Showsight Presents The Collie

COLLIE

Let’s Talk Breed Education!

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A VIEW OF THE COLLIE

by JOHN BUDDIE

H aving been involved with this breed for over 50 years, and having been involved with both Breeder educa- tion and Judges Education for the past twenty, one gathers many interesting insights. Watching some breeders come and go and others who stay and make a difference is an interesting learning experience. What is it, that makes the difference between the dilettante dab- blers and the serious students who go

on to contribute positively to the breed and become master breeders? That is a question I have always pondered, and now, in later years, I pose the question to those who choose to adjudicate our breed. What is it that makes certain individuals outstanding is adjudicators, while others merely get through it by selecting “decent” individuals and pos- sibly missing a great one? I think it comes down to understand- ing many of the qualities of the Collie

that are not only essential, but realizing which ones are the “hard to get” and “harder to keep” virtues. As a breeder, particularly a breeder whose dogs have contributed to the overall gene pool of the breed, one soon learns, that certain aspects of the standard are more dif- ficult to attain and keep in a breeding program. As a breeder, then, these par- ticular qualities take on a special empha- sis. Knowledgeable judges within the breed are certainly aware of these,

“AS A BREEDER, PARTICULARLY A BREEDER WHOSE DOGS HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE OVERALL GENE POOL OF THE BREED, ONE SOON LEARNS, THAT CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE STANDARD ARE MORE DIFFICULT TO ATTAIN...”

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and become popular among the exhibi- tors, and more importantly among the breeders. In describing the head itself, it refers to it as a “well-blunted lean wedge”— and those words are important. We do not seek a head this heavy or overdone, nor do we want a long skinny head that is the same width in front as in back. Sometimes people forget the term “wedge”. The head profile is one of two straight parallel planes of equal length, divided by a very slight, but perceptible stop. In other words a moderate transi- tion from one plane to the other. But one of the hallmark qualities of the breed is the expression, and as the standard states, “Expression is one of the most important points in consider- ing the relative value of Collies. Expres- sion, like the term character is difficult to define in words”. That last sentence makes it clear that in order to really understand it, one must learn through optical illustration, looking at as many Collies as they possibly can. When one gets to see a good expression, they rarely forget it, and that image becomes the mental template against which all others are compared. The shape of the head, the finishing details, and very importantly the color, size, shape and placement of the eye are all linked together. And again, balance and mod- eration come into play. There were periods where most Collies had a larg- er, lighter eye—the result most likely, of breeding for other important head char- acteristics at the time. But that period was followed by breeders concentrating on creating a smaller, darker eye. Unfor- tunately, in some cases it was carried to the extreme and the breed suffered a period of Collies with small, hard eyes resulting in hard expression appeared. The pendulum swung back, and as eyes were coming to a good place, a race for faster maturing heads evolved, and thus there was a shortening of the head with eyes that were too wide set to give the correct forward outlook that is so important to a beautiful Collie. So the modern master breeder sets a pattern of balance and moderation, to keep the dogs on an even keel. They stay away from the extremes and breed as closely to the standard as possible. Judges need to evaluate these dogs in much the same way, as it helps to keep a breed on track, and keeps those judges popular as well!

“STRUCTURAL EXCELLENCE CAN BE SUMMED UP IN THE FACT THAT WE WANT A DOGS WHOSE MOVEMENT IS EFFORTLESS AND FLUID— A DOG THAT CAN QUICKLY CHANGE DIRECTION WHEN NECESSARY.”

and judge accordingly, and become popular among the serious breeders. Having presented many years of Judges Education, I also realize the importance of moderation in making selections, and moderation in present- ing the standard itself to those who want to judge our breed. In the section dealing with head qualities in our stan- dard, it is sometimes the adjectives and adverbs that dictate the proper way to assess certain aspects. Having been involved with this breed through six decades, it has been interesting to note the various fads and trends that come and go. Some will appear as a fleeting glance; others will become strongly ingrained and take several years to eradicate or rebalance. What one must remember is that the Collie as we know it today, has under- gone great evolution since the begin- ning, transitioning from a shorter-head- ed, shorter-legged dog with a lower ear and a larger eye into the Collie as we know it today. Through well over a cen- tury of breeding, breeders have fought the odds to create a Collie with a head and body style quite different from their original ancestors. Over the years, master breeders have learned what the truly “hard to get” virtues of the breed are, and often times that are “hard to keep” as well. There have been times when breed- ers have gone to the extreme in breeding for the show ring, and ignoring the hard to get virtues. In an effort to “improve” their breeding stock, or “improve” the overall quality of the breed, they have carried things to extremes and instead of “improving” they are actually “chang- ing”. The result can sometimes cre- ate a winning, but oftentimes generic

