grandkids. I also have a sum- mer cottage in Rhode Island where we spend three or four months per year. I’m a retired University Professor of English Literature, so I do a great deal of reading and some writing. I was a fairly avid hunter, but am now what

Ken McDermott calls a ‘rabid’ birdwatcher. I’m generally involved in anything that gets me outdoors, even if it’s only mowing the lawn. I’ve coached basketball up to and includ- ing the university level and am a fan of the Celtics, Red Sox and, yes, the Patriots! My wife, Lynn and I travel extensive- ly and enjoy good food and wine, particularly local ethnic foods. I showed my first dog, a Labrador, in England in 1973. I’ve been involved in the dog world ever since as a breeder, exhibitor and judge. I first judged in 1986 and became an all-breed judge in 2000. I’ve been very fortunate in that I’ve had the opportunity to judge throughout Canada, the United States, South America, Asia, Australia and Europe. I have been granted unlimited status by AKC, so I have the opportunity to see quite a few American dogs.

WITH VICKI ABBOTT, JUDY HARRINGTON, DOUG JOHNSON, WENDY MAISEY,

weiцaraneӗ Q&A

SHAROL CANDACE WAY, DR. MICHAEL WOODS & GALE YOUNG

“IN MY OPINION I BELIEVE THAT THERE CAN BE AN EXAGGERATION IN REAR ANGULATION.”

CW: Good layback and resulting prosternum, level backline, proper tail carriage and well muscled. MW: When I first started judging Weimaraners, a friend in Weimaraners brought me to talk with the iconic Judy Colan. What really stuck with me from that occasion was the emphasis this great breeder put on efficient, effort- less movement and the correct silhouette which indicates the balance and structure needed to fulfill the breed’s function. For me, movement and silhouette are two of the most essential characteristics of the breed. If the movement is correct, the structure is correct. If the sil- houette is correct, the exhibit has the proper head shape in profile; the long, deep rib cage; the strong, slightly sloping topline and short loin; the proper angles front and rear; the lovely graceful underline which helps add aristocracy to the breed. I haven’t mentioned color, since that is an obvious given with this breed, as is the need for the breed to be shown in good condition. GY: The dog must stand well over himself, meaning that since the “shoulders are well laid back” and the “chest is well developed” there should be a good length of neck, an equal return of upper arm to match the well laid back shoulder and a prosternum that extends past the point of shoulder. Hold correct outline on the go around (rect- angular shape, level top line, no low tail set or high tail carriage). There should be a lovely head with good width of back-skull (room to have eyes “set well enough apart”), level planes and strong under jaw. 3. Are there any traits in this breed you fear are becoming exaggerated? VA: Most of what I see are not really exaggerations. One of the consistent problems that is becoming evident are fronts that are set too far forward so that there is no keel evident on the front of the dog. This breed requires a prosternum for function and a correct outline. Correct silhouette goes to type (not a Vizsla or a German Short- haired Pointer in outline) and some dogs are trending towards the incorrect balance for the breed. Heads can sometimes appear coarse with glaring eyes, or have short

and snipy muzzles, which does not lend towards the desired aristocratic head with a kind and keen expression that is so pretty on a Weimaraner. JH: In my opinion I believe that there can be an exaggeration in rear angulation. That seems to be the most prevalent. DJ: Topline, tails and over angulations. Well-angulated doesn’t mean over angulated. Also, unlike a lot of breeds, many in this breed are not enough dog—in both sub- stance and bone—to satisfy me for the correct type. WM: I see loins that are just far too long. Although this is not a square breed, this spoils the look as it is often with too much tuck up. As a working dog, this would be an unac- ceptable area of weakness. CW: Even though the standard reads “well-angulated stifles” some are just too angulated resulting in poor balance between front and rear. MW: The Weimaraner is a breed that can lend itself to exag- geration: the horrible ‘pigeon’ fronts that are a caricature of the breed; over angulated rears that do not balance the front and destroy movement; toplines that resemble ski slopes and are far from ‘slight’. Weak, weedy bitches and gross overdone dogs are also seen, neither creates ‘a picture of grace’ that captures the essence of the breed. GY: I am seeing a plethora of dogs that look good standing, but because of their lack of both balance and correct front assembly, when in motion, they have four legs going in four different directions and they are high in the rear instead of having level toplines. 4. Do you think the dogs you see in this breed are better now than they were when you first started judging? VA: Overall, I believe the breed has been maintained by ded- icated breeders that are keeping the correct aristocratic type and ground covering movement needed. I am seeing a lot of new people entering the conformation ring based on their desire to have a true working dog in the field, so they decided to also give them a try in conformation. Yet, in speaking with them, they have no experience in why

“THERE SHOULD BE A LOVELY HEAD WITH GOOD WIDTH OF BACK-SKULL...”

