CORGI PEMBROKE WELSH
Let’s Talk Breed Education!
JUDGING THE PEMBROKE WELSH By Cynthia Savioli
T he Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a large dog in a small package. Th ey are bold and powerful yet a kind and loyal companion. Th e standard for the Pem- broke Welsh Corgi states that they should be low-set, strong and sturdily build, giv- ing the impression of substance and stam- ina in a small space. Th ey should have a bold outlook, pricked ears and good tem- perament. Th e Pembroke Welsh Corgi is known for having a foxy appearance to the head. Th ey have an intelligent and inter- ested expression. Th is is an outline breed with a level topline approximately 40% longer than tall. Corgis should have a fair- ly long neck that fl ows into well laid back shoulder. Gait should be free and smooth. A dog with smooth and free sidegait that is reasonably sound must be highly regarded. General Impression Because this is an outline breed, it is important to stand at least 15 feet away from the breed to view the pro fi le. Th is should be done on the ground as a group as well as on the table during individual examination. It is the only time you will get to view the breed at eye level. Th e cor- rect pro fi le is 40% longer than tall when measured from the withers to the ground and from the withers to the base of the tail (Figure A). Correct height is 10 to 12 inches. Weight is proportion to size put should not exceed 30 pounds for dogs and 28 pounds for bitches. Head When viewing the head from the front, you should be able to see an equilateral tri- angle (Figure B). Drawing a line from the nose through the eye to the tip of the ear and then from ear tip to ear tip, you fi nd the fi nd the triangle and correct propor- tions. Th e skull should be fairly wide and fl at between the ears. Th e head plans are parallel (Figure C). Th e head proportions are fi ve parts the skull and three parts for the foreface (Figure D). Th e eye opening is oval in shape and eye color is in har- mony with the coat color. Because they
are a herding dog, the eye is set somewhat obliquely to give them good peripheral vision to see the stock from many direc- tions. Ears are fi rm and erect, medium in size and tapering to a slightly rounded point. Eye pigment in harmony with the coat color but preferably black. Th e nose and lip pigment should be black. While examining the head on the table, check for a scissors bite (level is acceptable). Do not check for dentition especially in the side and back teeth. You should then exam the proportions and planes of the head and move on to the reminder of the examination. Expression should be viewed on the ground where the Corgi is most comfortable. Neck and Body Th e Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a fairly long neck which is of su ffi cient length to provide over-all balance of the dog. Th e neck fl ows into well laid back shoulders and a level topline. Th e upper arms should be nearly equal in length to the shoulder blade. Th e Corgi has a deep chest that is well let down between the forelegs. Th e chest is oval in shape. Th e forelegs are short, forearms turned slightly inward, with the distance between wrists less than between the shoulder joints so that the front does not appear absolutely straight (Figure E). When examining the chest, it is important to place your hand between the legs and feel this shape. It should feel like the keel of a boat sitting in your hand. Th e Pembroke has oval shaped bone which is carried all the way down to the oval foot. Th e rib cage is well sprung and moderately long with a short loin. Th e hindquarters should match the forequar- ters in angles. Th e hocks are short and per- pendicular to the ground. When viewed from behind, they are parallel to each oth- er. Th e tail is docked as short as possible but may be up to 2" in length. Coat and Colors Th e coat is medium in length, short, thick and weather-resistant. Th e coat varies in length with slightly longer ru ff around the neck, chest and on the shoulders. Th ere may be a slight depression behind shoulders due
Fig. A: Correct Profile.
Fig. B: Correct head proportions showing equilateral triangle.
Figs. C & D
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strike the ground at about the level of the ear. Any placement behind this will indi- cate a problem with the shoulder assembly. Front reach is measured at the point the foot hits the ground…not where the foot may be at full extension o ff the ground. Th e hind foot reaching well under the body and striking the ground at the same time as the front foot. Th is rare to see, but allows the dog to travel very rapidly at a trot without breaking stride thus achieving the correct, and ideal movement from the side. Th e hock joint opening wide and the hind foot is well extended. Th is is proper for the breed. Th e topline is strong and level in motion, a must for proper balance in a herding dog. Th e strong level back is perhaps the most signi fi - cant single structural feature in a herding dog. Without this the drive generated from the rear quarter is hampered on its way up the spinal column. When viewed from the front, legs do not move in exact parallel planes, but incline slightly inward to compensate for shortness of leg and width of chest. Hind legs should drive well under the body and move on a line with the forelegs, with hocks turning neither in nor out.” Judging Procedure When judging the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, always assess the outline and bal- ance from at least 15 feet away. You should always exam the dog on the table. Always evaluate the expression on the ground. You should remember to check both sides of the dog. Th e markings are not symmetrical. A dog that is correctly marked on the judge’s side may very well be a mismark on the o ff side. And last but certainly not least, spe- cial emphasis should always be placed on side movement. Disqualifications & Serious Faults Th e Standard for Pembroke Welsh Corgi has no disquali fi cations. Th ere are
serious faults which include oversized and toy-like individuals. Th ere are several ear faults which include button, rose or dropped ears. Overshot or undershot bites are not acceptable. Coat texture and color have several faults- fl u ffi es, whitelies, blu- ies and mismarks. Lastly, weak pasterns, knuckling over, slipped or double jointed hocks, barrel hocks and cowhocks are all considered serious faults. Th e judge should dismiss from the ring any Pembroke Welsh Corgi that is excessively shy or vicious. Priorities When judging Pembroke Welsh Cor- gis, you should always remember the judg- ing priorities: t (FOFSBM CBMBODF PVUMJOF QSPQFS length of body t "UUSBDUJWFOFTT PG IFBEQJFDF JOUFMM gent outlook t$PSSFDUUFNQFSBNFOU t.PWFNFOU QBSUJDVMBSMZBTWJFXFEGSPN the side Th e Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a popular herding dog with strong breed character- istics. Th ey are alert and always aware of their surrounds. Although bold in temper- ament, they are a kind and loyal compan- ion to many families. Corgis are usually shown by breeder/owner/handlers. Th ey are always willing to share their knowledge of the breed. BIO Cynthia, along with her husband Vince, are active breeders and exhibitors of Pem- broke and Cardigan Welsh Corgis under the Aubrey prefix. Th ey have owned and bred National Specialty winners and Best in Show winners in both breeds. Cynthia is the chairperson of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of America’s Judges Education Committee. She is licensed to judge Pem- broke and Cardigan Welsh Corgis.
to the heavier neck coat meeting the shorter body coat. Because the Corgi is the fairy steeds of the elves, we say this is the saddle for the elves to ride. Th e Pembroke Welsh Corgi is shown with a natural coat. Th ere should be no trimming, scissoring or sculp- turing of the coat. Th e feet are tidied and the whiskers may be removed (optional). Th e outer coat of the Pembroke comes in several colors- red, sable, fawn, black and tan with or without white markings. White is acceptable on the legs, chest and neck, muzzle, under parts and as a narrow blaze on the head. Th e white markings should never exist within the rectangular box (Figure F). It is important to always check both side of the Corgi as the mark- ings are not symmetrical. Gait Th e standard states this best, “ Th is is a herding dog, which must have the agility, freedom of movement and endurance to do the work for which he was developed.” Th e late Dr. Charles Kruger, who was an outspoken and passionate breeder of Pembroke Welsh Corgis, describes Corgi side movement the best: “When observing the Corgi moving from the side, the head is held well forward, so the shoulder can function e ffi ciently. Th e head should not be held high as it will restrict the e ffi ciency of the shoulder function. Th e front foot fi nishing well forward of the shoulder joint. Th e front foot ideally will
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