show dog, full of qualities that are “win- nable” but lacking in qualities which are more desirable. For anyone interested in judging our breed, it is important to keep in mind what most of these hard to get vir- tues are. Structural excellence can be summed up in the fact that we want a dogs whose movement is effortless and fluid—a dog that can quickly change direction when necessary. The descrip- tion of the body and outline were writ- ten to create such a dog, whose herd- ing heritage is obvious because of the necessary gait. We want to stay away from the extremes which sometimes hamper this. Too much of a good thing often leads to serious consequences… too much length of leg (and often lack of chest), or not enough length of leg (often giving the appearance of a longer back) can hamper the picture that is desirable and certainly take away from the effortless movement. In looking at a dog in profile, if one notices a head that set behind the front legs, you will also notice a movement that is ham- pered because of the lack of angulation of the shoulder, or the shortness of the upper arm. The head of the Collie distinguishes it from all other breeds. Without good head qualities we would not have a good Collie. Then again, a beautiful head alone is not qualified to compete in the herding group with a dog who was bred for that purpose. So we come here to a place of balance. And it is up to the judge to look for that balance. It not a question of which is more important— correct head or correct structure—but instead, a balance of the two. Judges who come to that understanding usual- ly hone their skills in selecting winners,

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COLLIES: BREED Q&A

WILLIAM BROKKEN

SALLY FUTH I started like most breeders with a pet, and was bitten by the dog show and breeding bug. My husband, Bob, also began as a teenager and acquired his foundation from Trudy and Jim Mangels of Brandwyne. Our current house dogs are 20 and 22 generations descended from Meg and Folly! We’ve both served as president of the parent club and also judged the national specialty. I judge some working breeds and the Herding group. ROXANN HEIT I live in South Central Kansas and I am employed full time as an HR Manager and I enjoy visiting our grandchildren. I have 27 years in dogs; 25 in showing and six in judging. Timeless Collies began in 1989 and in limited breeding has produced 50 plus Champions to date. My spouse, Dale and I began with a lot of luck and correct type while learning what was correct in our breed from previous successful mentors. We have always shown our own Collies and handled Collies for other breeders for about ten years prior to obtaining my judges license. I love judging and having the opportunity to see the many families and what they produce. Judges have a responsibility to the breeds they judge. Selection on the day for those awarded will go onto influence the breed. As a breeder, mentoring is just as important as judging. As long as I am able I will continue to breed by selection, judge with responsible integrity and mentor to teach and inspire. GAYLE KAYE I live on three acres in a very rural area of Northern San Diego County. My life is very involved with the dogs. Between caring for the dogs, breeding, showing, writing and club work, there is little time for other outside activities. I am an award-winning author of two books on the Collie and have written hundreds of articles over the years. I am currently first Vice President of the Collie Club of America and on the Collie Health Foundation Board. I have been breeding and showing Rough Collies since 1970 using the Chelsea prefix. I have been judging since 2004. In 2013 I was given the honor of judging Best of Breed at our National Specialty. MARTHA RAMER I’ve lived in Southern California my whole life. I worked in the Brokerage Business until I retired. I bought my first show Collie in 1971. I began judging in 2005.

I had Collies as a farm boy in Minnesota. I applied for my judging license as a teenager but AKC tersely replied that I had to wait until I was of legal age! So I waited until my 20s. I’ve had the opportunity to judge throughout the US, Japan, Australia and Canada including their National Specialty. I have judged the Collie Nationals four times. Golf, classical music and bridge occupy much of my time since retiring from a busy dermatology practice in Santa Barbara, California. LESLIE CANAVAN I am presently retired and reside in Port Jefferson, New York. My time is spent with the three Collies that I still have and with family, I am still President of the Collie Club of Long Island and do some judging. I am also Director at Large for our National Club and have served both these clubs in almost all capacities. I started in Collies in the mid 50s after I got out of service. After discharge, I returned to Long Island, where while trying to find a proper stud for my bitch, I met Verna Allen of Royal Rock Kennels. I had lost my boarding room and Verna offered a temporary stay on her couch. I am still here and am now a family member. We did not share ownership on any of our Collies for probably five years, after all it was a temporary arrangement. I must admit that without Verna’s urging and encouragement, I would never have accomplished as much as I have in dogs. I became a professional handler in 1964 and later a PHA member. Over the years I finished some 39 Collie Champions, along with many Norwich Terriers. I started judging in the late 80s when Professional handlers were permitted to judge. Then retired from handling and got my judges license in 1986. Since then I have judged all over the country and have judged the Collie Club National three times. TOM COEN My wife, Nioma, and I live in the town of Alford, Mas- sachusetts. We have a small antiques business, are avid col- lectors, and I enjoy painting and being the caretaker for our 14 acres. I have been in dogs for over five decades, breeding Shelties under the Macdega prefix. I grew up on Long Island and was fortunate that my early mentors were renowned Col- lie breeders. I judged my first Collie Specialty match at age 17.