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WITH VICKI ABBOTT, JUDY HARRINGTON, DOUG JOHNSON, WENDY MAISEY,

weiцaraneӗ Q&A

SHAROL CANDACE WAY, DR. MICHAEL WOODS & GALE YOUNG

the dog should be built correctly to do that job. Mentor- ing is needed for these new ones if they have an interest in breeding better dogs. JH: I think there have been good breed stewards who have consistently had quality dogs in competition since I became involved with the breed. I would say that the quality that I have seen remains the same. DJ: This is a strong breed that is one of my favorites to judge. Interestingly, this is a bitch-dominated breed with generally lots of quality in the bitch entries. Sometimes getting through the male classes can be a struggle. The breed often times finds a sire that becomes popular and produced well bred to any and every line. There are sev- eral potent sires that stamp a look on their offspring no matter which bitches they are bred to. So, to your point, today the breed is not as dense in quality as in recent years (five to ten years ago), but you can still find quality entries throughout the country. WM: I think there has been a lot of improvement in the breed, there are better temperaments and more sound- ness coming and going. CW: I have only been judging them a short time, but front shoulder angles appear to be better. Also temperament, there are not as many shy ones. MW: Most of us are inclined to remember ‘the good old days’ with nostalgia and see the past through rose- colored glasses. There were some great dog in the past and there are some great dogs in the present. Overall, I think the quality in the breed has improved from when I started judging. Breeders are trying to get away from exaggerations and we’re seeing a better balanced dog and more dogs with breed type. That doesn’t mean that there isn’t room for improvement, but I think breeders are on the right path and are trying to preserve the essential characteristic of the breed. GY: Much better than they were in the 50s, but recently there seems to be a lack of knowledgeable and dedicated long-time breeders and we are losing the correct outline. 5. What do you think new judges misunderstand about the breed? VA: One of the comments in the first paragraph of the standard is that “above all, the dog’s conformation must indicate the ability to work with great speed and endur- ance in the field”. So for a new judge, priorities in the standard must be set according to this statement. Physical characteristics should be weighed by their effect on func- tional ability. It’s important to understand what a dog in good hard condition is—a dog that is very showy but has soft muscles and straight shoulders does not meet these expectations. JH: This is difficult to answer since I’m usually busy judging in other rings when new judges are doing their job so wouldn’t comment without being able to watch them.

DJ: I think they are struggling with the bone mass and body substance and can get put off by some of the construc- tion challenges. Another point if the head and expression which is important and yet misunderstood. They are not to have deep flews and lots of skin, the eye color can be off putting if not correct, so there are certainly some detailed type concerns to figure out before you have a larger entry of this breed. CW: Trumpets, location, shape and appearance. Also eye color which is certainly different if you come from say Terriers where dark eyes are required. “INTERESTINGLY, THIS IS A BITCH-DOMINATED BREED WITH GENERALLY LOTS OF QUALITY IN THE BITCH ENTRIES.” MW: Most new judges work very hard to perfect their craft; they want to do a good job and are committed to what they do. That having been said, many young judges, myself included when I began to judge, fall into the trap that ‘more’ is good: more fore-chest, more angulation, more size, more substance. The standard describes the breed as “a medium-sized gray dog” and some variation of the word ‘moderate’ is used five times in the standard. The standard does not ask for an exaggerated dog, but a medium-sized, balanced dog that is within specific size limits. In judging males in particular, the dog that is in the lower half of the size range should not be disregarded simply because he looks smaller than the rest of the class. He might well be the best, even if not the biggest, Weimaraner. GY: Judges might think that they are a rectangular breed, in motion they need a level topline, tail off the back held at approximately one o’clock with good reach and drive. “Above all, the dog’s conformation must indicate the abil- ity to work with great speed and endurance in the field.” 6. Is there anything else you’d like to share about the breed? JH: I love that so many in the breed also work in the field with their dogs. I have found the temperaments to be quite good across the board as well. CW: Coast to coast, I have found the overall quality of Weims to be very good. Good presence, outline

