Form Follows FUNCTION
BY STEPHANIE HEDGEPATH
JOINTS WHERE BONES MEET!
First, let us do a brief review of some of the basics. ANGULATION refers to the angles created by bones meeting at various joints (articulations), especially at the shoulder (Fig. 1A) and pelvic areas (Fig. 1B) and the stifle (Fig. 1C), hock (Fig. 1D), pastern (Fig. 1E) and at the elbow (Fig. 1F). BONE comprises the structure of the skeletal system and provides lever arms for locomotion. Bone also plays important roles in maintaining mineral homeostasis (the balance of minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus). The bones must sup- ply sufficient area for the attachment of the muscles. Smooth muscles account for one-third to one-half of the total body weight.
84 | SHOWSIGHT MAGAZINE, MAY 2021
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