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WITH WILLIAM BROKKEN, LESLIE CANAVAN, TOM COEN, SALLY FUTH, ROXANN HEIT, GAYLE KAYE, MARTHA RAMER, LILY RUSSELL & HARRY SCHULMAN

LILY RUSSELL I live in Keokuk, Iowa and am a semi-retired Medical Tech- nologist. I saw my first Collie at the age of six and continued to ask my parents for a Collie. I was 13 when my dad finally brought home a Collie puppy. I chose my kennel name, Tan- go in honor of my mother and father who would dance the Tango on New Year’s Eve at Midnight. I purchased a Collie for our children the spring of 1985 and I took her to a local dog show in 1987. I also went to handling seminars so that I could handle my own dog in the ring. I joined the Collie Club of America in 1989 and purchased my foundation bitch. I showed sporadically in the 1990s, as our two sons were young. My first judging assignment was the Ozarks Kennel club in November of 2008. I was so nervous, some of the judges who were on the panel that day, knew it was my first assignment and came ringside to watch. After judging they were kind enough to give me some insight and tips on ways to improve my ring procedure. It probably took five judging assignments until I found my rhythm. HARRY SCHULMAN I reside in Louisville, Kentucky. I have multiple hobbies outside of dogs; I am a licensed High School football referee and a member of the Kentucky Football Officials Associa- tion. I enjoy golf, hunting and fishing. My wife and I have four grown children and we frequently visit them and travel to unique places around where they live. I have been in the sport of purebred dogs for 47 years. I started showing my parents’ Collies at age eight in junior showmanship and other breeds by age ten in regular classes. I have been judging now for over 11 years. 1. What five traits do you look for, in order, when judging Collies? What do you consider the ultimate hallmark of the breed? WB: The Collie is a head breed and must have a long, clean head without coarseness or traits suggesting any other breed. The standard emphasizes the importance of evaluating the expression and comparing one animal to another. It should be sweet, rather quizzical and alert. The Collie should not appear under or over-sized and must move freely. TC: Hallmark qualities of the Collie are outline, head, expression and movement. The curvaceous outline reflects the structure that is under the coat. The head should be of good length, inclined to lightness and

should possess finish and detail. The muzzle should be smooth, round and merge smoothly into the backskull. There should be no excessive depth from brow to under- line as this is a sign of commonness. The expression, which should be bright, alert, intelligent and inquisitive is created not only by the head, eyes and ears, but is a reflection of the dog’s character. SF: Symmetry and balance that say Collie! Head type is very important in our breed. The Standard is very specific about the factors which come into play. All are needed to produce true Collie expression. It can only be produced by a combination of eye, round muzzle, slight stop, flat backskull and length of head proportionate to size of the individual. Correct body type for a Collie is the final criterion, the Collie will move lightly, floating down and back and show a level, motionless topline in side view. RH: Expression, correct eye placement, head detail, tem- perament and overall balance. I judge by virtue and not by fault, all dogs have faults. I want to see a regal picture of true balance, the head in proportion to the body. The head is inclined to lightness so I want to see a beautiful soft face with a dark, medium size eye set that is chiseled with a forward outlook and correct head detail. I want to see a Collie with animation that behaves well but not a statue. When a Collie has the correct temperament they are easy to train and show, they are not fearful of new surroundings and adapt easily. I want to see balance where the head fits the body, a Collie that stops naturally square being slightly longer than tall and that moves well. GK:Coat, tt is the crowning glory of the Rough Collie. Amount of coat isn’t always better, it should be well- fitting with proper texture! Beautiful deep coloring and perfect white markings can really enhance a dog’s appearance, but don’t fall into the trap of only looking for those dogs with beautiful coloring. Temperament is another breed hallmark. I don’t mind a Collie acting up or being a brat, as long as he is friendly and stable. A judge only has so much time to look at each dog and if the entry is afraid of his/her own shadow, it’s easy to miss an otherwise good dog. LR: Balance, expression, head detail, side gait and good movement coming and going. The ultimate hallmark of the breed is expression. 2. How has the breed changed since you became involved with it? Do you see any trends you think are moving the breed in the wrong direction? Any traits becoming exaggerated? WB: The top-notch Collies of yesteryear were very similar to the ones currently being shown but the quality has improved greatly. For a while I was worried the Collies

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WITH WILLIAM BROKKEN, LESLIE CANAVAN, TOM COEN, SALLY FUTH, ROXANN HEIT, GAYLE KAYE, MARTHA RAMER, LILY RUSSELL & HARRY SCHULMAN