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WITH VICKI ABBOTT, JUDY HARRINGTON, DOUG JOHNSON, WENDY MAISEY,

weiцaraneӗ Q&A

SHAROL CANDACE WAY, DR. MICHAEL WOODS & GALE YOUNG

and balance. Properly presented, but I do wish they would slow down on the go-round. MW: The Weimaraner is a beautiful breed that should exude grace, aristocracy and functionality. It is not a long, low breed, nor a square breed, nor an exaggerated breed. None of these body types can perform the functions of the breed. One last point I’d like to mention is tempera- ment. The standard emphasizes the necessity of sound temperament and lists as a very serious fault “strong fear, shyness, or extreme nervousness”. This admonition is something that breeders and judges should take very seri- ously. This is a confident, friendly, fearless, alert breed and that is the way it should remain. GY: The Weimaraner is a Sporting dog that must have speed and endurance thus, we have a size disqualification. Most of the specimens we see in the show ring are at the top of or over the breed standard. Be aware that dogs that appear small when compared to the other exhibits in the ring are most likely the correct size. Do not be afraid to wicket. An interesting story is from show we recently entered. We had several of our bitches in the ring. Naturally, we wished for one particular bitch to win. She was right in the middle of our standard, with a beautiful head, well-filled muzzle, parallel planes, level top line, good rib spring, standing well over herself—just lovely. Both days the judges kept gravitating to one of our other bitches. She was much larger and from the side she looked really nice, but she was more narrow in body than our other bitch. So narrow that it made her a little east/ west in the front. If she only had more width of chest and rib cage she would not have that problem, but the judges were not looking down the line from the front or from behind they were just taking in the side view. Sporting dogs should not be narrow—they need the lung space. She also had no fill in her muzzle and was downfaced. Fortunately, her handler was not enhancing her look so the more typey bitch won. A correct front on a Weima- raner is breed type, not overloaded, balanced, but again, there should be a good length of neck, an equal return of upper arm to match the well laid back shoulder, good fill in the chest and a prosternum that extends past the point of shoulder. The gait needs to be effortless (good timing front and rear). 7. And, for a bit of humor: what’s the funniest thing you’ve ever experienced at a dog show? VA: One time in the early 90s I was showing the Maltese “Henry” (Toy Group winner at Westminster in 1992) at a local all breed show, when the Best in Show judge asked that I take the dog on an “L” pattern on a loose lead. I headed down and then across, turned around and the dog took off by himself, putting every foot down right, all the way back to the judge on the mats, stopped and baited, then turned around and barked at me while I was

catching up to him. He was very proud of himself. As I arrived back at the judge and picked up the lead, all I could say was, “At least it was on a loose lead!” Needless to say, we ended up with the red, white and blue ribbon. JH: I guess it might be a handler loosing her skirt as she moved around the ring and an exhibitor reaching over to pull it up! CW: While not funny, it gives me great joy to see a young person showing a dog. Recently I had a young man with a Smooth Fox who had his mother proudly put the dog up on the table, I could hardly see the young man. He went in my Terrier Group and did a very good job. Juniors are our sport’s future—encourage them, support them and smile at them. MW: Judging a large class in a wet slippery ring, I sent a young lady and her dog around with a warning to be careful. The mud was so thick one of her duck boots came off. She calmly kicked off the other and, laughing, proceeded to finish the pattern to cheers and applause from ringside. She added a touch of humor and good cheer to a cold and miserable day. GY: In my younger days I also participated in obedience and field trials. This time I was at an outdoor show in Annap- olis, lovely grounds by the ocean. We were high on a hill with the beach below us, the swimming area all laid out with ropes and buoys that looked like bumpers. I was participating in the Open Class where my dog, “Kirsten” had to retrieve the dumbbell. We had also been doing a lot of water retrieving training which she loved! Well the thought of a possible water retrieve won out over the land retrieve. When I sent her out to get the dumbbell, down the hill she went, into the water, trying every buoy that was attached to the rope hoping she could retrieve one of those instead of that boring wooden dumbbell! “THIS IS A CONFIDENT, FRIENDLY, FEARLESS, ALERT BREED AND THAT IS THE WAY IT SHOULD REMAIN.”