were getting too small and short-legged but that seems to improving. The eyes are still too small and poorly placed. LC: I do not feel that their traits that are becoming exagger- ated, however, with the drop in breeder and exhibitor numbers, champions are easier to make and it opens the way for regionalism. I find that often when judging and after class placements, when the Specials enter the ring I can easily spot the origin of the faults. I think that many of the Collies I see in the ring today are better than when I started judging. We are fortunate in this breed that there are still excellent breeders all across the country who are turning out Collies that we all can be proud of. TC: Exaggerated, not really, but there are a few areas that need more attention. Specifically, overall balance and eye set. Without correct set and placement of the eyes you cannot have the “sweet, intelligent, alert expression” that makes a Collie, a Collie. We are seeing more Collies that are wide between the eyes and this gives them a foreign look that is undesirable. There were some good dogs in the past and now. When I think of the dogs who helped me from my template of “ideal” they are the great ones of the past, dogs who possessed incredible beauty and naturally elegant carriage. Good type is timeless. SF: The breed generally is probably “prettier”, but “cute” is not to be found in the Standard. Tendency to shortlegged- ness or just undersize Collies. I think it was over-reaction to the rather rangy type prevalent in the breed when I came in. Also, maybe many dogs of the mid-century lacked coat, but it was correct texture, not like too many poofy, over-groomed and trimmed fluffies today. The Col- lie has always been a natural breed and should be shown with a minimum of tidying. Ears today are too artificial, being put up in braces before puppy teeth are even in. This prevents the softness which is a natural frame for the face. Coloring, coat enhancers and scissoring are as common in the Collie ring as down the line in Poodles. RH: They are better in some ways but not in the areas I feel are most important in maintaining the breed type in head detail. Often the breed is balanced and presented well but many do not have correct expression and new breed- ers don’t seek out long time successful breeder men- tors and do not base selection upon expression. Maybe expression is less understood because it’s the most dif- ficult to define without example. With correct expression being the hallmark of the Collie, the expression seen and often awarded, in my opinion is not correct in many Col- lies being exhibited. GK: The breed is always evolving and there will always be trends! Depending on what families of dogs are influenc- ing the breed at any particular time, the breed will start taking on those characteristics of the popular, prominent

families—for good and bad. Currently there are quite a few dogs being shown with excessive width between the eyes. Another trait becoming exaggerated is a short upper arm. If a dog looks as though he is standing down in the front end, with a higher rear end, that’s generally what is going on. Sometimes excessive coat on the rump will give this impression, but all that takes is a hands-on examination. Usually moving the dog will confirm a short upper arm because they almost always will appear like a wheel barrel when moving. Some of the Collies in certain parts of the country are becoming quite small. MR: I feel there is too much trimming. Eyes have gotten too small and wide set. Collies are more correct now than in the early 70s. I feel breeders have bred for better heads and expression is also softer. LR: I think that the breed has made significant improvement in movement. This can be seen in the number or Collies that are placing in the Herding Group, the RBIS and BIS. I think eyes were getting too small but I think breeders realize this is a fault and are striving to correct it. HS: No, I hope they never will. Some of the Collie virtues that were cherished in years past have been lost or sacri- ficed by our breeders in exchange for winning. 3. Do you find a difference in conformation or quality between Smooths and Roughs? WB: The smooths have better skulls than the roughs, but many are too square. SF: Probably the overall average quality in Smooths brought into the ring today is higher but body type is worse, toplines in particular. There are many quality Smooths but with the point system you can finish anything. LR: I do not think there is a difference. They both have the same standard. I find that it is easier to judge the smooth, as the rough coat and skillful grooming can disguise a fault until you put your hands on the dog. 4. Anything else you’d like to add? WB: I admire judges who find outstanding young dogs and carry them to high awards before they become well- known to everyone. I think new judges to our breed are sometimes not able to get away from being overly influ- enced by coat and presentation. I do see them take some time to evaluate the expression but I have never seen them bring two or three together to compare. LC: We are fortunate in this breed that we still have clubs that put on Specialties, which are a learning experience for all involved. Unfortunately, club membership is declining. TC: The Collie must be judged as a total but the distinguish- ing quality has always been the head and expression.

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WITH WILLIAM BROKKEN, LESLIE CANAVAN, TOM COEN, SALLY FUTH, ROXANN HEIT, GAYLE KAYE, MARTHA RAMER, LILY RUSSELL & HARRY SCHULMAN

Quite often newer judges appear hesitant to go over the head. The head needs to be touched to be evaluated. RH: New breeders and judges should seek to learn from suc- cessful breeders, breeder seminars and the Collie Nation- al Specialty show. Understand the standard, read articles of the past and know what dogs are in their pedigrees. GK: Collies have a unique movement as they single track both front and rear. I feel many new and even some older judges do not understand the breed’s distinctly unique gait. I also feel judges have difficulty understanding head, eye and expression. When you show under some judges and they don’t bother going over the head or looking at expression, it’s disappointing. I could be described as a head hunter because without a correct Collie head and beautiful expression, you might as well just have any other breed of dog! One of the most important points is expression. It is the unique combination of a correct, beautifully chiseled head with beautiful, properly set eyes, and correctly set and carried ears. You seldom see correct expression on a poor head; the two are very closely tied together. Ideally you want it all. Unfortu- nately, no dog has it all so it becomes a task of sorting through and looking for those important breed virtues while balancing the qualities with the degree of faults. We are so lucky that we have a wonderfully written and descriptive Standard. I always reread the Standard before every judging assignment! Take advantage of ringside mentoring at a specialty. There is no better way to learn about the breed from breeders/owners that specialize in the breed. MR: I don’t think judges from other breeds understand the importance of head and expression as well as balance. I wish they would attend more Collie seminars. Tem- perament is very important; a Collie should not know a stranger. The Collie is one of the easiest breeds to live with as they are wonderful with children and families. I have never walked a Collie in public when I didn’t hear, “I grew up with a Collie.” It’s amazing how many people remember a Collie in their childhood. LR: Many years ago I entered a show and the judge turned her back to us the entire time we did the down and back. She told me to go around the ring and spent that time talking to the steward. I feel each entry deserves to be evaluated equally. The exhibitor has paid for your opin- ion, they may not like it when you hand out ribbons, but they all should be treated in the same manner. HS: New judges and many experienced judges do not understand that the Collie head is “inclined to lightness”. They discount the importance of the Collie’s headpiece because they do not understand our head planes or never took the time to learn the detail of head in

this breed. Consequently, because they do not under- stand “lean wedge” I see clunky dogs go up with too much width of backskull and far too much depth from brow to throat. Most importantly, they do not under- stand expression which is the hallmark characteristic of our breed. The Collie’s eyes and expression should be a window to the dog’s soul. The first thing I look for when I judge my breed are soft, dreamy, bedroom eyes with an expression that stops me in my tracks and knocks me off my feet. Judges need to learn how to properly examine the Collie head. A cursory pat on the top skull or light fingertips along the sides just doesn’t cut it. You cannot delight in the virtues of our headpiece or find the head faults if you do not thoroughly feel the structure of our head properties. 5. And, for a bit of humor: What’s the funniest thing you’ve ever experienced at a dog show? LC: We were going to a Match in New Jersey and were totally lost. We came upon a farmer getting into his pickup and sought his advice. He was not the most talk- ative but said he knew the location we were seeking. The only problem was that he knew of no direct route. So we followed his convoluted instructions and finally found the site. We were greeted by a very close friend who was holding one of his entries plus a Match ribbon. I was real- ly upset because the pup he was holding was his lovely young bitch pup so I knew it was too late. He laughed and said, “No you are not, I just went Best Male in Match you can still show your bitch pup.” Of course after all the re-judging he went back in and eventually went BIM. We all laughed, after all it was only a Match. TC: At a show last summer, I was judging a newly recog- nized breed. I placed the class and went over to the judge’s table to mark my book and before turning around to check the numbers I said, “I need your armbands please.” With that, one of the exhibitors took it off her arm and handed it to me. SF: Going winners after a judge said at the top of her lungs, on the go-round, “Bobby why is your bitch limping?” After I showed her the torn toenail, she said, “Oh, that’s all right and put her up.” MR: Probably the funniest thing was finding someone load- ing their equipment into my van at an all-breed show. Several people had the same color and style van I had at the time. So someone obviously thought my van was theirs. I never forgot to lock it again. RH: I once thought I could leap over the ring fencing to get a good photo, only I tripped over it, knocked down the entire fence of several rings and was quite embarrassed. However, we did get a great photo!

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TEN EVENTS THAT SHAPED COLLIE HISTORY By Gayle Kaye

1) QUEEN VICTORIA FALLS FOR THE COLLIE E ven though the Collie had been the subject of writ- ings and poetry for several centuries, it was actually Queen Victoria who is credited with discovering and popularizing the breed. Up until 1860, Collies were used almost exclusively as work- ing Sheepdogs. Her interest in the breed had a profound impact on the dog owning pub- lic. Th e Collie's surging popularity started during the 1860's following her visit to the Scottish Highlands, where she fell in love with Collies she saw there. So impressed was she with the beauty, intelligence and faith- fulness of the Sheepdogs, that several soon joined her "Royal Balmoral Kennels". Th is was a historic epoch in the breed's history and from this point on, the Collie's popular- ity grew rapidly.

in fl uential fanciers with unlimited funds, beautiful estates and the best kennel man- agers in the country—going head-to-head in the Collie world. Th is rivalry did won- ders for the popularity and advancement of Collies at the time.

4) CLARA LUNT CREATES THE AMERICAN COLLIE

One of the most crucial events of the Collie's colorful and rich history occurred in 1902 when Mrs. Clara Lunt embarked upon a career of raising and showing Col- lies. Her Alstead Collies were the single most important in fl uence in the early years of American Collie development. Between the dogs that she imported and the wise breeding of those dogs, she bred more high quality Collies than almost any other indi- vidual. Not only were her stud dogs and brood bitches a major factor in developing and establishing breed type in this coun- try, but also Alstead was THE source upon which all of the early American kennels were based. She was the beginning of the American Collie. 5) “LAD, A DOG” IS PUBLISHED Albert Payson Terhune (1872-1942) through his articles and books did more for popularizing the Collie than any other single individual during the entire history

J.P. Morgan’s kennel man, Alfred Blewitt, with four of the Cragston Collies. Photo courtesy of the Archives of the Pierpont Morgan Library.