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JUDGING THE WEIMARANER by JUDY COLAN

J udges have the future of any breed in their hands when they judge. Having said that I will add that, in my opinion, as a breeder with a limited breeding program, who has pro- duced the two All Time Top Winners in the breed and the All Time Top Producer and a Breeder Judge I have been sorely disappoint- ed in the quality of judging in the past few years. 25 years ago if you gave me a list of 10 judges and asked me who I thought was a good judge I would say 9 out of 10 were good judges. Today, my response would be much di ff erent. What is the di ff erence? Again, in my opinion, it is that many judges do not know breed type. I look out into a ring of 8 dogs, 1 or 2 have breed type and the rest are generic. Not bad dogs, but they lack breed type. Th e 2 that have breed type look di ff erent from the generic dogs and are often times ignored. I am hoping that this article will encourage judges to understand breed type in the Weimaraner. BREED TYPE I think the easiest way to establish breed type in your mind is to view silhouettes of Weimaraners and Vizslas, two VERY dif- ferent breeds. FRONT ASSEMBLY Th e Weimaraner has a deep forechest... Although both standards call for the chest to the elbow, the Weimaraner stan- dard calls for a well angulated front end assembly as opposed to the Vizsla standard which calls for a moderately laid back front assembly. Th is gives the Vizsla a straighter Again the Weimaraner standard states well angulated while the Vizsla standard reiterates moderate angulation. TOPLINE Th ere is a significant di ff erence in the toplines. Th e Weimaraner “set in a straight line sloping slightly from the withers”. Th e Vizsla “slightly rounded over the loin”. front and less forechest. REAR ASSEMBLY

and balance. Above all, the dog’s conforma- tion must indicate the ability to work with great speed and endurance in the field. HEIGHT Height at the withers: dogs, 25-27 inch- es; bitches, 23-25 inches. One inch over or under the specified height of each sex is allowable, but should be penalized. Dogs measuring less than 24 inches or more than 28 inches and bitches measuring less than 22 inches or more than 26 inches shall be disqualified. Interpretation: A Weimaraner should convey the impression of grace and style, a dog who can work in the field all day. He should be of medium size, not too coarse, nor too fine as a coarse heavy boned dog or a fine boned weedy dog could not endure a day in the field. Medium size with regard to height needs no explanation as it is clearly defined with a disqualification for those who deviate from this size. HEAD Moderately long and aristocratic, with moderate stop and slight median line extending back over the forehead. Rather prominent occipital bone and trumpets well set back, beginning at the back of the eye sockets. Measurement from tip of nose to stop equals that from stop to occipital bone. Th e flews should be straight, deli- cate at the nostrils. Skin drawn tightly. Neck clean-cut and moderately long. Expression kind, keen and intelligent. Ears Long and lobular, slightly folded and set high. Th e ear when drawn snugly along- side the jaw should end approximately 2 inches from the point of the nose. Eyes: In shades of light amber, gray or blue-gray, set well enough apart to indicate good dis- position and intelligence. When dilated under excitement, the eyes may appear

Now that you have type set in your mind, it is time to think about movement. I won’t bore you with the down and back which should be sound. Th e Weimaraner should have an e ff ortless, ground covering movement. No wasted motion, it should be smooth and e ff ortless. Balance is of the utmost importance. Front and rear angulation should match. Problems in the breed: Straight fronts, lack of balance front and rear, lack of forechest. Too short backed, low tail sets, snipey muz- zles, lack of underjaw. Lack of rear and drive. Following is my interpretation of the Standard: Th e Standard of any breed is a specification or blueprint for that breed. Th e writers of the Standards were interested primarily in working ability and they wrote the Standard to describe the ideal tempera- ment and conformation needed to perform the purpose for which the dog was bred. Anyone who is going to own, breed or judge any breed should be familiar with the dogs purpose and what conformation characteristics enable the dog to perform, with ease, the tasks for which he was bred. An excellent reference is K-9 Structure and Terminology by Gilbert and Brown. Th e book is a study in anatomy and locomotion as applying to all breeds and explains the working parts beneath the surface with the mechanical laws governing them. When interpreting the Weimaraner Stan- dard, it is important to know that the Wei- maraner is both a pointing dog and a retriev- ing dog. When we have the background knowledge of anatomy and the Weimaraners purpose, reading the Standard gives a clear picture of what the dog should look like. GENERAL APPEARANCE A medium-sized gray dog with fine aristocratic features. He should present a picture of grace, speed, stamina, alertness

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