late 1800s. Th eir stories represent a large part of the early history of the Collie in this country. Without their in fl uence, power and money the Collie would not have advanced as quickly as it did and it was during this time that the breed wit- nessed one of its greatest periods. Th e most in fl uential breeder and exhibitor prior to 1900 was the world-famous fi nancier J.P. Morgan. He joined the ranks in 1888 when he began his Cragston Kennels. Others soon followed—W. Atlee Burpee of Burpee Seed fame; Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst of Verona Kennels in Pleasanton, Califor- nia (mother of William Randolph Hearst); Th omas Hunter, Knocklayde Collies, of Acme Tea and Food fame; William Ellery of Valverde Collies in San Francisco; and the renown corporate attorney from Long Island, Samuel Untermyer of Greystone Collies. Th anks to both Untermyer and Morgan's pursuit of the best Collies, one of the greatest rivalries ever witnessed occurred during this time. It basically got down to two extremely wealthy and

2) BIRMINGHAM ENGLAND BECOMES HUB OF COLLIE ACTIVITY

While Collies have long been associated with Scotland, it is actually to the entire Brit- ish Isles that the breed owes its development as a popular show dog, for it is from the Brit- ish Isles that we fi nd the famous breeders and pillars of the breed. Around 1868 a handful of dedicated British breeders started concentrat- ing on developing show characteristics. Many of the early breeders were English and lived in the district of Birmingham, an area long noted for its good Collies. For years, this area was the center of tremendous Collie activity and produced some of the very best dogs in the early history of the breed. Th is is where the true history of the show Collie begins.

3) THE ARRIVAL OF WEALTHY AMERICANS

Men and women of great wealth began to appear on the Collie Scene during the

Mrs. Clara Lunt with some of her earliest Alstead Collies, c. 1905.

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Collie Club of America, Inc.

Some FactS about collieS

easy to train. In addition to being very clean dogs, they are one of the easiest breeds to housebreak. Typically the Collie is not a one- man dog. If raised properly and treated with respect, they make an ideal pet for entire family. They are not recommended as a complete outside/backyard dog and under no circumstances should a Collie ever be chained or tied up. They are notorious people dogs, known for wanting to be with their owners. While they are excellent watchdogs, they are not known for being aggressive. One of his greatest assets is his natural love of children. Even when not raised with children, the Collie can be charming, playful and protective with most well behaved kids. Stories have abounded for years of children guarded and protected by the family Collie. c If youarehunting for aCollie for companionship, pet or show, please contact the Collie Club of America for a list of reliable breeders. The club has representatives in every part of the country. The CCA is your best source for fi nding a Collie puppy. Our website o ff ers contact information for responsible, parent-club approved breeders in every state.

The Collie comes in two di ff erent varieties... the Rough and the Smooth. The two varieties are identical with the exception of the coat. The Smooth has a short, dense and fl at coat, while the Rough Collie has a long, well- fi tting, harsh- textured coat. c Collies come in (4) di ff erent colors: Sable, Tricolor (black white & tan), Blue Merle & White (predominantly white body, with either sable, tri or blue markings, usually on the head. Typically all Collies are marked with a white collar, chest, legs, feet, tail tip and sometimes white facial markings, called a blaze. c The Collie is a medium-sized dog, with females ranging from22" to 24" andmales ranging from 24" to 26" at maturity. Weights can range from 50 to 70 pounds. c Not only are they beautiful, but they are intelligent, friendly, loyal, loving and sensitive. They are real family dogs and are noted for being very people-friendly. Likewise, they are

P l ease v i s i t our webs i t e for more i nformat i on on Co l l i es and f i nd i ng a breede r : w w w . c o l l i e c l u b o f a m e r i c a . o r g

S HOW S IGHT M AGAZINE , A UGUST 2014 • 257

8) CH SILVER HO PARADER ALTERS THE COLLIE WORLD Ch. Silver Ho Parader, born January 15, 1943, would set Collie records never before dreamed of, owned by a young, unknown Collie fancier named Steve Field, just beginning his Parader Collies. Every decade or so, there are certain predestined dogs that, because of their genetic domi- nance of desirable characteristics, exert a tremendous and lasting in fl uence on the breed. Silver Ho Parader was one of those dogs. Remarkably, not only did he spear- head the Parader family of dogs, he also set into motion one of the most dominant sire lines in breed history. Th e majority of today's Collies trace to him through his many sons and daughters. 9) SMOOTH COLLIES BREAK THE BARRIER While four smooth collies fi nished their championship in the early 1900s, the vari- ety all but disappeared from the American show scene following that time period. In the late 1930s a group of Rough Collie fan- ciers formed a syndicate and imported two Smooth Collies from England. Th e syndi- cate bred the two together. A male was the only descendant who would a ff ect future smooth development in this country, but it opened the door for others to follow. Flash forward 30 years: the meteoric rise

It is ironic for all of his eventual in fl u- ence; he was the sire of only two Ameri- can champions, neither of which made any impact on the breed. Like other imports before him, he sired in England, sons and daughters to carry on and several of his descendants actually crossed the pond before he did! Almost all of today's cur- rent collie bloodlines converge upon this dog. Not only do most of today's American Collies trace in tail male to this dog, but he played an equally important role in the formation of bitch lines. 7) ARKEN IS THE “QUINTESSENTIAL” AMERICAN KENNEL If Alstead was the beginning of the American Collie, Arken (c.1924) is where it all came together. While most breeders of the era were concentrating on import- ing their latest winners; the Arken owners, Charles and Lillian Wernsman, were busy creating their own successful family of dogs. Starting with Ch. El Troubadour of Arken, they had one of the most important sire lines in the history of the breed and it is a line that remains dominant to this day. At the same time, they had a kennel full of proli fi c bitches, beginning with Ch. Halbury Jean of Arken. Th e in fl uence of the Arken dogs is everywhere behind all of today's collie families!

The noted author and Collie enthusiast, Albert Payson Terhune.

of the Collie. Although he wrote many books, it will always be the dog books for which he will be remembered. His fi rst dog story "His Mate" debuted in the January 1915 issue of Redbook Magazine, followed by the 1919 publication of his fi rst dog book, "Lad, a Dog". His own Collies; Lad, Wolf and Bruce became household names. Not only did his writings put the breed in the limelight, but it jumpstarted Ter- hune's own Collie career which involved years of breeding, showing and judging. Sunnybank Collies became famous the world over and ironically remain in many of today's pedigrees. To this day, hundreds of people still make pilgrimages to “Sun- nybank” in Pompton Lakes, New Jersey. It has become the setting for countless Collie functions, the best known of which, “ Th e Gathering” is held every August by the Collie Health Foundation. Th anks to Ter- hune, the breed became universally known and loved! 6) MAGNET IS SIRE SUPREME 1912 marked the birth of Eng. Ch. Magnet, a dog often referred to as the "Sire Supreme". His birth heralded a major turning point in breed development and he proved to be a sire of major propor- tions. Eileen Moretta of Glen Rose Collies imported him to America when he was nine years old, at an age many considered past his prime. Th ough shown in this country, he did not fi nish his AKC championship.

Ch. El Troubadour of Arken’s influential son, Ch. Future of Arken. Sired only 5 champions but two sons were responsible for creating two great sire lines.

258 • S HOW S IGHT M AGAZINE , A UGUST 2014

responsible for many signi fi cant " fi rsts" in the breed. In 1970, at the National Special- ty in Worcester, Massachusetts, he became the fi rst smooth collie to win Best of Breed over the roughs. He was also the fi rst smooth Collie to win an all-breeds “Best in Show” and he was the leading Collie sire, rough or smooth for more than two decades. 10) THE LASSIE PHENOMENON No list of signi fi cant Collie events would be complete without mentioning "Lassie" and the tremendous in fl uence this one dog has had on the breed. For many, the name “Lassie” evokes warm childhood memories and is especially meaningful to children who grew up watching the movies in the 1940s and those who grew up watching the television show in the 1950s and 1960s. Lassie's important role as a loving protective member of the fam- ily, represented traditional values such as family and home, courage, loyalty and honesty. He soon became an American institution, famous the world over! Not only do we have Lassie to thank for put- ting the breed at the top of the popularity charts, but many people, including some of our top breeders, became interested in Collies thanks to the magical appeal of this Collie dog.

BIO Gayle Kaye is a successful, longtime breeder and exhibitor of Collies. A well- known and award winning author of sev- eral Collie books, she has written hundreds of articles on the breed. She judged “Breed and Intersex” at the 2013 Collie Club of America National Specialty in LaCrosse, Wisconsin. Currently she is a National breed club Officer and Co-Chair of the CCA Judge’s Education Committee. AN AmERICAN INSTITuTION, fAmOuS THE wORLD OVER!” “Lassie’s important role as a loving protective member of the family, represented traditional values, such as family and home, courage, loyalty and honesty. HE SOON bECAmE

Ch. Black Hawk of Kasan was responsible for putting the Smooth Collie on equal footing with the rough.

of smooth popularity witnessed during the 1970s, came with the birth in 1966 of Ch. Black Hawk of Kasan. Owned by Sandy Tuttle of Kasan Collies, he hailed from the San Francisco Bay Area, long known as a hotbed of Smooth activity and devel- opment. Hawk put the smooth Collie on the map. One by one show records and sir- ing records fell by the wayside. Hawk was

Lassie pictured with Roddy McDowell in the movie “Lassie Come Home”, c. 1943.

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THIRTY LESSONS… on Collies…on dogs…on breeding

By John Buddie, Tartanside Collies

I have been so blessed to have been involved with Collies for the past 50 years. Th e excitement that was there at the very beginning, is still the driving force that keeps me active in breeding and participating. I have learned so much in fi fty years, but some of those lessons were slow in coming, as I really didn’t under- stand the real meaning behind what was coming my way. I once asked someone who I mentored what they felt were the most important lessons that I taught based on all these years in the breed. Below is the list that they returned to me… saying that I repeated these things over and over, so they were obviously important to me: 1. Leave the sport no worse than you found it. 2. Th e number of champions fi nished or ribbons earned is not the true measure of being a successful breeder. 3. Some of the breed’s most important and in fl uential dogs do not have the pre fi x Ch. before their names. 4. Look to history to learn its lessons; it is the one thing all Collies regardless of “family” have in common. 5. Look to the grandparents! 6. You don’t need to be a “big” kennel to be a great breeder or have far-reaching impact on the breed.

7. Th e three “R’s” Reverence, Romance and Respect—are the common quali- ties found in all great breeders. 8. You can never outrun a problem—it will always catch up with you. Stand and face it before it overtakes you. 9. Learn to see and appreciate quality in all families. 10. Selection is what separates great breed- ers from good ones. 11. Study a pedigree for its lessons about consistency, dominance, key/benign individuals 12. Know as many of the individuals in a pedigree as you possibly can through personal contact with them. 13. Pictures lie! 14. Don’t fault judge at the expense of virtues. 15. Never give up virtues when doing a breeding…nor exchange virtues for “easy fi xes”. Th e breed’s future depends on the preservation of virtues. 16. Breeding and culling for health and temperament are the responsibilities of every serious breeder. 17. Line breed, line breed, line breed, but know when it is time for a judicious outcross that can add hybrid vigor to your breeding program. 18. A breeder is part artist, part scientist. 19. Know when to intervene… BUT… know when to listen to Mother Nature as well!

20. A responsible breeder faces prob- lems, acknowledges them (without blaming someone else) and works on correcting them. 21. Know what you can and can’t live with when it comes to virtues and faults. 22. In order to establish a line, have a pic- ture of your perfect collie fi rmly etched in your mind and follow it to your goals. Pictures—males and females! 23. Look to breed type to type when outcrossing 24. Never start believing you are invinci- ble or that your dogs are perfect. 25. Puppy development di ff ers from fam- ily to family. Study your family to understand its speci fi c maturation process and pattern, and enjoy learn- ing about a di ff erent process in di ff er- ent families. 26. Cultivate patience; Individual (dogs) don’t often reach their full potential until they are 3. 27. Better to have a late developer with staying power than a puppy fl yer that loses its early bloom for good! 28. In brood bitches, a good doer is just as important as a good dog. 29. Never think you know it all. Approach every new situation, show, or day with what it can teach you. 30. Most of all, practice courtesy and respect (as a re fl ection of our breed)… and the same will come back to you.

“I have learned so much in fifty years, but SOmE Of THOSE LESSONS wERE SLOw IN cOmINg, as I really didn’t understand the real meaning behind what was coming my way.”

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JUDGING THE COLLIE: a capsule view

By John Buddie & Gayle Kaye Co-chairs, Judges Education Collie Club of America

W hile we have been a member of the Judges Education Com- mittee of the Collie Club of America for many years, it was in the last three terms that the greatest strides were made. Prior to that, several members of the committee had been approached by judges both new and old, who seemed to be some- what confused as to the most important details to be concerned with when judg- ing the Collie. It seems that whenever these individuals went to more than one presentation on judging the Collie, the presenters seemed to have di ff erent ideas as to what was most important, as well as having a di ff erent interpretation of the Standard. When the previous committee met for the fi rst time, this was something that we discussed in detail, and at that time, the head of our committee, Tom Coen, had the idea of putting together a DVD that could be shared by all breed mentors so that the “message” delivered to all aspiring judges would be the same, and would help de fl ect any confusion. Following the AKC guidelines of what needed to be included, the committee set to work to produce the product. Commit- tee members came to the meeting with a variety of pictures of the “ideal”. Seeing as they bred di ff erent families of dogs and came from di ff erent genetic back- grounds, it gave us the opportunity to use a cross section of photos. A great deal of time was spent in selecting the right photos. All too often, the dogs that many felt were outstanding, unfortunately, did not have the photographs to depict the “ideal”. Th e message was clear… we had to select the BEST photos that

represented the IDEAL of the character- istics and details in the most fl attering and positive way. Last year, a new addition was added to our “judges packet”. A quick “Vignette” of the Collie—something a judge could glance at quickly before judging the breed, and something that they could refer to at any given time. In short, it was a reminder of all that the Collie is about... in beauty, in structure, in details and in balance. Please see the pictures of the Vignette! In addition to the DVD and the Vignette, the Judges Education Com- mittee, also created a mentor list, which

anyone can fi nd on our National web- site—www.collieclubofamerica.org. In order to become a breed mentor, one has to qualify with certain criteria. Once that criteria has been met, and the individual is approved, they are added to the mentor list Since our National specialty rotates through seven zones throughout the country, the mentors available in those areas, volunteer to sit with attendees from the Judges Education program through- out the National week, and share insights and thoughts with new judges. Th is gives the new judges multiples perspectives to learn from.

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